Appendix 1: Pasture types of the Kimberley Region



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Appendix 1: Pasture types of the Kimberley Region


Table of details, listed alphabetically by name of pasture types. Notes: Scientific names as per Florabase, WA Herbarium, April 2011. Common names as per Florabase, WA Herbarium, April 2011. Where a second common name is in local usage, this name precedes the Florabase name.

Pasture type

Code

Pasture type summary definition

Alluvial Plain Mixed Grass Pastures

APXG

Alluvial Plain Mixed Grass Pastures are tussock grasslands on floodplains, alluvial plains and drainage tracts associated with major rivers. The plains and drainage tracts are frequently gilgaied. Soils are most often cracking clays and occasionally loamy earths and clays. It consists of communities of mixed tussock grass species, with the tussock grass layer often dominated by single species such as Mitchell grass (Astrebla spp.), ribbon grass (Chrysopogon fallax), neverfail (Eragrostis setifolia), swamp grass (Eriachne benthamii), silky browntop (Eulalia aurea) or kangaroo grass (Themeda triandra). Shrubs and trees are generally isolated to very scattered. Found on Anna land system.

Annual Sorghum Hill Pastures

ASHP

Annual Sorghum Hill Pastures are found in open eucalypt and terminalia (Terminalia spp.) woodlands on hillslopes and crests of basalt, sandstone and other rocks. Soils are shallow and stony sands and loams. The dominant grass is annual sorghum (Sorghum spp.) while some plume sorghum (Sorghum plumosum) and white grass (Sehima nervosum) may also be found. Frequent burning induces annual sorghum pastures. Found on Buldiva, Cowendyne, Forrest, Looingnin, Pinkerton, Precipice and other hilly land systems.

Arid Short Grass Pastures

ASGP

Arid Short Grass Pastures are grasslands dominated by short-lived perennial or annual grasses with scattered eucalypt trees. They occur on level to undulating plains. Soils are variable depth loams (+/- calcareous) and may have some stony mantle. Dominant grass is usually limestone grass/leafy nineawn (Enneapogon polyphyllus), other annuals are wind grass/bunched kerosene grass (Aristida contorta), kerosene grass (Aristida spp.), Kimberley couch/spider grass (Brachyachne convergens) and rice grass (Xerochloa laniflora). Small patches of perennial grasses such as ribbon grass/golden beard grass (Chrysopogon fallax), black speargrass/bunch speargrass (Heteropogon contortus) and curly spinifex (Triodia bitextura) may be present but not dominant. Found on Gordon, Koongie, Nelson, O'Donnell, Pigeon and a few other land systems.

Note: Recent detailed field data on O’Donnell land system in particular suggest that this pasture type may be a degraded sub-climax form of other pasture types, in particular Ribbon Grass Pastures (RGRP). This is likely to be the case on other land systems where Arid Short Grass Pastures (ASGP) have been described, but data in these areas are currently limited.



Black Speargrass Pastures

BSGP

Black (bunch) Speargrass Pastures are dominated by black speargrass/bunch speargrass (Heteropogon contortus) and usually occur in open eucalypt woodlands on plains and footslopes with sandy to loamy soils. Other grasses include ribbon grass/golden beard grass (Chrysopogon fallax), feathertop (Aristida spp.) and annual grasses. Found on O'Donnell, Kennedy, Buldiva and Napier and as small patches on many other land systems.

Bluegrass Alluvial Plain Pastures

BGAP

Bluegrass Alluvial Plain Pastures are perennial grasslands with variable tree cover. They occur on level plains with grey and brown cracking clay soils. The dominant grasses are bundle-bundle/curly bluegrass (Dichanthium fecundum) and Queensland bluegrass (Dichanthium sericeum) with ribbon grass/golden beard grass (Chrysopogon fallax), plume sorghum (Sorghum plumosum) and native millet (Panicum decompositum) often present. Found on Barton, Dinnabung, Frayne, Isdell, Ivanhoe, Legune, Willeroo and numerous other land systems.

