Vegetation extent information and species lists contained in the vegetation profiles are based on analysis from the National Vegetation Information System (NVIS), including analysis of Major Vegetation Subgroups and NVIS Level V descriptions. Please see http://www.environment.gov.au/node/18930 for more information.
The management recommendations have been drawn from EPBC Act Recovery Plans, EPBC Act Ecological Communities Listing Advice and other sources. The recommendations are indicative only. Systematic reviews of management literature, consultation processes and improved Natural Resource Management program monitoring and evaluation will support development of a comprehensive set of management recommendations over time.
Eucalyptus open forests with a shrubby understorey vegetation profile
Encourage uptake of conservation agreements and covenants on private land. Please refer to the following website for more information on private land conservation: http://www.dpaw.wa.gov.au/ management/off-reserveconservation/nature-conservationcovenant-program
Ban firewood harvesting.
Where possible, exclude stock from remnants.
Maintain native vegetation remnants and paddock trees as this provides protection against dryland salinity.
Fence paddock trees. If no saplings appear after fencing and stock exclusion, then replant with tubestock from locally sourced seed.
Minimise spray drift from adjacent agricultural lands.
Create windbreaks with native vegetation to reduce soil erosion.
Minimise bore water extraction.
Facilitate natural regeneration through fencing and stock management.
Overstorey eucalypt species may not easily regenerate if sites have been previously grazed. Natural regeneration is more likely where lichens and mosses are still present.
Undertake revegetation where no natural regeneration occurs. Ensure seed and tubestock is locally sourced and attempt to replicate the structure and diversity of local, high quality remnants on similar soils and aspect.
Monitor and actively manage weed species in rehabilitation sites.
Link existing remnants where possible. Ideally through wide corridors, but even paddock trees can provide valuable linkages within landscapes.
Fire is an important ecological process to stimulate regeneration. Please consult your local Natural Resource Management region for advice on site appropriate fire regimes.
If fallen timber has been removed from remnants, replace with coarse woody debris (such as untreated railway sleepers) as this provides habitat for wildlife.
Maintain and protect mature trees as it can take 150–180 years for tree hollows to develop. Hollows provide shelter and breeding habitat for mammals and birds.
If few or no mature hollow bearing trees are present within remnants, provide nesting boxes. Monitor these regularly for invasive birds and feral honey bees.
See http://www.dpaw.wa.gov.au/get-involved/wildliferehabilitation-andcourses for more information on wildlife rehabilitation.
Ensure aggressive perennial weeds are controlled in rehabilitation sites.
Moraea fugax, M. collina and M. flaccida, Hesperantha spp. and Sparaxis spp bulb species are particularly problematic in Wandoo woodland remnants.
Undertake fox and rabbit baiting and shooting, and feral cat trapping.
Ensure foxes and rabbits are managed simultaneously to prevent foxes switching to predation on native species, and/or rabbit population increases.
Maintain strict hygiene protocols to avoid spreading Phytophthora by vehicle tyres, earthmoving machinery and boots.
Treat dieback with phosphite in early Summer, and repeat 4–5 weeks later. Sites should be treated for a wide area around an infected site.
Remove all parts of badly affected plants, including as much of the root system as possible.
Manage public access to control the spread of dieback.
Eucalyptus tall open forest with a fine-leaved shrubby understorey vegetation profile