Die Pflanzenwelt von West-Australien südlich des Wendekreises

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Appendix B 

Translation of Figure captions.

Fig. 1.   

The state of floristic studies in South-western Australia in 1905. The four degrees of 

shading indicate the intensity of investigation in the different areas.

Fig. . 

Distribution of rainfall in south-west Australia. Average yearly rainfall in centimetres. 

The heavily dotted lines show the boundary between the Southwest Province and the Eremaea.

Fig. . 

Eucalyptus marginata Donn ex Sm.

A. Flowering twig; B. Fruits; C. Seeds


Fig. . 

Eucalyptus diversicolor F. v. M.

A. Flowering twig; B. L.S. of flower-bud; C. Operculum; D. Fruit stalk; E., F. Seeds


Fig. . 

Eucalyptus gomphocephala DC.

A. Flowering twig; B. Fruit as seen from the side; C. Fruit as seen from above


Fig. 6. 

Eucalyptus redunca Schau. 

A. Twig with flower buds; B. Leaf; C. Flowering twig; D. Fruits on stalk; E. Fruit


Fig. 7.

A.-B. Casuarina glauca Mig. 

A, Cone (fruit); B, Achene 

C.-E. C. Huegeliana Miq.

C, Male catkin D, Cone (fruit) E, Achene 

F. C. Fraseriana Miq., Stalk with cones

(After Diels and Pritzel)

Fig. 8. 

Banksia grandis R. Br.

A. Flowering twig; B. Flower; C. Perianth member with stamen;

D. Style and stigma


Fig. 9. 

Nuytsia floribunda R. Br.

A. Flowering twig; B. Part of the inflorescence; C. cymose inflorescence; D. Basic unit of gynoecium 

with bracts which imitate an external calyx; E. Part of a fruiting branch


Fig. 0.

A.-E. Xantorrhoea Preissii Endl.

A. Flower; B. Outer perianth segment; C. Inner perianth segment;

D. Stamen; E. Gynoecium;

F.-H. Kingia australia R. Br.

F. Flower; G. Stamen; 

H.-I. Gynoecium

J.-M. Dasypogon bromeliaefolius R. Br.

J. Flower; K. Outer perianth segment; L. Inner perianth segment; M. Anther


Fig. . 

Petrophila ericifolia R. Br.

A. Front view of a flowering branch; B. L.S. of flower; C. Stamen;

D. Style-end; E. Cone; F. Young fruit

G.-K . Petrophila scabriuscula Meissn.

G. Flowering branch; H. L.S. of flower; J. Anther; K. Style-end. (After Diels and Pritzel)

Fig. . 

Hakea dolichostyla Diels 

A. Flowering branch; B. Flower head; C. Bud; D. E. Scales; F. Flower;

G. Perianth member; H. Torus, gland and ovary; Upper part of the style-end (After Diels and 


Fig. . 

Melaleuca Preissiana Schau. in flower

Darling District, Bayswater (Photograph by E. Pritzel, Dec. 1900)

Fig. . 

Myrtaceae of the Southwest Province

A.-C. Calythrix flavescens A. Cunn.

A . Habit: flowering branches; B. Leaf; C. Floral leaf (bracteole);

D.-G. Melaleuca seriata, Lindl.

D. Flowering branch; E. Leaf; F. Flower; G. Fruit cluster


Fig. . 

Verticordia Pritzelii, Diels

A. Habit; B. Flower; C. Calyx tube; D. Primary calyx lobe;

E. Accessory calyx lobe; F. Floral leaf; G. Stamen and staminodes; H. Stamen; J.-K. Style (After 

Diels and Pritzel)

Fig. 6. 

Podalyrieae of the Southwest Province

A. Twig of Brachysema undulatum Ker.; B. Corolla;

C. L.S. flower showing ovary and stamens; D. T.S. seed

E. Twig of Oxylobium retusum R, Br.

F. Calyx; G. Corolla; H. L.S. through ovary

(After Taubert)

Fig. 7.

A.-C. Oxylobium parviflorum, Benth.