Buffel Grass Pastures

BUGP

Buffel Grass Pastures are tussock grasslands or grassy shrublands/woodlands with the grass layer dominated by introduced buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris) or a mixture of buffel grass and Birdwood grass (C. setiger). They occur on coastal plains, alluvial plains, levees, drainage tracts and river banks. Soils are commonly well drained sandy and loamy earths, sandy and loamy duplexes, juvenile soils (associated with levees and drainage tracts) and deep sands. It is rare on clay soils. Trees and shrubs may absent or isolated to scattered Corymbia, Eucalyptus and Acacia spp. and others. Found on Anna, Coonangoody, Djada, Eighty Mile, Gordon, Gogo, Mannerie, Nelson and occasionally in other land systems.

Calcrete Spinifex Pastures

CASG

Calcrete Spinifex Pastures are hummock grasslands with isolated to scattered shrubs occurring on calcrete or limestone platforms, plains, footslopes and hills. Soils are calcareous shallow loams with calcrete fragments on the surface and outcropping of calcrete or limestone is common. The dominant grass is limestone spinifex (Triodia wiseana) with T. plurinervata or T. pungens occasionally present. The dominant shrubs are Acacia and Senna species. Occurs on limestone ridges in Eightly Mile land system.

Coastal Dune Buffel Grass Pastures

CDBG

Coastal Dune Buffel Grass Pastures are tussock grasslands that occur on coastal dunes, swales and narrow sandplains. Soils are calcareous deep sands and deep sands that may have shell fragments through the profile and on the surface. The dominant grass is buffel (Cenchrus ciliaris). Isolated shrubs may occur. Common on Eighty Mile land system and occasionally found on Anna land system.

Coastal Dune Soft Spinifex Pastures

CDSG

Coastal Dune Soft Spinifex Pastures are hummock grasslands that occur on coastal dunes, limestone ridges, swales and narrow sandplains. Soils are calcareous deep sands and deep sands that may have shell fragments through the profile and on the surface. The dominant grasses are soft spinifex (Triodia pungens) or T. epactia with occasional shrubs such as coastal jam (Acacia coriacea) or green bird flower (Crotalaria cunninghamii). Minor occurrences on Eighty Mile land system.

Coastal Tall Grass Pastures

CTGP

Coastal Tall Grass Pastures are characterised by dense stands of tall grasses and sedges. They are restricted to treeless areas on coastal plains subject to annual flooding. Refer to p118 of 'Lands of the Ord-Victoria Area', CSIRO, 1970 (under Lowland Tall Grass) for species list. A minor pasture type found on Legune and a few other coastal land systems

Cockatoo Grass Pastures

COGP

Cockatoo Grass Pastures are isolated grasslands with trees found in the wetter (northern) areas of the Kimberley on broad depressions with coarse sandy soils. Apart from cockatoo grass (Alloteropsis semialata), other species include Panicum spp., curly spinifex (Triodia bitextura), sedges (Cyperus, Fimbristylis spp.) and forbs. A minor pasture type found on Buldiva, Pago and a few other land systems.

Curly Spinifex Annual Sorghum Hill Pastures

CAHP

Curly Spinifex Annual Sorghum Hill Pastures are widespread on stony uplands and hills of the north and east Kimberley. Soils are shallow and stony. Overstorey is a eucalypt, cotton tree/kapok bush (Cochlospermum fraseri) or terminalia (Terminalia spp.) woodland. Curly spinifex (Triodia bitextura) is dominant or co-dominant with annual sorghum (Sorghum spp.); other perennial grasses are extremely sparse. Found on Buldiva, Clifton, Cockburn, Pinkerton, Precipice, Richenda and many other hilly land systems.

Curly Spinifex Plain Pastures

CSPP

Curly Spinifex Plain Pastures are widespread on level to gently undulating plains and can occur in woodlands in the north or tree-less hummock grasslands in the drier southern areas. This pasture is found on a range of sandy or stony soils. Curly spinifex (Triodia bitextura) is the dominant grass, however variable amounts of other perennial and annual grasses occur. Found on Camelgooda, Glenroy, Gidgia, Sisters, Wanganut, Yeeda and numerous other land systems.

