First National Report Of Pakistan to the Convention on Biological Diversity Ministry of Environment Government of Pakistan Contents

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Appendix G List of Contributors

Ali Tauqeer Sheikh, M/S LEAD Pakistan Islamabad

Basit Khan (LEAD Fellow)

Dr A. A. Qureshi Formerly director Karachi Zoo/ Environmental Journalist

Dr Nazir Bhatti Ex-Director General Fisheries Punjab, Lahore

Dr. Abdul Aleem Chaudhary Punjab Wildlife Department, Lahore

Dr. Abid Aman Burki, M/S LEAD Pakistan Islamabad

Dr. Amin-ul-Haq Khan Government College, Lahore

Dr. Anwar Nasim COMSTECH, Islamabad

Dr. Aslam Malik Assistant Director Livestock, Mianwali

Dr. Faiz-ul-Bari NWFP Forest Department, Peshawar

Dr. Fehmida Firdous, Sindh Wildlife Department,

Dr. Ghulam Ali Awan Lecturer, Government College, Wazirabad/QAU, Islamabad

Dr. H.U. Hasnain Freelance Consultant, Islamabad

Dr. Ikram Mohiuddin IPM Consultants Islamabad

Dr. Iqbal Chaudhary (LEAD Pakistan Fellow) HEJ, Research Institute of Chemistry, Karachi

Dr. Kashif Sheikh Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad

Dr. Mohammad Shoib Saleem Assistant Animal Husbandry Commissioner, Islamabad

Dr. Muhammad Afzal Animal Sciences Institute, (NARC) Islamabad

Dr. Muhammad Anwar Animal Sciences Division, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council

Dr. Muhammad Aslam Malik Livestock and Dairy Development, Islamabad

Dr. Nasim Akhter Animal Sciences Institute, NARC, Islamabad

Dr. Rafiq Bhatti Conservator of Forests, Punjab Forest Department

Dr. Rasheed Anwer Plant Genetic Research, National Agriculture Research Council, Islamabad

Dr. Rubina Rafiq National Herbarium, NARC Islamabad

Dr. S. Azhar Hassan Pakistan Museum of Natural History, Islamabad

Dr. S.M. Saifullah Director, Institute of Marine Science, University of Karachi

Dr. S.M. Saifullah Institute of Marine Science, University of Karachi

Dr. Surraya Khatoon Department of Botany, Karachi University

Dr. Tahira Ahmad, QAU, Islamabad

Dr. Zahoor Ahmad Plant Genetic Resources Institute, NARC, Islamabad

Fauzia Bilquis (LEAD Pakistan Fellow)

Iftikhar Ahmed WWF-Pakistan, Peshawar

Javed Kauser Conservator of Forests, Punjab Forest Department

Kaleem Ullah Shirazi Deputy Secretary MOE, Islamabad

Mahparah Raza, M/S LEAD Pakistan Islamabad

Malik Mohammad Khan Director, Punjab Forestry Research Institute, Gatwala, Faisalabad

Mosharraf Zaidi, M/S LEAD Pakistan Islamabad

Mr. Azhar Qureshi (Lead Fellow) Eco-Conservation Initiatives, Islamabad

Ms. Mehjabeen Abidi-Habib (LEAD Pakistan Fellow) Provincial Co-ordinator, UNDP, Lahore

Naeem Ashraf Raja (LEAD Pakistan Fellow) Central Asia Sustainable Use Specialist Group, Quetta

Nasir Ali Panhwar (LEAD Pakistan Fellow) Community Development Officer, IUCN Karachi

Rana Shabbir Conservator of Forests, Punjab Forest Department

Riaz ul Hassan Chief Conservator of Forests, Punjab Forest Department

Rizwan Irshad Ministry of Environment Islamabad

Saima Zaman, M/S LEAD Pakistan Islamabad

Salman Hasan, M/S LEAD Pakistan Islamabad

Sarah Javed M/S LEAD Pakistan Islamabad

Syed Ali Ghalib Zoological Survey Department, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad

Syed Mahmood Nasir Director Biodiversity, Ministry of Environment, Islamabad

Tahir Rasheed (LEAD Pakistan Fellow) Sustainable use Specialist Group IUCN, Quetta

Umeed Khalid Conservator National Council for conservation of Wildlife (NCCW), Ministry of Environment, Islamabad
List of Organizations consulted in the preparation of National Report:
Agriculture, Livestock and Cooperatives Department, Government of NWFP Peshawar

Animal Sciences Institute, NARC, Islamabad

CABI- Biosciences Rawalpindi

Coastal Development and Fisheries Department, Government of Balochistan, Quetta

Directorate of Agriculture Research Northern Areas

Environment and Alternate Energy Department, Government of Sindh, Karachi

Environment Department, Government of NWFP, Peshawar, Office of the Chief Conservator of forests, NWFP, Peshawar