A. Habit; B. Calyx; C. L.S. Gynoecium; 

D. Oxylobium melinocaule, E. Pritzel. Habit

E. Oxylobium tetragonophyllum Pritzel Habit

(After Diels and Pritzel))

Fig. 8. Acacia species of the Southwest Province 

A. Acacia hastulata, Sm.; B. Acacia alata, R. Br. C. Acacia myrtifolia Willd. var. angustifolia Willd.; 

D. Acacia pentadenia, Lindl.

Fig. 9. 

Leucopogon spp. of the Southwest Province

A.-D. L. cinereus E. Pritzel

A. Branch; B. Leaf; C. Flower opened out; D. Stamen

E.-G. L. psammophilus E. Pritzel

E. Twig; F. Leaf; G. Flower opened out

H.-K. L. Dielsianus, E. Pritzel

H. Twig; J. Leaf; K. Flower opened out

L.-M. L. nutans, E. Pritzel

L. Twig; M. Flower opened out

N.-P. L. hispidus, E. Pritzel

N. Twig; 0. Leaves; P. Flower opened out

Q.-S. L. hamulosus, E. Pritzel

Q. Twig; R. Leaf; Flower opened out 

(After Diels and Pritzel)

Fig. 0. Goodeniaceae of the Southwest Province 

A. Goodenia tenella R. Br.; B. Lechenaultia formosa R. Br.; C. Scaevola striata, R. Br.


Fig . . Borya nitida, Labill.

A. Habit; B. Flower                 (Original)


Fig. . Stylidium spp. of the Southwest Province

A.-D. Stylidium scandens, R. Br.

A. Habit; B. Flower; C. Joined anthers; D. Section through ovary;

E.-G. Stylidium junceum, R. Br.

E. Habit; F. Flower; G. Fruit. 

(After Mildbraed in ‘Pflanzenreich’)

Fig. . Orchidaceae of the Southwest Province 

A. Microtis alba R. Br. 

B. Pterostylis pyramidalis R. Br. 

C. Caladenia gemmataLindl. 

D. Caladenia Patersoni R. Br.

E. Prasophyllium parvifolium Lindl. 

F. Diuris setacea R. Br.


Fig. . Sterculiaceae of the Southwest Province

A.-B. Thomasia solanacea J. Gay.

A. Habit; B. Gynoecium and Androecium; 

C.-D. Cuichenotia micrantha (Steetz.)Bth.

C. Habit; D. Androecium and Gynoecium


Fig. . Restionaceae of the Southwest Province

A.-C. Leptocarpus tenax R. Br.

A. Habit of the male plant; B. Branch of male inflorescence;

C. Branch of female inflorescence;

D.-F. Loxocarya pubescens (R. Br.) Benth.

D. Habit; E.-F. Part of the inflorescence


Fig. 6

A. Boronia megastigma Nees. Androecium and Gynoecium

B.-C. Boronia Purdieana, Diels

B. Habit; C. Androecium and Gynoecium

D.-G. Boronia tetrandra. Lab.

D. Androecium and Gynoecium; E. Stamen; F. Staminode;

G. Gynoecium

(After Diels and Pritzel)

Fig. 7. Umbelliferae of the Southwest Province

A. Xanthosia rotundifolia DC. 

B. Trachymene compressa (Lab.) Spreng.

C.-D. Actinotus leucocephalus Benth.


Fig. 8. A.-C. Conostylis Dielsii W. V. Fitzgerald. 

A. Habit; B. L.S. Flower; C. Perianth segment;

D.-G. Conostylis phathyrantha, Diels 

D. Habit; E. L.S. Flower; F.-G Stamen, front and back views 

(After Diels and Pritzel)

Fig. 9. Hibbertia hypericoides (DC.) Benth.

A. Habit; B. Flower; C. Calyx segment; D. Corolla segment;

E. Androecium and Gynoecium                   (Original)


Fig. 0. Droseraceae of the Southwest Province

A.-D. Drosera macrantha Endl.

A. Habit; B. Leaves; C. Calyx; D. Calyx-segment; 

E.-F. Drosera microphylla Endl.

