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P5: Priority Five – Conservation dependent ecological communities



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P5: Priority Five – Conservation dependent ecological communities 
Ecological communities that are not threatened but are subject to a specific conservation program, the 
cessation of which would result in the community becoming threatened within five years. 
 
Table B.3: Definitions and Criteria for Threatened Ecological communities (DSEWPC 2010). 
Three  categories  exist  for  listing  threatened  ecological  communities  under  the  Environment 
Protection  and  Biodiversity  Conservation  Act  1999  (EPBC  Act).  An  ecological  community  may  be 
categorised: 
Categories of Ecological Communities 
Critically Endangered 
If, at that time, it is facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild in the 
immediate future. 
Endangered 
If, at that time, it is not critically endangered and is facing a very high risk of 
extinction in the wild in the near future. 
Vulnerable 
If, at that time, it is not critically endangered or endangered, and is facing a high 
risk of extinction in the wild in the medium-term future. 
 

Karara Mining Ltd 
Hinge Iron Ore Study - Vegetation and Flora Survey, May 2013 
 
Appendix C:
 
Categories of Conservation Significant Flora Species 
 

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Hinge Iron Ore Study - Vegetation and Flora Survey, May 2013 
 
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Table C.1: Categories of Conservation Significant Flora Species (Wildlife Conservation Act 1950). 
R: Declared Rare Flora - Extant 
Taxa which have been adequately searched for, and are deemed to be in the wild either rare, in danger of 
extinction, or otherwise in need of special protection, and have been gazetted as such, following approval by 
the Minister for the Environment, after recommendation by the State’s Endangered Flora Consultative 
Committee. 
P1: Priority One - Poorly Known 
Taxa which are known from one or a few (generally <5) populations which are under threat, either due to 
small population size, or being on lands under immediate threat, e.g. road verges, urban areas, farmland, 
active mineral leases, etc., or the plants are under threat, e.g. from disease, grazing by feral animals, etc. 
May include taxa with threatened populations on protected lands. Such taxa are under consideration for 
declaration as ‘rare flora’, but are in urgent need of further survey. 
P2: Priority Two - Poorly Known 
Taxa which are known from one or a few (generally <5) populations, at least some of which are not believed 
to be under immediate threat (i.e. not currently endangered). Such taxa are under consideration for 
declaration as ‘rare flora’, but are in urgent need of further survey. 
P3: Priority Three - Poorly Known 
Taxa which are known from several populations, at least some of which are not believed to be under 
immediate threat (i.e. not currently endangered). Such taxa are under consideration for declaration as ‘rare 
flora’, but are in need of further survey. 
P4: Priority Four - Rare 
Taxa which are considered to have been adequately surveyed and which, whilst being rare (in Australia), are 
not currently threatened by any identifiable factors. These taxa require monitoring every 5–10 years. 
 
 

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Hinge Iron Ore Study - Vegetation and Flora Survey, May 2013 
 
Table C.2: Categories of Threatened Species (DSEWPC 2010). 
Threatened flora may be listed in any one of the following categories as defined in Section 179 of the 
Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act): 
Section 179 Categories of Threatened Species 
(1) A native species is eligible to be included in the extinct category at a particular time if, at that time, there 
is no reasonable doubt that the last member of the species has died. 
(2) A native species is eligible to be included in the extinct in the wild*category at a particular time if, at that 
time: 
 
(a) it is known only to survive in cultivation, in captivity or as a 
naturalised population well outside its past range; or 
 
(b) it has not been recorded in its known and/or expected habitat, at 
appropriate seasons, anywhere in its past range, despite exhaustive 
surveys over a time frame appropriate to its life cycle and form. 
(3) A native species is eligible to be included in the critically endangered*category at a particular time if, at 
that time, it is facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild in the immediate future, as determined 
in accordance with the prescribed criteria. 
(4) A native species is eligible to be included in the endangered category* at a particular time if, at that time: 
 
(a) it is not critically endangered; and 
 
(b) it is facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild in the near future, 
as determined in accordance with the prescribed criteria. 
(5) A native species is eligible to be included in the vulnerable category* at a particular time if, at that time: 
 
(a) it is not critically endangered or endangered; and 
 
(b) it is facing a high risk of extinction in the wild in the medium term 
future, as determined in accordance with the prescribed criteria. 
(6) A native species is eligible to be included in the conservation dependent category at a particular time if, 
at that time: 
 
