March 11, 2005
The majority of exposures occur by inhalation and typically lead to symptoms of ocular, nasal, and respiratory
of adamsite poisoning take minutes to begin and might last for hours (1). If a rapid onset of manifestations of
one of the following respiratory effects occurs, the clinical description for adamsite poisoning has been met:
nose or throat irritation, cough, or dyspnea.
health officials for poisoning by a particular chemical agent, but no specific credible threat exists.
Probable: A clinically compatible case in which a high index of suspicion (credible threat or patient history
and a laboratory-confirmed case.
Confirmed: A clinically compatible case in which laboratory tests (not available for adamsite) have
The case can be confirmed if laboratory testing was not performed because either a predominant amount of
etiology of the agent is known.
aspects of chemical and biological warfare. Washington, DC: Office of the Surgeon General at TMM
Publications, Borden Institute, Walter Reed Army Medical Center; 1997:307-24.
This document is based on CDC’s best current information. It may be updated as new information
, or call CDC at
800-CDC-INFO (English and Spanish) or 888-232-6348 (TTY).