City of Marion Street Tree Strategy Part 1: Street Tree Descriptions



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City of Marion 

Street Tree Strategy 

 

 

Part 1: Street Tree Descriptions  

 

 

© City of Marion 2008 



 

 

  2 



1. STREET T

R

EE ST

RAT

EGY – Contents 

1. Contents 

1. Contents............................................................. 2 

1. Species List........................................................ 3 

1.1 Species Selection ........................................ 3 

1.2 Species Descriptions ................................... 3 

 

Acacia melanoxylon ............................................... 6 



Agonis flexuosa 'After Dark' ................................... 7 

Allocasuarina verticillata......................................... 8 

Angophora costata................................................. 9 

Angophora floribunda........................................... 10 

Angophora hispida ............................................... 11 

Banksia integrifolia............................................... 12 

Brachychiton acerifolius ....................................... 13 

Callistemon 'Harkness'......................................... 14 

Callitris gracilis ..................................................... 15 

Celtis australis...................................................... 16 

Corymbia eximia ‘Nana’ ....................................... 17 

Corymbia ficifolia.................................................. 18 

Corymbia maculata .............................................. 19 

Cupaniopsis anacardioides .................................. 20 

Elaeocarpus reticulatus........................................ 21 

Eucalyptus camaldulensis.................................... 22 

Eucalyptus diptera ............................................... 23 

Eucalyptus eremophila......................................... 24 

Eucalyptus erythronema ...................................... 25 

Eucalyptus fasciculosa......................................... 26 

Eucalyptus leucoxylon ‘Rosea’............................. 27 

Eucalyptus leucoxylon 'Euky Dwarf'..................... 28 

Eucalyptus leucoxylon ssp. megalocarpa ............ 29 

Eucalyptus pauciflora 'Little Snowman' ................ 30 

Eucalyptus sideroxylon 'Rosea'............................ 31 

Eucalyptus steedmannii........................................32 

Eucalyptus 'Torwood'............................................33 

Flindersia australis................................................34 

Geijera parviflora ..................................................35 

Ginkgo biloba........................................................36 

Harpullia pendula..................................................37 

Jacaranda mimosifolia..........................................38 

Lagerstroemia 'Biloxi'............................................39 

Lagerstroemia 'Lipan'............................................40 

Lagerstroemia 'Natchez' .......................................41 

Lagerstroemia 'Tuscarora' ....................................42 

Lophostemon confertus ........................................43 

Melaleuca linariifolia .............................................44 

Melia azederach 'Elite'..........................................45 

Metrosideros excelsa............................................46 

Platanus x acerifolia 'Columbia' or 'Liberty'...........47 

Pyrus calleryana 'Bradford' ...................................48 

Pyrus calleryana 'Chanticleer'...............................49 

Pyrus calleryana 'Winter Glow' .............................50 

Pyrus nivalis 'Snow Pear'......................................51 

Pyrus salicifolia 'Pendula' .....................................52 

Sapium sebiferum.................................................53 

Tristaniopsis laurina..............................................54 

Ulmus glabra 'Lutescens'......................................55 

Ulmus 'Sapporo Autumn Gold'..............................56 

Zelkova serrata.....................................................57 

 


 

 

© City of Marion 2008 



 

 

  3 



7. STREET T

R

EE ST

RAT

EGY – S

pecies List

 

1. Species List 

1.1 Species Selection 

By taking into account the issues identified in 

Section 5. Street Tree Considerations of the 

Street Tree Strategy, 52 species of trees have 

been identified to allow street tree planting in most 

situations. 

 

The following descriptions of each tree provides 



vital information on their characteristics and 

requirements, including scientific and common 

names, growth rates, maintenance requirements, 

soil, microclimate requirements and constraints for 

use such as power lines. 

 

The descriptions and data should be used as a 



guide only especially the suggested Ultimate 

Height and Ultimate Spread. This data in 

particular is a guide to the mature size of the tree 

in optimal street planting conditions.  This 

obviously varies from site to site. 

