(or dietetic food
) refers to any food or beverage whose recipe is altered to
reduce fat, carbohydrates, and/or sugar in order to make it part of a weight loss program or
Such foods are usually intended to assist in weight loss or a change in body type,
are designed to increase weight
. Dish is a part of cookbook for women with
f t" hild'
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In addition to diet
other words or phrases are used to identify and describe these foods
including light, zero calorie, low calorie, low fat, no fat and sugar free. In some areas use of
these terms may be regulated by law. For example, in the U.S. a product labeled as "low fat"
must not contain more than 3 grams of fat per serving; and to be labeled "fat free" it must
contain less than 0.5 grams of fat per serving.
The process of making a diet version of a food usually requires ﬁnding an adequate low-food-
energy substitute for some high-food-energy ingredient.
This can be as simple as replacing
some or all of the food's
as is common with diet soft drinks
). In some snacks, the food may be baked instead
of fried thus reducing the food energy. In other cases, low-fat ingredients may be used as
foods, the high ﬁber content effectively displaces some of the starch
component of the ﬂour. Since certain kinds of ﬁbers have no food energy, this results in a
moderate energy reduction. Another process relies on the intentional addition of other
reduced-food-energy ingredients, such as
, to replace part of
the ﬂour and achieve a more signiﬁcant energy reduction.
The low-fat foods are those that have 30% of their calories or less from fats. So, if a food
contains fewer than 3 gram of fat per 100 calories, it is a low fat food. Examples of cereals,
grain, and pasta products are corn or whole wheat tortillas, oatmeal, backed cracker, whole
grain versions of noodles, and pita bread. Examples of protein sources are beans, lentils, tofu,
egg white, tuna, and peas. On the other hand, polysaturated such as omega 3 and omega 6
fatty acids can be beneﬁcial to the body. Nutritious foods are avocado, almond, salmon,
cashews, seeds, and walnuts.
A "low fat" child's meal from
, with "apple fries" replacing fried potato chips, and a serving of
as its main dish
Example of low-fat foods
In diet foods
which replace the sugar with lower-food-energy substitutes, there is some
controversy based around the possibility that the
used to replace sugar are
Artiﬁcial sweeteners have been the subject of intense scrutiny for
decades, but according to the National Cancer Institute and other health agencies, there is no
sound scientiﬁc evidence that any of the artiﬁcial sweeteners approved for use in the U.S.
cause cancer or other serious health problems. Numerous research studies conﬁrm that
artiﬁcial sweeteners are generally safe in limited quantities, even for pregnant women.
In many low-fat and fat-free foods the fat is replaced with
, or other full-food-
energy ingredients, and the reduction in food energy value is small, if any.
Online weight loss plans
Deﬁnitions of Nutrient Content Claims (https://www.thenutritionalsource.com/deﬁnitions-of-nutrient-
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
October 5, 2016, at the
"Low-Energy-Dense Foods and Weight Management: Cutting Calories While Controlling Hunger" (http
"Low fat foods: List, beneﬁts, and meal plan" (https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/32586
. Medical News Today. 25 July 2019. Retrieved 2019-11-25.
Diet and good food (http://www.nhs.uk/livewell/goodfood/Pages/Goodfoodhome.aspx)
5. Sandee LaMotte (18 January 2016).
"Can artiﬁcial sweeteners cause weight gain?" (https://www.cn
. CNN. Retrieved
. ﬁnance.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2019-11-11.
"The best and worst sugar substitutes for your health" (https://ﬁnance.yahoo.com/news/best-worst-