Focusing on the Landscape Biodiversity in Australia’s National Reserve System Part B: Vascular Flora a report for Caring for Country



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17

198

8.59

NE

2800

VU

Terminalia petiolaris

9

91



9.89

NW

5400



NL

No Combretaceae species had records in more than 100 separate reserves. 

A total of 12 species had records in five or fewer PAs and 12 species had records in 

five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 hectares, (



470

Table 264). One is listed as vulnerable. The majority of species in this list had fewer 

than 100 individual record sites and no species had more than 450 record sites.



Table 264 Combretaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs.

Species


No. 

Records


No. PAs

No. PAs 


>1000ha

EPBC 


status

Combretum trifoliatum

34

0



0

NL

Terminalia prostrata

54

1

1



NL

Terminalia cunninghamii

40

2



2

NL

Terminalia complanata

38

3

2



NL

Terminalia supranitifolia

48

4



4

NL

Terminalia sp. black point

55

4

4



NL

Terminalia petiolaris

91

4



4

NL

Macropteranthes leiocaulis

102

4

4



NL

Macropteranthes leichhardtii

108


4

4

NL



Terminalia fitzgeraldii

133


4

4

NL



Macropteranthes montana

198

5

4

VU

Macropteranthes kekwickii

440


5

5

NL



471

Colchicaceae

The ANHAT database has 12426 records for 35 species and subspecies of 

Colchicaceae. No species of Colchicaceae are considered extinct.

One species alone accounts for approximately 50% of the total species records in 

ANHAT (

Table 265).  This species has over 6000 records.

Table 265 Colchicaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total 

species records in ANHAT.

Species

No. Records



% total records

Burchardia umbellata

6172


49.67

Ten species had 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT database (



Table 266). Of those species, two species are classified as endangered. There are too 

few species and too little information available to confidently assess any patterns in 

the species in this category. However, all seven species with location information 

come from Western Australia. Exclusion of these poorly recorded species eliminates 

177 records.

Table 266  Colchicaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the 

ANHAT database.

Species

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS Location

Veg type


Area 

km

2



EPBC 

status


Wurmbea sp.

nilpinna

2

0.00



100

NL

Wurmbea 



calcicola

3

66.67

SW

200

EN

Wurmbea sp.

cranbrook

4

0.00



200

NL

Wurmbea saccata

18 100.00

W

500



NL

Baeometra uniflora

21

4.76



SW

1100


NL

Wurmbea tubulosa

22

0.00

W

1200

EN

Wurmbea odorata

26

46.15



W

1900


NL

Wurmbea stellata

26

11.54



1700

NL

Wurmbea cernua

27

51.85


SW

2600


NL

472

Wurmbea pygmaea

28

14.29



SW

2100


NL

Removal of the poorly recorded species leaves 12249 records in ANHAT for 25 

species (and subspecies). The mean number of records per species for species with 

greater than 30 records was 490, with a mean of 28% of their records in PAs.

Three species of Colchicaceae had 45% or greater of individual site records located 

within PAs (Table 267). Of those three species, no species is classified as threatened. 



Table 267 Colchicaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs.

Species


No. Records 

in NRS


No. 

Records


% in 

NRS


Location

Veg 


type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Wurmbea decumbens

21

46



45.65

2300


NL

Wurmbea inframediana

21

46



45.65

W

3700



NL

Wurmbea biglandulosa 

flindersica

19

38



50.00

1500


NL

Two species had less than 10% of ANHAT records located within PAs (Table 268). 

Neither species is classified as threatened and both species have records in a PA.

Table 268 Colchicaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs.

Species


No. Records 

in NRS


No. 

Records


% in 

NRS Location

Veg 

type


Area 

km

2



EPBC 

status


Wurmbea drummondii

4

63



6.35

SW

3700



NL

Wurmbea murchisoniana

4

46



8.70

SW,W


1900

NL

A total of two Colchicaceae species had records in more than 100 separate reserves 



(Table 269). Both species in this list had over 3000 record sites. Neither species is 

classified as threatened.  



Table 269 Colchicaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs.

Species


No. Records

No. PAs


No. PAs 

>1000ha


EPBC 

status


Burchardia umbellata

6172


388

154 NL


Wurmbea dioica

3386


359

163 NL


A total of seven species had records in five or fewer PAs and eight species had 

records in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 hectares (Table 270). No species are 



473

listed as threatened. All species in this list had fewer than 100 individual site records 

and no species had more than 70 site records.  All have a record in at least one PA.

