Conservation of agricultural resources act, 1983 (act 43 of 1983) regulations


TABLE 3 DECLARED WEEDS AND INVADER PLANTS



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TABLE 3

DECLARED WEEDS AND INVADER PLANTS

[Regulation 15]




Kind of plant

Type

Category

Special conditions

Botanical name

Common name










Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Column 4

Acacia baileyana F.Muell.

Bailey’s wattle

Invader

3




Acacia cylops A.Cunn.ex G.Don.

Red eye

Invader

2




Acacia dealbata Link

Silver wattle

Weed

Category 1 in the Western Cape, category 2 in the rest of South Africa




Acacia decurrens (Wendl.) Willd.

Green wattle

Invader

2




Acacia elata A.Cunn. ex Benth. (A. Terminalis missapplied in South Africa)

Pepper tree wattle

Invader

3




Acacia implexa Benth.

Screw-pod wattle

Weed

1




Acacia longifolia (Andr.) Willd.

Long-leaved wattle

Weed

1




Acacia mearnsii De Wild.

Black wattle

Invader

2




Acacia melanoxylon R.Br.

Australian blackwood

Invader

2




Acacia paradoxa DC. (=A. armata R.Br.)

Kangaroo wattle

Weed

1




Acacia podalyriifolia A.Cunn. ex G.Don

Pearl acacia

Invader

3




Acacia pycnatha Benth.

Golden wattle

Weed

1




Acacia saligna (Labill.) H.L. Wendl.

Port Jackson willow

Invader

2




Achyranthes aspera L.

Burweed

Weed

1




Agave sisalana Perrine

Sisal hemp, sisal

Invader

2




Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.) R.M.King & H.Rob. (=Eupatorium adenophorum Spreng.)

Crofton weed

Weed

1




Ageratina riparia (Regel) R.M.King & H. Rob. (=Eupatorium riparium Regel)

Mistflower

Weed

1




Ageratum conyzoides L.

Invading ageratum

weed

1




Ageratum houstonianum Mill Excluding cultivars

Mexican ageratum

Weed

1




Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle

Tree-of-heaven

Invader

3




Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth.

Lebbeck tree

Weed

1




Albizia procera (Roxb.) Benth.

False lebbeck

Weed

1




Alhagi maurorum Medik. (=A. camelorum Fisch.)

Camel thorn bush

Weed

1




Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) steenis (A. baselloides (Kunth) Baill. misapplied in South Africa)

Maderia vine, Bridal wreath

Weed

1




Araujia sericifera Brot.

Moth catcher

Weed

1




Ardisia crenata Sims Ardisia crispa misapplied in South Africa)

Coralberry tree, Coral bush

Weed

Category 1 plant only in the Northern province, Kwazulu-Natal and Mpumalanga)




Argemone mexicana L.

Yellow-flowered Mexican poppy

weed

1




Argemone ochroleuca Sweet subsp. Ochroleuca (=A. subfusiformis G.B. Ownbey)

White-flowered mexican poppy

Weed

1




Arundo donax L.

Giant reed, Spanish reed

Weed

1




Atriplex lindleyi Moq. Subsp. I\inflata (F.Mull.) P.G.wilson

Sponge-fruit saltbush

Invader

3




Atriplex nummularia Lindl. Subsp. Nummularia

Old man saltbush

Invader

2




Azolla filiculoides Lam.

Azolla, red water fern

Weed

1




Bauhinia purpurea L.

Butterfly orchid tree

Invader

3




Bauhinia variegata L.

Orchid tree

Invader

3




Bryophyllum delagoense (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Schinz. (= B.tubiflorum Harv.; Kalanchoe tubiflora Raym.-Hamet; K. delagoensis Eckl. & Zeyh.)

Chandelier plant

Weed

1




Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston (=C. sepiaria Roxb.)

Mauritius thorn

Weed

1




Campuloclinium macrocephalum (Less.) DC. (=Eupatorium macrocephalum Less.)

Pom pom weed

Weed

1




Canna indica L. Excluding hybrid cultivars

Indian shot

Weed

1




Cardiospermum grandiflorum Sw.