E. Habit; F. Flower;

G. H. Drosera heterophylla Lindl.

G. Habit; H. Gynoecium

(After Diels in ‘Pflanzenreich’)

Fig. .

A. Habit of growth of Centrolepis tenuior (R. Br.) Röm et Schult. (nat. size.), 

B. Flower of the above plant surrounded by bracts

C. Median section through the seed: e embryo

D. Seedling plant (cotyledons still bearing the seed coat)

E. Habit of growth of Centrolepis aristata (R. Br.) Röm et Schult. (nat size)

F. Ovary of Centrolepis Drummondii (N. Ab Esenb.) Hieron.

For comparison G.-J. Gaimardia australis Gaudich.

G. Habit of growth of a fruiting stalk

H. Flower; empty anther

J. L.S. of ovary

The figures shown in the above are drawn at about natural size. 

(After Hieronymus)

Fig .

A-B Drosera nitidula Planch

A. Habit, B. Gynoecium

C-F Drosera paleacea DC.

C. Habit, D. Stipule

E. Leaf without stipule, F. Gynoecium

G-K Drosera pycnoblasta Diels

G. Habit H, Stipule

J. Leaf without stipule, K. Ovary

(After Diels and Pritzel)

Fig. . Calandrinia primuliflora Diels

A-F  A. Habit, B. Bracts or scale leaves


C. Sepals, D. Petal


E. Stamen, F. Ovary with free styles

G-L  Calandrinia Lehmannii Endl.


G. Upper part of the stalk with the inflorescence 


H. Bracts or scale leaves, J. Sepals 


K. Petal, L. Ovary with partly-joined styles.

(After Diels and Pritzel)

Fig.  Bulbous plants :  Drosera Sect. Erythrorhiza

A-D  Drosera rosulata Lehm..


A. Habit, 


B. Petal, 


C. Stamen


D. Gynoecium (Ovary with styles)

Drosera squamosa Benth. Habit

F. Drosera macrophylla Lindl. Habit

G. Drosera bulbosa Hook. Habit

(After Diels)

Fig.  Annuals. Myriophyllum tillaeoides Diels

A. Habit; B. Flowering stalk; C. Male flower; D. Hermaphrodite flower; E. Female flower

(After Diels and Pritzel)


Fig. 6 Hygrophilous annual Composites

A-D  Myriocephalus isoetes Diels


A. Habit


B-C. Involucral bracts


D. Flower

E-J   Myriocephalus rhizocephalus (DC) Benth.


E-F.Involucral bracts 


G. Partial head.


H. Flower.


J. Habit

(After Diels and Pritzel)

Fig. 7 Branching patterns

A. Petrophila linearis R.Br. 

B. Isopogon scabriusculus Meissn. 

C. Leucopogon gibbosus Stschegl.


Fig. 8 Grevillea - with long and short branches

A. Grevillea acerosa F. v. M.

B. Grevillea oxystigma var. acerosa Meissn.

C. Grevillea uncinulata Diels 


Fig 9. Cushion form of Scaevola humifusa De Vr. var. pulvinaris E. Pritzel


Fig. 0 Developmental stages of the terminal shoot of a twig of Acacia barbinervis Benth.

A. 7th December 900 - in active growth

B. 6th February 90 - growth complete



A. Cryptandra leucopogon Meissn. - Flower stalk

B – D Cryptandra polyclada Diels 






Flower with bracts 



Part of the flower spread out

E – H Stenanthemum gracilipes Diels



Flower stalk 






Part of the flower spread out



Floral leaf

Fig.  Hakea Brooksiana F. v. M.

A. Flowering twig.

B. Flower

C. Perianth

D. Disc and ovary

E. Upper part of style and pollen-presenter

F. Fruit-bearing branch

G. Seed

(After Diels and Pritzel)


Fig.  Aphyllous species

A - H. 

Psammomoya choertroides (F. v. M.) Diels et Loes.