(a) the species is the focus of a specific conservation program the 
cessation of which would result in the species becoming vulnerable, 
endangered or critically endangered; or 
 
(b) the following subparagraphs are satisfied: 
(i) the species is a species of fish; 
(ii) the species is the focus of a plan of management that provides for management actions necessary to stop 
the decline of, and support the recovery of, the species so that its chances of long term survival in nature are 
maximised; 
(iii) the plan of management is in force under a law of the Commonwealth or of a State or Territory; 
(iv) cessation of the plan of management would adversely affect the conservation status of the species. 
(7) In subsection (6): 
Fish includes all species of bony fish, sharks, rays, crustaceans, molluscs and other marine organisms, but 
does not include marine mammals or marine reptiles.  
 
 

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Hinge Iron Ore Study – Vegetation and Flora Survey, May 2013 
 
Appendix D: Categories of Introduced Flora Species 
 

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Table D.1: Declared Plants Management Ratings as Gazetted under the Agriculture and Related Resources Protection Act 
1976. 
Listed species have a priority rating which defines their required level of management. 
Priority 1 
Introduction of the plant into or movement of the plant within, an area is prohibited. 
Priority 2 
Plant to be eradicated in the area. 
Priority 3 
Plant to be controlled by reduction in number or distribution of the plant or both. 
Priority 4 
Spread of plant beyond where it currently occurs to be prevented. 
Priority 5 
Particular action to be taken on public land or land under the control of a local government. 
Table D.2: Invasive Plant Prioritisation (IPP) process rating system (DEC 2011c).  
Field 
Description 
Code 
Code Description 
Potential 
Distribution 
Area of potential habitat in the Region 
that could be occupied of the area at 
risk of invasion by the weed.  

Limited (localised) 

Moderate 

High 

Extensive (widespread) 

Unknown 
Current 
Distribution 
Area of habitat in the Region currently 
occupied by the weed. 

Limited (localised) 

Moderate 

High 

Extensive (widespread) 

Unknown 
Survey Effort 
Survey effort of IBRA. 
Nil 
0% 
Some 
0 - 25% 
Patchy 
25 – 50% 
Extensive 
50 – 75% 
Complete 
75 – 100% 
Abundance 
Density class across one or more IBRA 
regions in the DEC region. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Occasional 
Light – scattered individual plants 
(< 10 populations or 1 – 10% of 
IBRA region) 
 
 
Common 
Medium to scattered patches 
with isolated plants interspersed 
(>10 populations or 11 – 50% of 
IBRA region) 
 
Abundant 
Heavy to large infestations (>100 
populations or 51 – 100% of IBRA 
region) 
 
 

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Hinge Iron Ore Study – Vegetation and Flora Survey, May 2013 
 
Field 
Description 
Code 
Code Description 
Ecological 
Impact  
Impact of species with the Region, from 
low impact (causes minimal disruption 
to ecological processes or loss of 
biodiversity) to high (causes acute 
disruptions of ecological processes, 
dominates and/or significantly alters the 
vegetation structure, composition and 
function of ecosystems).  

Low impact species 

Medium impact species 

High impact species 

Unknown 
Impact 
attributes 
List of known ecological impact 
attribute, based on Platt et al (2005).  

Changed fire regime 

Changed nutrient conditions 

Changed hydrological patterns 

Changed soil erosion patterns 

Changed geomorphological 
processes 

Changed biomass distribution 

Changed light distribution 

Loss of biodiversity 

Substantially reduces 
regeneration opportunities of 
native plants 
10 
Allelopathic effects 
Invasiveness 
Rate of spread of a weed in native 
vegetation, encompassing factors of 
establishment, reproductions (time to 
seeding, seed production, vegetative 
reproductions) and dispersal (wind, 
water, flying animals, ground animals, 
deliberate human spread, vehicles, 
produce contaminant). 

Slow 

Moderate 

Rapid 

Unknown 
Feasibility of 
Control 
The longer a coordinated control 
program takes to achieve its desired 
goal, the more expensive and less 
feasible it becomes.  
Key factors to consider include how 
widespread a weed is, ease of finding 
infestations, difficulty of limiting the 
weeds dispersal, willingness of 
landholders and governments to control 
the weed, and commercial use of the 
plant.  

Low feasibility infestation 

Moderate feasibility infestation 

High feasibility infestation 

Unknown 
General Trend 
General trend in distribution and 
abundance across the region. 
 
