Delineation of the landward extent of wetlands and surface waters



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CHAPTER 62-340

DELINEATION OF THE LANDWARD EXTENT OF WETLANDS AND SURFACE WATERS

62-340.100 Intent

62-340.200 Definitions

62-340.300 Delineation of Wetlands

62-340.400 Selection of Appropriate Vegetative Stratum

62-340.450 Vegetative Index

62-340.500 Hydrologic Indicators

62-340.550 Wetland Hydrology

62-340.600 Surface Waters

62-340.700 Exemptions for Treatment or Disposal Systems

62-340.750 Exemption for Surface Waters or Wetlands Created by Mosquito Control Activities

62-340.100 Intent.

(1) This rule’s intent is to provide a unified statewide methodology for the delineation of the extent of wetlands and surface waters to satisfy the mandate of Section 373.421, F.S. This delineation methodology is intended to approximate the combined landward extent of wetlands as determined by a water management district and the Department immediately before the effective date of this rule. Before implementing the specific provisions of this methodology, the regulating agency shall attempt to identify wetlands according to the definition for wetlands in subsection 373.019(25), F.S., and subsection 62-340.200(19), F.A.C., below. The landward extent of wetlands shall be determined by the dominance of plant species, soils and other hydrologic evidence indicative of regular and periodic inundation or saturation. In all cases, attempts shall be made to locate the landward extent of wetlands visually by on site inspection, or aerial photointerpretation in combination with ground truthing, without quantitative sampling. If this cannot be accomplished, the quantitative methods in paragraph 62-301.400(1)(c), F.A.C., shall be used unless the applicant or petitioner and regulating agency agree, in writing, on an alternative method for quantitatively analyzing the vegetation on site. The methodology shall not be used to delineate areas which are not wetlands as defined in subsection 62-340.200(19), F.A.C., nor to delineate as wetlands or surface waters areas exempted from delineation by statute or agency rule.

(2) The Department shall be responsible for ensuring statewide coordination and consistency in the delineation of surface waters and wetlands pursuant to this rule, by providing training and guidance to the Department, Districts, and local governments in implementing the methodology.

Specific Authority 373.421 FS. Law Implemented 373.421, 373.4211 FS. History–New 7-1-94, Formerly 17-340.100.
62-340.200 Definitions.

When used in this chapter, the following terms shall mean:

(1) “Aquatic plant” means a plant, including the roots, which typically floats on water or requires water for its entire structural support, or which will desiccate outside of water.

(2) “Canopy” means the plant stratum composed of all woody plants and palms with a trunk four inches or greater in diameter at breast height, except vines.

(3) “Diameter at Breast Height (DBH)” means the diameter of a plant’s trunk or main stem at a height of 4.5 feet above the ground.

(4) “Facultative plants” means those plant species listed in subsection 62-340.450(3), F.A.C., of this chapter. For the purposes of this rule, facultative plants are not indicators of either wetland or upland conditions.

(5) “Facultative Wet plants” means those plant species listed in subsection 62-340.450(2), F.A.C., of this chapter.

(6) “Ground Cover” means the plant stratum composed of all plants not found in the canopy or subcanopy, except vines and aquatic plants.

(7) “Ground truthing” means verification on the ground of conditions on a site.

(8) “Hydric Soils” means soils that are saturated, flooded, or ponded long enough during the growing season to develop anaerobic conditions in the upper part of the soil profile.

(9) “Hydric Soil Indicators” means those indicators of hydric soil conditions as identified in Soil and Water Relationships of Florida's Ecological Communities (Florida Soil Conservation ed. Staff 1992).

(10) “Inundation” means a condition in which water from any source regularly and periodically covers a land surface.

(11) “Obligate plants” means those plant species listed in subsection 62-340.450(1), F.A.C., of this chapter.

(12) “Regulating agency” means the Department of Environmental Protection, the water management districts, state or regional agencies, local governments, and any other governmental entities.

(13) “Riverwash” means areas of unstabilized sandy, silty, clayey, or gravelly sediments. These areas are flooded, washed, and reworked by rivers or streams so frequently that they may support little or no vegetation.

(14) “Saturation” means a water table six inches or less from the soil surface for soils with a permeability equal to or greater than six inches per hour in all layers within the upper 12 inches, or a water table 12 inches or less from the soil surface for soils with a permeability less than six inches per hour in any layer within the upper 12 inches.

(15) “Seasonal High Water” means the elevation to which the ground and surface water can be expected to rise due to a normal wet season.

(16) “Subcanopy” means the plant stratum composed of all woody plants and palms, exclusive of the canopy, with a trunk or main stem with a DBH between one and four inches, except vines.

(17) “Upland plants” means those plant species, not listed as Obligate, Facultative Wet, or Facultative by this rule, excluding vines, aquatic plants, and any plant species not introduced into the State of Florida as of the effective date of this rule.

(18) “U.S.D.A.-S.C.S.” means the United States Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service.

(19) “Wetlands,” as defined in subsection 373.019(25), F.S., means those areas that are inundated or saturated by surface water or ground water at a frequency and a duration sufficient to support, and under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soils. Soils present in wetlands generally are classified as hydric or alluvial, or possess characteristics that are associated with reducing soil conditions. The prevalent vegetation in wetlands generally consists of facultative or obligate hydrophytic macrophytes that are typically adapted to areas having soil conditions described above. These species, due to morphological, physiological, or reproductive adaptations, have the ability to grow, reproduce or persist in aquatic environments or anaerobic soil conditions. Florida wetlands generally include swamps, marshes, bayheads, bogs, cypress domes and strands, sloughs, wet prairies, riverine swamps and marshes, hydric seepage slopes, tidal marshes, mangrove swamps and other similar areas. Florida wetlands generally do not include longleaf or slash pine flatwoods with an understory dominated by saw palmetto.

Specific Authority 373.421 FS. Law Implemented 373.421, 373.4211 FS. History–New 7-1-94, Formerly 17-340.200.
62-340.300 Delineation of Wetlands.

The landward extent (i.e., the boundary) of wetlands as defined in subsection 62-340.200(19), F.A.C., shall be determined by applying reasonable scientific judgment to evaluate the dominance of plant species, soils, and other hydrologic evidence of regular and periodic inundation and saturation as set forth below. In applying reasonable scientific judgment, all reliable information shall be evaluated in determining whether the area is a wetland as defined in subsection 62-340.200(19), F.A.C.

(1) Before using the wetland delineation methodology described below, the regulating agency shall attempt to identify and delineate the landward extent of wetlands by direct application of the definition of wetlands in subsection 62-340.200(19), F.A.C., with particular attention to the vegetative communities which the definition lists as wetlands and non-wetlands. If the boundary cannot be located easily by use of the definition in subsection 62-340.200(19), F.A.C., the provisions of this rule shall be used to locate the landward extent of a wetland. In applying the provisions of this rule, the regulating agency shall attempt to locate the landward extent of wetlands visually by on site inspection, or aerial photointerpretation in combination with ground truthing.