Balloon vine

Weed

1




Casuarina cunninghamiana Miq.

Beefwood

Invader

2

Not for use in dune stabilisation

Casuarina equisetifolia L.

Horsetail tree

Invader

2

Not for use in dune stabilisation

Cereus jamacaru DC. (C. peruvianus misapplied in South Africa)

Queen of the night

Weed

1




Cestrum aurantiacum Lindl.

Yellow or Orange cestrum

Weed

1




Cestrum elegans (Brongn.) Schtdl. (=C. purpureum (Lindl.) Standl.)

Crimson cestrum

Weed

1




Cestrum laevigatum Schtdl.

Inkberry

Weed

1




Cestrum parqui L’Her

Chilean cestrum

Weed

1




Chromolaena odorata (l.) R.M.King & H.Ro (=Eupatorium odoratum L.)

Triffid weed, Chromolaena

Weed

1




Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J.Presl

Camphor tree

Weed

Category 1 plant only in the Northern Province, Kwazulu-Natal and Mpumalanga




Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. (= C. lanceolatum Scop.)

Spear thistle, Scotch thistle

Weed

1




Convolvulus arvensis L.

Field bindweed, wild morning-glory

Weed

1




Cortaderia jubata (Lem.) Stapf

Pampas grass

Weed

1




Cortaderia selloana (Schult.) Asch. & Graebn. Excluding sterile cultivars

Pampas grass

Weed

1




Cotoneaster franchetii Boiss.

Cotoneaster

Invader

3




Coteneaster pannosus Franch.

Silver-leaf cotoneaster

Invader

3




Cuscuta campestris Yunck.

Common dodder

Weed

1




Cuscuta suaveolens Ser.

Lucerne dodder

Weed

1




Cytisus monspessulanus L. (= C. candicans (L.) DC., Genista monspessulana (L.) L.Johnson)

Montpellier broom

Weed

1




Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link (= Genista scoparia (L.) Lam.)

Scotch broom

Weed

1




Datura ferox L.

Large thorn apple

Weed

1




Datura innoxia Mill.

Downy thorn apple

Weed

1




Datura stramonium L.

Common thorn apple

Wed

1




Echinopsis spachiana (Lem.) Fiedrich & Rowley (= Trichocereus spachianus (Lem.) Riccob.)

Torch cactus

Weed

1




Echium platagineum L. (= E. lycopsis L.)

Patterson’s curse

Weed

1




Echium vulgare L.

Blue echium

Weed

1




Egeria densa Planch. (= Elodea densa (Planch.) Casp.

Dense water weed

Weed

1




Eichhornia crassipes (C.Mart.) Solms

Water hyacinth

Weed

1




Elodea canadensis Michx.

Canadian water weed

Weed

1




Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl.

Loquat

Invader

3




Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh.

Red river gum

Invader

2




Eucalyptus cladocalyx F.Muell.

Sugar gum

Invader

2




Eucalyptus diversicolor F.Muell.

Karri

Invader

2




Eucalyptus grandis W.Hill ex Maiden (E. saligna Sm. (p.p.)

Saligna gum, Rose gum

Invader

2




Eucalyptus lehmannii (Schauer) Benth.

Spider gum

Weed

Category 1 plant in the Western Cape, Category 2 plant in the rest of South Africa




Eucalyptus paniculata Sm.

Grey ironbark

Invader

2




Eucalyptus sideroxylon A.Cunn. ex Woolls

Black ironbark, Red ironbark

Invader

2




Eugenia uniflora L

Pitanga, Surinam cherry

Weed

Category 1 plant in the Northern Province, Kwazulu-Natal and Mpumalanga, Category 3 plant in the rest of South Africa




Gleditsia triacanthos L. Excluding sterile cultivars

Honey locust, Sweet locust

Invader

2




Grevillea robusta A.Cunn. ex R.Br.

Australian silky oak

Invader

3




Hakea drupacea (C.F.Gaertn.) Roem. & Schult. (= H. suaveolens R.Br.)

Sweet hakea

Weed

1




Hakea gibbosa (Sm.) Cav.

Rock hakea

Weed

1




Hakea sericea Schrad. & J.C.Wendl.

