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Where to begin __________________________________ 5
Plant selection and planting out ___________________ 6
Planting your local plants _________________________ 6
When to water ________________________________ 8
What irrigation to use __________________________ 8
When to prune ________________________________ 9
How to prune _________________________________ 9
Tips for pruning _______________________________ 9
What makes a good mulch? ___________________ 10
When to mulch? _____________________________ 10
How much mulch? ___________________________ 10
What to avoid? ______________________________ 10
When to apply fertiliser _______________________ 11
Best to use __________________________________ 11
Cottage garden plant list ______________________ 17
Water feature plant list ________________________ 19
Mediterranean plant list _______________________ 21
Japanese plant list ___________________________ 23
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local plants before you embark on planting your dream
The planting of exotic plants in your garden can lead
to a variety of problems. Firstly, they require more water
which is increasingly a concern in Australia. Secondly
they require more fertiliser which enters groundwater and
street drainage, contributing to toxic algal blooms in the
Swan River and wetlands.
They can also become environmental weeds as they
can spread into native bushland and compete with our
native species. Native plants unlike non-natives occur in
local bushlands around Bayswater and so rarely become
Native gardens use less water, need less fertilisers and
don’t invade other areas of bushland. Not only will you
have a colourful garden all year round but you’ll lessen
your water bill and feel good about doing something for
Many of our native plants also provide food and habitat for
native birds, insects, butterﬂies and frogs while providing
vegetation islands for these animals to rest.
So not only do local, native plants stop environmental
degradation but they also increase biodiversity in your
Why grow local plants?
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Here are some handy tips to think about when designing
try drawing the colours you want on graph paper to
give you a good idea of the colours and types of plants
you want, where you want to plant them and how the
result may look;
rid yourself of weeds before you plant and mulch.
Try not to plant larger plants near fences and walls,
because they can be damaged as the plants grow
most plants now come in different forms, so remember
favourite plants to better ﬁt your garden;
for all year round colour, select plants that ﬂower in
different seasons. Ask your nursery for plants with
different coloured foliage, such as Agonis ﬂexuosa
‘Burgundy’ which has deep red leaves, to bring more
colour to your garden; and
don’t be afraid to be creative, mix up species, colours
and sizes in differing numbers for a natural yet
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These tips will help you in selecting the types of plants you would like in your garden:
go for smaller plants in larger pots as they won’t be root bound and more likely to survive
when you put them in the ground. If you’re looking for a more instant effect buy more
read the label on the plants as they tell you how much water and sunlight it will need as well as how
big it will grow;
take advantage of the winter rains and plant in April through August. Plants will get plenty of water
and have time to establish before the spring growing season and survive the summer; and
Planting your local plants
Consider the following when planting your native plants:
set out your plants in their pots where you want them to be, keep shufﬂing them until you have the
look you desire.
give the plant, the hole and the soil around it, a good water before planting. Try adding a wetting
agent to improve water retention, and a little bit of low phosphorus fertiliser;
dig a hole that is a bit larger than the pot. Take the plant from its pot and gently loosen the roots
before placing it in the middle of the hole and carefully ﬁll in with soil;
gently but ﬁrmly pat the soil around the plant concentrating on the area around the stem.
The plant should be slightly lower than the surrounding soil, forming a small depression around
ﬁnish off with a 5 cm deep and 20 cm wide layer of mulch around the plant base (try not to have the
mulch too close to the stem because it can encourage rotting).
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Here are a number of nurseries where you will be able to buy the plants you need. The City of Bayswater
doesn’t necessarily endorse these nurseries, and alternatives are available in the phone book.
1 Johanna Street
North Fremantle 9336 1262 9430 5729
Australian Native Nursery Group 141 King Road
9525 1324 9525 4703
Boola Wongin Nursery
619 Armadale Road
9397 0160 9397 1430
Lot 5 Mandurah Road Secret Harbor 9524 1227 9524 1777
61 Eighth Avenue
9271 4488 9271 9005
9405 1607 9306 2933
Corner Amherst Road/ Hazelmere
9250 1888 9250 2735
Lot 214 Archibald Street Muchea
9571 4090 9571 4297
Native Flora Technologies
30 Malvern Street
9250 3491 9250 3491
155 Watsonia Road
9454 6260 9454 4540
Also check out www.bayswater.wa.gov.au for more native nurseries
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It’s important to choose the correct irrigation methods to
get the maximum beneﬁt from your garden.