(2) The landward extent of a wetland as defined in subsection 62-340.200(19), F.A.C., shall include any of the following areas:

(a) Those areas where the aereal extent of obligate plants in the appropriate vegetative stratum is greater than the areal extent of all upland plants in that stratum, as identified using the method in Rule 62-340.400, F.A.C., and either:

1. The substrate is composed of hydric soils or riverwash, as identified using standard U.S.D.A.-S.C.S. practices for Florida, including the approved hydric soil indicators, except where the hydric soil is disturbed by a nonhydrological mechanical mixing of the upper soil profile and the regulating agency establishes through data or evidence that hydric soil indicators would be present but for the disturbance;

2. The substrate is nonsoil, rock outcrop-soil complex, or the substrate is located within an artificially created wetland area; or

3. One or more of the hydrologic indicators listed in Rule 62-340.500, F.A.C., are present and reasonable scientific judgment indicates that inundation or saturation is present sufficient to meet the wetland definition of subsection 62-340.200(19), F.A.C.

(b) Those areas where the areal extent of obligate or facultative wet plants, or combinations thereof, in the appropriate stratum is equal to or greater than 80% of all the plants in that stratum, excluding facultative plants, and either:

1. The substrate is composed of hydric soils or riverwash, as identified using standard U.S.D.A.-S.C.S. practices for Florida, including the approved hydric soil indicators, except where the hydric soil is disturbed by a nonhydrologic mechanical mixing of the upper soil profile and the regulating agency establishes through data or evidence that hydric soil indicators would be present but for the disturbance;

2. The substrate is nonsoil, rock outcrop-soil complex, or the substrate is located within an artificially created wetland area; or

3. One or more of the hydrologic indicators listed in Rule 62-340.500, F.A.C., are present and reasonable scientific judgment indicates that inundation or saturation is present sufficient to meet the wetland definition of subsection 62-340.200(19), F.A.C.

(c) Those areas, other than pine flatwoods and improved pastures, with undrained hydric soils which meet, in situ, at least one of the criteria listed below. A hydric soil is considered undrained unless reasonable scientific judgment indicates permanent artificial alterations to the on site hydrology have resulted in conditions which would not support the formation of hydric soils.

1. Soils classified according to United States Department of Agriculture’s Keys to Soil Taxonomy (4th ed. 1990) as Umbraqualfs, Sulfaquents, Hydraquents, Humaquepts, Histosols (except Folists), Argiaquolls, or Umbraquults.

2. Saline sands (salt flats-tidal flats).

3. Soil within a hydric mapping unit designated by the U.S.D.A.-S.C.S. as frequently flooded or depressional, when the hydric nature of the soil has been field verified using the U.S.D.A.-S.C.S. approved hydric soil indicators for Florida. If a permit applicant, or a person petitioning for a formal determination pursuant to subsection 373.421(2), F.S., disputes the boundary of a frequently flooded or depressional mapping unit, the applicant or petitioner may request that the regulating agency, in cooperation with the U.S.D.A.-S.C.S., confirm the boundary. For the purposes of subsection 120.60(2), F.S., a request for a boundary confirmation pursuant to this subparagraph shall have the same effect as a timely request for additional information by the regulating agency. The regulating agency’s receipt of the final response provided by the U.S.D.A.-S.C.S. to the request for boundary confirmation shall have the same effect as a receipt of timely requested additional information.

4. For the purposes of this paragraph only, “pine flatwoods” means a plant community type in Florida occurring on flat terrain with soils which may experience a seasonal high water table near the surface. The canopy species consist of a monotypic or mixed forest of long leaf pine or slash pine. The subcanopy is typically sparse or absent. The ground cover is dominated by saw palmetto with areas of wire grass, gallberry, and other shrubs, grasses, and forbs, which are not obligate or facultative wet species. Pine flatwoods do not include those wetland communities as listed in the wetland definition contained in subsection 62-340.200(19), F.A.C., which may occur in the broader landscape setting of pine flatwoods and which may contain slash pine. Also for the purposes of this paragraph only, “improved pasture” means areas where the dominant native plant community has been replaced with planted or natural recruitment of herbaceous species which are not obligate or facultative wet species and which have been actively maintained for livestock through mechanical means or grazing.

(d) Those areas where one or more of the hydrologic indicators listed in Rule 62-340.500, F.A.C., are present, and which have hydric soils, as identified using the U.S.D.A.-S.C.S. approved hydric soil indicators for Florida, and reasonable scientific judgment indicates that inundation or saturation is present sufficient to meet the wetland definition of subsection 62-340.200(19), F.A.C. These areas shall not extent beyond the seasonal high water elevation.

(3)(a) If the vegetation or soils of an upland or wetland area have been altered by natural or man-induced factors such that the boundary between wetlands and uplands cannot be delineated reliably by use of the methodology in subsection 62-340.300(2), F.A.C., as determined by the regulating agency, and the area has hydric soils or riverwash, as identified using standard U.S.D.A.-S.C.S. practices for Florida, including the approved hydric soil indicators, except where the hydric soil is disturbed by a non hydrologic mechanical mixing of the upper soil profile and the regulating agency establishes through data or evidence that hydric soil indicators would be present but for the disturbance, then the most reliable available information shall be used with reasonable scientific judgment to determine where the methodology in subsection 62-340.300(2), F.A.C., would have delineated the boundary between wetlands and uplands. Reliable available information may include, but is not limited to, aerial photographs, remaining vegetation, authoritative site-specific documents, or topographical consistencies.

(b) This subsection shall not apply to any area where regional or site-specific permitted activity, or activities which did not require a permit, under Sections 253.123 and 253.124, F.S. (1957), as subsequently amended, the provisions of Chapter 403, F.S. (1983), relating to dredging and filling activities, Chapter 84-79, Laws of Florida, and Part IV of Chapter 373, F.S., have altered the hydrology of the area to the extent that reasonable scientific judgment, or application of the provisions of Section 62-340.550, F.A.C., indicate that under normal circumstances the area no longer inundates or saturates at a frequency and duration sufficient to meet the wetland definition in subsection 62-340.200(19), F.A.C.

(c) This subsection shall not be construed to limit the type of evidence which may be used to delineate the landward extent of a wetland under this chapter when an activity violating the regulatory requirements of Sections 253.123 and 253.124, F.S. (1957), as subsequently amended, the provisions of Chapter 403, F.S. (1983), relating to dredging and filling activities, Chapter 84-79, Laws of Florida, and Part IV of Chapter 373, F.S., has disturbed the vegetation or soils of an area.

(4) The regulating agency shall maintain sufficient soil scientists on staff to provide evaluation or consultation regarding soil determinations in applying the methodologies set forth in subsection 62-340.300(2) or (3), F.A.C. Services provided by the U.S.D.A.-S.C.S., or other competent soil scientists, under contract or agreement with the regulating agency, may be used in lieu of, or to augment, agency staff.



Specific Authority 373.421 FS. Law Implemented 373.421, 373.4211 FS. History–New 7-1-94, Formerly 17-340.300.
62-340.400 Selection of Appropriate Vegetative Stratum.