Silky hakea

Weed

1




Harrisia martinii (Labour.) Britton & Rose (= Eriocereus rnartinii (Labour.) Riccob.

Moon cactus, Harrisia cactus

Weed

1




Hedychium coccineum Sm.

Red ginger lily

Weed

1




Hedychium coronarium J. Konig

White ginger lily

Weed

1




Hedychium flavescens Roscoe

Yellow ginger lily

Weed

1




Hedychium gardnerianum Ker Gawl.

Kahili ginger lily

Weed

1




Hypericum perforatum L.

St John’s Wort, Tipton Weed

Invader

2

Controlled cultivation

Ipomoea alba L.

Moonflower

Weed

Category 1 plant in the Northern province, Kwazulu Natal and Mpumalanga, Category 3 plant in the rest of South Africa




Ipomoea indica (Burm.f.) Merr. (=I. Congesta R.Br.)

Morning glory

Weed

Category 1 plant in the Northern province, Kwazulu Natal and Mpumalanga, Category 3 plant in the rest of South Africa




Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth

Morning glory

Invader

3




Jacaranda mimosifolia D.Don Excluding sterile cultivar 'Alba'

Jacaranda

Invader

3




All seed producing species or seed producing hybrids of Lantana that are non-indigenous to Africa

Lantana, Tickberry, Cherry pie

Weed

1




Lepidium draba L. (= Cardaria draba (L.) Desv.)

Pepper-cress, Hoary cardaria, White top

Weed

1




Leptospermum laevigatum (Gaertn.) F.Muell.

Australian myrtle

Weed

1




Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit (= L. glauca Benth.)

Leucaena

Weed

Category 1 plant in the Western Cape, Category 2 plant in the rest of South Africa




Ligustrum japonicum Thunb.

Japanese wax-leaved privet

Invader

3




Ligustrum lucidum Aiton

Chinese wax-leaved privet

Invader

3

Only for use as root-stock if authorised by the Executive Official in terms of regulation 15C(5)

Ligustrum ovalifolium Hassk.

Californian privet

Invader

3




Ligustrum sinense Lour.

Chinese privet

Invader

3




Ligustrum vulgare L.

Common privet

Invader

3




Lilium formosanum A. Wallace (= L. longiflorum Thunb. var. formosanum Baker) (L. longiflorum has sometimes been rnisapplied to this species in South Africa)

St Joseph’s lily, Trumpet lily, Formosa lily

Invader

3




Litsea glutinosa (Lour.) C.B.Rob. (=L. sebifera Pers.)

Indian laurel

Weed

1




Lythrum salicaria L.

Purple loosestrife

Weed

1




Macfadyena unguis-cati (L.) A.H.Gentry

Cat-s claw creeper

Weed

1




Melia azedarach L.

“Syringa”, Persian lilac

Invader

3




Metrosideros excelsa Sol. ex Gaertn. (= M. tomentosa A.Rich.)

New Zealand christmas tree

Invader

3




Mimosa pigra L.

Giant sensitive plant

Invader

3




Montanoa hibiscifolia Benth.

Tree daisy

Weed

1




Morus alba L. Excluding cultivar 'Pendula'

Whitemulberry, Common mulberry

Invader

3

Only for use as root-stock if authorised by the Executive Official in terms of regulation 15C(5)

Myoporum tenuifolium G.Forst. subsp. Montanum (R.Br.) Chinnock (= M. montanum R.Br.) (M. acuminatum misapplied in South Africa)

Manatoka

Invader

3




Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) Verdc.

Parrot’s feather

Weed

1




Myriophyllum spicatum L.

Spiked water-milfoil

Weed

1




Nassella tenuissima (Trin.) Barkworth (= Stipa tenuissima Trin.)

White tussock

Weed

1




Nassella trichotoma (Nees) Arech. (= Stipa trichotoma Nees)

Nassella tussock

Weed

1




Nephrolepis exaltata (L.) Schott (= Polypodium exaltatum L.) Excluding cultivars

Sword fern

Invader

3




Nerium oleander L. Excluding sterile, double-flowered cultivars

Oleander

Weed

1




Nicotiana glauca Graham

Wild tobacco

Weed

1




Opuntia aurantiaca Lindl.