Methods where the water is directed straight towards the
roots are best, like adjustable dripper or trickle systems
and subsurface irrigation. For plants with a high water
demand, simply use a high ﬂow rate dripper.
Another option is to use grey water from the everyday
running of your household. Grey water is waste water from
your household such as the shower and laundry.
Wherever this system is used it’s important the grey water
is disposed of below the ground and a licence is obtained
from your local Council’s Health Section so is doesn’t
cause a health hazard. For more information contact
the City of Bayswater Environmental Health Section on
Choosing local plants reduces water wastage.
It’s a great idea to use local plants because they are
suited to Perth’s climate and require little summer
watering. While they are establishing however they will
require some watering. This is also true during extended
dry periods at any time of year.
Water a couple of times a week in the ﬁrst week of planting.
Keep this up during the summer months for the ﬁrst year
to give your plants a kick start. More established plants
won’t need much water, but if they start to look stressed
or if a heat wave hits, a ‘one off’ on your designated
watering day will be enough to see them through.
The best time to water would be in the morning, but be sure
not to over water as this could lead to rotting, diseases
and shallow root growth, as well as the encouragement
of weeds. If water repellence occurs, you may need to
apply a wetting agent.
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Your best time to prune is in late spring or early summer.
Pruning in winter or mid summer should be avoided because this
can lead to extensive die back in your plants. Young plants should
be pruned lightly and regularly while older plants can handle more
extensive pruning and love a good trim.
After the plant has ﬁnished ﬂowering, cut the stems just behind the
seed pod to prune new season growth. For old wood just prune the
centre of the plant and leave the younger growth on the outsides.
cut off the whole branch cleanly at the joint leaving a ﬂat edge;
remove low branches to make weeding easier; and
the softer wooded plants aren’t as tough as the hardier woody
plants, so they should only be pruned lightly.
centre of the
To help prevent black ink disease, be brutal and cut back
Kangaroo Paws after ﬂowering each year. They’ll thank you for it
in the long run!
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Adding suitable mulch to your garden after planting not
only helps the soil to retain moisture and keep your plants
cooler, but it also reduces the number of weeds in your
garden and therefore the amount of weeding you have
to do. The best mulches are a mixture of different plant
materials of different sizes.
What makes a good mulch?
The best mulch is the one that if you walk on it without
shoes, it hurts your feet. Coarse material is best, like the
natural leaf litter from your garden.
All mulches break down over time so you will need to
replace it every spring or early summer.
How much mulch?
To aid water retention, create a circular depression around
the plant in a 10 cm thick layer of suitable mulch.
What to avoid?
Applying mulch too close to the plant stem can encourage
disease and rotting. Not a desirable outcome!
Mulches made from exotic species and soft leaved plants
can degrade too quickly and release nutrients into the soil
too fast for WA plants.
Some commercial mulches are higher in nitrogen and
phosphorus and not suitable for local WA plants. They
are usually already composted and are more a soil
conditioner rather than a mulch. Look for native plant or
low phosphorus fertilisers.
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Native plants evolved to the low nutrient levels in most
of Bayswater’s soils. This is why exotic plants need
heaps more fertilisers than natives.
Native plants can’t handle traditional fertilisers because
they don’t like high nutrient levels, in particular,
To keep your garden looking stunning, add a little
native fertiliser and follow the instructions on the bag.
Remember excess nutrients are a waste and only cause
algal blooms in our waterways.
When to apply fertiliser
The best option is to apply the fertilisers to the bottom
of the hole when planting. Only apply fertiliser during
the growing season and over the root zone when the
plant shows signs of nutrient deﬁciencies.
Not all bugs are bad
For a more organic solution try seaweed fertiliser or
ﬁsh emulsion to encourage more healthy microbial
activity in your soil. It will also help your plants to
grow and ﬁght off diseases.