Drainage Eucalypt and Acacia Pastures

DEAW

Drainage Eucalypt and Acacia Pastures are eucalypt and/or acacia woodlands or tall shrublands that occur on near level drainage tracts and floors and level drainage foci (such as claypans and swamps) which are subject to fairly regular inundation. Soils ae sandy and loamy earths and clays. The dominant eucalypt is often coolibah (E. victrix) and the dominant acacia is often mulga (Acacia aneura). There is generally a low shrub layer but no perennial grass layer. It is a minor component of Little Sandy land system.

Drainage Melaleuca Shrubland Pastures

DMES

Drainage Melaleuca Shrubland Pastures are scattered to closed tall melaleuca shrublands occuring on level drainage features such as narrow drainage floors, drainage foci and swamps, alluvial plains and floodplains that are poorly drained or inundated. Soils are loamy earths and loamy duplexes. The dominant shrub is usually Melaleuca alsophila or M. lasiandra. There is generally a mid shrub layer dominated by melaleuca or black wattle (Acacia ampliceps) but no low shrub layer. The grass layer is often very patchy and poorly developed. It is common in Mannerie land system and a minor component of the Little Sandy land system.

Fringing Pastures

FRIP

Fringing Pastures occur in dense eucalypt, melaleuca and terminalia woodlands as very narrow strips (typically < 50 m) adjacent to creeks, rivers and lagoons. In northern areas, perennial grasses include tall coarse types such as reed grass (Mnesithea rottboellioides), canegrass (Ophiuros exaltatus), as well as ribbon grass/golden beard grass (Chrysopogon fallax), bundle-bundle/curly bluegrass (Dichanthium fecundum), sedges (Cyperus, Fimbristylis spp.) and numerous annuals. In drier areas, grasses are typically mid-height, commonly ribbon grass/golden beard grass (Chrysopogon fallax), white grass (Sehima nervosum) and feathertop (Aristida spp.) and buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris). Minor but widespread in many land systems.

Frontage Grass Pastures

FRGP

Frontage Grass Pastures occur in open eucalypt woodlands on levees, levee backslopes and narrow alluvial plains associated with major rivers and watercourses. Soils are sands, loams and clays, often silty. Co-dominant perennial grasses include bundle-bundle/curly bluegrass (Dichanthium fecundum), ribbon grass/golden beard grass (Chrysopogon fallax), white grass (Sehima nervosum), feathertop (Aristida spp.), native millet (Panicum decompositum) and buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris). Annual grasses include button grass (Dactyloctenium radulans), annual sorghum (Sorghum spp.), and Kimberley couch/spider grass (Brachyachne convergens). Found on Djada, Gogo, Ivanhoe, Alexander and other land systems that front major rivers.

Hard Spinifex Hill Pastures

HSHP

Hard Spinifex Hill Pastures occur in the drier areas on hills, ranges and footslopes in low open woodlands (e.g. snappy gum, Eucalyptus brevifolia) or as hummock grasslands with scattered trees and shrubs. Soils are shallow and rocky. Dominant species are limestone spinifex (Triodia wiseana), lobed spinifex (Triodia intermedia) and other hard spinifexes (Triodia spp.). Found on Barramundi, Dockrell, Headley, Lubbock, Wickham and other hilly land systems.

Hard Spinifex Plain Pastures

HSPP

Hard Spinifex Plain Pastures occur on level to undulating plains and low rises in the drier areas as hummock grasslands or shrubby hummock grasslands with occasional trees. Soils are variable, including loams, calcareous loams, sandy earths, loamy earths and clays. Soils depth is variable (frequently shallow) with a variable cover of rocks. Dominant species are limestone spinifex (Triodia wiseana), lobed spinifex (Triodia intermedia) and other hard spinifexes (Triodia spp.). Found on Bulka, Landrigan, Little Sandy, Myroodah, Neillabublica, Oscar and some other land systems.

Littoral Pastures

LITP

Littoral Pastures occur as grasslands on level coastal plains with loamy and clayey saline soils. The dominant perennial grass is usually rice grass (Xerochloa imberbis or X. barbarta) with patches of other grasses such as marine couch (Sporobolus virginicus), wire grass (Eriachne spp.), beetle grass (Leptochloa fusca) and umbrella canegrass (Leptochloa neesii). There may be occasional bare patches and a few samphire (Tecticornia spp.) plants. Found on Carpentaria and Roebuck land systems.