A. Habit


B. Flower


C. Floral leaf


D. Disc and gynoecium  


E-F Sections through ovary 


G-H Fruit


H. Seed

J - L.  

Psammomoya ephedroides Diels et Loes.


J. Habit 


K. Flower 


L. Disc and gynoecium

(After Diels and Pritzel)

Fig.  Acacia insolita E. Pritzel

A. Habit

B. Leaf

C. Phyllode

D. Young bud

E. Flower

F.  corolla segments

(After Diels and Pritzel)

Fig.  Schematic representation of the typical anatomical leaf structure in the Southwest Prov-



Acacia microbotrya Benth. 


Melaleuca Preissiana Schau.


Fig. 6 Schematic representation of the leaf structure typical of xeromorphic plants in the South-

west Province.

B-C. Hakea platysperma Hook. 

A. Daviesia pachyphylla F. v. M.


Fig. 47 Bud scales of flowers in south-western Australia

A. Acacia squamata Lindl.

B-C. Acacia restiacea Bth.   Unfolding in C.

D. Daviesia hakeoides Meissn

E. Grevillea bracteosa Meissn.

F-G. Grevillea Endlicheriana Meissn. (In G. the whole young shoot with its bract-enclosed bud is 

shown enlarged.)

H. Conostephium pendulum Benth.


Fig. 48 Corolla-like bracts as involucres of the inflorescences in south-western Australia

A. Johnsonia lupulina R.Br.

B. Andersonia patrica F. v. M.

C. Pimelea physodes Hook.

D. Diplolaena Darwinii Desf.

E. Darwinia Meissneri Benth.



Fig. 9. Adaptations in leaves of Logania. Sect. Eulogania:

A. Logania vaginalis Labill. var laxior Nees from Denmark River. (Diels n.2166)

B. Logania vaginalis Labill. var longifolia R.Br. from Fremantle (Diels n.3896)

C. Logania vaginalis Labill.var vaginalis. from Esperance (Diels n.5388)

D. Logania latifolia F. v. M. from Baldhead on King George Sound (Preiss n.1244)

E. Logania buxifolia F. v. M. (Drumm.n.248)

F. Logania fasciculata R.Br. from Esperance (Diels N.5362)

G. Logania stenophylla F. v. M. from Phillips R. (N.4879)

H. Logania micrantha Benth. from headwaters of Blackwood R. (Muir)


Fig. 0 Adaptations in leaves of Logania. Sect. Stomandra:


Logania serpyllifolia R.Br. from King George Sound (Diels n.4359)


Logania campanulata R.Br. from Swan River (Diels n.1885)


Logania callosa F. v. M. from Esperance (Diels n.5068)


Logania flaviflora F. v. M. from Tamin (Diels n.4140)


Logania spermacocea F. v. M. from Geraldton (Diels n.4140)


Logania spermacocea F. v. M. from Watheroo (Pritzel n.987)


Logania nuda F. v. M. from Tammin (Diels n.5061)


Fig.  Adaptive variations in the leaves of some species of Dryandra (Prot.) of south-west Aus-


A. D. praemorsa Meissn.

B. D. cuneata R.Br.

C. D. serra R.Br.

D. D. carduacea Lindl

E. D. plumosa R.Br.

F. D. serratuloides Meissn

G. D. senecionifolia R.Br.

H. D. horrida Meissn

J. D. speciosa Meissn.

The number gives the average rainfall for the species distribution.


Fig.  Adaptive convergence 

A. Hibbertia microphylla R.Br.

B. Leucopogon gibbosus Steschegl.


Fig.  Everlasting Composites of the Southwest Province.

A. Helipterum Manglesii (Lindl.) F. v. M.

B. Helipterum cotula DC.

C. Watzia acuminata Steetz


Fig.  Pentaptilon Careyi (F. v. M.) E. Pritzel








Fruiting bodies.


E.  Single fruit.

(After Diels and Pritzel)

Fig.  Stylidium repens R.Br.

A. Habit

B. Flower stalk

C. Flower

D. Fruit

E. Section through ovary.

(After Mildbraed in ’Pflanzenreich’)

Fig. 6 A - E.  Melaleuca Preissiana Schau.