 
 
 
Decreasing 
 
Increasing 
 
Stable 
 
Unknown 
 

Karara Mining Ltd 
Hinge Iron Ore Study – Vegetation and Flora Survey, May 2013 
 
Field 
Description 
Code 
Code Description 
Status 
Define whether the species is outside 
the region, considered emerging 
(density class of occasional), established 
(density class of common or abundant) 
or unknown. 
Outside 
Occurs outside the region but 
known from WA 
Emerging 
Density class of occasional 
Established  Density class of common or 
abundant 
Unknown 
Current status in doubt or 
unknown 

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Hinge Iron Ore Study – Vegetation and Flora Survey, May 2013 
 
Appendix E: Database Search Summary and Results

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Hinge Iron Ore Study – Vegetation and Flora Survey, May 2013 
 
Table E. 1: Details of database searches conducted. 
Database name 
Date search results 
received 
Search focus 
Search area 
Protected Matters 
Search Tool (DSEWPC 
2012c) 
15 August 2012 
Matters of National 
Environmental Significance 
including both listed 
ecological communities and 
flora species. 
10 km buffer around 
central point: -
29°08’57”S and 
116°54’40”E. 
DEC threatened 
ecological communities 
and priority ecological 
communities database 
(DEC 2012a) 
29 August 2012 
Western Australian listed 
threatened and priority 
ecological communities. 
Polygon search from two 
points using coordinates:   
 -28°54' 58" S, 116° 47' 
41" E and -29°16' 38" S, 
117° 0' 00" E. 
DEC threatened 
(Declared Rare) and 
priority flora database 
(DEC 2012b) 
22 August 2012 
Western Australian listed 
Declared Rare (T) and 
priority flora species. 
Polygon search within a 
2 km buffer from two 
points using coordinates:   
 -28°54' 58" S, 116° 47' 
41" E and -29°16' 38" S, 
117° 0' 00" E. 
DEC threatened and 
priority flora list (DEC 
2012c) 
Western Australian 
Herbarium specimen 
database (DEC 2012d) 
DEC NatureMap (DEC 
2012e) 
16 October 2012 
Western Australian listed 
threatened and priority flora 
species. 
10 km buffer around 
central point: -
29°08’57”S and 
116°54’40”E. 

EPBC Act Protected Matters Report
This report provides general guidance on matters of national environmental significance and other
matters protected by the EPBC Act in the area you have selected.
Information on the coverage of this report and qualifications on data supporting this report are
contained in the caveat at the end of the report.
Information is available about 
Environment Assessments
 and the EPBC Act including significance
guidelines, forms and application process details.
Other Matters Protected by the EPBC Act
Acknowledgements
Buffer: 10.0Km
Matters of NES
Report created: 09/10/12 12:35:33
Coordinates
This map may contain data which are
©Commonwealth of Australia
(Geoscience Australia), ©PSMA 2010
Caveat
Extra Information
Details
Summary

Summary
This part of the report summarises the matters of national environmental significance that may occur
in, or may relate to, the area you nominated. Further information is available in the detail part of the
report, which can be accessed by scrolling or following the links below. If you are proposing to
undertake an activity that may have a significant impact on one or more matters of national
environmental significance then you should consider the 
Administrative Guidelines on Significance
.
Matters of National Environmental Significance
Listed Threatened Ecological Communities:
Listed Migratory Species:
None
Great Barrier Reef Marine Park:
Wetlands of International Importance:
Listed Threatened Species:
None
8
None
None
National Heritage Places:
Commonwealth Marine Areas:
World Heritage Properties:
None
None
8
This part of the report summarises other matters protected under the Act that may relate to the area
you nominated. Approval may be required for a proposed activity that significantly affects the
environment on Commonwealth land, when the action is outside the Commonwealth land, or the
environment anywhere when the action is taken on Commonwealth land. Approval may also be
required for the Commonwealth or Commonwealth agencies proposing to take an action that is likely
to have a significant impact on the environment anywhere.
The EPBC Act protects the environment on Commonwealth land, the environment from the actions
taken on Commonwealth land, and the environment from actions taken by Commonwealth agencies.
As
heritage values
 of a place are part of the 'environment', these aspects of the EPBC Act protect the
Commonwealth Heritage values of a Commonwealth Heritage place and the heritage values of a
place on the Register of the National Estate.
This part of the report summarises other matters protected under the Act that may relate to the area
you nominated. Approval may be required for a proposed activity that significantly affects the
environment on Commonwealth land, when the action is outside the Commonwealth land, or the
environment anywhere when the action is taken on Commonwealth land. Approval may also be
required for the Commonwealth or Commonwealth agencies proposing to take an action that is likely
to have a significant impact on the environment anywhere.
A
permit
 may be required for activities in or on a Commonwealth area that may affect a member of a
listed threatened species or ecological community, a member of a listed migratory species, whales
and other cetaceans, or a member of a listed marine species.
Other Matters Protected by the EPBC Act
None
None
None
Listed Marine Species:
Whales and Other Cetaceans:
5
Commonwealth Heritage Places:
None
None
Critical Habitats:
Commonwealth Land:
Commonwealth Reserves:

This part of the report provides information that may also be relevant to the area you have nominated.
Extra Information
Regional Forest Agreements:
5
Place on the RNE:
None
None
Invasive Species:
None
Nationally Important Wetlands:
State and Territory Reserves:
None
Key Ecological Features (Marine)
None
Details
Listed Threatened Species
[ Resource Information ]
Name
Status
Type of Presence
Birds
Slender-billed Thornbill (western) [25967]
Vulnerable
Species or species
habitat likely to occur
within area
Acanthiza iredalei  iredalei
Malleefowl [934]
Vulnerable
Species or species
habitat known to occur
within area
Leipoa ocellata
Australian Painted Snipe [77037]
Vulnerable
Species or species
habitat may occur within
area
Rostratula australis
Plants
Varnish Bush [2394]
Endangered
Species or species
habitat likely to occur
within area
Eremophila viscida
Net-veined Gyrostemon [8491]
Critically Endangered
Species or species
habitat likely to occur
within area
Gyrostemon reticulatus
Ninghan Violet [2803]
Critically Endangered
Species or species
habitat likely to occur
within area
Hybanthus cymulosus
Native Foxglove, Woolly Foxglove [17376]
Critically Endangered
Species or species
habitat may occur within
area
Pityrodia axillaris
Reptiles
Western Spiny-tailed Skink [64483]
Endangered
Species or species
habitat likely to occur
within area
Egernia stokesii  badia
Listed Migratory Species
[ Resource Information ]
* Species is listed under a different scientific name on the EPBC Act - Threatened Species list.
Matters of National Environmental Significance

Name
Threatened
Type of Presence
Migratory Marine Birds
Fork-tailed Swift [678]
Species or species
habitat likely to occur
within area
Apus pacificus
Great Egret, White Egret [59541]
Species or species
habitat may occur within
area
Ardea alba
Cattle Egret [59542]
Species or species
habitat may occur within
area
Ardea ibis
Migratory Terrestrial Species
Malleefowl [934]
Vulnerable
Species or species
habitat known to occur
within area
Leipoa ocellata
Rainbow Bee-eater [670]
Species or species
habitat may occur within
area
Merops ornatus
Migratory Wetlands Species
Great Egret, White Egret [59541]
Species or species
habitat may occur within
area
Ardea alba
Cattle Egret [59542]
Species or species
habitat may occur within
area
Ardea ibis
Painted Snipe [889]
Vulnerable*
Species or species
habitat may occur within
area
Rostratula benghalensis (sensu lato)
Listed Marine Species
[ Resource Information ]
* Species is listed under a different scientific name on the EPBC Act - Threatened Species list.
Name
Threatened
Type of Presence
Birds
Fork-tailed Swift [678]
Species or species
habitat likely to occur
within area
Apus pacificus
Great Egret, White Egret [59541]
Species or species
habitat may occur within
area
Ardea alba
Cattle Egret [59542]
Species or species
habitat may occur within
area
Ardea ibis
Rainbow Bee-eater [670]
Species or species
habitat may occur within
area
Merops ornatus
Painted Snipe [889]
Vulnerable*
Species or species
habitat may occur within
area
Rostratula benghalensis (sensu lato)
Other Matters Protected by the EPBC Act