Lovegrass Alluvial Plain Pastures

LGAP

Lovegrass Alluvial Plain Pastures occur as grasslands with variable tree cover in the drier areas of the Kimberley, on alluvial plains with loamy to clayey soils. The dominant pasture species is lovegrass (Eragrostis spp.), however other perennials including ribbon grass/golden beard grass (Chrysopogon fallax), feathertop (Aristida spp.) and buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris) occur in varying proportions. Found on Sturt Creek, Lake Gregory and possibly a few other land systems.

Lowland Curly Spinifex Annual Sorghum Pastures

LCSP

Lowland Curly Spinifex Annual Sorghum Pastures occur in open eucalypt woodlands on level to gently sloping alluvial plains and sandy plains, mostly in the higher rainfall areas. Soils are coarse sands or loamy sands which may vary from well drained to somewhat poorly drained. Curly spinifex (Triodia bitextura) and annual sorghum (Sorghum spp.) are the dominant grasses, but plume sorghum (S. plumosum) and wire grass (Eriachne spp.) may also be fairly common. Found on Angallari, Cockatoo, Pago and other land systems.

Marine Couch Pastures

MACP

Marine Couch Pastures are perennial rhizomatous grasslands which occur on level coastal plains and some drainage foci with sandy, loamy and clayey slightly saline soils. Marine couch (Sporobolus virginicus) is the dominant grass and forms a thick vegetative mat, often to the virtual exclusion of other plants. Ratstail couch (Sporobolus mitchellii) and a few other grasses may also occur. Trees and shrubs usually absent but occasionally form prominent layers with paperbarks (Melaleuca spp.), wattle (Acacia ampliceps), false lignum (Muellerolimon salicornaceum), lignum (Muehlenbeckia cunninghamii) or samphires (Tecticornia spp.). Found on Anna, Carpentaria, Eighty Mile and Roebuck land systems.

Mitchell Grass Alluvial Plain Pastures

MGAP

Mitchell Grass Alluvial Plain Pastures are grasslands, sometimes with scattered trees, on level alluvial and lacustrine plains with grey and brown cracking clay soils. Perennial Mitchell grasses – barley Mitchell grass (Astrebla pectinata), weeping Mitchell grass (A. elymoides) and bull Mitchell grass (A. squarrosa) are dominant or co-dominant. Other perennial and annual grasses include bundle-bundle/curly bluegrass (Dichanthium fecundum), Queensland bluegrass (Dichanthium sericeum), native millet (Panicum decompositum), feathertop (Aristida spp.), ribbon grass/golden beard grass (Chrysopogon fallax), Flinders grass (Iseilema spp.) and annual sorghum (Sorghum spp.). Found on Alexander, Argyle, Fossil 2, Gogo, Inverway, Ivanhoe and other land systems.

Mitchell Grass Upland Pastures

MGUP

Mitchell Grass Upland Pastures are grasslands, sometimes with scattered trees, on elevated plains and uplands with often stony grey and brown cracking clay soils formed in situ on basalt, shale or limestone. Perennial Mitchell grasses - barley Mitchell grass (Astrebla pectinata), weeping Mitchell grass (A. elymoides) and bull Mitchell grass (A. squarrosa) are dominant or co-dominant. Other perennial and annual grasses include bundle-bundle/curly bluegrass (Dichanthium fecundum), Queensland bluegrass (Dichanthium sericeum), native millet (Panicum decompositum), feathertop (Aristida spp.), ribbon grass/golden beard grass (Chrysopogon fallax), Flinders grass (Iseilema spp.) and annual sorghum (Sorghum spp.). Found on Antrim, Duffer, Leopold, Napier, Oscar and Wave Hill land systems.

Note: this is similar to Mitchell Grass Alluvial Plain Pastures (MGAP) but is rather more elevated and xeric, usually much stonier and not quite as productive for pastoralism.



No Pastures

XXNP

No Pastures: bare ground or non-pasture species (e.g. mangroves).