Environmental Protection Agency, Quetta

Federal Seed Certification and Registration Department, MINFAL Islamabad

Fisheries Department, Government of Pakistan

Food Department, Government of the Punjab, Lahore

Forest and Environment Department, Government of AJK, Muzaffar Abad

Forest and Environment Department, Government of Northern Areas

Forest and Wildlife Department, Government of Balochistan, Quetta

Forest and Wildlife Department, Government of Sindh

Forest Wildlife and Fisheries Department, Government of the Punjab, Lahore

IUCN-Islamabad Program Office

Labour and Manpower Division, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad

Marine Fisheries Department, MINFAL Karachi

National Institute of Health (NIH) Islamabad

National Institute of Oceanography, Karachi

Pakistan Museum of Natural History (PMNH), Islamabad

Pakistan Intellectual Property Organization

Pakistan Forest Institute, Peshawar

SDPI Islamabad

Social Welfare Department, Government of Sindh, Karachi

STREAM, Islamabad

UNEP, Nairobi


1 Source:

2 according to the latest reports the population is 160 million

3 Forest Working Plans are legally binding management plans that are prepared by provincial forestry departments; these are normally for ten to twenty years. The plans concentrate on the sustainable yield of timber and not on sustainable forestry. (See also Chapter 4 for details)

4 Case Study prepared by Tahir Rashid Fellow LEAD-Pakistan

5 Pakistan Museum of Natural History, 1997, Biodiversity of Pakistan, Pakistan Museum of Natural History, Islamabad

6 Nasir, E. and Ali, S.I., 1969-1989, Flora of Pakistan, Nos. 1-190, Department of Botany, University of Karachi and PARC, Islamabad, Shinwari et al. 2006

7 Shinwari, Z.K.; Watanabe, T.; Rehman, M. & Yoshikawa, T. 2006, A Pictorial guide to Medicinal Plants of Pakistan. Publisher: Kohat University of Science & Technology, Kohat, NWFP, Pakistan. Pp. 492

8 Nasir, Syed Mahmood, 1996, Making Forestry Practices Sustainable, The NEWS, Islamabad, October 26

9 Agarwala, V.P., 1988, Forests in India. Calcutta: Oxford Publishing

10 Please also see section 2.1.7 ‘Thorn Forest’ in Chapter 2 for the descriptive part.

11 Nomadic tribe that keeps mainly hairy goats and descends to the low hills in winter for grazing

12 Case Study Prepared by Fauzia Bilqis Malik Fellow LEAD- Pakistan

13 Crocodile Specialist Group (1996). Crocodylus palustris. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006

14 Javed H. I., Rehman H. and S. Fakhri 2005. On the status of Marsh Crocodile in Pakistan, Records, Zoological Survey of Pakistan, Vol. XVI pp 40-45

15 Groombridge, B. (1982). I.U.C.N. Amphibia-Reptilia Red Data Book. Part 1. Testudines, Crocodylia, Rhynchocephalia. I.U.C.N. Publ., Gland, Switzerland

16 Source: Third National Report- Pakistan

17 Case Study by Ghulam Ali Awan, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad

18 Sheikh, K.M. & Molur, S. 2005. (Eds.) “Status and Red List of Pakistan’s Mammals” Based on Pakistan’s Conservation Assessment and Management Plan for Mammals. 344 pp. IUCN, Pakistan

19 Case study by Tahir Rasheed Fellow LEAD Pakistan

20 Case Study Prepared by Naeem Ashraf Raja Fellow LEAD- Pakistan

21 ‘Some studies on the Biology of captive Cheer Pheasant in Pakistan’ M.Phil Thesis by Rizwan Irshad

22 Souhail et al March 2007, International conference on Biodiversity as Renewable resource of Pakistan, University of Arid Agriculture.

23 Mohyuddin, A.I., 1981, A Review of Biological Control of Insect and Weed Pests in Pakistan, Proceedings of the 2nd Pakistan Congress on Zoology, Tandojam, 26-27 December 31-79.

Mohyuddin, A.I., 1989, Report on the Consultancy Visits to Malakand Division for Survey of Fruit and vegetable Pests and Diseases, Malakand Fruit and Vegetable Development Project, Saidu Sharif, Swat.