 

1.2 Species Descriptions 

The descriptions are categorised under the 

following headings: 

 



 

Common Name 

 

Provenance 



 

Ultimate Height 



 

Ultimate Spread 



 

Growth Rate 



 

Habit / Form 



 

Soil 



 

Longevity 



 

Tolerances 



 

Services 



 

Maintenance Considerations 



 

General Description 



 

 

Common Name: Is the name by which the tree is 

commonly known by in the South Australian 

nursery industry. 

 

Provenance: Where the tree originates from. 

Three options are provided – Indigenous (found 

originally in the Adelaide environs), Native 

(originally found somewhere in Australia) and 

Exotic (originates from a country other than 

Australia). The descriptor will also indicate habitat 

/ biodiversity value where appropriate. 

 

Ultimate Height: Optimum height in perfect urban 

conditions. 

 

Ultimate Spread: Optimum spread in perfect 

urban conditions. 

 

Growth Rate: The rate at which the tree grow to 

achieve its mature size and form. Three options 

are provided – Fast, Medium and Slow. 

 

Habit / Form: The shape and habit that the tree 

commonly exhibits e.g. pyramidal, columnar, 

rounded canopy etc. 

 

Soil: Indicates trees preference to certain soil 

conditions and pH. 

 

Longevity: Estimated average life. Three options 

are provided: Average (25-50 years), Long (50-

100 years) and Very Long (Greater than 100 

years). 

 

Tolerances: Indicates the ability of the tree to 

withstand certain conditions including frost, wind, 

coastal exposure, pruning, Water Sensitive Urban 

Design (WSUD) etc. 

 

Services: Indicates suitability around services 

such as sewer and power-lines. Description will 

also identify if the particular tree has been 

approved by ETSA and/or SA Water. The City of 

Marion is seeking to gain formal approval from the 

service companies where a tree has been 

suggested that it is suitable for planting under 

power-lines or near underground services without 

being on their general list.  

  

Maintenance Considerations: Indicates 

maintenance requirements such as formative 

pruning, need for root barriers etc. 

 

General Description: Provides a general 

description of the tree including flowering colour 

and times and other ornamental features. 



 

 

© City of Marion 2008 



 

 

  4 



7. STREET T

R

EE ST

RAT

EGY – S

pecies List Summar

y Table

 

Botanical Name 

Common Name 

 

    

  Aus Nati

ve      

  Local Native 

 Approx. Ul

tima

te Height 

(m) 

  Approx. Ultim

a

te Spread (m) 

  Suitable Under Powerlines (CoM) 

  ETSA Approved 

  The Plains 

  The Southern Hills 

Acacia melanoxylon 

Blackwood 

  

18 



  

  



  

  

Agonis flexuosa 'After Dark' 



Agonis After Dark 

  

6-8 



3-5 

Y  

    

  

Allocasuarina verticillata 

Drooping Sheoak 

  

5-10 



4-5 

  

  



  

  

Angophora costata 



Smooth Barked Apple 

  

18 



10 

  

  



  

  

Angophora floribunda 



Rough Barked Apple 

  

18 



12 

  

  



  

  

Angophora hispida 



Dwarf Apple 

  





Y  

    

  

Banksia integrifolia 

Coastal Banksia 

  

15 



3-5 

  

  



  

  

Brachychiton acerifolius 



Flame Tree 

  

8-18 



6-12 

  

  

  

  

Callistemon 'Harkness' 

Gawler Hybrid 

Bottlebrush 

  





Y Y    

  

Callitris gracilis syn. C. preissii 

Southern Cypress 

Pine 


  

12 4 


  

  

  



  

Celtis australis 

European Hackberry 

or Nettle Tree 

  

12 


       


Corymbia eximia or eximia 

'Nana' 


Yellow Bloodwood 

  





Y  

    

  

Corymbia ficifolia 

Red Flowering Gum 

  

10 



  

  



  

  

Corymbia maculata 



Spotted Gum 

  

18-20 



12-15 

       


