Final north east nsw rfa


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a. The figures shown in this table are based on modelled information mapped at a scale of 1:25 000 derived during the pre-1750 analysis of vegetation types in the Upper North East and Lower North East regions, and are therefore only approximate.

b. Old growth Forest Ecosystems are referred to as Candidate old growth because time constraints and availability of data sets did not allow for the full assessment of values characteristic of old growth forests (eg. some structural, compositional and functional characteristics and aesthetic values). Candidate old growth forest was identified primarily by aerial photographic interpretation, and information on disturbance from logging and fire. Further information is available in the report Old-Growth Forest Related Projects – UNE / LNE CRA Regions. National Parks and Wildlife Service (Part of Project NA28/EHFebruary 1999.

c. Informal Reserve includes Special Management Zones that are > 40ha and > 200m wide, or that are adjacent to Dedicated Reserves.

d. Tabulated prescriptions include those elements of the Special Management Zone that, due to the size or shape, do not meet the Informal Reserve Category outlined above, and the Harvesting Exclusions Zone.


  1. 84% of Wilderness, as defined in the JANIS Reserve Criteria (ie National Wilderness Inventory (Lesslie and Maslen 1995) minimum rating 12 in patches greater than 8000ha), in the Lower North East region is protected within Dedicated Reserves under this Agreement. Of the Wilderness outside formal reserve, 60% is on freehold or leasehold land. Informal Reserves provide a level of additional protection for Wilderness.

Additional Protection for Forest Ecosystems

  1. The Integrated Forestry Operations Approval for the Lower North East Region provides additional protection for Rare non-commercial Forest Types as in Research Note No. 17 Forest Types in New South Wales (Forestry Commission of New South Wales, Sydney 1989). These Forest Types include:


Swamp mahogany




Swamp Oak


Dunn’s white gum


Round-leaved gum




Dorrigo white gum


Blue mountain ash




Scribbly gum – Bloodwood


Rough-barked apple


Red bloodwood


Peppermint - Mountain / Manna gum

Rainforest Protection

  1. The Integrated Forestry Operations Approval for the Lower North East Region provides additional protection for rainforest as defined in the IFOA including any area of land within 20m of the boundaries of warm temperate rainforest.

Management of CAR Values

  1. Management plans identified in Section 2.3 of the New South Wales Lower North East Region Forest Agreement for Dedicated Reserve and Informal Reserve elements of the CAR Reserve System will clearly identify the CAR Values and the actions being taken in each reserve to appropriately manage and conserve those values.

  2. As an integral component of managing CAR values New South Wales agrees to implement systematic and target fauna and flora surveys in dedicated and Informal Reserves to complement surveys carries out under the IFOAs. The extent of survey work undertaken will be subject to available funding.

(clauses, 56, 59, 66 and Attachments 1(A) and 1(B))


  1. Both Parties agree that CAR Values on Private Land are complementary to the CAR Reserve System identified on Public Land.

  2. Both Parties agree that in complementing the CAR Reserve System on Public Land, conservation on Private Land can only be voluntary.

  3. Both Parties agree that the following objectives should apply to the voluntary protection of CAR Values on Private Land:

  • to seek to maximise protection of agreed CAR Values;

  • that the processes are clearly understood by the community;

  • that real partnerships are developed;

  • that the outcomes will provide benefits for all parties; and

  • that actions must be strategic and integrated.

  1. Both Parties agree that the most important elements in any mechanism designed to achieve conservation management on private forested land in the Upper North East and Lower North East regions are:

  • effectiveness of the outcomes;

  • ownership of the process;

  • simplicity of the process;

  • clarity of roles of the participants;

  • certainty of the outcomes;

  • flexibility in the approaches adopted; and

  • equity between participants.

  1. Both Parties agree that a range of conservation mechanisms are applicable to Private Land. These include:

  • Voluntary Conservation Agreements;

  • landholder initiated agreements;

  • noncontractual voluntary agreements;

  • fee for service;

  • voluntary acquisition;

  • fixed term common law contract;

  • in perpetuity common law contract;

  • community grants;

  • property management plans;

  • voluntary land and water management plans; and

  • other mechanisms that may be developed to suit individual landholders or situations.

  1. Both Parties agree that capacity building within the private landholder estate to support individual and community decision making are prerequisites to the voluntary processes outlined above.

  2. Consistent with clause 59 priority Forest Ecosystems for voluntary conservation on Private Land have been listed and prioritised for the Upper North East Region in Table 1 and the Lower North East Region in Table 2.

  3. NSW will establish Regional Vegetation Committees in the Upper North East and Lower North East regions and provide them with funding to provide for the conservation of Forest Ecosystems that are rare or non-existent on Public Lands.

Table 1 Private Land priorities for the Upper North East CAR Reserve System

Priority for voluntary protection of Forest Ecosystems


2 Alpine Gum

73 Lowland Red Gum

143 Swamp Oak

15 Brown Barrell-Gum

74 Lowlands Scribbly Gum

145 Sydney Peppermint-Stringybark

17 Candlebark

79 Manna Gum-Stringybark

149 Mallee-Peppermint mosaic

19 Central Mid Elevation Sydney Blue Gum

80 Manna Gum

154 Wet Flooded Gum-Tallowwood

21 Lowlands Grey Box

81 Messmate

163 Yellow Box-Blakely's Red Gum

22 Coast Cypress Pine

85 Mixed Moist Hardwood

168 Rainforest

24 Clarence Lowlands Spotted Gum

87 Mixed Tableland Stringybark-Gum OpenForest

175 Orange Gum-New England Blackbutt-Tumbledown Gum

25 Coast Range Spotted Gum-Blackbutt

93 Montane Stringybark-Gum

176 Orange Gum-Ironbark

30 Diehard Stringybark-New England Blackbutt

100 Northern Grassy Sydney Blue Gum

177 Outcrop Orange Gum-New England Blackbutt

31 Dorrigo White Gum

112 Paperbark

179 Yellow Box-Broad-leaved Stringybark

36 Dry Grassy Tallowwood-Grey Gum

114 Peppermint-Mountain/Manna Gum

183 Red Gum-Apple

45 Dunns White Gum

116 Red Gum-Stringybark

186 Open Tumbledown Gum-Black Cypress-Orange Gum

47 Escarpment Redgum

119 Richmond Range Spotted Gum-Box

190 Yellow Box-Grey Box-Red Gum

50 Wet Bangalow-Brushbox

120 River Oak

195 Apple-Manna Gum woodland

61 Grey Box-Ironbark

123 Roundleaved Gum

196 Broad-leaved Stringybark-Apple Box

62 Grey Box-Northern Grey Gum

126 Sandstone Spotted Gum-Blackbutt

197 Broad-leaved Stringybark

68 High Elevation Messmate-Brown Barrell

132 Snow Gum -Mountain/Manna Gum

198 Silvertop Stringybark

71 Ironbark

138 Steel Box/Craven Grey Box

200 Broad-leaved Stringybark-Ribbon Gum

72 Low Relief Coastal Blackbutt

142 Swamp Mahogany

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