Jointed cactus

Weed

1




Opuntia exaltata A.Berger (= Austrocylindropuntia exaltata (A.Berger) Backeb.)

Long spine cactus

Weed

1




Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. (= O. megacantha Salm-Dyck) Excluding all spineless cactus pear cultivars and selections

Mission prickly pear, Sweet prickly pear

Weed

1




Opuntia fulgida Engelm. (O. rosea misapplied in South Africa.)

Rosea cactus

Weed

1




Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Rat. (O. compressa (Salisb.) J.Macbr. illegitimate)

Large flowered prickly pear, Creeping prickly pear

Weed

1




Opuntia imbricata (Haw.) DC. (= Cylindropuntia imbricata (Haw.) Knuth)

Imbricate cactus, Imbricate prickly pear

Weed

1




Opuntia lindheimeri Engelm. (= O. tardospina Griffiths)

Small round-leaved prickly pear

Weed

1




Opuntia monacantha Haw. (O. vulgaris Mill. misapplied)

Cochineal prickly pear, Drooping prickly pear

Weed

1




Opuntia spinulifera Salm-Dyck

Saucepan cactus, Large roundleaved prickly pear

Weed

1




Opuntia stricta (Haw.) Haw. (= O. dillennii (Ker Gawl.) Haw.)

Pest pear of Australia

Weed

1




Orobanche minor Sm.

Lesser broomrape, Clover broomrape

Weed

1




Paraserianthes lophantha (Willd.) Nielsen (= Albizia lophantha (Willd.) Benth.)

Australian Albizia, Stink bean

Weed

1




Parthenium hysterophorus L.

Parthenium

Weed

1




Passiflora caerulea L.

Blue passion flower

Weed

1




Passiflora mollissima (Kunth) L.H.Bailey

Banana poka, Bananadilla

Weed

1




Passiflora suberosa L.

Indigo berry

Weed

1




Passiflora subpeltata Ortega

Granadina

Weed

1




Pennisetum setaceum (Forssk.) Chiov. Excluding sterile cultivar 'Rubrum'

Fountain grass

Weed

1




Pennisetum villosum R.Br. ex Fresen.

Feathertop

Weed

1




Pereskia aculeata Mill.

Barbados gooseberry

Weed

1




Phytolacca diocia L.

Belhambra

Invader

3




Pinus canariensis C.Sm.

Canary den

Invader

2




Pinus elliotti Engelm.

Slash pine

Invader

2




Pinus halepensis Mill.

Aleppo pine

Invader

2




Pinus patula Schitdl. & Cham.

Patula pine

Invader

2




Pinus pinaster Aiton

Cluster pine

Invader

2




Pinus radiata D.Don

Radiata pine, Monterey pine

Invader

2




Pinus roxburghii Sarg. (= P. longifolia Roxb.)

Chir pine, longifolia pine

Invader

2




Pinus taeda L.

Loblolly pine

Invader

2




Pistia stratiotes L.

Water lettuce

Weed

1




Pittosporum undulatum Vent.

Australian cheesewood, Sweet pittospormum

Weed

1




Plectranthus comosus Sims (= Coleus grandis Cramer) (Plectranthus barbatus Andr. Misapplied in South Africa)

“Abyssinian” coleus, Wooly plectranthus

Invader

3




Pontederia cordata L.

Pickerel weed

Invader

3




Populus alba L.

White poplar

Invader

2




Populus x canescens (Aiton) Sm.

Grey poplar, Matchwood poplar

Invader

2




Prosopis glandulosa Torr. Var. torreyana (Benson) Johnst. and hybrids

Honey mesquite

Invader

2




Prosopis velutina Wooton and hybrids

Velvet mesquite

Invader

2




Psidium cattleianum Sabine (= P. littorale Raddi var. longipes (O.Berg) Fosb.)

Strawberry guava

Invader

3




Psidium guajava L. and hybrids

Guava

Invader

2




Psidium guineense Sw.

Brazilian guava

Invader

3




Psidium x durbanensis Baijnath ined.

