Allocasuarina fibrosa Conservation Advice Page 1 of 4 Approved Conservation Advice (s266B of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999) Approved Conservation Advice for



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This Conservation Advice was approved by the Minister / Delegate of the Minister on: 

3/07/2008. 



Allocasuarina fibrosa Conservation Advice - Page 1 of 4 

 

Approved Conservation Advice  



(s266B of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999

Approved Conservation Advice for 

Allocasuarina fibrosa (Woolly Sheoak) 

This Conservation Advice has been developed based on the best available information at the 

time this conservation advice was approved.  

Description 

Allocasuarina fibrosa,

 

Family



 

Casuarinaceae,

 

also known as Woolly Sheoak, is a small, erect, 



densely branched shrub growing to 1.8 m high. Flowers are red-brown and appear from July 

to August (WA Herbarium, 1998). 



Conservation Status 

Woolly Sheoak is listed as vulnerable.



 

This species is eligible for listing as vulnerable under 

the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (Cwlth) (EPBC Act) as, 

prior to the commencement of the EPBC Actit was listed as vulnerable under Schedule 1 of 

the Endangered Species Protection Act 1992 (Cwlth). The species is also listed as rare under 

the Wildlife Conservation Act (Western Australia). 



Distribution and Habitat 

Woolly Sheoak is restricted to a small area in the Western Australian wheatbelt, east of Perth. 

Two of the four known populations are within Charles Gardner Flora Reserve to the south of 

Tammin (Briggs & Leigh, 1996). This species occurs within the Avon (Western Australia) 

Natural Resource Management Region. 

Plants at the type locality, south-west of Tammin, and a nearby population, west-south-west 

of Tammin, are now extinct. Mollemans, Brown, and Coates (1993) recorded two populations 

remaining near Tammin and two additional populations, east of Quairading, which were 

discovered in 1989. The Quairading plants are significantly taller than those in the Tammin 

area. There are indications that both Tammin populations are in decline because the total 

number of individuals has decreased from over 550 in 1982 to 280 in 1990 (Mollemans et al., 

1993).  


This species occurs on low ridges (Wilson & Johnson, 1989; Mollemans et al., 1993), on 

white sand over laterite (Brown et al., 1998). Ironstone is exposed in some areas (Coates, 

1990). The region experiences dry, warm summers and cool winters and has an average 

annual rainfall of 340 mm (Weaving, 1994).  

The species grows in tall open heath with associated species Acacia campestris, Round-

fruited Banksia (Banksia sphaerocarpa), Hakea aff. falcataH. strumose, and Tea Tree 

(Leptospermum erubescens). The understorey consists of dense shrubs to 0.5 m high, 

characterised by Melaleuca holosericea, Acacia phaeocalyx, Beaufortia interstans, Showy 

Banksia (Dryandra speciosa), Summer Dryandra (D. vestita), D. aff. cirsioides, 

Daviesia rhombifolia, Spiny Tea Tree (Leptospermum spinescens), Lysinema ciliatum, 

Leucopogon dielsiana, Petrophile circinata, P. brevifolia, Verticordia brachypoda, Yellow 

Featherflower (V. chrysantha), Painted Featherflower (V. picta), and Hemigena viridis 

(Coates, 1990).  

The distribution of this species is not known to overlap with any EPBC Act-listed threatened 

ecological communities. 


This Conservation Advice was approved by the Minister / Delegate of the Minister on: 

3/07/2008. 



Allocasuarina fibrosa Conservation Advice - Page 2 of 4 

 

Threats 

The main identified threats to Woolly Sheoak are land degradation issues affecting the 

habitat, such as salinity, and wind and water erosion, attributable to extensive clearing by 

early settlers (Weaving, 1994).  

The main potential threats to Woolly Sheoak are the close proximity of populations to areas 

frequently burnt to reduce fuel levels. These controlled burns are designed to minimise the 

risk of wildfires in adjoining wheat fields. The frequency of burning is such that plants may 

not reach seed-bearing age between fires (Leigh et al., 1984). There is also the possibility of 

damage due to herbicide drift during weed control on adjacent land (Leigh et al., 1984). The 

response of the species to grazing, weed invasion, and soil disturbance is unknown 

(Mollemans et al., 1993), but populations in the Narrogin District are protected from the 

potential threat of grazing (Durell & Buehrig, 2001). The species is susceptible to dieback 

caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi (Cochrane & Coates, 1997).  



Research Priorities 

Research priorities that would inform future regional and local priority actions include: 

 

Design and implement a monitoring program. 



 

More precisely assess population size, distribution, ecological requirements and the 



relative impacts of threatening processes. 

 



Undertake survey work in suitable habitat and potential habitat to locate any additional 

populations.



 

 



 

Undertake seed germination and/or vegetative propagation trials to determine the 

requirements for successful establishment. 

 



Determine the effects of fire on regeneration and adult plant survival from lignotuberous 

shoots (Durell & Buehrig, 2001). 

 

Research possible management strategies for salinity. 



Regional and Local Priority Actions  

The following priority recovery and threat abatement actions can be done to support the 

recovery of Woolly Sheoak. 

Habitat Loss, Disturbance and Modification 

 

Monitor known populations to identify key threats.  



 

Monitor the progress of recovery, including the effectiveness of management actions and 



the need to adapt them if necessary. 

 



Identify populations of high conservation priority. 

 



Ensure chemicals or other mechanisms used to eradicate weeds do not have a significant 

adverse impact on Woolly Sheoak. 

 

Control access routes to suitably constrain public access to known sites on public land. 



 

Suitably control and manage access on private land. 



 

Minimise adverse impacts from land use at known sites. 