Oat-eared Spinifex/Ribbon Grass Pastures

OERG

Spinifex/Ribbon Grass Pastures are characterised by Oat-eared spinifex (Triodia schinzii) with ribbon grass (Chrysogopogon fallax) occuring in limited amounts, usually around the base of trees. Other perennials commonly present include soft spinifex (Tridoia pungens), perennial sorghum (Sorghum plumosum), wiregrass (Eriachne obtusa), feathertop threeawn (Aristida inaequiglumis) and erect kerosene grass (Aristida holathera). Common on Yeeda land system, with smaller areas on alluvial plains of Parda land system.

Other Pastures

OTHP

Other (undescribed or unknown) pastures.

Pindan Pastures

PINP

Pindan Pastures are characterised by a dense acacia shrub layer (although this may be suppressed for some years following hot fire), often with emergent eucalypt trees. They occur on level plains with red deep sandy soils. Curly spinifex (Triodia bitextura) is the dominant perennial grass, with some ribbon grass/golden beard grass (Chrysopogon fallax), wire grass (Eriachne spp.) and annual grasses. When the shrub layer is dense the grass layer is frequently sparse. Found in the West Kimberley on Camelgooda, Sisters, Wanganut, Yeeda and a few other land systems.

Note: this is essentially equivalent to Curly Spinifex-Ribbon Grass of Range Condition Guides for West Kimberley (Payne et al. 1974, p38).



Plume Sorghum Pastures

PLSP

Plume Sorghum Pastures generally occur in open eucalypt woodlands in the wetter north on plains and some hill footslopes. Soils are variable-depth rocky red loams on basalts and other volcanics and sandy loams. These pastures are dominated by plume sorghum (Sorghum plumosum) with a few other perennials such as ribbon grass/golden beard grass (Chrysopogon fallax) and a mixture of annual grasses also present. Found on Angallari, Barton, Kennedy, Napier and other land systems.

Note: this is similar to Tippera Tall Grass Plain Pastures (TTGP), however plume sorghum (Sorghum plumosum) is dominant whereas in TTGP kangaroo grass (Themeda triandra) is dominant.



Ribbon Grass Alluvial Plain Pastures

RAPP

Ribbon Grass Alluvial Plain Pastures occur on level alluvial plains as grasslands with a variable tree cover of eucalypts and bauhinia (Bauhinia cunninghamii), etc. Soils are deep grey or brown cracking clays. Ribbon grass/golden beard grass (Chrysopogon fallax) is either dominant or co-dominant in these pastures and other co-dominants can be plume sorghum (Sorghum plumosum) or bundlebundle/curly bluegrass (Dichanthium fecundum). Found on Alexander, Djada, Gogo, Ivanhoe and other cracking clay plain land systems.

Ribbon Grass Pastures

RGRP

Ribbon Grass Pastures occur on level to gently sloping plains as grasslands or grassy woodlands of eucalypts or bauhinia (Bauhinia cunninghamii) and may include characteristic groves of beefwood (Grevillea striata). Ribbon grass/golden beard grass (Chrysopogon fallax) is either dominant or co-dominant and other codominants can be white grass (Sehima nervosum) and plume sorghum (Sorghum plumosum) in the higher rainfall areas or soft spinifex (Triodia pungens) and curly spinifex (T. bitextura) in the lower rainfall areas. Soils are sands, loams and occasionally clays. Occurs on Calwynyardah, Coonangoody, Egan, Franklin, Gladstone, Luluigui, Mamilu, Myroodah, Richenda, Sisters and other land systems.

Samphire Pastures

SMPP

Samphire Pastures are patchy low shrublands or grassy shrublands on level plains in coastal areas with highly saline and calcareous soils. Samphire (Tecticornia spp.) is the dominant shrub and there may be small patches of perennial grasses such as marine couch (Sporobolus virginicus) and rice grass (Xerochloa imberbis or X. barbata) and/or small areas of bare ground. Found on Anna, Carpentaria, Eighty Mile, Mannerie and Roebuck land systems.