Cupaniopsis anacardioides 

Tuckeroo 

  

10 




Y  

    

  

Elaeocarpus reticulatus 

Blueberry Ash 

  

10 



  

  



  

  

Eucalyptus camaldulensis 



River Red Gum 

  

30 



30 

       


Eucalyptus diptera 

Two Winged Gimlet 

  

5-10 


4-8 

Y  

    

  

Eucalyptus eremophila 

Tall Sand Mallee 

  

6-8 



8-12 

Y  

    

  

Eucalyptus erythronema 

Lindsay Gum 

  

4-9 



3-4 

Y  

    

  

Eucalyptus fasciculosa 

Pink Gum 

  

8-15 



8-12 

  

  



  

  

Eucalyptus leucoxylon ‘Rosea’ 



Red Flowered SA 

Blue Gum 

  

10 




Y  

    

  

Eucalyptus leucoxylon 'Euky 

Dwarf' 

Euky Dwarf 



  

3-5 



Y  

    

  

Eucalyptus leucoxylon ssp. 

megalocarpa 

Large Fruited SA Blue 

Gum 

  

10 



  

  



  

  

Eucalyptus pauciflora 'Little 



Snowman' 

Little Snowman Snow 

Gum 

  





Y  

    

  

Eucalyptus sideroxylon 

'Rosea' 

Red Flowered 

Ironbark 

  

10-20 



8-15 

  

  



  

  

Eucalyptus steedmannii 



Steedmans Gum 

  

6-8 



5-7 

Y  

    

  

 

 

© City of Marion 2008 



 

 

  5 



7. STREET T

R

EE ST

RAT

EGY – S

pecies List Summar

y Table

 

Botanical Name 

Common Name 

 

    

  Aus Nati

ve      

  Local Native 

 Approx. Ul

tima

te Height 

(m) 

  Approx. Ultim

a

te Spread (m) 

  Suitable Under Powerlines (CoM) 

  ETSA Approved 

  The Plains 

  The Southern Hills 

Eucalyptus 'Torwood' 

Torwood 

  

6-8 



4-8 

Y  

    

  

Flindersia australis 

Crows Ash, Australian 

Teak  


  

12-16 


6-10 

  

  



  

  

Geijera parviflora 



Wilga 

  

8-12 



6-10 

Y  

    

  

Ginkgo biloba 

Maidenhair Tree 

  

12-20 



8-12 

  

  



  

  

Harpullia pendula 



Tulipwood 

  

12 





Y  

    

  

Jacaranda mimosifolia 

Jacaranda 

  

15 



10 

  

  



  

  

Lagerstroemia 'Biloxi' 



Indian Summer Crepe 

Myrtle 


  



Y ?    

  

Lagerstroemia 'Lipan' 

Indian Summer Crepe 

Myrtle 


  



Y ?    

  

Lagerstroemia 'Natchez' 

Indian Summer Crepe 

Myrtle 


  

5-6 



Y ?    

  

Lagerstroemia 'Tuscarora' 

Indian Summer Crepe 

Myrtle 


  

6-8 


5-6 

Y ?    

  

Lophostemon confertus 

QLD Box, Brush Box 

  

8-12 



6-10 

Y  

    

  

Melaleuca linariifolia 

Snow in Summer 

  

5-7 



3-5 

Y  

    

  

Melia azederach 'Elite' 

White Cedar 

  

10 



8-10 

  

  

  

  

Metrosideros excelsa 

New Zealand 

Christmas tree 

  

12 


  

  



  

  

Platanus x acerifolia 



'Columbia' or 'Liberty' 

London Plane 

  

30 


 20 

       


Pyrus calleryana 'Bradford' 

Bradford - Pear 

  

10 




Y  

    

  

Pyrus calleryana 'Chanticleer' 

Chanticleer - Pear 

  

10 





Y  

    

  

Pyrus calleryana 'Winter Glow' 

Winter Glow - Pear 

  

15 



12 

  

  



  

  

Pyrus nivalis 'Snow Pear' 



