Common Forest Trees of Hawaii (Native and Introduced)



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Common Forest Trees of Hawaii (Native and Introduced)

This information is from Agriculture Handbook no. 679 by Elbert L. Little Jr. and Roger G. Skolmen, published by the Forest Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, in

1989. Its present format is that of a reprint version published by the College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2003.



Ö

hi‘a ha

Eugenia sandwicensis Gray

Myrtle family (Myrtaceae)

Native species (endemic)

Evergreen native tree of wet forests (except on the is-

land of Hawaii), characterized by four-angled twigs,

paired elliptical to oblong leaves, small white or pink-

ish flowers with many tiny stamens and small rounded

shiny red edible fruits. A large forest tree to 60 ft (18 m)

high and 3 ft (0.9 m) in trunk diameter or shrubby on

exposed ridges. Bark gray to reddish brown, smoothish

to slightly fissured; inner bark light brown, slightly as-

tringent. Twigs four-angled and slightly winged, slightly

enlarged at ringed nodes, hairless, greenish when young,

turning brown.

Leaves opposite, hairless, with short leafstalks of

1



8

1



2

 inch (3–13 mm). Blades variable in shape, ellipti-



cal to oblong, 1–4 inches (2.5–10 cm) long and 

3



4

–2

inches (2–5 cm) wide, rounded and usually notched at



apex, blunt at base, often widest beyond middle and

turned under at edges, slightly thick and leathery, curved

up on sides, upper surface shiny green with side veins

inconspicuous, beneath light green, with gland-dots vis-

ible under lens. Crushed leaves emit a distinctive odor.

Flower clusters (cymes) 1

1



2



–3 inches (4–7.5 cm)

long at bases of upper leaves, with four-angled branches.

Flowers several to many on stalks of 

1



8

 inch (3 mm),

about 

5



16

 inch (8 mm) long and wide, composed of fun-

nel shaped greenish base (hypanthium), four pinkish

rounded calyx lobes on rim, four rounded fringed white

or pinkish petals less than 

1



8

 inch (3 mm) long, many

tiny white stamens, and pistil with inferior two-celled

ovary and short style.

Fruits (berries) rounded and slightly flattened, 

5



16

3



8

 inch (8–10 mm) in diameter, with calyx at top, shiny



red, with slightly sour edible white pulp. Seeds 1–2, 

1



8

inch (3 mm) long. Fruits often abundant in late summer.

The wood is described as reddish brown, hard, and

durable; it was used as fuel and for house construction

by the Hawaiians. The bark furnished a black dye for

tapa or bark cloth.

Common and widespread in lower and middle wet

forests to 4000 ft (1,219 m) altitude.



Special area

Kokee


Range

Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, and Maui



Other common names

h

ä, pä‘ihi (Maui), Hawaiian syzygium



Botanical synonym

Syzygium sandwicense (Gray) Ndz.

Common Forest Trees of Hawaii (Native and Introduced)

This information is from Agriculture Handbook no. 679 by Elbert L. Little Jr. and Roger G. Skolmen, published by the Forest Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, in

1989. Its present format is that of a reprint version published by the College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2003.



Ö

hi‘a ha

Eugenia sandwicensis Gray

Twig with flowers and fruits, 1 X;

flower (lower left), 3 X (Degener).



Kataloq: forestry
forestry -> Evaluación de los recursos Informe nacional 161 forestales mundiales 2005
forestry -> Global Forest Resources Assessment 2005 Country Report 178 Rome, 2005
forestry -> Global Forest Resources Assessment 2005 Country Report 203 Rome, 2005
forestry -> Global Forest Resources Assessment 2005 Country Report 186 Rome, 2005
forestry -> Evaluación de los recursos Informe nacional 174 forestales mundiales 2005
forestry -> Workshop Proceedings: Revision of the National List of Protected Trees as per Section 12, National Forests Act of 1998
forestry -> Melliferous plants for Cameroon Highlands and Adamaoua Plateau honey
forestry -> Global Forest Resources Assessment 2005 Country Report 123 Rome, 2005
forestry -> Evaluación de los recursos Informe nacional 189 forestales mundiales 2005
forestry -> Evaluación de los recursos Informe nacional 195 forestales mundiales 2005

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