gracilis, Eugenia mooniana and Eugenia phillyreoides (Myrtaceae), Webbia, 69:1, 101-103, DOI:
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E.S. Santhosh Kumar
, J.F. Veldkamp
and S.M. Shareef
Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute, Thiruvananthapuram, India;
National Herbarium of The
Netherlands - Naturalis, Leiden, The Netherlands
(Received 7 November 2013;
ﬁnal version received 18 February 2014)
Notes on the taxonomy and nomenclatural status of Eugenia gracilis O. Berg, Eugenia gracilis Bedd., Eugenia mooni-
ana Gardner, Eugenia mooniana Wight and Eugenia phillyreoides Trimen (Myrtaceae) are provided. The new name
Eugenia anamalaiensis is proposed for E. gracilis Bedd. from the Anamalai Hills, Kerala, India.
Keywords: Anamalai; Eugenia; India; Kerala; Myrtaceae; nomenclature; taxonomy
During the ongoing systematic study of Eugenia L.
(Myrtaceae) in the southern Western Ghats, India, we
came across taxonomic and nomenclatural problems
involving Eugenia gracilis Bedd. and Eugenia mooniana
Wight versus Eugenia phillyreoides Trimen. Based on
literature, herbarium material and
ﬁeld studies, the
authors ESSK and SMS were able to con
differences between these species (Table
). JFV was
able to provide some information on literature and
) proposed Eugenia gracilis based on his
“Anamalay Hills” in Kerala.
Wight, and so Jackson (
) cited the combination as a
“1864” as the publication date.
Yet, for reasons that are not clear, many later publica-
tions cited the publication date as
“1854”. This error has
had nomenclatural and taxonomic consequences.
Unknown to Beddome, O. Berg (
published the name Eugenia gracilis from Brazil. Berg
name was listed by Jackson (
), but without citing
the publication date. Misled by the misreported publica-
tion date, Sobral et al. (
) proposed a new name,
thought was Berg
’s later homonym. It is therefore a
They also thought that the type specimen collected by
Sellow possibly deposited in the Botanischer Garten und
Botanisches Museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin, Germany
(B) was probably destroyed during World War II and
hence they proposed a neotype, Demuner 500 [Museu de
Biologia Mello Leitão (MBML), Brazil]. However,
Sellow was a professional collector and there are numer-
ous duplicates in at least 40 other institutes (Vegter
ﬁnd one in a number of
virtual herbaria, this neotypi
ﬁcation is to be studied
Eugenia gracilis O. Berg, Linnaea 27: 149. 1856
2010, nom. super
ﬂ. – Type: Sellow s.n. (B, holo, lost),
Brazil, São Paulo. Neotype: Demuner 500 (MBML),
Brazil, Espirito Santo, Santa Teresa, Oedra da Onça, des-
ignated by Sobral et al. (
Since E. gracilis Bedd. is a later homonym of
E. anamalaiensis after the Anamalai Hills, Kerala, where
the species occurs.
It is apparently a rare species mainly known from
the type material in the Natural History Museum, Lon-
don (BM) and the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (K)
and an additional more recent collection in Tropical
Botanic Garden and Research Institute (TBGT) Kerala,
India. In the
ﬁeld it is often found in the evergreen for-
ests between 900
–1400 m elevation, but generally has
escaped detection by plant hunters or has been reported
species is scanty and so a detailed description is pro-
vided here based on a recent collection (S.M. Shareef,
Eugenia gracilis Bedd., Madras J. Lit. Sci. III, 1: 46.
1864; Trans. Linn. Soc. 25: 217. 1865; non E. gracilis
O. Berg (
Eugenia mooniana Wight var. gracilis (Bedd.) Duthie in
Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 505. 1879
*Corresponding author. Email:
© 2014 Dipartimento di Biologia, Università di Firenze
Webbia: Journal of Plant Taxonomy and Geography, 2014
Vol. 69, No. 1, 101
Downloaded by [SANTHOSH KUMAR ETTICKAL SUKUMARAN] at 08:40 12 October 2015
Almeida, Fl. Maharashtra 2: 265. 1988.