Table 270 Colchicaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs.

Species


No. 

Records


No. 

reserves


No. 

Reserves 

>1000ha

EPBC 


status

Burchardia rosea

34

1



1

NL

Wurmbea biglandulosa 



flindersica

38

3



3

NL

Wurmbea latifolia

43

3

3



NL

Wurmbea murchisoniana

46

3



3

NL

Burchardia bairdiae

54

4

2



NL

Wurmbea drummondii

63

4



0

NL

Wurmbea dilatata

35

5

5



NL

474

Centrolepidaceae

The ANHAT database has 8351 records for 32 species and subspecies of 

Centrolepidaceae.  No species of Centrolepidaceae are considered extinct.

Three species account for approximately 50% of the total species records in ANHAT 

(

Table 271).  These species have over 800 records each and Centrolepis strigosa over 

2000 records.



Table 271 Centrolepidaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total 

species records in ANHAT.

Species

No. Records



% total records

Centrolepis polygyna

853


10.21

Centrolepis aristata

1565


18.74

Centrolepis strigosa

2137


25.58

Total


4555

54.53


Thirteen species had 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT database 

(Table 272). This is approximately 40% of all species with records in the database.  

Of those species, two species are classified as threatened (including one species 

classified as endangered). There are too few species and too little information 

available to determine any patterns in the species in this category.  Exclusion of these 

poorly recorded species eliminates 237 records.



Table 272 Centrolepidaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the 

ANHAT database.

Species

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS Location

Veg 


type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Gaimardia setacea

7 100.00


700

NL

Centrolepis strigosa 



rupestris

9

44.44



800

NL

Aphelia nutans

10

30.00


1000

NL

Centrolepis strigosa 



pulvinata

12 100.00

500

NL

Centrolepis 



alepyroides

14

28.57



1400

NL

Gaimardia 



amblyphylla

15 100.00

1200

NL

Centrolepis 



inconspicua

16

25.00



1200

NL

Centrolepis 



pedderensis

16 100.00

TAS

700

VU

475

Centrolepis curta

25

48.00



1200

NL

Centrolepis muscoides

26

92.31


TAS

1400


NL

Centrolepis mutica

27

18.52



SW

2400


NL

Centrolepis caespitosa

30

20.00

1500

EN

Gaimardia fitzgeraldii

30 100.00

TAS

2800


NL

Removal of extinct and poorly recorded species leaves 8114 records in ANHAT for 

19 species (and subspecies).  The mean number of records per species for species with 

greater than 30 records was 427, with a mean of 40% of records in the NRS.

Three species of Centrolepidaceae had 45% or greater of individual site records 

located within PAs (Table_273'>Table 273).  None are classified as threatened.  One has over 

90% of its record sites located within the NRS.

Table 273 Centrolepidaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs.

Species


No. 

Records 


in NRS

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS Location

Veg 


type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Centrolepis 

cephaloformis

141


256

55.08


17100

NL

Centrolepis 



cephaloformis murrayi

28

38



73.68

2300


NL

Centrolepis monogyna

91

99



91.92

TAS


9900

NL

No species had less than 10% of ANHAT records located within PAs.



A total of three Centrolepidaceae species had records in more than 100 separate PAs 

(Table 274). Two species in this list had over 1000 records, with an average of 1518 

records per species. None of these species are classified as threatened

Table 274 Centrolepidaceae species recorded at more than 100 reserves.

Species


No. Records

No. PAs


No. PAs 

>1000ha


EPBC 

status


Centrolepis aristata

1565


226

114 NL


Centrolepis polygyna

853


162

98 NL


Centrolepis strigosa

2137


307

160 NL


One species had records in five or fewer PAs and two species had records in five or 

fewer PAs greater than 1000 hectares (Table 275). This species is not listed as 

threatened.  Both species have records within a PA.


476

Table 275 Centrolepidaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs.

Species


No. 

Records


No. PAs

No. PAs 


>1000ha

EPBC 


status

Centrolepis cephaloformis 

murrayi

38

3



2

NL


477

Cycadaceae

The ANHAT database has 3822 records for 31 species and subspecies of Cycadaceae. 

No species of Cycadaceae are considered extinct.

Five species account for approximately 50% of the total species records in ANHAT 

(Table 276). These species each had over 250 records.

Table 276 Cycadaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total 

species records in ANHAT.