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Red & cream
Mar - Jan
March - Aug
Red & silver
Feb - Aug
March - May
Red Flowering Gum
Salmon White Gum
Jan - Sep
Coastal Blackbutt/Prickly Bark
Oct - Jan
Aug - Feb
Sep - Jan
Shrubs (1 to 3m)
Aug - Nov
Local Plant List
(Coastal & Eastern)
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Sandplains Brush Myrtle/Puno
One sided Bottle Brush/Kwowdjard 1 to 2
Aug - Dec
Silky-leaved Blood Flower/Pin-dak
Mar - Oct
Jul - Nov
Lemon Scented Myrtle
Jul - Dec
Oct - Feb
Jun - Sep
Coast Honey Myrtle
Apr - Jan/Sep - Nov
Graceful Honey Myrtle
Sep - Nov
May - Sep
Jun - Oct
May - Sep
May - Feb
Nov - Feb
Aug - Oct
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Common Brown Pea
Brown & Yellow
Jul - Oct
Pink Summer Calytrix
Orange-red & Yellow Aug - Oct
Holly ﬂame pea
Red & Yellow
Jul - Aug
Jul - Dec
Hairy Yellow Pea
0.3 to 1
Dull Red-Orange, Red Mar - Nov
May - Nov
Jul - Aug
May - Oct
White or pink-tinged
Swan River Myrtle
Jul - Oct
Yellow & Red
Aug - Oct
Sep - Dec
Nov - Jan
Sep - Nov
Aug - Nov
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Aug - Nov
Nov - Jan
Aug - Oct
Red & Green
Sep - Nov
Green Kangaroo Paw
Aug - Nov
Blueberry Lilly/Native ﬂax
Jul - Nov
Black Coral Pea
Black & Yellow
Jul - Nov
Dec - Feb
Oct - Feb
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Everyone loves that ‘cottage garden’ look.
A cottage garden is a mixture of fast growing native annuals and
herbaceous perennials, with winding pathways and peaceful
Follow these few simple guidelines to ensure successful cottage
your garden beds should not be formally structured, mix it
up a little and plant randomly. Remember if it isn’t the look
you desire, you can always move them around;
self seeding plants will mean your garden will develop
without continual planting;
scented plants will give a lingering fragrance over the garden
and add to the effect;
create focal points by placing different colour foliaged plants
around benched, arches and statues;
cottage gardens are all about the blooms, so replace some
lawn with garden beds;
cover unattractive sights such as old sheds and boring walls
with climber covered lattice and if you’re feeling adventurous
run a climber up your arches; and
arches, arbors, lattice, picket fences, rustic ornaments,
garden furniture, pots, statues and ornaments will all look at
home in your cottage garden.
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Red ﬂowering gum
Try the below plants to achieve that ‘cottage’ look.
(low groundcover form)
Eremophila glabra Kalbarri
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Water features always lift the look of a garden and can
really create a great ‘feel’.
A water feature can be as large or as small as you want or
as space allows. Your water feature can be anything from
water slowly spilling over the edges of an ornamental pot
to a cascading fountain.
Most people don’t realise that many species adapted
to Perth soils are also great for water gardens. Ask your
nursery about native sedges.
Not only is a water feature a great element in your design,
but it also attracts birds and frogs into your garden.
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Here are some native species that are great for water gardens.
Blue Berry Lilly
Bare Twig Rush
Knotted Club Rush
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The Mediterranean garden is a great garden for
entertaining in Perth’s hot summers.
This design is a mixture of courtyards surrounded by
planter beds ﬁlled with bright ﬂowers. You can use some
statues, bright ornamental pots or garden arches to add a
bit of ﬂair to your design.
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Below is a list of plants you may want to have a look at if you
like the idea of a Mediterranean garden.
Groundcover / Climber
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Why not add some spirituality to your garden?
The Japanese style garden draws inﬂuences from Shinto,
Buddhist and Taoist philosophies to bring a sense of
spirituality to the garden.
Rocks are positioned ﬁrst because they change the
least and represent stability in the garden. Rocks should
be of similar colour, texture and form. Pebbles are also
a regular feature and are used to represent the ﬂow of
water and continuity of life. They can also be used to form
Small bamboo water features like a deer scarer are
common in a Japanese garden and bring the sound of
tranquillity to the space, as well as mark the passing of
Gazebos are a good way to enjoy and observe the garden
entrance to a garden to guard against intruders.
The common rule of the Japanese garden is ‘less is more!”
azebos are a good way to enjoy and observe the garden
all seasons, while statues of lions are placed at the
ntrance to a garden to guard against intruders.
he common rule of the Japanese garden is ‘less is more!”
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Gin Gin Gem
Below is a list of plants that may inspire your creativity
when choosing plants.
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61 Broun Avenue
Morley WA 6062
Tel: (08) 9272 0622
Fax: (08) 9272 0665
Where to from here?
The City of Bayswater hopes you have enjoyed the booklet and have found
the information useful. With all this talk about the world’s environmental
problems, it can all seem hard to know where you can help. This book
represents the ways in which you can begin to soften your eco footprint by
increasing biodiversity in your garden and stopping algal blooms, all while
having a beautiful garden with Australian values.
For more information on the booklet visit the City’s website
www.baywater.wa.gov.au under the Environment section for updates
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