24 Fish that ascends rivers from the sea to spawn-The New Shorter Oxford Dictionary

25 Fine gauge nets that catch small fish

26 Case Study prepared by Dr. Fehmida Firdaus Sindh Wildlife Department Karachi


28 Hawkes (1983) has described eight centers of biodiversity of cultivated plants. These centers are in China, Indo-Malaya, Central Asia, the Near East, the Mediterranean, Abyssinia, and South America. These are the centers where maximum plant variability exists or most of the plants have originated in these centers. This diversity of germplasm provides a sustainable basis for food supply and security, which in the future will become extremely important. The future sustainability of the human race also depends upon these resources.

29 Ahmad, Zahoor, 1998, The Diversity of (Minor) Fruit Crops and Wild Relatives in the Mountain Areas of Pakistan, in T. Partap, and B. S. Thapit (eds.) Managing Agro-biodiversity, ICIMOD, Kathmandu, pp.235-240

30 The authors made a literature review of the District Gazetteers of Mianwali, Dera Ghazi Khan, Bahawalpur and the Shahpur districts of the last century (British era) specifically for this section of the book.

31 W.A. Pirzada, 1998, The Diversity of Mountain Farm Animals Resources and Conservation Concerns in Pakistan, in T. Partab and B. Athapit (eds.) Managing Agro-biodiversity, ICIMOD, Nepal, pp.208-296

32 Personal communication with Dr. Hasan Aziz Javed, Director Livestock, Livestock Department, Government of the Punjab, Lahore, 1999 for the preparation of the First National Report.


34 Personal interview by the authors (Dr. Aslam Malik and Syed Mahmood Nasir) 1999. Livestock scientists contacted were: Dr. Saeed Ahmed, Deputy Director, Veterinary Research Institute, Lahore, Dr. Hasan Aziz, Director Livestock, Lahore, Dr. Sajjad Zaheer Malik Director Planning and Evaluation, Livestock Department, Lahore, Dr. Muhammad Fayyaz and Dr. Ajmal Alvi of the Government Livestock Farm Ghulaman district Bhakkar.

35 Based on case study conducted for the preparation of the First National Report 1999.

36 NIBGE, Voluntary Code of Conduct for the Release of Organisms into the Environment, Faisalabad

37 Nasim, A., 1997, Plant Biotechnology in Pakistan, Country Report presented at Asia-Pacific Workshop on Biosafety Environmental Impact Analysis of Transgenic Plants, held at M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation.

Nasim, A., 50 Years of Biotechnology in Pakistan, Paper presented at 22nd International Nathiagali Summer College on Physics and Contemporary Needs, Nathiagali

38 SUNGI is a NGO with headquarters in Islamabad, and concentrates on the equitable distribution of benefits from natural resources. It is an advocacy NGO. Its main area of operation is the forests of Abbottabad civil division, NWFP. It has also played an active role in ensuring that the local people receive fair compensation for their lands acquired for the construction of the Ghazi Barotha Hydropower Project.

39 Personal interview by Nasir Ali Panhwar Fellow LEAD-Pakistan, conducted for the preparation of this report.

40 Case Study by Mehjabeen Habib Fellow LEAD Pakistan

41 During interviews conducted during 1998 by Syed Mahmood Nasir, for the preparation of Pakistan’s First National Report, with the Deputy Director Fisheries, Chashma, it was learnt that this species also occurs upstream of the Chashma Barrage. This also highlighted that organizations like the Directorate of Fisheries, WAPDA should be on the panels that deal with biodiversity as they have rich first hand information.

42 Case study by Syed Mahmood Nasir

43 Research conducted Syed Mahmood Nasir, 1999 for the First National Report.

44 Case study prepared by Shabbir Ahmed, Conservator of Forests, Punjab Forest Department and Syed Mahmood Nasir

45 The timber mafia is a term used in Pakistan for influential persons who illegally log and market timber. Due to their power and influence they cannot be apprehended.

46 Case study by Javeed Kausar ex Conservator of Forests, Punjab Forest Department

47 Case Study by Naeem Ashraf Raja Fellow LEAD Pakistan

48 Personal observations by the author/s.

49 Sprouting of plants from stumps after the tree is cut; this is used as a tool for regeneration of tree crops.

50 Plants produce certain chemicals that inhibit others from growing near them.

51 Prepared by Dr. Nazir Bhatti, Director General, Fisheries, Government of Punjab

52 Adapted from the article in The Dawn by Baghwan Das

53 Source: Dr. Nazir Bhatti, former Director General, Fisheries, Government of Punjab

54 An animal product is anything originating or made, in whole or in part from any animal or from carcasses and any other substance of animal origin, which is specified by the federal government by notification in the official Gazette.

55 Source:Dr. Aleem Chaudhry, ex chief conservator of forests see details of IUCN categories at

56 Source: Dr. Iqbal Chaudhry, Professor, HEJ institute of Chemistry

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