Durban guava

Weed

1




Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi

Kudzu vine

Weed

1




Pyracantha angustifolia (Franch.) C.K.Schneid. Excluding cultivars

Yellow firethorn

Invader

3




Pyracantha crenulata (D.Don) M.Roem.

Himalayan firethorn

Invader

3




Rhus succedanea L. (= Toxicodendron succedaneum (L.) Kuntze

Wax tree

Weed

1




Ricinus communis L

Castor-oil plant

Invader

2




Rivina humilis L.

Rivina, Bloodberry

Weed

1




Robinia pseudoacacia L.

Black locust

Invader

2

Only for use as root-stock if authorised by the Executive Official in terms of regulation 15C(5)

Rorippa nasturtium - aquaticum (L.) Hayek (= Nasturtium officinale R.Br.)

Watercress

Invader

2




Rosa rubiginosa L. (= R. eglanteria L.)

Eglantine, Sweetbriar

Invader

1




Rubus cuneifolius Pursh and hybrid R. x proteus C.H.Stirt.

American bramble

Weed

1




Rubus fruticosus L. agg.

European blackberry

Invader

2




Salix babylonica L. (not to be confused with the indigenous S. mucronata Thunb. (= S. capensis, S. subserrata, S. woodii)

Weeping willow

Invader

2




Salix fragilis L. (not to be confused with the indigenous S. mucronata Thunb. (= S. capensis, S. subserrata., S. woodii)

Crack or brittle willow

Invader

2




Salvinia molesta D.S.Mitch. and other species of the Family Salviniaceae

Kariba weed

Weed

1




Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi

Brazilian pepper tree

Weed

category 1 in Kwazulu-Natal, Category 3 in the rest of South Africa




Senna bicapsularis (L.) Roxb. (= Cassia bicapsularis L.)

Rambling cassia

Invader

3




Senna didymobotrya (Fresen.) Irwin & Barneby (= Cassia didymobotrya Fresen.)

Peanut butter cassia

Invader

3




Senna pendula (Willd.) Irwin & Barneby var. glabrata (Vogel) Irwin & Barneby (= Cassia coluteoides Collad.)




Invader

3




Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth.

Red sesbania

Weed

1




Solanum elaeagnifolium Cav.

Silver-leaf bitter apple

Weed

1




Solanum mauritianum Scop.

Bugweed

Weed

1




Solanum seaforthianum Andr.

Potato creeper

Weed

1




Solanum sisymbriifolium Lam.

Wild tomato, Dense-thorned bitter apple

Weed

1




Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.

Johnson grass, Aleppo grass

Invader

2




Spartium junceum L.

Spanish broom

Weed

1




Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels

Jambolan

Invader

3




Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston

Rose apple

Invader

3




Tamarix chinensis Lour.

Chinese tamarisk

Weed

Category 1 plant in the Northern, Western and Eastern Cape, category 3 plant in the rest of South Africa




Tamarix ramosissima Ledeb.

Pink tamarisk

Weed

Category 1 plant in the Northern, Western and Eastern Cape, category 3 plant in the rest of South Africa




Tecoma stans (L.) Kunth

Yellow bells

Weed

1




Thelechitonia trilobata (L.) H.Rob. Cuatrec. (= Wedelia trilobata (L.) A.Hitchc.)

Singapore daisy

Weed

Category 1 plant in Kwazulu-Natal, category 3 plant in the rest of South Africa




Thevetia peruviana (Pers.) K.Schum. (= T. neriifolia A.Juss. ex Steud.)

Yellow oleander

Weed

1




Tipuana tipu (Benth.) Kuntze (= T. speciosa Benth.)

Tipu tree

Invader

3




Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) A.Gray

Mexican sunflower

Weed

1




Tithonia rotundifolia (Mill.) S.F.Blake

Red sunflower

Weed

1




Toona ciliata M.Roem. (= Cedrela toona Rottler)

Toon tree

Invader

3




Triplaris americana L.

Triplaris, Ant tree

Weed

1




Ulex europaeus L.

European gorse

Weed

1




Xanthium spinosum L.

Spiny cocklebur

Weed

1




Xanthium strumarium L.

Large cocklebur

Weed

1







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