A. Tip of a flowering stalk


B. Flower.


C. Petal


D. Staminal bundle.


E. Fruit.

F - M. 

Astartea fascicularis DC.


F. Flowering stalk


G. Flowering lateral branch.


H. Leaf


J. Flower


K. Staminal bundle


L. Gynoecium in L.S.


M. Ovary in T.S.

Fig. 7 Levenhookia

A - C L. stipitata F. v. M.


A. Habit.


B. Opened flower.


C. Column with sheath.

D - G L. Preissii F. v. M.


D. Habit.


E. Flower.


F. Throat of perianth tube with sheath.


G. Throat of perianth tube without sheath.

(After Diels and Pritzel)

Fig. 58 Herbaceous annuals characteristic of the alluvial area, all natural size:

A. Selaginella Preissiana Spring.

B. Triglochin calcitrapa Hook.

C. Schoenus apogon R. et S.

D. Brizula Muelleri Hieron.

E. Haloragis nodulosa (Nees) Walp.

F. Hydrocotyle alata R. Br.

G. Polypompholyx multifida F. v. M.

H. Stylidium calcaratum R. Br.

J. Rutidosis argyrolepis Schlecht.


Fig. 9 Eucalyptus of the Eremaea

A. Eucalyptus oleosa F. v. M.

B, C. Eucalyptus occidentalis Endl.:

B Flowering twig.

C. Fruits on stalk.


Fig. 60 Acacia aestivalis E. Pritzel

A. Habit of flowering branch

C. Flower

D. Small bract

E. Calyx lobe

F. Petal

G. Pod

H. Seed

(After Diels and Pritzel).

Fig. 6 Callitris robusta R. Br.

A. Small twig with male flowers

B. Twig with fruiting cones


Fig. 6

A - E. Angianthus pygmaeus (A.Gray) Benth.


A. Habit.


B. Little head of flowers.


C. Flower


D. Outer bract.


E. Inner bract.

F – J Gnephosis gynotricha Diels


F. Flowering stalk.


G. Flower.


H. Outer bract.


J. Inner bract.

K – N Gnephosis rotundifolia Diels


K. Habit.


L. Small flower head. 


M. Flower.


N. Leaf

O – U Calocephalus phlegmatocarpus Diels


O. Habit.


P. Small flower bead.


Q. Outer bract


R. Inner bract.


S. Flower.


T. Pappus.


U. Achene.

(After Diels and Pritzel)

Fig. 6 Eremophila

A.- B. E. platythamnos Diels


A. Habit.


B. Flower.

C.-D. E. ionantha Diels


C. Habit.


D. Flower after removal of calyx.

E.-F. E. elachnantha Diels


E. Habit.


F. Flower.

G.-H. E. dichroantha Diels


G. Habit.


H. Flower.

(After Diels and Pritzel.)

Fig. 6 Triraphis rigidissima Pilger

A. Habit. 

B. Ear of grass /.

C. Ear of grass /

D. Flower with glume.

E. Lemma.

(After Diels and Pritzel).

Fig. 6. Verbenaceae of the Eremaea

A.-C. Physopsis spicata Turcz


A. Habit.


B. Flower.


C. Gynoecium

D. E. Mallophora globiflora Endl.


D. Habit.


E. Flower

F.-G. Dicrastylis fulva Drumm.


F. Habit.


G. Flower spread out after the removal of the calyx.


H. Calyx.


Dicrastylis stoechas Drumm.


J. Habit.

(After Diels and Pritzel)

Fig. 66 Dodonaea

A. D. attenuata A. Cunn. var. linearis Benth.


A. Habit

B. Dodonaea filifolia Hook.


B. Habit

C.-D. Dodonaea amblyophylla Diels


C. Habit


D. Fruit



(After Diels and Pritzel)

Fig. 67 Typical Santalaceous plants of the Eremaea

A - E. Fusanus acuminatus R. Br.


A. Habit


B. Flower


C. Stamen


D. Fruit


E. Endocarp

F - H. Fusanus spicatus R. Br.


