Biodiversity Assessment Technical Report


Terrestrial Fauna Species Assessment



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6 Terrestrial Fauna Species Assessment

6.1 Introduction

The terrestrial fauna assessment was directed at accumulating sufficient information such that the legislative and policy requirements in relation to fauna conservation can be fully accommodated in the development of the Regional Forest Agreement for the Central Highlands. This involved the collation of all relevant information of the distributional, biological and life history characteristics of species, known threats and current management actions.


Data were gathered from an extensive search of the literature, from existing datasets, from experts and from new information generated by specialist projects. Critical attributes and parameters were developed with the assistance of local and national experts in the field of population ecology. The information collected fell into two groups:


  • life history attributes population parameters and habitat components; and

  • responses to disturbance.

The information on life history, population parameters, habitat components, disturbance and response to disturbance is stored in a working database. The database contains much more information than is possible to present in this background report.


The database can be incorporated into a relational system that would be a useful tool for obtaining access to, displaying, modelling and predicting species’ responses to various impacts and disturbances. This would allow appraisal and refinement of management action and be of considerable value in the medium and long-term monitoring of species.

6.1.1 Priority species


The assessment techniques described below were not intended to be applied to all fauna species. Even if this were thought desirable, minimal quantitative data exist for many species, particularly invertebrates. Long-term survival for the majority of taxa is assumed to be effected through the conservation of their habitat by appropriate representation of EVCs in the CAR reserve system. The assessment of terrestrial fauna presented is therefore based largely on an agreed list of priority species found in the Central Highlands whose conservation needs require specific attention. These priority species includes those listed under the Victorian Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988 (FFG Act), the Commonwealth Endangered Species Protection Act 1992 (ESP Act) and the Threatened Fauna of Victoria (TFV) list (CNR 1995a). The terrestrial species included are shown in Table 6.1 with conservation status, the existence of Action Statements (for species listed on the FFG Act) and Recovery Plans (for species listed on the ESP Act), and whether the species is secure on other listings. As noted in Section 5.2.5, the existence of action statements or recovery plans does not imply that all recommended management actions have been implemented.
Other listings include the threatened species lists or legislated lists of all States and Territories, other than Victoria, where the species occur. Where species are not listed as threatened, rare, insufficiently known or restricted in these States/Territories they are indicated as secure.
Table 6.1: Terrestrial fauna species included in the assessment.

Species Name

Common Name

TFV

FFG

Status

Action State-ment

(Vic)

ESP

Status

Recovery Plan

(C’wlth)

Secure in Other States

Mammals






















Gymnobelideus leadbeateri

Leadbeater’s Possum

E

L

Yes

E

In Prep

N/A

Dasyurus maculatus

Spot-tailed Quoll

V

L

Yes







No

Petaurus norfolcensis

Squirrel Glider

V

L

In prep







No

Mastacomys fuscus

Broad-toothed Rat

R













No

Pseudomys fumeus

Smoky Mouse

V













No

Antechinus minimus

Swamp Antechinus

R













No

Phascogale tapoatafa

Brush-tailed Phascogale

R

L

In prep







No

Sminthopsis murina

Common Dunnart

R













Yes

Canis familiaris dingo

Dingo

K













Yes

Rhinolophus megaphyllus

Eastern Horseshoe-bat

RC

L

No







Yes

Myotis macropus

Large-footed Myotis

R













No

Miniopteris schreibersii blepotis

Common Bent-wing Bat

RC

L

In prep







Yes

Pteropus poliocephalus

Grey-headed Flying-fox

RC













Yes

Birds






















Lathamus discolor

Swift Parrot

E

L

In prep

V

Yes*

No

Lichenostomus melanops cassidix

Helmeted Honeyeater

E

L

Yes

E

Yes*

No

Grantiella picta

Painted Honeyeater

R

L

No







No

Xanthomyza phrygia

Regent Honeyeater

E

L

Yes

E

Yes*

No

Pomatostomus temporalis

Grey-crowned Babbler

E

L

Yes







No

Burhinus grallarius

Bush Stone-curlew

V

L

In prep







No

Lophoictinia isura

Square-tailed Kite

V













No

Accipiter novaehollandiae

Grey Goshawk

R













No

Haliaeetus leucogaster

White-bellied Sea-eagle

R

L

Yes







No

Ninox connivens

Barking Owl

R

R










No

Ninox strenua

Powerful Owl

R

L

In prep







No

Tyto novaehollandiae

Masked Owl

R

L

In prep







No

Tyto tenebricosa

Sooty Owl

R

L

In prep







No

Reptiles






















Pseudemoia cryodroma

Alpine Bog Skink

V

R










No

Egernia coventryi

Swamp Skink

R













No

Pseudemoia rawlinsoni

Glossy Grass Skink

K













No


Table 6.1 (cont’d)

Species Name

Common Name

TFV

FFG

Status

Action State-ment

(Vic)

ESP

Status

Recovery Plan

(C’wlth)

Secure in Other States

Amphibians






















Litoria spenceri

Spotted Tree Frog

E

L

Yes

E

In prep

No

Philoria frosti

Baw Baw Frog

E

L

Yes

V

Yes*

No

Heleioporus australiacus

Giant Burrowing Frog

V

L

Yes







No

Litoria verreauxii alpina

Alpine Tree Frog

K













No

Notes: Threatened Fauna of Victoria List (TFV): E - endangered, K - insufficiently known, RC - restricted colonial breeding or roosting, R - rare, V - vulnerable;


Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act (FFG): L - Listed, R - recommended for listing;
Commonwealth Endangered Species Protection Act (ESP): E - endangered, V - vulnerable.

* Although recovery plans have been prepared for asterisked species, none have formally been approved by the Commonwealth Environment Minister.





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