Sandplain Hard Spinifex Pastures

SHSG

Sandplain Hard Spinifex Pastures occur as hummock grasslands with variable shrub layers on sandplains, gravelly sandplains and dunes. Soils are usually deep red sands, sometimes with a gravelly mantle. The dominant grass is spinifex (Triodia lanigera or T. sp. weeping Indee). The projected foliage cover of the spinifex ranges from 0 to 60%, depending largely on the time elapsed since the last fire, but is generally in the range 10-40%. There may be tree and/or shrub layers, which range in density from isolated to moderately close. Common on Little Sandy land system.

Sandplain Soft Spinifex Pastures

SSSG

Sandplain Soft Spinifex Pastures occur as hummock grasslands on sandplain and dunes. Soils are red deep sands and sandy earths. Dominant grasses include soft spinifex (Triodia pungens), T. epactia or T. schinzii, with variable shrubs and occasional trees. There may be a patchy tree layer of eucalypts or occasionally desert walnut (Owenia reticulata) or bauhinia (Bauhinia cunninghamii). There may be tall, mid or low shrub layers, mostly of acacias or grevilleas, but not all layers are always present or may be poorly developed. Common on Nita and Little Sandy land systems

Soft Spinifex Pastures

SSPP

Soft Spinifex Pastures are hummock grasslands with scattered trees and acacia shrubs that occur on level to gently undulating plains and occasionally hills. Soils are usually well drained sands and loams, sometimes rocky. The dominant grass is soft spinifex (Triodia pungens) with minor components of other perennials such as ribbon grass/golden beard grass (Chrysopogon fallax), curly spinifex (Triodia bitextura), and woolybutt grass (Eragrostis eriopoda) and annual grasses. Found on Barry, Chestnut, Coonangoody, Cornish, Geebee, Gourdon, Landrigan, Mulan, Nita and other land systems.

Threeawn Plain Pastures

TAPP

Threeawn Plain Pastures occur as open eucalypt and other woodland on level to gently undulating plains with variable depth sand and loam soils. The dominant perennial grasses include gulf feathertop wiregrass (Aristida pruinosa), feathertop threeawn (A. inaequiglumis) and other feathertop species (Aristida spp.). Other perennial grasses such as ribbon grass/golden beard grass (Chrysopogon fallax), white grass (Sehima nervosum) and black spear grass are occasionally present. Annuals include northern kerosene grass (Aristida hygrometrica). Found on Buchanan, Elders, Karunjie and other land systems.

Note: this pasture type seems to be seldom encountered. More commonly, dominance by feathertop species (Aristida spp.) has been interpreted as indicating severe disturbance by grazing or fire.



Tippera Tall Grass Plain Pastures

TTGP

Tippera Tall Grass Plain Pastures occur as eucalypt woodlands on level to gently undulating plains. Soils, of variable depth, are red or yellow sandy and loamy earths. Kangaroo grass (Themeda triandra) is dominant, or co-dominant with either plume sorghum (Sorghum plumosum), white grass (Sehima nervosum) or ribbon grass/golden beard grass (Chrysopogon fallax). Found on Angallari, Dinnabung, Frayne and other land systems, mainly in higher rainfall areas.

Note: this is similar to Plume Sorghum Pastures (PLSP) however kangaroo grass (Themeda triandra) is dominant whereas in PLSP plume sorghum (Sorghum plumosum) is dominant.



White Grass Bundle-Bundle Pastures

WGBP

White Grass Bundle-Bundle Pastures occur as grasslands or grassy eucalypt and bauhinia (Bauhinia cunninghamii) woodlands on gently sloping plains, interfluves and lower hillslopes on basalt and other rocks. Soils are shallow to deep red loamy earths, often with stony mantles. The dominant grass is white grass (Sehima nervosum), commonly with bundle-bundle/curly bluegrass (Dichanthium fecundum). Other grasses include ribbon grass/golden beard grass (Chrysopogon fallax) and annual sorghum (Sorghum spp.). Found on Barton, Cowendyne, Forrest, Headley, Kennedy, Looingnin, Napier and other land systems.