F. Leafy stalk


G. Fruit


H. Endocarp


Fig. 68 Exocarpus aphyllus R.Br.

A. Habit

B. Piece of stem with flower group

C. Flower from the outside

D. Flower from above with sepal removed

E. Flower cut through

F. Piece of stem with fruits

G. Fruit


Fig. 69. Felt covered Verbenaceae of the Eremaea genus Newcastelia.

A – C N. viscida E. Pritzel


A. Habit


B. Flower


C. Corolla of flower opened out.

D. N. bracteosa F. v. M.


D. Habit.

E – G N. insignis E. Pritzel


E. Habit


F. Undersurface of leave.


G. Flower.

H – J N. cephalantha F. v. M.


H. Corolla of flower opened out


J. Flowering twig

(After Diels & Pritzel)

Fig. 70 Eremophila

A – E E. granitica Sp. Moore


A. Habit


B. Flower


C. Corolla


D. Middle part of the anterior lip.


E. Gynoecium

F – G E. Georgei Diels


F. Habit


G. Gnoecium

H – J E. calorhabdos Diels


H. Habit


J. Flower

(After Diels and Pritzel)

Fig. 7 Typical plants of the Eremaea

A - C Trichinium exaltatum (Nees) Benth.


A. Habit


B. Bracts


C. Flower opened out

D - E Trichinium siphonandrum Diels


D. Flower opened out. 


E. Bract.

(After Diels and Pritzel)

Fig. 7 Floristic arrangement of extra-tropical Western Australia into eight districts.

Fig.7. Dryandra Fraseri R.Br. A species typical of the Irwin District.

A. Branch with flower

B. Bract.

C. Upper part of a sepal.

D. Perianth.

(After Diels and Pritzel)

Fig.7. Sphenotoma Drummondii Benth.

A. Habit

B. L.S. of flower

C. Disc and gynoecium

D.  L.S. gynoecium

(After Diels and Pritzel)

Fig. 7. Verticordia DC.

A-C  V. spicata F. v. M.


B. Calyx lobe


A. Calyx appendage


C. Petal

D-F  V. ovalifolia Meissn.


E. Calyx lobe


D. Calyx appendage


F. Petal

G-J  V. oculata Meissn.


H. Calyx lobe


G. Calyx appendage


J. Petal

K-M  V. grandis Drumm.


L. Calyx lobe


K. Calyx appendage


M. Petal

N-S  V. Muelleriana E. Pritz.


N. Habit of a flowering branch.


P. Calyx lobe


O. Calyx appendage


Q. Petal


R. Section of stamen tube.


S. Style.

(After Diels and Pritzel)

Fig. 76. Distribution of Jacksonia.

Fig. 77. Distribution of Banksia.

Fig. 78. Distribution of Drosera Sect. Erythrorrhiza.

Fig. 79. Eremosyne pectinata Endl., monotypic, south-west Australian Saxifragaceae-genus.

A. Habit

B. Flower 

C. Flower open out.

D. Young ovary in longitudinal section.

E. Developing ovary  in longitudinal section.

(After Engler)

Fig. 80. Cephalotus follicularis Labill., a charasteristic, monotypic endemic of south-west Aus-


A. Habit (the flowering stalk is usually substantially longer in nature than represented here!) 

B. Floral diagram.

C. Flower.

D. Carpel in longitudinal section.

E. Fruit in longitudinal section.

F. Seed in longitudinal section.

G-K. Different stages of leaf development.

(A-C after Baillon; D-F after Le Maout and Decaisne; G-K after Eichler.)

Fig. 8. Diplolaena grandiflora Desf.

A. Branch.

B. A single flower with small petals and long stamens.

C. Stamen.

D. Gynoecium.

E. Ovary.

Fig. 8. Geleznovia verrucosa Turcz.

A. Flowers with large sepals at time of fruit maturity.

B. The same flower after removal of a sepal.

C. Petal.

D. Stamen.

E. Foliage leaf below.

F. Foliage leaf above.

(After Engler)

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