Beddome s.n. (BM, holo; iso K 000821521), India, Ker-
Large shrubs or small trees, to 6 m tall, branchlets pale
brown, terete; young shoots puberulous. Leaves lanceolate,
–14 × 2.3–4.5 cm, attenuate to cuneate at base and acu-
–acuminate at apex, glabrous and shin-
ing above, pale beneath; midrib channelled above, lateral
nerves c.22 pairs, obscure, intramarginal nerves two-tiered,
obscurely looped; main nerve c.1 mm from margin; petiole
Flowers white, axillary, solitary or from short peduncles,
which are axillary or supra-axillary rarely terminal or lat-
eral; pedicels 1.2
–3 cm long, slender, puberulous, terete.
Calyx campanulate, 2
–3.5 mm long; lobes 4, deltoid,
2.5 × 1.7 mm puberulous, ciliate, bracts 2, at base of calyx.
Petals 4, ovate-elliptic, 4
–5 × 2.5–3 mm, ciliate, twice as
long as the lobes of calyx. Ovary two-celled, ovules 6
tent calyx lobes, crimson on ripening, Seed 1
Flowering and fruiting
India: Kerala, Anamalai Hills, Beddome s.n.; Idukki dis-
trict, Kadalar, 28 November 2012, S.M. Shareef, 72461,
Eugenia mooniana Wight (
collections by Alexander Moon (Moon s.n., BM) from
Sri Lanka and Wight
’s own from South India (Wight KD
1851, K). The Illustrations of Indian botany were
published in two series of fascicles between 1831
collection by the date of the last issue, 1850, e.g.
As with E. gracilis we have here a case of homon-
ymy. Another E. mooniana was described by Gardner
Janeiro, Brazil [Gardner 416, holo BM, iso Field
Museum of Natural History, Chicago, IL, USA(F), Con-
servatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève,
Geneva, Switzerland (G), University of Michigan, MI,
USA (MICH), New York Botanical Garden, NY, USA
(NY)]. Sobral (
homonym: E. neomooniana. According to The Plant List
(2013), E. mooniana Gardner and E. neomooniana are
synonyms of E. subundulata Kiaersk. var. subundulata.
Misled by the erroneous publication date of 1850,
) regarded Wight
’s name as a later
homonym and used the next oldest synonym, E.ugenia
thwaitesii Duthie (
many later workers (Kostermanns 1981: 174; Nair and
) designated CP 365 (CP = Ceylon
Plants) (PDA, K) from Sri Lanka, Kandy Distr.,
Madamhanuwara, as the neotype (
‘type’), not specifying
where the actual (holo)type is deposited. However, this
Sri Lanka collection was not part of the original material
so this typi
ﬁcation is to be rejected. The correct neotype
as designated here is Wight KD 1851.
Eugenia mooniana has been regarded as a synonym
of E. phillyreoides Trimen, e.g. by Alston (
followed by Veldkamp (
). However, we prefer to
treat them as different species (Table
Icon. Pl. Ind. Or. 2: (4), t. 551. 1842
Type: Wight KD 1851 (K!, lectotype here): Wight KD 1851
(K), India, Tamil Nadu, Courtallum, Shevagherry hills,
Aug 1836. (Named after Alexander Moon, Sri Lanka).
Shrubs to 4 m tall
Shrubs to 4 m tall
Scanty appressed silky white
–10 × 2.5–4 cm, lanceolate, acuminate
at both ends
–6 × 2–3 cm, ovate, tapering at base,
–2.5 × 0.8–1.2 cm, linear-
are axillary or supra-axillary
Solitary or paired, rarely in terminal
clusters or in short racemes
Axillary, solitary, pedicellate
–3 cm long, puberulous
–0.9 cm long, glabrous
–1.8 cm long, puberulous
Globose, c. 1.25 cm in diameter
–1.5 cm in
1843, non Wight
Eugenia neomooniana Sobral, Napaea 11: 36. 1995.