Snow Pear 

  

10-12 



6-10 

Y  

    

  

Pyrus salicifolia 'Pendula' 

Weeping Silver Pear 

or Willow-leaved Pear 

  

4-5 


4-5 

Y Y    

  

Sapium sebiferum 

Chinese Tallow Tree 

  





     


Tristaniopsis laurina 

Water Gum 

  





Y Y    

  

Ulmus glabra 'Lutescens' 

Golden Elm 

  

8-12 



5-8 

  

  



  

 

Ulmus 'Sapporo Autumn Gold' 



Sapporo Autumn Gold 

Elm 


 15 10 

       


Zelkova serrata 

Japanese Elm or 

Japanese zelkova 

 

12-18 



7-13 

  

  



  

  


 

 

 



© City of Marion 2008 

 



Acacia melanox

ylon 

Acacia melanoxylon 

Common Name:   Blackwood 

Provenance:  

Indigenous – Attracts native 

honeyeaters. 

Ultimate Height:   18m 

Ultimate Spread:   8m 

Growth Rate:  

Medium 


Habit / Form:  

Upright, small to medium tree 

with black fissured bark.    

Soil:    

 

Moist but well drained. 



Longevity:  

 Average (Greater than 100 

years) 

Tolerances:  

Most conditions and locations 

although prefers ample room 

and non-compacted sites. 

Suited to WSUD situations. 

Services:    

Not under power-lines. 



Maintenance Considerations: Minimal limb drop. 

Minimal suckering habit. Some susceptibility to 

borers. 

General Description: Long lived native known for 

its dark brown and crevassed bark and sweet 

smelling fragrance from multi-branched yellow 

flowers common to Acacias appearing late winter. 

Foliage is dark grey/green typical also of Acacias.   

 

 



 

 

http://www.utas.edu.au/docs/plant_science/field_botany/specie



s/dicots/mimosasp/acacmela.html 

http://www.apstas.com/sgaptas-springflowers4.html 

http://www.peyzaj.org 

 


 

 

 



© City of Marion 2008 

 



A

gonis flexuosa 'After Dark' 

Agonis flexuosa 'After Dark' 

Common Name:   Dark Leaf Peppermint 

Provenance:  

Native (select form) 



Ultimate Height:   6-8m 

Ultimate Spread:   3-5m 

Growth Rate:  

Fast 


Habit / Form:  

Sparse spreading/weeping. 



Soil:  

 Well drained. Tolerant of high 

pH. 

Longevity:    

Unknown 


Tolerances:  

Grows well in most conditions 

and locations. 

Services:    

Suitable under power-lines 



Maintenance Considerations: The non-cultivar 

Agonis flexuosa has shown some susceptibility to 

splitting. A root barrier is beneficial to protect 

infrastructure due to the formation of a large trunk 

as the tree matures. 



General Description: A small upright but lower 

branching tree with furrowed bark and dark 

burgundy leaves. New growth appears as dark 

reddish/purple before darkening to burgundy. 

This tree is protected by Plant Breeders’ Rights 

(PBR).   

This is a great alternative to the short lived and 

inconsistent, red-leaved Prunus’ (Plums). 

 

 

http://www.anbg.gov.au/images/photo_cd/51710B6197614/004.html 



http://www.metrotrees.com.au/treehandbook/page-

listings/agonis-flexuosa.html 



 

 

 



© City of Marion 2008 

 



Allocasuarina verticillata 

Allocasuarina verticillata 

Common Name:   Drooping Sheoak 

Provenance:  

Indigenous – The Glossy Black 

Cockatoo depends on this tree 

for survival. The seeds are also 

eaten by several other native 

bird species. 



Ultimate Height:   5-10m 

Ultimate Spread:   4-5m 

Growth Rate:  

Fast 


 Habit / Form:  

A round headed single trunk, 

shade tree with drooping 

needles, dark fissured trunk and 

large cones. 

Soil:  

 Tolerates poor soils including 

coastal locations. 

Longevity:    

Average (25-50 years) 



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