Dominance of plant species, as described in paragraphs 62-340.300(2)(a) and 62-340.300(2)(b), F.A.C., shall be determined in a plant stratum (canopy, subcanopy, or ground cover). The top stratum shall be used to determine dominance unless the top stratum, exclusive of facultative plants, constitutes less than 10 percent areal extent, or unless reasonable scientific judgment establishes that the indicator status of the top stratum is not indicative of the hydrologic conditions on site. In such cases, the stratum most indicative of on site hydrologic conditions, considering the seasonal variability in the amount and distribution of rainfall, shall be used. The evidence concerning the presence or absence of regular and periodic inundation or saturation shall be based on in situ data. All facts and factors relating to the presence or absence of regular and periodic inundation or saturation shall be weighed in deciding whether the evidence supports shifting to a lower stratum. The presence of obligate, facultative wet, or upland plants in a lower stratum does not by itself constitute sufficient evidence to shift strata, but can be considered along with other physical data in establishing the weight of evidence necessary to shift to a lower stratum. The burden of proof shall be with the party asserting that a stratum other than the top stratum should be used to determine dominance. Facultative plants shall not be considered for purposes of determining appropriate strata or dominance.



Specific Authority 373.421 FS. Law Implemented 373.421, 373.4211 FS. History–New 7-1-94, Formerly 17-340.400.
62-340.450 Vegetative Index.

(1) Obligate Species



Acer maple, silver

saccharinum

Acoelorraphe palm, paurotis

wrightii

Acrostichum leather fern

spp.

Aeschynomene joint-vetch,

pratensis meadow

Agalinis linifolia false-foxglove,

flax-leaf



Agalinis false-foxglove,

maritima saltmarsh

Alisma water-plantain,

subcordatum subcordate

Alnus serrulata alder, hazel

Alternanthera alligator-weed

philoxeroides

Alternanthera alligator weed,

sessilis sessile

Amaranthus amaranth,

australis southern

Amaranthus amaranth,

cannabinus tidemarsh

Amaranthus amaranth,

floridanus Florida

Ammannia spp. toothcup

Annona glabra pond apple

Aristida affinis three-awn

grass, long-leaf



Armoracia lakecress

aquatica

Arnoglossum indian-plantain,

sulcatum Georgia

Asclepias milkweed,

incarnata swamp

Asclepias milkweed,

lanceolata fen-flower

Asclepias milkweed,

perennis aquatic

Asclepias rubra milkweed, red

Aster aster, climbing

carolinianus

Aster elliottii aster, Elliott’s

Aster subulatus aster, saltmarsh

Aster tenuifolius aster, saltmarsh

Avicennia mangrove, black

germinans

Baccharis false-willow

angustifolia

Bacopa spp. water-hyssop

Batis maritima saltwort

Betula nigra birch, river

Bidens spp. beggar-ticks

except


Bidens beggar-ticks,

pilosa white (FAC)

Bidens Spanish needles

bipinnata (U)

Boehmeria false-nettle,

cylindrica small-spike

Borrichia spp. sea oxeye

Burmannia spp. burmannia

Callitriche spp. water-starwort

Campanula bellflower

floridana

Canna spp. canna

except


Canna x canna, common

generalis (FAC)

Cardamine bitter-cress

bulbosa

Cardamine spring-cress

pensylvanica

Carex atlantica sedge, prickly

bog


Carex comosa sedge, bearded

Carex crinita sedge, fringed

Carex sedge,

crus-corvi raven-foot

Carex sedge,

decomposita cypress-knee

Carex elliottii sedge, Elliott’s

Carex folliculata sedge, long

Carex gigantea sedge, large

Carex howei sedge, Howe’s

Carex sedge, shoreline

hyalinolepis

Carex leptalea sedge,

bristly-stalk



Carex sedge, Louisiana

louisianica

Carex lupulina sedge, hop

Carex lurida sedge, shallow

Carex stipata sedge,

stalk-grain



Carex sedge, Walter’s

walteriana

Carya aquatica hickory, water

Cephalanthus buttonbush

occidentalis

Chamaecyparis cedar, Atlantic

thyoides white

Cicuta spp. water-hemlock

Cirsium muticum thistle, swamp

Cladium spp. sawgrass

Cleistes rosebud

divaricata

Colocasia elephant’s ear

esculenta

Coreopsis tickseed,

nudata Georgia

Cornus amomum dogwood, silky

Crataegus mayhaw

aestivalis

Crinum swamp-lily,

americanum southern

Cyperus flatsedge,

alternifolius alternate-leaf

Cyperus flatsedge, jointed

articulatus

Cyperus flatsedge,

difformis variable

Cyperus flatsedge,

distinctus marshland

Cyperus flatsedge

drummondii

Cyperus flatsedge

entrerianus

Cyperus flatsedge,

erythrorhizos red-root

Cyperus haspan flatsedge,

sheathed


Cyperus flatsedge,

lanceolatus epiphytic

Cyperus papyrus flatsedge,

papyrus


Decodon swamp-loosestr

verticillatus ife

Dichromena white-top

latifolia sedge, giant

Distichlis spicata saltgrass,

seashore


Drosera sundew,

filiformis thread-leaf

Drosera sundew,

intermedia spoon-leaf

Drosera tracyi sundew, Gulf

coast


Dulichium sedge, three-way

arundinaceum

Echinodorus burhead

spp.

Eleocharis spp. spikerush

Erianthus plumegrass,

giganteus sugarcane

Erianthus plumegrass,

strictus narrow

Eriocaulon spp. pipewort

Eryngium corn snakeroot

aquaticum

Eupatorium marsh

leptophyllum thoroughwort

Fimbristylis spp. fringe-rush

except


Fimbristylis fringe-rush,

annua annual (FACW)

F. puberula fringe-rush,

Vahl’s (FACW)



F. spathacea hurricane-grass

(FAC)


Fraxinus spp. ash

except


Fraxinum ash, white (U)

americana

Fuirena spp. umbrella-sedge

Gleditsia water-locust

aquatica

Glyceria striata fowl mannagrass

Heteranthera mud-plantain,

reniformis kidney-leaf

Hibiscus rosemallow,

coccineus scarlet

Hibiscus rosemallow,

grandiflorus swamp

Hibiscus laevis rosemallow,

halberd-leaf



Hibiscus rosemallow,

moscheutos swamp

Hydrochloa watergrass

caroliniensis
Hydrocleis water-poppy

nymphoides

Hydrocotyle penny-wort,

ranunculoides floating

Hydrolea spp. false-fiddle-leaf

Hygrophila spp. hygrophila

Hymenachne trompetilla

amplexicaulis

Hymenocallis spider-lily

spp.

Hypericum St. John’s-wort,

chapmanii Chapman’s

Hypericum St. John’s-wort,

edisonianum Edison’s

Hypericum St. John’s-wort,

fasciculatum marsh

Hypericum St. John’s-wort,

lissophloeus smooth-bark

Hypericum St. John’s-wort,

nitidum Carolina

Ilex amelanchier holly, sarvis

Ilex cassine holly, dahoon

Ilex myrtifolia holly, myrtle

Ilex verticillata winterberry

Illicium anise, Florida

floridanum

Impatiens touch-me-not,

capensis spotted

Iris spp. iris

except I. verna dwarf iris (U)



Isoetes spp. quillwort

Itea virginica virginia willow

Iva frutescens marsh elder

Juncus spp. rush

except J. tenuis rush (FAC)



J. marginatus rush (FACW)

Justicia spp. water-willow

except J. shrimp plant (U)



brandegeana

Kosteletzkya mallow, seashore

virginica

Lachnocaulon bogbutton,

digynum pineland

Lachnocaulon bogbutton,

engleri Engler’s

Lachnocaulon bogbutton,

minus Small’s

Laguncularia mangrove, white

racemosa

Leersia spp. cutgrass

Leitneria corkwood

floridana

Lilaeopsis spp. lilaeopsis

Lilium iridollae lily, panhandle

Limnobium frogbit

spongia

Limnophila spp. marshweed

Limonium sea-lavender

carolinianum

Lindera spicebush,

melissaefolia southern

Linum westii flax, West’s

Liparis elata = liparis, tall

(L. nervosa)

Litsea aestivalis pondspice

Lobelia cardinal flower

cardinalis

Lobelia lobelia, Florida

floridana

Ludwigia spp. ludwigia;

water-primrose

except seedbox, hairy

Ludwigia hirtella (FACW)

Ludwigia seedbox,

maritima seaside (FACW)

L. suffruticosa seedbox,

headed (FACW)



Ludwigia seedbox,

virgata savanna

(FACW)


Lycium Christmas berry

carolinianum

Lycopus spp. bugleweed

Lysimachia spp. loosestrife

Lythrum spp. marsh loosestrife

Macranthera flameflower

flammea

Magnolia magnolia,

virginiana sweetbay

var. australis

Malaxis spicata adder’s-mouth,

Florida


Maxillaria orchid, hidden

crassifolia

Melanthium bunchflower,

virginicum Virginia

Micranthemum baby tears

spp.

Micromeria savory, Brown’s

brownei

Mimulus alatus monkey-flower

Monanthochloe keygrass

littoralis

Muhlenbergia muhly grass

capillaris

Nasturtium spp. water-cress

Nelumbo spp. water-lotus

Nuphar luteum cow-lily, yellow

Nymphaea spp. water-lily

Nymphoides floating hearts

spp.

Nyssa aquatica tupelo, water

Nyssa ogeche tupelo, ogeechee

Nyssa sylvatica tupelo, swamp

var. biflora

Orontium golden club

aquaticum

Osmunda regalis fern, royal

Oxypolis spp. water drop-wort

Panicum panic grass

ensifolium

Panicum witchgrass,

erectifolium erect-leaf

Panicum panicum,

gymnocarpon savannah

Panicum maidencane

hemitomon

Panicum panicum, tall

longifolium thin

Panicum panicum, woolly

scabriusculum

Panicum tenerum panicum,

bluejoint



Parnassia spp. grass-of-parnas

sus


Paspalidium water panicum

geminatum

Paspalum paspalum,

dissectum mudbank

Paspalum paspalum, joint

distichum

Paspalum paspalum, gulf

monostachyum

Paspalum paspalum, early

praecox

Paspalum paspalum, water

repens

Peltandra spp. arum; spoon

flower


Penthorum ditch stonecrop

sedoides

Pentodon pentodon, Hall’s

pentandrus

Persea palustris bay, swamp

Phragmites reed, common

australis

Physostegia dragon-head,

godfreyi Godfrey’s

Physostegia dragon-head,

leptophylla slender-leaf

Pinckneya fever-tree

bracteata

Pinguicula spp. butterwort

Planera aquatica planer tree

Platanthera spp. orchid, fringed

Pleea tenuifolia rush-featherling

Pogonia pogonia, rose

ophioglossoides

Polygala cymosa milkwort, tall

Polygonum spp. smartweed

except


P. argyrocoleon smartweed,

silversheath (U)



P. virginianum jumpseed

(FACW)


Pontederia pickerelweed

cordata

Populus cottonwood,

heterophylla swamp

Proserpinaca mermaid-weed

spp.

Psilocarya spp. baldrush

Quercus lyrata oak, overcup

Rhexia meadow-beauty

parviflora white

Rhexia meadow-beauty

salicifolia panhandle

Rhizophora mangrove, red

mangle

Rhynchospora beakrush,

cephalantha clustered

Rhynchospora beakrush,

chapmanii Chapman’s

Rhynchospora beakrush,

corniculata short-bristle

Rhynchospora

decurrens beakrush,

swamp-forest



Rhynchospora beakrush,

divergens spreading

Rhynchospora beakrush,

harperi Harper’s

Rhynchospora beakrush, horned

inundata

Rhynchospora beakrush, large

macra

Rhynchospora beakrush,

microcarpa southern

Rhynchospora beakrush, millet

miliacea

Rhynchospora beakrush,

mixta mingled

Rhynchospora beakrush,

oligantha few-flower

Rhynchospora beakrush,

stenophylla Chapman’s

Rhynchospora beakrush,

tracyi Tracy’s

Rorippa spp. yellow-cress

Rosa palustris rose, swamp

Rotala ramosior toothcup

Rudbeckia coneflower,

mohrii Mohr’s

Sabatia rose-gentian,

bartramii Bartram’s

Sabatia calycina rose-gentian,

coast


Sabatia rose-gentian,

dodecandra large

Sacciolepis cupscale,

striata American

Sagittaria spp. arrowhead

Salicornia spp. glasswort

Salix spp. willow

Samolus spp. pimpernel, water

Sarracenia spp. pitcher-plant

except


Sarracenia pitcher-plant,

minor hooded (FACW)

Saururus lizard’s tail

cernuus

Scirpus spp. bulrush

Scutellaria skullcap, blue

lateriflora

Scutellaria skullcap

racemosa

Senecio aureus ragwort, golden

Senecio butterweed

glabellus

Setaria magna foxtail

Sium suave water-parsnip

Solidago elliottii golden-rod,

Elliott’s



Solidago patula golden-rod,

rough-leaf



Sparganium burreed

americanum

Spartina cordgrass,

alterniflora saltmarsh

Spartina cordgrass, big

cynosuroides

Spartina cordgrass, gulf

spartinae

Spergularia sandspurry,

marina saltmarsh

Sphagnum spp. sphagnum moss

Sphenopholis wedgescale,

pensylvanica swamp

Sporobolus dropseed,

virginicus seashore

Stachys hedgenettle

lythroides

Stillingia corkwood

aquatica

Styrax snowbell; storax

americana

Suaeda spp. sea-blite

Taxodium cypress, pond

ascendens

Taxodium cypress, bald

distichum

Thalia thalia; fire flag

geniculata

Tofieldia false-asphodel,

racemosa coastal

Triadenum spp. St. John’s-wort,

marsh


Triglochin arrow-grass

striatam

Typha spp. cattail

Utricularia spp. bladderwort

Veronica speedwell, water

anagallis-aquat

ica

Vicia ocalensis vetch, Ocala

Viola lanceolata violet, lance-leaf

Websteria water-meal

confervoides

Woodwardia chainfern

aereolata

Xyris spp. yellow-eyed

grass


except

Xyris yellow-eyed

caroliniana grass, Carolina

(FACW)


Xyris jupicai yellow-eyed

grass, tropical

(FACW)

Zizania aquatica wildrice

Zizaniopsis wildrice,

miliacea southern

(2) Facultative Wet Species



Abildgaardia rush, flat-spike

ovata

Acer negundo box-elder

Acer rubrum maple, red

Aeschynomene joint-vetch, India

indica

Agalinis aphylla false-foxglove,

scale-leaf



Agalinis false-foxglove

pinetorum

(=A. pulchella)

Agalinis false-foxglove,

purpurea large purple

Agarista hobble-bush

populifolia

Agrostis redtop

stolonifera

Amorpha indigo-bush

fruticosa

Amphicarpum blue maidencane

muhlenbergian

um

Amsonia rigida slimpod, stiff

Amsonia slimpod, eastern

tabernaemonta

na

Andropogon bluestem, bushy

glomeratus

(Campbell)



Andropogon bluestem,

liebmanii Mohr’s

var. pungensis

(Campbell) (A.

mohrii)

Anthaenantia silky-scale,

rufa purple

Apteria aphylla nodding nixie

Arenaria stitchwort,

godfreyi Godfrey’s

Arisaema spp. jack-in-the-pulp

it; green-dragon



Aristida three-awn

purpurascens grass, wand-like

(s.l.)

Arnoglossum indian-plantain,

diversifolium variable-leaf

Arnoglossum indian-plantain,

ovatum egg-leaf

Aronia red chokeberry

arbutifolia

Arundinaria giant cane

gigantea

Asclepias milkweed,

connivens large-flower

Asclepias milkweed,

longifolia long-leaf

Asclepias milkweed,

pedicellata savannah

Asclepias milkweed,

viridula southern

Aster chapmanii aster, savannah

Aster aster,

eryngiifolius coyote-thistle

Aster lateriflorus aster, calico

Aster spinulosus aster, bog

Aster vimineus aster, small

white


Athyrium fern, subarctic

filix-femina lady

Atriplex patula saltbush,

halberd-leaf



Balduina honeycomb-hea

atropurpurea d, purple

Balduina honeycomb-hea

uniflora d, one-flower

Bartonia spp. screwstem

Bigelowia golden-rod,

nudata rayless

Blechnum swamp fern

serrulatum

Boltonia spp. boltonia

Brachiaria paragrass

purpurascens

Cacalia indian-plantain,

suaveolens sweet-scent

Calamovilfa Curtiss’ reed

curtissii grass

Calopogon spp. grass-pinks

Calycocarpum cupseed

lyonii

Caperonia spp. caperonia

Capparis caper-tree

flexuosa

Carex spp. sedges

except


Carex atlantica sedge, prickly

bog (OBL)



Carex comosa sedge, bearded

(OBL)


Carex crinita sedge, fringed

(OBL)


Carex sedge,

crus-corvi raven-foot

(OBL)


Carex sedge,

decomposita cypress-knee

(OBL)


Carex elliottii sedge, Elliott’s

(OBL)


Carex sedge, long

folliculata (OBL)

Carex gigantea sedge, large

(OBL)


Carex howei sedge, Howe’s

(OBL)


Carex sedge, shoreline

hyalinolepis (OBL)

Carex leptalea sedge,

bristly-stalk

(OBL)

Carex sedge,

louisianica Louisiana

(OBL)


Carex lupulina sedge, hop

(OBL)


Carex lurida sedge, shallow

(OBL)


Carex stipata sedge,

stalk-grain

(OBL)

Carex sedge, Walter’s

walteriana (OBL)

Carphephorus chaffhead,

carnosus pineland

Carphephorus chaffhead,

pseudoliatris bristle-leaf

Carpinus hornbeam,

caroliniana American

Celtis laevigata sugar-berry;

hackberry



Centella asiatica coinwort

Chaptalia sunbonnet;

tomentosa pineland daisy

Chasmanthium spanglegrass

spp.

except


C. latifolum

C. sessiliflorum longleaf

Chasmanthium



Chrysobalanus cocoplum

icaco

Cirsium lecontei thistle, Leconte’s

Cirsium nuttallii thistle, Nuttall’s

Clethra alnifolia sweet pepper

bush


Cliftonia buckwheat-tree

monophylla

Commelina spp. dayflower

except


Commelina dayflower,

erecta sandhill (U)

Conocarpus buttonwood

erectus

Coreopsis tickseed, sickle

falcata

Coreopsis tickseed, Florida

floridana

Coreopsis tickseed,

gladiata southeastern

Coreopsis tickseed,

integrifolia ciliate-leaf

Coreopsis tickseed,

leavenworthii Leavenworth’s

Coreopsis tickseed, Texas

linifolia

Cornus foemina swamp dogwood

Crataegus haw, parsley

marshallii

Crataegus haw, green

viridis

Croton elliottii croton, Elliott’s

Ctenitis fern,

submarginalis brown-hair comb

Ctenium spp. toothache grass

Cuphea aspera common

waxweed


Cyperus spp. flatsedge

except


C. alternifolius flatsedge,

alternate-leaf

(OBL)

Cyperus flatsedge,

articulatus jointed (OBL)

Cyperus flatsedge,

difformis variable (OBL)

Cyperus flatsedge,

distinctus marshland

(OBL)


Cyperus flatsedge (OBL)

drummondii

Cyperus flatsedge (OBL)

entrerianus

C. erythrorhizos flatsedge,

red-root (OBL)



Cyperus haspan flatsedge,

sheathed (OBL)



Cyperus flatsedge,

lanceolatus epiphytic (OBL)

Cyperus flatsedge,

papyrus papyrus (OBL)

Cyperus flatsedge,

cuspidatus coastal-plain

(FAC)


Cyperus flatsedge (FAC)

esculentus

Cyperus flatsedge (FAC)

giganteus

Cyperus flatsedge,

globulosus baldwin (FAC)

Cyperus flatsedge, black

huarmensis knotty-root

(FAC)

Cyperus metzii flatsedge (FAC)

Cyperus flatsedge (FAC)

retrorsus

Cyperus flatsedge,

rotundus purple (FAC)

Cyperus flatsedge,

filiculmis sandhill (U)

Cyperus flatsedge (U)

ovularis

Cyperus flatsedge (U)

reflexus

Cyperus flatsedge (U)

refractus

C. retrofractus flatsedge (U)

Cyperus flatsedge (U)

tetragonus

Dichromena white-top

colorata sedge, starbrush

Dichromena white-top

floridensis sedge,

Everglades



Dicliptera mudwort, wild

brachiata

Digitaria everglades grass

pauciflora

Diodia button-weed

virginiana

Dionaea Venu’ flytrap

muscipula

Drosera sundew, dwarf

brevifolia

Drosera sundew, pink

capillaris

Dryopteris shield-fern,

ludoviciana southern

Dyschoriste dyschoriste,

humistrata swamp

Echinochloa jungle-rice;

spp. cockspur grass

Eclipta alba yerba de Tajo

Elyonurus balsam-scale,

tripsacoides Pan-American

Equisetum horsetail

hyemale

Erianthus plume grass,

brevibarbus short-beard

Erigeron vernus fleabane, early

whitetop


Eriochloa spp. cupgrass

Eryngium coyote-thistle,

integrifolium blue-flower

Eryngium coyote-thistle,

prostratum creeping

Eryngium rattlesnake

yuccifolium master

Erythrodes erythrodes, low

querceticola

Eulophia alta coco, wild

Eupatoriadelph joe-pye-weed

us fistulosus

Eupatorium thoroughwort,

leucolepis white-bract

Eupatorium thoroughwort,

mikanioides semaphore

Eupatorium boneset

perfoliatum

Euphorbia broomspurge,

humistrata spreading

(=Chamaesyce

humistrata)

Euphorbia spurge, Florida

inundata

Euphorbia spurge,

polyphylla many-leaved

Eustachys fingergrass,

glauca saltmarsh

(=Chloris

glauca)

Eustoma prairie-gentian

exaltatum

Evolvulus evolvulus

convolvuloides

Evolvulus silky bindweed

sericeus

Fimbristylis fimbry, annual

annua

Fimbristylis fimbry, Vahl’s

puberula hairy

Flaveria yellowtop

floridana

Flaveria linearis yellowtop

Forestiera privet, swamp

acuminata

Fothergilla witch-alder,

gardenii dwarf

Galium bedstraw, stiff

tinctorium marsh

Gaylussacia woolly-berry

mosieri

Gentiana spp. gentian

Gleditsia honey-locust

triacanthos

Gordonia bay, loblolly

lasianthus

Gratiola spp. hedgehyssop

except


Gratiola hispida hedgehyssop

(FAC)

Habenaria spp. rein orchid

Halesia diptera silver-bell

Harperocallis Harper’s beauty

flava

Hartwrightia hartwrightia,

floridana Florida

Hedychium ginger

coronarium

Helenium spp. sneezeweed

except


Helenium sneezeweed,

amarum pasture (FAC)

Helianthus sunflower,

agrestis southeastern

Helianthus sunflower,

angustifolius swamp

Helianthus sunflower,

carnosus lakeside

Helianthus sunflower,

heterophyllus wetland

Helianthus sunflower, muck

simulans

Heliotropium heliotrope,

procumbens four-spike

Hemicarpha dwarf-bullrush

spp.

Hibiscus rosemallow

aculeatus

Hydrocotyle pennywort

spp.

except


H. pennywort,

ranunculoides floating (OBL)

Hypericum spp. St. John’s-wort

except


Hypericum St. John’s-wort,

chapmanii Chapman’s

(OBL)

H. edisonianum St. John’s-wort,

Edison’s (OBL)



H. fasciculatum St. John’s-wort,

marsh (OBL)



H. lissophloeus St. John’s-wort,

smooth-bark



(OBL)

Hypericum St. John’s-wort,

nitidum Carolina (OBL)

H. hypericoides St. Andrew’s

cross (FAC)



H. tetrapetalum St. John’s-wort,

four-petal (FAC)

H. cumulicola St. John’s-wort,

scrub (U)

H. drummondii St. John’s-wort,

Drummond’s (U)

H. gentianoides pineweed (U)

H. microsepalum St. John’s-wort,

small-sepal (U)

H. prolificum St. John’s-wort,

shrubby (U)

Hypericum St. John’s-wort,

punctatum dotted (U)

Hypericum St. John’s-wort,

reductum Atlantic (U)

Hypolepis fern, bead

repens

Hypoxis spp. stargrasses,

yellow


Hyptis alata musky mint

Ilex coriacea holly, bay-gall

Ilex decidua holly, deciduous

Illicium star anise

parviflorum

Iva little marsh elder

microcephala

Juncus shore rush

marginatus

Kalmia latifolia laurel, mountain

Lachnocaulon bogbutton,

anceps white-head

Lachnocaulon bogbutton,

beyrichianum southern

Laportea wood-nettle,

canadensis Canada

Leptochloa spp. sprangle-top

except


Leptochloa sprangle-top,

virgata tropic (FAC)

Leucothoe spp. dog-hobble

Liatris garberi gayfeather,

garber’s


Lindera benzoin spicebush,

northern


Lindernia spp. false-pimpernel

except


Lindernia false-pimpernel,

crustacea Malayan

(FAC)

Linum carteri flax, Carter’s

Linum striatum flax, ridged

yellow


Lipocarpha spp. lipocarpha

Liquidambar sweetgum

styraciflua

Liriodendron tulip tree

tulipifera

Listera spp. twayblade

Lobelia spp. lobelia

except


Lobelia flower, cardinal

cardinalis (OBL)

Lobelia lobelia, Florida

floridana (OBL)

Lophiola golden-crest

americana

Ludwigia hirtella seedbox, hairy

Ludwigia seedbox, seaside

maritima

Ludwigia seedbox, headed

suffruticosa

Ludwigia virgata seedbox,

savanna


Lycopodium clubmoss

spp.

Lyonia lucida fetter-bush

Lyonia mariana fetter-bush

Macbridea spp. birds-in-a-nest

Manisuris spp. jointgrass

except


M. cylindrica jointgrass,

pitted (FAC)



Marshallia barbara’s-button

graminifolia s, grass-leaf

Marshallia barbara’s-button

tenuifolia s, slim-leaf

Mecardonia mecardonia

spp.

Melanthera squarestem

nivea

Mitreola spp. hornpod

Muhlenbergia nimblewill

schreberi

Myrica bayberry,

heterophylla evergreen

Myrica inodora bayberry,

odorless


Nemastylis pleatleaf,

floridana fall-flowering

Nemophila baby-blue-eyes,

aphylla small-flower

Oldenlandia bluets, water

spp.

Onoclea fern, sensitive

sensibilis

Osmunda fern, cinnamon

cinnamomea

Panicum cut-throat grass

abscissum (Hall)

Panicum panicum, fall

dichotomiflorum

Panicum panicum

dichotomum

Panicum panicum

pinetorum

Panicum repens grass, torpedo

Panicum panicum, red-top

rigidulum

Panicum panicum

scoparium

Panicum spretum panicum

Panicum panicum, warty

verrucosum

Panicum switchgrass

virgatum

Paspalum paspalum, brook

acuminatum

Paspalum paspalum, bull

boscianum

Paspalum paspalum,

floridanum Florida

Paspalum laeve paspalum, field

Paspalum paspalum,

pubiflorum hairy-seed

Pavonia spicata mangrove

mallow


Philoxerus silverhead

vermicularis

Phyllanthus leaf-flower,

caroliniensis Carolina

Phyllanthus leaf-flower,

liebmannianus Florida

Physostegia dragon-head,

purpurea purple

Physostegia dragon-head,

virginiana false

Pieris fetter-bush,

phillyreifolia climbing

Pilea spp. clearweed

Pinus glabra pine, spruce

Pinus serotina pine, pond

Platanus sycamore

occidentalis

Pluchea spp. camphor-weed

Polygala spp. milkwort

except


Polygala milkwort, tall

cymosa yellow (OBL)

P. leptostachys milkwort,

sandhill (U)



Polygala milkwort, scrub

lewtonii (U)

Polygala milkwort,

polygama racemed (U)

P. verticillata milkwort,

whorled (U)



Polygonum jumpseed

virginianum

Ponthieva shadow-witch

racemosa

Populus cotton-wood,

deltoides eastern

Pteris tripartita brake, giant

Ptilimnium mock

capillaceum bishop-weed

Pycnanthemum mountain-mint,

nudum coastal-plain

Quercus oak, laurel

laurifolia

Quercus oak, swamp

michauxii chestnut

Quercus nigra oak, water

Quercus pagoda oak, cherry-bark

Quercus phellos oak, willow

Ranunculus spp. butter-cup

Reimarochloa grass, Florida

oligostachya reimar

Rhapidophyllu palm, needle

m hystrix

Rhexia spp. meadow-beauty

except


Rhexia meadow-beauty

parviflora white (OBL)

Rhexia meadow-beauty

salicifolia panhandle

(OBL)

Rhododendron azalea, swamp

viscosum

Rhynchospora beakrush

spp.

except


R. cephalantha beakrush,

clustered (OBL)



R. chapmanii beakrush,

Chapman's



(OBL)

R. corniculata beakrush,

short-bristle



(OBL)

R. decurrens beakrush,

swamp-forest



(OBL)

R. divergens beakrush,

spreading (OBL)

R. harperi beakrush,

Harper’s (OBL)

R. inundata beakrush,

horned (OBL)

Rhynchospora beakrush, large

macra (OBL)

R. microcarpa beakrush,

southern (OBL)

R. miliacea beakrush, millet

(OBL)

Rhynchospora beakrush,

mixta mingled (OBL)

R. oligantha beakrush,

few-flower

(OBL)

R. stenophylla beakrush,

Chapman’s



(OBL)

Rhynchospora beakrush,

tracyi Tracy’s (OBL)

Rhynchospora beakrush,

grayi Gray’s (U)

R. intermedia beakrush,

pinebarren (U)



R. megalocarpa beakrush,

giant-fruited (U)



Roystonea spp. palm, royal

Rudbeckia coneflower,

fulgida orange

Rudbeckia coneflower,

graminifolia grass-leaf

Rudbeckia coneflower,

laciniata cut-leaf

Rudbeckia nitida coneflower,

shiny


Ruellia wild-petunia,

noctiflora night-flowering

Rumex spp. dock

Sabal minor palmetto, dwarf

Sabatia spp. rose-gentian

except


Sabatia rose-gentian,

bartramii Bartram’s (OBL)

Sabatia calycina rose-gentian,

coast (OBL)

Sabatia rose-gentian,

dodecandra large (OBL)

Sachsia sachsia

polycephala

Sarracenia pitcher-plant,

minor hooded

Schoenolirion

croceum sunny bells

Schoenolirion sunny bells

elliottii

Schoenus black-sedge

nigricans

Scleria spp. nutrush

Sclerolepis hardscale, one

uniflora flower

Selaginella spike-moss,

apoda meadow

Sesuvium spp. sea-purslane

Sisyrinchium blue-eye-grass,

atlanticum eastern

Sisyrinchium blue-eye-grass

capillare

Sisyrinchium blue-eye-grass,

mucronatum Michaux’s

Solanum canker-berry

bahamense

Solanum night-shade,

erianthum shrub

Solidago golden-rod,

fistulosa marsh

Solidago golden-rod,

leavenworthii leavenworth’s

Solidago golden-rod,

sempervirens seaside

Solidago stricta golden-rod,

willow-leaf



Sophora coast sophora

tomentosa

Spartina bakeri cordgrass, sand

Spartina patens cordgrass,

saltmeadow



Spermacoce button-plant,

glabra smooth

Sphenoclea chicken-spike

zeylandica

Sphenostigma ixia, Bartram’s

coelestinum

Spigelia pink-root

loganioides

Spilanthes spotflower,

americana creeping

Spiranthes spp. ladies’-tresses

Sporobolus dropseed,

floridanus Florida

Staphylea trifolia bladdernut,

American


Stenandrium stenandrium

floridanum

Stenanthium feather-bells,

gramineum eastern

Stipa grass, Florida

avenacioides needle

Stokesia laevis stokesia

Syngonanthus bantam-buttons

flavidulus

Teucrium germander,

canadense American

Thalictrum spp. meadow-rue

Thelypteris spp. shield fern

Tilia americana American

basswood


Toxicodendron poison sumac

vernix

Trachelosperm climbing-dogba

um difforme ne

Trepocarpus trepocarpus,

aethusae aethusa-like

Trianthema horse-purslane

portulacastrum

Tridens tridens, savannah

ambiguus

Tridens strictus tridens,

long-spike



Triphora spp. pogonias,

nodding


Ulmus spp. elm

except


Ulmus rubra elm, slippery

(U)

Urechites lutea allamanda, wild

Uvularia bellwort, Florida

floridana

Vaccinium blueberry,

corymbosum highbush

Verbena scabra vervain,

sandpaper



Verbesina crownbeard,

chapmanii Chapman’s

Verbesina crownbeard,

heterophylla diverse-leaf

Vernonia spp. ironweed

except


V. angustifolia ironweed,

narrow-leaf (U)



Veronicastrum culver’s root

virginicum

Viburnum arrow-wood

dentatum

Viburnum nudum viburnum,

possum-haw



Viburnum viburnum,

obovatum walter

Vicia acutifolia vetch, four-leaf

Vicia floridana vetch, Florida

Viola affinis violet, Leconte’s

Viola esculenta violet, edible

Viola violet,

primulifolia primrose-leaf

Woodwardia chainfern

virginica

Xanthorhiza yellow-root,

simplicissima shrubby

Xanthosoma elephant ear

sagittifolium

Xyris yellow-eyed-gr

caroliniana ass, Carolina

Xyris jupicai yellow-eyed-gr

ass, Richard’s



Yeatesia yeatesia,

viridiflora green-flower

Zephyranthes lily, atamasco

atamasco

Zigadenus crow poison

densus

Zigadenus deathcamas,

glaberrimus Atlantic

Within Monroe County and the Key Largo portion of Miami-Dade County only, the following species shall be listed as Facultative Wet:



Alternanthera beach

maritima alternanthera

Morinda royoc Keys rhubarb

Strumpfia strumpia

maritima

(3) Facultative Species



Acacia ear-leaved acacia

auriculiformis

Aletris spp. colic-root

Alopecurus foxtail, tufted

carolinianus

Anagallis pumila pimpernel,

Florida


Andropogon bluestem,

arctatus savannah

(Campbell)



Andropogon bluestem,

brachystachys short-spike

(Campbell)



Andropogon bluestem, big

gerardii

(Campbell)



Andropogon bluestem, slim

perangustatus

(Campbell)



Andropogon broom-sedge

virginicus

(Campbell)



Ardisia spp. marlberry

Aristida grass,

rhizomophora rhizomatous

three-awn



Aristida bottlebrush,

spiciformis three-awn

Aristida stricta grass, pineland

three-awn



Arundo donax reed, giant

Aster dumosus aster, bushy

Aster umbellatus aster, flat-top

white


Axonopus spp. carpet grass

Baccharis dioica false-willow,

broom-bush



Baccharis groundsel tree

glomeruliflora

Baccharis false-willow,

halimifolia eastern

Bidens pilosa beggar-ticks,

hairy


Bucida buceras gregory wood

Bumelia bumelia, coastal

celastrina

Bumelia bumelia,

lycioides buckthorn

Bumelia bumelia

reclinata

Campanula bellflower,

americana American

Canna x garden canna

generalis

Carphephorus vanilla plant

odoratissimus

Carphephorus deer-tongue

paniculatus

Casuarina spp. casuarina

Cayaponia cyaponia,

guingueloba five-lobe

Cestrum diurnum day jessamine

Chasmanthium spangle grass

latifolium

Chasmanthium longleaf

sessiliflorum Chasmanthium

Chiococca spp. snowberry

Colubrina snakewood,

asiatica Asian

Conoclinium mistflower

coelestinum

Coreopsis tickseed, tall

tripteris

Cupaniopsis carrotwood

anacardioides

Cuphea waxweed,

carthagenensis Columbia

Cyperus flatsedge,

cuspidatus coastal-plain

Cyperus flatsedge

giganteus

Cyperus flatsedge,

globulosus baldwin

Cyperus flatsedge, black

huarmensis knotty-root

Cyperus metzii flatsedge

Cyperus flatsedge

retrorsus

Cyperus flatsedge, purple

rotundus

Cypselea panal

humifusa

Cyrilla cyrilla, swamp

racemiflora

Dichondra pony-foot

caroliniensis

Digitaria crabgrass, dwarf

serotina

Diospyros persimmon,

virginiana common

Drymaria West Indian

cordata chickweed

Elytraria scaly-stem,

caroliniensis Carolina

Eragrostis spp. lovegrass

Erechites fireweed

hieraciifolia

Erigeron fleabane

guercifolius

Erithralis black torchwood

fruticosa

Eryngium coyote-thistle,

bladwini Baldwin’s

Eupatorium spp. thoroughworts

except


E. leptophyllum thoroughwort,

secund (OBL)