Appendix 2: Pasture type grazing potential of the Kimberley Region


Table of pasture type potential classes

Pasture type

Code

Pasture potential class

Alluvial Plain Mixed Grass Pastures

APXG

High

Annual Sorghum Hill Pastures

ASHP

Very low

Arid Short Grass Pastures

ASGP

Moderate

Black Speargrass Pastures

BSGP

Moderate

Bluegrass Alluvial Plain Pastures

BGAP

High

Buffel Grass Pastures

BUGP

High

Calcrete Spinifex Pastures

CASG

Very low

Coastal Dune Buffel Grass Pastures

CDBG

High

Coastal Dune Soft Spinifex Pastures

CDSG

Very low

Coastal Tall Grass Pastures

CTGP

Moderate

Cockatoo Grass Pastures

COGP

Low

Curly Spinifex Annual Sorghum Hill Pastures

CAHP

Low

Curly Spinifex Plain Pastures

CSPP

Low

Drainage Eucalypt and Acacia Pastures

DEAW

Very low

Drainage Melaleuca Shrubland Pastures

DMES

Very low

Fringing Pastures

FRIP

Moderate

Frontage Grass Pastures

FRGP

High

Hard Spinifex Hill Pastures

HSHP

Very low

Hard Spinifex Plain Pastures

HSPP

Very low

Littoral Pastures

LITP

Moderate

Lovegrass Alluvial Plain Pastures

LGAP

Moderate

Lowland Curly Spinifex Annual Sorghum Pastures

LCSP

Low

Marine Couch Pastures

MACP

High

Mitchell Grass Alluvial Plain Pastures

MGAP

High

Mitchell Grass Upland Pastures

MGUP

High

No Pastures

XXNP

Nil

Oat-eared Spinifex/Ribbon Grass Pastures

OERG

Low

Other Pastures

OTHP

Variable – mostly Low

Pindan Pastures

PINP

Low

Plume Sorghum Pastures

PLSP

Low

Ribbon Grass Alluvial Plain Pastures

RAPP

Moderate

Ribbon Grass Pastures

RGRP

Moderate

Samphire Pastures

SMPP

Very low

Sandplain Hard Spinifex Pastures

SHSG

Very low

Sandplain Soft Spinifex Pastures

SSSG

Low

Soft Spinifex Pastures

SSPP

Low

Threeawn Plain Pastures

TAPP

Very low

Tippera Tall Grass Plain Pastures

TTGP

High

White Grass Bundle-Bundle Pastures

WGBP

Moderate

Notes on pasture potential classes

The ratings assume that the pasture type is in good condition.



High

more than 8 cu/km²

Moderate

4 to 8 cu/km²

Low

2.5 to 4 cu/km²

Very low

less than 2.5 cu/km²

cu = cattle unit (mature dry cow or bullock, 450kg liveweight)

Pasture potential classes based on Western Australian Department of Agriculture report: Maps showing pastoral potential in the Kimberley Region, Western Australia (Rangeland Management Branch, 1985).


Appendix 3: State land types


State land types are very broad scale descriptions of landform and vegetation and are used for mapping and describing country at the state or regional scale. These have not been previously published. Currently there are 47 state land types covering the rangelands of Western Australia of which 22 occur in the Kimberley region.

Land types are made up of a number of land systems. The land systems which comprise each land type all have broadly similar characteristics of geology, landform, soils and vegetation.



Table of state land types of the Kimberley Region and their component land systems.

Description

Land system/s

Hills and ranges with spinifex grasslands

Burramundi

Hills, ranges and plateaux with eucalypt woodlands and tall grasses

Buldiva, Looingnin, Pinkerton, Weaber

Hills, ranges and plateaux with eucalypt woodlands and spinifex

Clifton, Dockrell, Elder, Forrest, Lubbock, Pompey, Precipice, St George, Wickham

Hills and lowlands with eucalypt woodlands and spinifex

Amy, Bohemia, Cockburn, Foster, Franklin, Headley, Karunjie, Koongie, Mandeville, Margaret, Richenda, Rose, Ruby 2, Windjana, Winnecke

Hills and lowlands with eucalypt woodlands and tussock grasses

Antrim, Napier, Tanmurra

Undulating plains and uplands with eucalypt woodlands and spinifex

Fork, Geebee, Pago, Tableland, Texas

Undulating plains with eucalypt woodlands and mixed grasses

Barton, Cowendyne, Dinnabung, Frayne, Glenroy, Isdell, Kennedy 2, MacPhee, Neillabublica, O'Donnell, Pigeon, Tarraji

