Dicotyledons



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DICOTYLEDONS


Kingdom: Plantae

Sub kingdom: Phanerogams

Division: Angiospermae

Class: Dicotyledonae
Family: Rananculaceae




  1. Aconitum bisma (Buch.-Ham.) Rap.

Life Form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Aconitum elwesii Stapf

Life Form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Aconitum ferox Wall. ex Seringe

Life Form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Aconitum heterophylloides (Bruhl) Stapf

Life Form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Aconitum laciniatum (Bruhl.) Stapf

Life Form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling



  1. Aconitum novoluridum Munz

Life Form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. A. spicatum (Bruhl) Stapf

Life Form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Anemone griffithii Hook.f. & Thoms.

Life Form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Anemone japonica Sieb & Zucc.

Life form: Sffrutescent herb

Distribution:Darjiling,Koch Bihar.



  1. Anemone obtusiloba D. Don

Life Form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Anemone rivularis Buch.- Ham. ex DC.

Life form: Sffrutescent herb

Distribution:Darjiling,Koch Bihar.


  1. Anemone vitifolia Buch.-Ham ex DC.

Life form: Sffrutescent herb

Distribution:Darjiling,Koch Bihar.


  1. Calthodes palmata Hook. f. & Thoms

Life Form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Caltha palustris L.

Life Form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. C. scaposa Hook.f. & Thoms

Life Form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Cimicifuga foetida L.

Life Form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Clematis acuminata DC. subsp. sikkimensis (Hook. f. & Thomes)Bruhl

Life Form: Climber

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Clematis andersonii (C. B. Clarke ex Ktze) Eichler

Life Form: Climber

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Clematis cadmia Buch.- Ham. ex Hook. f. & Thoms.

Life Form: Climber

Distribution: Jalpaiguri


  1. Clematis connata DC.

Life Form: Climber

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Clematis gouriana Roxb. ex DC.

Life form: Climbing shrub

Habitat: Rare on road side thickets & waste lands

Distribution:Medinipur,Darjiling,Nadia,Birbhum,Barddhaman,Maldah,Haora,Murshidabad,Jalpaiguri

Koch Bihar,Kolkata,South 24 Pgs.(Bhangankhali, Birati),Hugli.




  1. Clematis buchananiana DC.

Common name: Chhagalbati

Life form: Shruby climber

Distribution:Darjiling.


  1. Clematis grewiaeflora DC.

Life Form: Climber

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Clematis montana Buch. Ham.ex DC. var praecox O.Kuntze

Life Form: Climber

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Clematis napaulensis DC.

Life Form: Climber

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Clematis smilacifolia Wall.

Life Form: Climber

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Clematis tongluensis (Bruhl) Tamura

Life Form: Climber

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Delphinium caeruleum Jacq. ex Cam

Life Form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Delphinium glaciale Hook. f. & Thoms.

Life Form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Delphinium pyramidale Royle

Life Form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Delphinium viscosum Hook. f. & Thoms.

Life Form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Dichocarpum adiantifolium (Hook. f. & Thoms.) Wang & Hsiaw

Life Form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Halerpestes tricuspis (Maxim.)Hand-Mazz.

Life Form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Isopyrum adiantifolium Hook.f. & Thoms.

Life form:Geophyte

Distribution:Darjiling.


  1. Narvelia zeylanica (L.) DC.

Life form: Geophyte

Habitat: Common in hedges & thickets or in scrub jungles

Distribution:Haora,Barddhaman,Darjiling,Hugli,South 24 Pgs.(Basirhat),Kolkata.


  1. Nigella sativa L.

Common name: Kalojira

Life form: Annual herb

Habitat: Cultivated as a winter crop of spice, occasionally as an escape

Distribution:Kolkata,South 24 Pgs.(Subuddhipur),Nadia,Hugli,Haora.


  1. Oxygraphis endlicheri (Walp.) Bennet & Chandr

Life Form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Ranunculus adoxifolius Hand.-Mazz.

Life Form: Prostrate herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Ranunculus brotherusi Freyn.

Life Form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Ranunculus ficarifolius Levt. & Vanist

Life Form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Ranunculus sardous Crantz.