Type: Gardner 416 [BM, holo; Royal Botanical Garden,
Edinburgh, UK (E), F, G, MICH, NY], Brazil, Pernam-
bouc et serrados orgaõs. (Named after a Mrs Moon, Rio
de Janeiro. Her name is not mentioned on the labels
seen). Some labels have 1837, others 1838 as the year of
collection, but from Gardner
’s words there can only be
the single gathering made by Mrs Moon.
Eugenia phillyreoides Trimen
Eugenia phillyreoides Trimen, J. Bot. 23: 207. Jul 1885;
Syst. Cat. Ceylon: 33. Jun / Jul 1885, nom. nud.; Handb.
Fl. Ceylon 2: 183. 1894, descr.; Kosterm., Quart. J.
Taiwan Mus. 34(3
–4): 169. Dec 1981.
Syzygium phillyreoides (Trimen) Santapau, Kew Bull.
: 276. 1948.
Eugenia cotinifolia Jacq. subsp. phillyreoides (Trimen)
P.S. Ashton in Dassan., Rev. Handb. Fl. Ceylon 2: 413.
Sri Lanka, summit of Kalupahane Kande [only known
entirely different from Eugenia hypoleuca Thwaites ex
Kosterm., and more similar to Eugenia mandugodaense
Kosterm. and Eugenia willdenowii DC.
There have been some alternative orthographies of
the epithet. The original one is
‘phillyraeoides’ and ‘phyllyraeoides’ are also found. As
it is derived from Phillyrea L. (Oleaceae) the correct
orthography seems to be
‘phillyreoides’ [Rec. 60G.1(1)
The authors are grateful to the Director, JNTBGRI, for the
provision of facilities and to Dr K.N. Gandhi (GH) for useful
discussions. Two anonymous reviewers greatly contributed to
the improvement of the manuscript.
Almeida MR. 1988. Flora of Maharashtra 2. Mumbai: Blatter
Alston AHG. 1931. Supplement. In: Trimen H, editor. A hand-
book to the Flora of Ceylon. Part. VI. Supplement: 119.
London: Dulau & Co; 119.
Alston AHG. 1931. In: Trimen H, editor. A hand-book to the
Flora of Ceylon. Part. VI. Supplement: 119. London: Dulau
FR, editors. A revised handbook to the
ﬂora of Ceylon 2.
New Delhi: Amerind Publishing Co.; p. 415
Beddome RH. 1864. Contributions to the botany of Southern
Beddome RH. 1865. A list of exogenous plants found in the
Anamallay Mountains, in Southern India, with descriptions
of new species. Trans Linn Soc London 25: 217. [full pagi-
cognitarum s. Klotzschii
“Flora Americae aequinoctalis”
exhibens Myrtaceas. Linnaea 27: 149, 326. [full pagination:
brasiliensis 14. München: Wolf & Son.
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of India. Govt of India: Department of Science & Technol-
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1: Analysis 1. Coimbatore: Botanical Survey of India.
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– A handbook. Thiruvananthapuram:
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Sasidhran N, Sivarajan VV. 1996. Flowering Plants of Thrissur
forests. Jodhpur: Scienti
Sobral M. 1995. Uma nova combinação e onze nomes novos
em Eugenia (Myrtaceae) do Brasil. Napaea. 11:35
Nomenclatural notes on Brazilian Myrtaceae. Phytotaxa.
Turner IM. 2012. The angiosperm taxa of R.H. Beddome with
notes on the dates of publication of two serially published
works. Ann Bot Fennici 49:295.
Vegter IH. 1986. Index herbariorum: a guide to the location
and contents of the world
’s public herbaria. Part 2(6). Col-
lectors S. Regnum Veg. 114:873.
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wardtiana (Myrtaceae) and more or less associated names.
Gard Bull Singapore. 65:125.
Wight R. 1841. Illustrations of Indian botany. 2. Madras: