Caligari’s Children



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►”Goal to express feelings in the most direct and extreme fashion possible. . . extreme distortion to express an inner emotional reality rather than surface appearances”; S. S. Prawer (Caligari’s Children) raises the possibility that this distortion is quite “real”--e.g., Caligari sees aspects of the world not readily apparent to others.

  • ►”Goal to express feelings in the most direct and extreme fashion possible. . . extreme distortion to express an inner emotional reality rather than surface appearances”; S. S. Prawer (Caligari’s Children) raises the possibility that this distortion is quite “real”--e.g., Caligari sees aspects of the world not readily apparent to others.



Narrative structure—(a) legends, (b) the supernatural, horror (but psychological)

  • Narrative structure—(a) legends, (b) the supernatural, horror (but psychological)



Narrative structure—(a) legends, (b) the supernatural, horror (but psychological)



Narrative structure—(a) legends, (b) the supernatural, horror (but psychological)

  • Narrative structure—(a) legends, (b) the supernatural, horror (but psychological)

  • Distortion, stylization of sets, costumes, makeup, acting, lighting

  • High contrast (in film, B&W; in the other arts, with colors)





Narrative structure—(a) legends, (b) the supernatural, horror (but psychological)

  • Narrative structure—(a) legends, (b) the supernatural, horror (but psychological)

  • Distortion, stylization of sets, costumes, makeup, acting, lighting

  • High contrast (in film, B&W; in the other arts, with colors)

  • Entirely studio-made (control!)





In a commercial film context

  • In a commercial film context

  • Growth fostered by inflation/reparations that favored export of products including film, import ban 1916-20

  • Artistically, part of movement begun about 1908

  • During the Weimar Period

  • The origins of a national cinema--UFA



UFA = Universum Film AG (originally Universum Film Aktiengesellschaft)

  • UFA = Universum Film AG (originally Universum Film Aktiengesellschaft)

  • Created by German government in 1917 as a WWI propaganda arm, by consolidating most of Germany‘s commercial studios

  • After a 1921 merger with Decla-Bioscop, "with government, industrial and banking support," UFA enjoyed a near-monopoly

  • Produced many great and influential works during the Weimar Republic years (1919-1933 approx.)

  • Through many incarnations, UFA still exists today



Historical spectacles (e.g., Ernst Lubitsch’s Madame du Barry)

  • Historical spectacles (e.g., Ernst Lubitsch’s Madame du Barry)



Historical spectacles (e.g., Ernst Lubitsch’s Madame du Barry)

  • Historical spectacles (e.g., Ernst Lubitsch’s Madame du Barry)

  • Kammerspiel (e.g., F. W. Murnau’s Last Laugh)



Widespread impact, due to Germany’s status as #2 filmmaking nation 1918-1933

  • Widespread impact, due to Germany’s status as #2 filmmaking nation 1918-1933



Robert Wiene (1873-1938) (Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, 1919)

  • Robert Wiene (1873-1938) (Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, 1919)



Robert Wiene (Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, 1919)

  • Robert Wiene (Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, 1919)

  • Fritz Lang (1890-1976) (Die Niebelungen, including Siegfried, 1923; Metropolis, 1927)



Robert Wiene (Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, 1919)

  • Robert Wiene (Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, 1919)

  • Fritz Lang (Die Niebelungen, including Siegfried, 1923; Metropolis, 1927)

  • F. W. Murnau (1888-1931) (Nosferatu, 1922; Faust, 1926; Sunrise (U.S. release, 1927))



Displaced artistically by new realism, e.g., “street films” (G. W. Pabst)

  • Displaced artistically by new realism, e.g., “street films” (G. W. Pabst)



Displaced artistically by new realism, e.g., “street films” (G. W. Pabst)

  • Displaced artistically by new realism, e.g., “street films” (G. W. Pabst)

  • Prominent German Expressionist directors and performers were lured away to Hollywood (including the 1925 Parufamet agreement. . . PAR – UFA – MET)

    • G. W. Pabst
    • F. W. Murnau
    • Emil Jannings
    • Fritz Lang (he ran, rather than being lured)


The Style!







end

  • end



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