Extra Information
Invasive Species
[ Resource Information ]
Weeds reported here are the 20 species of national significance (WoNS), along with other introduced
plants that are considered by the States and Territories to pose a particularly significant threat to
biodiversity. The following feral animals are reported: Goat, Red Fox, Cat, Rabbit, Pig, Water Buffalo
and Cane Toad. Maps from Landscape Health Project, National Land and Water Resouces Audit,
2001.
Name
Status
Type of Presence
Mammals
Goat [2]
Species or species
habitat likely to occur
within area
Capra hircus
Cat, House Cat, Domestic Cat [19]
Species or species
habitat likely to occur
within area
Felis catus
Rabbit, European Rabbit [128]
Species or species
habitat likely to occur
within area
Oryctolagus cuniculus
Red Fox, Fox [18]
Species or species
habitat likely to occur
within area
Vulpes vulpes
Plants
Buffel-grass, Black Buffel-grass [20213]
Species or species
habitat may occur within
area
Cenchrus ciliaris

-29.19137 116.77885
Coordinates
- non-threatened seabirds which have only been mapped for recorded breeding sites
- migratory species that are very widespread, vagrant, or only occur in small numbers
- some species and ecological communities that have only recently been listed
Not all species listed under the EPBC Act have been mapped (see below) and therefore a report is a general
guide only. Where available data supports mapping, the type of presence that can be determined from the
data is indicated in general terms. People using this information in making a referral may need to consider
the qualifications below and may need to seek and consider other information sources.
For threatened ecological communities where the distribution is well known, maps are derived from
recovery plans, State vegetation maps, remote sensing imagery and other sources. Where threatened
ecological community distributions are less well known, existing vegetation maps and point location data
are used to produce indicative distribution maps.
- seals which have only been mapped for breeding sites near the Australian continent
Such breeding sites may be important for the protection of the Commonwealth Marine environment.
For species where the distributions are well known, maps are digitised from sources such as recovery plans
and detailed habitat studies. Where appropriate, core breeding, foraging and roosting areas are indicated
under 'type of presence'. For species whose distributions are less well known, point locations are collated
from government wildlife authorities, museums, and non-government organisations; bioclimatic
distribution models are generated and these validated by experts. In some cases, the distribution maps are
based solely on expert knowledge.
The information presented in this report has been provided by a range of data sources as acknowledged at
the end of the report.
Caveat
- migratory and
The following species and ecological communities have not been mapped and do not appear in reports
produced from this database:
- marine
This report is designed to assist in identifying the locations of places which may be relevant in determining
obligations under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. It holds mapped
locations of World Heritage and Register of National Estate properties, Wetlands of International
Importance, Commonwealth and State/Territory reserves, listed threatened, migratory and marine species
and listed threatened ecological communities. Mapping of Commonwealth land is not complete at this
stage. Maps have been collated from a range of sources at various resolutions.
- threatened species listed as extinct or considered as vagrants
- some terrestrial species that overfly the Commonwealth marine area
The following groups have been mapped, but may not cover the complete distribution of the species:
Only selected species covered by the following provisions of the EPBC Act have been mapped:

-Department of the Environment, Climate Change, Energy and Water
-Birds Australia
-Australian Bird and Bat Banding Scheme
-Department of Environment and Conservation, Western Australia
Acknowledgements
-Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water, New South Wales
-Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment, Tasmania
-Parks and Wildlife Service NT, NT Dept of Natural Resources, Environment and the Arts
-Environmental and Resource Management, Queensland
-Department of Sustainability and Environment, Victoria
-Australian National Wildlife Collection
-Department of Environment and Natural Resources, South Australia
This database has been compiled from a range of data sources. The department acknowledges the
following custodians who have contributed valuable data and advice:
-Australian Museum
-National Herbarium of NSW
-State Forests of NSW
-Australian Government, Department of Defence
-State Herbarium of South Australia
The Department is extremely grateful to the many organisations and individuals who provided
expert advice and information on numerous draft distributions.
-Natural history museums of Australia
-Queensland Museum
-Australian National Herbarium, Atherton and Canberra
-Royal Botanic Gardens and National Herbarium of Victoria
-Geoscience Australia
-Ocean Biogeographic Information System
-Online Zoological Collections of Australian Museums
-Queensland Herbarium
-Western Australian Herbarium
-Tasmanian Herbarium
-Northern Territory Herbarium
-SA Museum
-Museum Victoria
-University of New England
-CSIRO
-Other groups and individuals
© Commonwealth of Australia
+61 2 6274 1111
Canberra ACT 2601 Australia
GPO Box 787
Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities
Please feel free to provide feedback via the 
Contact Us
 page.
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