Life Form: Herb

Distribution: Haora


  1. Rananculus sceleratus L.

Common name:Polica

Life form: Annual herb

Habitat: Common on marshy places/along canal sides

Distribution:Nadia,Kolkata,South 24 Pgs.(Kumarzol),Darjiling,Jalpaiguri,Hugli,Murshidabad, Maldah,Koch Bihar.


  1. Rananculus diffusus DC.

Life form: Annual herb

Distribution:Darjiling.


  1. Rananculus laetus Wall. ex Royle

Life form: Perennial herb

Distribution:Darjiling.


  1. Rananculus repens L.

Life form: Perennial herb

Distribution:Darjiling.


  1. Tetracera sarmentosa (L.) Vahl subsp. andamanica (Hoogl.) Hoogl.

Life form: Shrubs & Lianas

Distribution:Darjiling



  1. Thalictrum chelidonii DC.

Life form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Thalictrum cultratum Wall.

Life form: Tall herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Thalictrum foliosum DC.

Life form: Suffrutescent herb

Distribution:Darjiling.


  1. Thalictrum javanicum Blume

Life form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Thalictrum minus L.

Life form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Thalictrum reniforme Wall.

Life form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Thalictrum rostellatum Hook. f. & Thoms

Life form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Thalictrum saniculaeformae DC.

Life form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Thalictrum virgatum Hook. f. & Thoms.

Life form: Herb

Distribution:Darjiling

Family: Dilleniaceae


  1. Dillenia aurea Smith

Common Name: Chamaggai ( Beng.)

Life Form: Tree

Distribution:Bankura, Medinipur,Puruliya


  1. Dillenia indica L.

Common name: Chalta

Life form: Medium sized tree

Habitat: Commonly planted in old orchards, vill. Surroundings, road side scrub jungles

Distribution:Hugli,Medinipur,Kolkata, 24 Parganas ( S) (Duttapukur, Baruipur),Maldah, Nadia, Haora, Jalpaiguri,Koch Bihar,Murshidabad,Barddhaman .


  1. Dillenia pentagyna Roxb.

Common Name: Karkotta (Beng.)

Life Form: Tree

Distribution:Darjiling, Jalpaiguri, Bankura, Birbhum, Puruliya

Family: Magnoliaceae


  1. Alcimandra cathcartii (Hook. f. & Thoms.) Dandy

Distribution:Darjiling.


  1. Liriodendron tulipifera L.

Life form: Tree

Distribution:Darjiling.


  1. Magnolia campbelii Hook.f. & Thoms.

Life form: Tree

Distribution:Darjiling.


  1. Magnolia globosa Hook. f. & Thoms.

Life form: Tree

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Magnolia hodgsonii (Hook.f.& Thoms.) Keng

Life form: Tree

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Magnolia obovata Thunb.

Life form: Shrub

Distribution:Darjiling.


  1. Magnolia grandiflora L.

Common name: Champa

Life form: Evergreen tree

Habitat: Not common; found in gardens

Distribution:South 24 Pgs.(Barrackpore),Kolkata,Darjiling,Jalpaiguri,Koch Bihar.


  1. Magnolia pterocarpa Roxb.

Life form: Tree

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Michelia cathcartii Hook. f. & Thoms.

Life form: Tree

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Michelia champaca L.

Common name: Champa

Life form: Tree

Habitat: Frequently planted as ornamental tree

Distribution:Jalpaiguri,Hugli,Kolkata, 24 Parganas (S) ( Diamond Harbour),Koch Bihar,Nadia,Maldah.


  1. Michelia doltsopa Buch.-Ham. ex DC.

Life form: Tree

Distribution:Darjiling.


  1. Michelia kisopa Buch.-Ham. ex DC.

Life form: Tree

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Michelia velutina DC.

Life form: Tree

Distribution:Darjiling.
Family: Annonaceae


  1. Annona reticulata L.

Common name: Nona

Life form: Tree

Habitat: Cultivated in old orchard, often found as an escape in dry waste lands

Distribution:Bankura,Jalpaiguri,Puruliya, 24 Parganas (S) (Tetulia, Bamanea),, Dinajpur,Birbhum, Koch Bihar, Medinipur, Kolkata, Barddhaman, Hugli, Murshidabad, Haora,Nadia,Maldah.