 

Investigate further formal conservation arrangements such as the use of covenants, 



conservation agreements or inclusion in reserve tenure. 

Trampling, Browsing or Grazing 

 

Develop and implement a stock management plan for roadside verges and travelling stock 



routes. 

 



Check security fencing annually at populations in Narrogin District to ensure no 

accidental grazing by stock occurs (Durell & Buehrig, 2001). 



This Conservation Advice was approved by the Minister / Delegate of the Minister on: 

3/07/2008. 



Allocasuarina fibrosa Conservation Advice - Page 3 of 4 

 

Fire 



 

Develop and implement a suitable fire management strategy for Woolly Sheoak. 



 

Identify appropriate intensity and interval of fire to promote seed germination and 



vegetation regeneration.  

 



Provide maps of known occurrences to local and state Rural Fire Services and seek 

inclusion of mitigative measures in bush fire risk management plans, risk register and/or 

operation maps. 

Diseases, Fungi and Parasites 

 

Implement suitable hygiene protocols to protect known sites from outbreaks of dieback 



caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi (Dieback Working Group, 2000; Environment 

Australia, 2001, CALM, 2003; CALM, 2004a; CALM, 2004b).  

Conservation Information 

 



Raise awareness of Woolly Sheoak within the local community. 

Enable Recovery of Additional Sites and/or Populations 

 

Undertake appropriate seed collection and storage. 



 

Investigate options for linking, enhancing or establishing additional populations. 



 

Implement national translocation protocols (Vallee et al., 2004) if establishing additional 



populations is considered necessary and feasible.  

 

This list does not necessarily encompass all actions that may be of benefit to Woolly Sheoak, 

but highlights those that are considered to be of highest priority at the time of preparing the 

conservation advice.  



Existing Plans/Management Prescriptions that are Relevant to the Species 

 



There are several management and threat abatement plans addressing the problem of 

Phytophthora cinnamomi in Western Australia (Dieback Working Group, 2000; CALM, 

2003), 


 

Declared Rare and Poorly Known Flora in the Narrogin District Management Plan (Durell 



& Buehrig, 2001), and 

 



Threat Abatement Plan for Dieback Caused by the Root-Rot Fungus 

Phytophthora cinnamomii (Environment Australia, 2001).

 

These prescriptions were current at the time of publishing; please refer to the relevant 

agency’s website for any updated versions.  

 

Information Sources: 

Briggs, JD & Leigh, JH 1996, Rare or Threatened Australian Plants 1995 rev. edn, CSIRO Publishing

Collingwood.  

Brown, A, Thomson-Dans, C & Marchant, N (Eds) 1998, Western Australia's Threatened Flora, Department of 

Conservation and Land Management, Como. 

Coates, A 1990, Floristic and vegetation survey of Charles Gardner Reserve (A20041), Department of 

Conservation and Land Management, Como. 

Cochrane, A & Coates, D 1997, ‘Identification, germplasm storage and invitro propagation of Phytophthora and 

canker threatened taxa’, In: Murray, D, (Ed), Control of Phytophthora and Diplodina Canker in Western 

Australia, pp 149-186, Environment Australia & WA Department of Conservation and Land Management, 

Como. 


Department of Conservation and Land Management (CALM) WA 2003, Phytophthora cinnamomi and Disease 

Caused by It, Volume I – Management Guidelines, viewed 30 March 2008, 

<

http://www.naturebase.net/component/option,com_docman/task,doc_download/Itemid,1373/gid,311/

>.. 


This Conservation Advice was approved by the Minister / Delegate of the Minister on: 

3/07/2008. 



Allocasuarina fibrosa Conservation Advice - Page 4 of 4 

 

Dieback Working Group 2000, Managing Phytophthora Dieback Guidelines for Local Government, viewed 30 



March 2008, 

<

http://www.naturebase.net/component/option,com_docman/task,doc_download/Itemid,1373/gid,313/

>. 

Durell, GS & Buerhig, RM 2001,



 

Declared Rare and Poorly Known Flora in the Narrogin District, Department 

of Conservation and Land Management, Narrogin, WA, viewed 30 March 2008, 



<

http://www.naturebase.net/pdf/nature/flora/flora_mgt_plans/narrogin_2000/narrogin_wmp30.pdf

>. 

Environment Australia 2001, Threat Abatement Plan for Dieback Caused by the Root-Rot Fungus Phytophthora 



cinnamomii, viewed 30 March 2008, 

<

http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publications/tap/phytophthora/pubs/phytophthora.pdf



>

Leigh, J, Boden, R & Briggs, J 1984, Extinct and Endangered Plants of Australia, Macmillan, Melbourne. 

Mollemans, FH, Brown, PH, & Coates, DJ 1993, Declared rare flora and other plants in need of special 

protection in the Merredin District (excluding the Wongan-Ballidu Shire), ANPWS/CALM, WA Department of 

Conservation and Land Management, Perth. 

Vallee, L, Hogbin, T, Monks, L,  Makinson, B, Matthes, M & Rossetto, M 2004, Guidelines for the 

Translocation of Threatened Plants in Australia - Second Edition, Australian Network for Plant Conservation, 

Canberra. 

Weaving, SJ 1994, Native vegetation handbook for the Shire of Tammin, WA, Department of Agriculture.  

Western Australian Herbarium 1998, FloraBase — The Western Australian Flora, Department of Environment 

and Conservation, viewed 30 April 2008, <

http://florabase.dec.wa.gov.au/



>.  

Wilson, KL & Johnson, LAS 1989, ‘Casuarinaceae’, In: Flora of Australia, vol3, pp. 100-174, Australian 



Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

 

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