Undulating plains with tussock grasslands

Gordon, Nelson

Undulating stony plains with cracking clay soils and tussock grasslands

Wave Hill, Willeroo

Stony plains with spinifex grasslands

Myroodah, Parda, Phire

Plains with low woodlands and spinifex/tussock grasslands

Egan, Gidgia, Mamilu, Sisters

Sandplains and dunes with acacia shrublands and spinifex

Barry, Billiluna, Bulka, Coolindie, Cornish, Gilgie, Great Sandy, Little Sandy, Lucas, Mulan, Nita

Sandplains with eucalypt woodlands and spinifex/tussock grasses

Buchanan, Cockatoo

Sandplains and dunes with pindan woodlands and spinifex/tussock grasslands

Camelgooda, Fraser, Lowangan, Luluigui, Reeves, Wanganut

Sandplains and occasional dunes with shrubby spinifex grasslands or pindan woodlands

Gourdon, Landrigan, Yeeda

Alluvial plains with mixed woodlands/shrublands and mixed grasses

Angallari, Calwynyardah, Coonangoody, Mannerie, Sturt Creek

Alluvial and sandy plains with soft spinifex grasslands

Chestnut

Alluvial plains with tussock grasslands

Alexander, Anna, Argyle, Bannerman, Duffer, Fossil 2, Gladstone, Inverway, Ivanhoe, Lake Gregory, Leopold, Oscar

Calcrete plains with spinifex grasslands

Spincrete

River plains with grassy woodlands and tussock grasslands

Djada, Gogo, Wolfe

Salt lakes and fringing alluvial plains with halophytic shrublands or grasslands

Betty, Snap

Coastal plains, cliffs, dunes, mudflats and beaches; various vegetation types

Carpentaria (on map subdivided into Carpentaria high and low), Eighty Mile, Legune, Mandora, Roebuck

Index of Kimberley land systems


Table of land systems and page numbers

Land system

Page

Land system

Page

Land system

Page

Alexander

11

Foster

150

Myroodah

286

Amy

14

Franklin

153

Napier

290

Angallari

17

Fraser

156

Neillabublica

298

Anna

20

Frayne

160

Nelson

302

Antrim

23

Geebee

164

Nita

305

Argyle

27

Gidgia

167

O'Donnell

309

Bannerman

31

Gilgie

170

Oscar

313

Barry

34

Gladstone

173

Pago

317

Barton

37

Glenroy

176

Parda

321

Betty

40

Gogo

180

Phire

324

Billiluna

43

Gordon

184

Pigeon

327

Bohemia

46

Gourdon

187

Pinkerton

331

Buchanan

50

Great Sandy

190

Pompey

335

Buldiva

53

Headley

195

Precipice

338

Bulka

57

Inverway

199

Reeves

342

Burramundi

61

Isdell

203

Richenda

346

Calwynyardah

65

Ivanhoe

207

Roebuck

350

Camelgooda

69

Karunjie

211

Rose

354

Carpentaria

72

Kennedy 2

215

Ruby 2

358

Chestnut

85

Koongie

219

Sisters

362

Clifton

89

Lake Gregory

223

Snap

366

Cockatoo

93

Landrigan

227

Spincrete

370

Cockburn

97

Legune

231

St George

373

Coolindie

100

Leopold

234

Sturt Creek

377

Coonangoody

103

Little Sandy

237

Tableland

381

Cornish

107

Looingnin

241

Tanmurra

385

Cowendyne

110

Lowangan

245

Tarraji

388

Dinnabung

113

Lubbock

249

Texas

391

Djada

117

Lucas

253

Wanganut

395

Dockrell

121

Luluigui

256

Wave Hill

399

Duffer

125

MacPhee

261

Weaber

402

Egan

129

Mamilu

264

Wickham

406

Eighty Mile

132

Mandeville

267

Willeroo

409

Elder

136

Mandora

271

Windjana

413

Fork

140

Mannerie

274

Winnecke

417

Forrest

143

Margaret

278

Wolfe

420

Fossil 2

147

Mulan

282

Yeeda

424





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