  1. Annona squamosa L. ( 1753 ).

Common name: Ata

Life form: Tree

Habitat: Occasionally planted in old orchards or Village surroundings.

Distribution:Koch Bihar,Haora,Barddhaman,Kolkata,Medinipur, Maldah,Murshidabad,24 Parganas (N)(Barasat, Bongan),Nadia,Jalpaiguri,Hugli.


  1. Artabotrys hexapetalus ( L. f. ) Bhandari

Common name: Kathali Champa/ Kat Champa

Life form: Shrub

Habitat: Commonly planted as an ornamental plant

Distribution: 24 Parganas (N) (Barrackpore),Maldah,Haora,Jalpaiguri,Kolkata,Medinipur,Nadia .

  1. Cananga odorata Hook. f. & Thoms.

Common name: Alangilang

Life form: Tall tree

Habitat: Planted as avenue tree or in gardens

Distribution: 24 Parganas (N) (Ichhapur).


  1. Desmos chinensis Lour. var. chinensis

Life form: Sarmentose shrub

Distribution: Jalpaiguri


  1. Desmos chinensis var. laevigata (Hook. & Thoms.) Mitra

Life Form: Cultivated Shrub

Distribution : Jalpaiguri


  1. Desmos chinensis var. pubescens Hook.f. & Thoms.

Life Form: Shrub

Distribution : Jalpaiguri


  1. Desmos desmosus (Roxb.) Safford

Life Form: Woody Climber

Distribution : Jalpaiguri


  1. Fissistigma bicolor (Roxb.) Mor

Life form: Woody climber

Distribution:Jalpaiguri


  1. Goniothalamus sesquipedalis (Wall.) Hook. f. & Thoms.

Life form: Shrub

Distribution:Jalpaiguri


  1. Miliusa globosa (DC.) Panigrahi & S.C. Mishra

Life form: Tree

Distribution: Jalpaiguri


  1. Miliusa indica Leschen. ex DC.

Life form: Shrub

Distribution: Kolkata


  1. Miliusa longiflora ( Hook. f. & Thoms.) Fivet & Gagnep.

Life form: Tree

Distribution: Darjiling, Jalpaiguri


  1. Miliua macrocarpa Hook.f. & Thoms.

Life form: Tree

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. Miliusa velutina (Dunal) Hook. f. & Thoms.

Life form: Tree

Distribution: Malda, Medinipur, Jalpaiguri, Puruliya, Dinajpur


  1. Miliusa tomentosa ( Roxb. ) Sinchair

Common name: Gandhapalasa

Life form: Medium sized tree

Habitat: Common in hedges & thickets & also planted along roads

Distribution: 24 Parganas( N)(Joynagar).


  1. Polyalthia cerasoides (Roxb.) Bedd.

Common name: Kudumi

Life form: Medium tree

Habitat: Occasionally in the vi. Shrubberies, often planted as hedge plant

Distribution:South 24 Pgs.(Brace Bridge),Nadia,Haora,Koch Bihar ,Dinajpur.


  1. Polyalthia longifolia ( Sonn. ) Thw.

Common name: Debdaru

Life form: Tall tree

Habitat: Mostly planted as avenue tree, sometimes planted in the hedges or gardens

Distribution:Jalpaiguri,Birbhum,Medinipur, 24 Parganas (S) ( Gobardanga, Fultala),Koch Bihar.


  1. Polyalthia simiarum (Hook. f. & Thoms.)

Life Form: Tree

Distribution : Jalpaiguri, Darjiling


  1. Polyalthia suberosa ( Roxb. ) Thw.

Common name: Barchali

Life form: Small to medium sized tree.

Habitat: Wild in vill. Shrubberies & waste lands, in sides of roads

Distribution:South 24 Pgs. (Brace Bridge, Baruipur).


  1. Uvaria hamiltonii Hook. f. ex & Thoms.

Life Form: Scandent Shrub

Distribution : Darjiling
Family: Menispermaceae


  1. Aspidocarya uvifera Hook.f. & Thoms.

Life Form : Climber

Distribution: Darjiling


  1. Cissampelos pareira L. var. hirsuta (Buch. & Ham.)

Common name: Akanadi/ Ekleja

Life form:Climbing shrub

Habitat:Very common on bushes, hedges & waste lands

Distribution: 24 Parganas (S) ( Magrahat, Surjyapur).