E. leucolepis thoroughwort,

white-bract



(FACW)

E. mikanioides thoroughwort,

semaphore



(FACW)

E. perfoliatum boneset,

common

(FACW)

Eustachys finger grass

petracea

Euthamia spp. bushy goldenrod

Ficus aurea fig, Florida

strangler



Fimbristylis hurricane-grass

spathacea

Flaveria bidentis yellowtop

Flaveria yellowtop

trinervia

Forestiera privet, Florida

segregata

Gaylussacia dwarf

dumosa huckleberry

Gaylussacia dangleberry

frondosa

Gratiola hispida hyssop, hispid

Helenium sneezeweed,

amarum pasture

Helianthus sunflower,

floridanus Florida

Heliotropium heliotrope,

curassavicum seaside

Heliotropium heliotrope

polyphyllum

Hibiscus rosemallow, sea

tiliaceus

Hypericum St. Andrew’s

hypericoides cross

Ilex opaca var. American holly

opaca

Ilex vomitoria yaupon holly

Jacquinia Joewood

keyensis

Juncus tenuis rush, path

Kosteletzkya mallow, coastal

pentasperma

Lachnanthes redroot

caroliniana

Leptochloa sprangle-top,

virgata tropic

Liatris gracilis blazing star

Liatris spicata gayfeather,

spiked


Lilium catesbaei lily, southern red

Lindernia false-pimpernel

crustacea Malayan

Linum flax, Florida

floridanum yellow

Linum medium flax, stiff yellow

Lyonia ligustrina maleberry

Manisuris joint grass, pitted

cylindrica

Maytenus Florida mayten

phyllanthoides

Melaleuca punk tree

guinguenervia

Melochia chocolate-weed

corchorifolia

Metopium poison wood

toxiferum

Mimosa pigra mimosa, black

Morus rubra mulberry, red

Muhlenbergia cutover muhly

expansa

Murdannia spp. dewflower

Myosurus mouse-tail, tiny

minimus

Myrica cerifera bayberry,

southern


Myrsine myrsine, guiana

guianensis

Nephrolepis sword ferns

spp.

Neyraudia reed, silk

reynaudiana

Oplismenus grass, woods

setarius

Oryza sativa rice, cultivated

Panicum anceps panicum, beaked

Panicum panicum

commutatum

(Hall)

Panicum hians panicum, gaping

Panicum panicum

strigosum

Panicum tenue panicum

Parietaria spp. pellitory

Paspalum paspalum, sour

conjugatum

Paspalum dallisgrass

dilatatum

Paspalum paspalum,

fimbriatum Panama

Paspalum paspalum,

plicatulum brown-seed

Paspalum paspalum, thin

setaceum

Paspalum grass, vasey

urvillei

Pennisetum elephant ear

purpureum grass

Phalaris spp. grass, canary

Phyla spp. frog-fruit

Phyllanthus leaf-flower,

urinaria water

Piriqueta piriqueta

caroliniana

Polypogon spp. grass,

rabbit-foot



Polypremium rustweed

procumbens

Psidium guava,

cattleianun strawberry

Psychotria spp. wild coffee

Rhodomyrtus downy rose

tomentosus myrtle

Rubus spp. blackberries

Ruellia wild-petunia,

brittoniana Britton’s

Ruellia wild petunia

caroliniensis

Sabal palmetto palm, cabbage

Sacciolepis grass, glenwood

indica

Sambucus elderberry

canadensis

Sapium sebiferum tallow-tree,

Chinese


Schinus pepper-tree,

terebinthifolius Brazilian

Schizachyrium bluestem

spp.

Scoparia dulcis sweet broom

Scutellaria skullcap

floridana

Scutellaria rough skullcap

integrifolia

Sebastiana sebastian-bush,

fruticosa gulf

Sesbania spp. rattle-bush

Setaria grass, bristle

geniculata

Seymeria black senna

cassiodes

Solidago rugosa golden-rod,

wrinkled


Stillingia queen’s-delight,

sylvatica marsh

var. tenuis

Suriana bay-cedar

maritima

Syzygium spp. Java plum

Thespesia seaside mahoe

populnea

Tradescantia trailing

fluminensis spiderwort

Trema spp. trema

Tripsacum grass, eastern

dactyloides gama

Vaccinium blueberry,

elliottii Elliott

Verbesina crownbeard,

virginica white

Wedelia creeping ox-eye

trilobata

Within Monroe County and the Key Largo portion of Miami-Dade County only, the following species shall be listed as Facultative:



Alternanthera smooth

paronychioides chaff-flower

Byrsonima locust-berry

lucida

Ernodea golden creeper

littoralis

Guapira blolly

discolor

Manilkara wild dilly

bahamensis

Pisonia pisonia

rotundata

Pithecellobium blackbead

keyensis

Pithecellobium catsclaw

unguis-cati

Randia aculeata box briar

Reynosia darling plum

septentrionalis

Thrinax radiata Florida thatch

palm


(4) Nomenclature. Use of plants in this rule is based solely on the scientific names. Common names are included in the above lists for information purposes only. The following references shall be used by the regulating agency to resolve any uncertainty about the nomenclature or taxonomy of any plant listed by a given scientific name in this section: R. Godfrey, Trees, Shrubs and Woody Vines of Northern Florida and Adjacent Georgia & Alabama (Univ. Ga. Press, Athens 1988) and D. Lellinger, Ferns & Fern-Allies of the United States & Canada (Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. 1985) for all species covered by these references. For all other listed scientific names the following references will be followed unless the species list in this section designates a different authority next to an individual species name: R. Godfrey & J. Wooten, Aquatic and Wetland Plants of Southeastern United States: Monocotyledons (Univ. Ga. Press, Athens 1979); R. Godfrey & J. Wooten, Aquatic and Wetland Plants of Southeastern United States: Dicotyledons (Univ. Ga. Press, Athens 1979); D. & H. Correll, Flora of the Bahama Archipelago (A.R. Gantner, Germany 1982). When the species list in this section designates a different authority next to an individual species name, the regulating agency shall resolve any ambiguity in nomenclature by using the name identified in D. Hall, The Grasses of Florida (Doctoral Dissertation, Univ. of Fla., Gainesville 1978); or C. Campbell, Systematics of the Andropogon Virginicus Complex (GRAMINEAE), 64 Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 171-254 (1983).

Specific Authority 373.421 FS. Law Implemented 373.421, 373.4211 FS. History–New 7-1-94, Formerly 17-340.450.


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