Appendix A. Allometric equations used to estimate tree and palm height (H, m) from measured diameter (dbh, cm) at four sites along the elevational gradient of tropical moist forest



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Appendix C. Weighted average wood density values (oven dry mass/fresh volume) by elevational site based on individual taxon abundance (stems ha-1) obtained in Sanchez (2001) and Tabarelli (1997)

Site

ρ weighted

(g cm-3)



Source data for taxon abundance

Restinga

0.644

plots at sea level (Sanchez 2001)

Lowland (100m)

0.630

plots at 100 m (Sanchez 2001)

Submontane (400m)

0.582

plots at 300 m (Sanchez 2001)

Montane (1000m)

0.634

pooled data from plots at 600 and 1000m (Sanchez 2001), and at 1000m (Tabarelli 1997)


Appendix D. Summary information of stem density and biomass estimates for the 13 plots sampled along the elevational gradient of Atlantic Forest, SE Brazil







Stems ≥ 4.8 cm







Trees 

Palms 

Tree ferns 

Total 

 Forest type

 Plot code

stems

(ha-1)



biomass

(Mg ha-1)



stems

(ha-1)



biomass (Mg ha-1)

stems

(ha-1)



biomass (Mg ha-1)

stems

(ha-1)



biomass

(Mg ha-1)



Restinga

A1

1248

141.71

192

2.57

0

0.00

1440

144.28




A2

1872

143.11

104

1.56

0

0.00

1976

144.67




A3

1260

182.01

216

3.82

0

0.00

1476

185.83




A4

1456

187.10

156

3.44

0

0.00

1612

190.54

Lowland

B

1007

215.21

132

2.76

15

0.10

1154

218.08




C

1009

184.98

147

3.27

29

0.26

1185

188.50




D

1070

193.55

245

5.20

21

0.22

1336

198.97




E

1052

225.44

187

4.51

4

0.03

1243

229.98

Submontane

G

1323

238.15

175

4.48

8

0.09

1506

242.72




H

1343

228.69

197

4.62

10

0.08

1550

233.40




I

1701

259.22

300

9.21

17

0.08

2018

268.51




J

1586

264.81

237

5.83

10

0.05

1833

270.70

Montane

K

1224

275.12

536

14.16

94

1.30

1854

290.57




L

1231

241.09

427

11.65

48

0.45

1706

253.19




M

1394

327.44

415

8.60

68

0.73

1877

336.78

 

N

1069

241.59

312

10.17

73

0.67

1454

252.43

Mean




1303

221.8

249

6.0

25

0.3

1576

228.1

CI 95%




1196, 1444

200.3, 247.2

200, 316

4.5, 7.9

13, 16

0.1, 0.5

1446, 1707

24.9, 235.5





































Stems ≥ 10 cm







Trees 

Palms 

Tree ferns 

Total 

 Forest type

 Plot code

stems

(ha-1)



biomass

(Mg ha-1)



stems

(ha-1)



biomass (Mg ha-1)

stems

(ha-1)



biomass (Mg ha-1)

stems

(ha-1)



biomass

(Mg ha-1)



Restinga

A1

696

133.30

8

0.22

0

0.00

704

133.52




A2

836

128.70

12

0.35

0

0.00

848

129.05




A3

604

174.30

12

1.12

0

0.00

616

175.42




A4

916

179.50

16

1.72

0

0.00

932

181.22

Lowland

B

553

209.26

34

1.46

10

0.09

597

210.81




C

522

178.69

43

1.97

19

0.21

584

180.87




D

551

186.84

79

3.04

13

0.17

643

190.05




E

546

218.81

70

3.10

1

0.01

617

221.92

Submontane

G

625

230.31

58

2.99

5

0.08

688

233.38




H

613

220.54

69

3.10

9

0.08

691

223.72




I

861

249.90

162

7.17

0

0.00

1023

257.07




J

786

256.45

80

3.83

4

0.03

870

260.31

Montane

K

570

266.13

256

10.72

25

0.94

851

277.79




L

580

232.81

242

9.45

12

0.09

834

242.36




M

663

317.26

165

5.43

19

0.20

847

322.89

 

N

541

234.39

196

8.74

54

0.58

791

243.71

Mean




654

213.6

94

4.0

11

0.2

759

218

CI 95%




602, 729

188.6, 235.8

61, 137

2.8, 6.0

6, 22

0.1, 0.4

693, 822

194.2, 243.6


Appendix E. Average elevation and elevational range (m., a.s.l.) estimated for each permanent plot

Forest type

Plot code

Average elevation

(m a.s.l.)



Elevational range

(m a.s.l.)



Restinga

A

10

1

Lowland

B

46

23




C

64

12




D

57

26




E

73

25

Submontane

G

188

22




H

208

16




I

350

48




J

375

46

Montane

K

1066

47




L

1051

49




M

1045

47

 

N

1025

34


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