  1. Cocculus hirsutus (L.) Diels

Life Form : Sub woody climber

Distribution: Hugli, Haora, Murshidabad


  1. Cyclea bicristata (Griff.) Diels

Life form: Shruby climber

Distribution:Darjiling.


  1. Parabaena sagittata Miers ex Hook.f. & Thoms.

Life Form : Climber

Distribution: Darjiling


  1. Stephania glabra (Roxb.) Miers

Life Form : Climber

Distribution: Darjiling


  1. Stephania japonica ( Thunb. ) Miers var. discolor

Common name: Nimusha/ Nimukha

Life form: Climbing shrub

Habitat: Very common on the dry waste lands, thickets, hedges & railway tracts, climbing onbushes.

Distribution: 24 Parganas (S) ( Bhangan Khali, Ramnagar),Kolkata,Medinipur,Hugli.


  1. Stephania elegans Hook. f. & Thoms.

Life form: Climber with annual stem

Distribution:Darjiling.


  1. Tiliacora acuminata ( Lam. ) Hook.f. & Thoms.

Life form: Climbing shrub

Habitat: Fairly common on hedges, thickets & shrubberies, climbing on Ficus bengalensis & Mangifera indica.

Distribution:Jalpaiguri,Nadia,Maldah,Murshidabad,Koch Bihar, 24 Parganas (S) ( Beliachandi, Haroa).


  1. Tinospora cordifolia ( Willd. ) Miers

Common name: Gulancha

Life form: Large climbing shrub

Habitat: Very common in vill. Thickets, hedges, waste lands & railway tracts, climbing on the way side tree.

Distribution:South 24 Pgs. (Ghoramara, Santoshpur) ,Dinajpur,Koch Bihar, Puruliya, Kolkata, Haora, Barddhaman,Maldah,Birbhum, Hugli,Jalpaiguri,Bankura, Murshidabad and Nadia.


  1. Tinospora sinensis (Lour.) Merr.

Life Form : Climber

Distribution: Darjiling
Family: Nymphaeaceae



  1. Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.

Common name: Padma/ Kamal

Life form: Aquatic herb with floating leaves

Habitat: Abundant in ponds & jheels

Distribution:Maldah,Hugli, 24 Parganas (S) (Garia),Puruliya,Medinipur,Barddhaman,Jalpaiguri,Nadia, Birbhum ,Dinajpur,Haora,Murshidabad,Koch Bihar.


  1. Nymphaea nouchali Burm. f.

Common name: Sapla

Life form: Large aquatic herb

Habitat: Very common on less used ponds, jheels, beels, road side canals & also in paddyfields during monsoon

Distribution: 24 Parganas (S) ( Taldi, Harinbari).


  1. Nymphaea pubescens Willd.

Life Form :aquatic herb

Distribution: Bengal Plains


  1. Nymphaea rubra Roxb. ex Andrews

Life Form :aquatic herb

Distribution: Bengal Plains


  1. Euryale ferox Salisb.

Life Form :Annual or perennial herb

Distribution: 24 Parganas ( D. Prain, 1903 )
Family: Papaveraceae


  1. Argemone mexicana L.

Common name: Sialkanta

Life form: Prickly, annual herb

Habitat: Common weed on road side dry waste lands, railway tracts, hedges, thickets, agricult. Fields.

Distribution:Hugli, Jalpaiguri,Barddhaman,Nadia,Birbhum,Medinipur,Murshidabad,Koch Bihar, Maldah, Haora, 24 Parganas (S)( Canning, Godkhali),Kolkata,Darjiling.


  1. Argemone ochroleuca Sweet

Life Forms: Herb

Distribution: Dinajpur


  1. Eomecon chionantha Hance

Life form: Geophyte

Distribution:Darjiling.


  1. Meconpsis lyrata (Cummins & Prain ex Prain) Fedde

Life Form:Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. M. napaulensis DC.

Life Form:Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. M. paniculata (D. Don) Prain

Life Form:Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


  1. M. villosa (Hook.f. ex Hook.f.) G. Tayl.

Life Form:Herb

Distribution:Darjiling


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