Species

No. Records



% total records

Cycas angulata

272


7.12

Cycas media

326


8.53

Cycas arnhemica

361


9.45

Cycas megacarpa

401


10.49

Cycas armstrongii

669


17.50

Total


2029

53.09


Eleven species, around one-third, had 30 or fewer individual site records in the 

ANHAT database (Table 277). None of these species are classified as threatened. 

There are too few species and too little information available to determine any 

patterns in the different categories of reservation for species of this family. Exclusion 

of these poorly recorded species eliminates 195 records.

Table 277 Cycadaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the 

ANHAT database.

Species

No. Records



% in NRS Location

Veg type


Area 

km

2



EPBC 

status


Cycas cupida

6

0.00



100

NL

Cycas desolata

6

0.00


100

NL

Cycas badensis

8

0.00


400

NL

Cycas semota

13

0.00


200

NL

Cycas tuckeri

16

0.00


300

NL

Cycas candida

18

55.56


600

NL

Cycas couttsiana

21

0.00


EI

500


NL

Cycas xipholepis

24

0.00



900

NL

Cycas brunnea

25

92.00


CN,EI

400


NL

Cycas arenicola

28

0.00



CN

500


NL

Cycas lane-poolei

30

6.67



NW

1000


NL

478

Removal of poorly recorded species retains 3627 records in ANHAT for 20 species 

(and subspecies). The mean number of records per species for species with greater 

than 30 records was 181, with a mean of 17% of records in PAs.

One species of Cycadaceae had 45% or greater of individual site records located 

within PAs (Table 278). This species is not classified as threatened.



Table 278 Cycadaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs.

Species


No. Records 

in NRS


No. 

Records


% in 

NRS


Location

Veg 


type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Cycas furfuracea

20

41



48.7

8

NW



1200

NL

Nine species, nearly 50% of the remaining species, had less than 10% of ANHAT 



records located within PAs (Table 279). Four of the nine species are classified as 

threatened, including one endangered species.  The species in this category tend to be 

located in north-east Australia.  Three species have no record sites located in a PA.

Table 279 Cycadaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs.

Species


No. 

Records in 

NRS

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS Location

Veg 


type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Cycas media 

ensata

0

32



0.00

700


NL

Cycas silvestris

0

44

0.00

NE

500

VU

Cycas cairnsiana

0

80

0.00

NE,E,EI

2500

VU

Cycas 

maconochiei

5

208



2.40

NW,CN


5600

NL

Cycas yorkiana

2

36

5.56



NE

1000


NL

Cycas platyphylla

11

190

5.79

NE,E

2100

VU

Cycas basaltica

5

80



6.25

NE,NW


3400

NL

Cycas ophiolitica



15

211

7.11

3500

EN

Cycas arnhemica

28

361



7.76

CN

6800



NL

No Cycadaceae species had records in more than 100 separate reserves.

A total of 15 species had records in five or fewer PAs (75% of species with more than 

30 records) and 12 species had records in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 

hectares, (


479

Table 280). Four species are threatened, including one species classified as 

endangered.



Table 280 Cycadaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs.

Species


No. 

Records


No. 

reserves


No. 

Reserves 

>1000ha

EPBC 


status

Cycas media ensata

32

0



0

NL

Cycas silvestris



44

0

0

VU

Cycas cairnsiana

80

0

0

VU

Cycas yorkiana

36

1



1

NL

Cycas furfuracea

41

1

1



NL

Cycas arnhemica

361


1

1

NL



Cycas canalis

49

2



2

NL

Cycas conferta

58

2

2



NL

Cycas maconochiei

208


2

2

NL



Cycas basaltica

80

3



3

NL

Cycas pruinosa

105

4

4



NL

Cycas platyphylla

190

4

3

VU

Cycas angulata

272


4

4

NL



Cycas ophiolitica

211

5

3

EN

Cycas calcicola

224


5

4

NL



480

Cunoniaceae

The ANHAT database has 6907 records for 31 species and subspecies of 

Cunoniaceae.  Five species account for approximately 50% of the total species 

records in ANHAT (



Table 281). These species have over 300 records each and, in the case of the Bauera 

rubioides, over 1660 records.

Table 281 Cunoniaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total 

species records in ANHAT.

Species

No. Records



% total records

Aphanopetalum resinosum

338


4.89

Callicoma serratifolia

443


6.41

Caldcluvia paniculosa

544


7.88

Schizomeria ovata

625


9.05

Bauera rubioides

1668


24.15

Total


3618

52.38


Four species had 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT database (Table

282). Of those species, none are classified as threatened. The few species in this 

family and the lack of detailed information available for them does not allow a 

reasonable assessment of patterns in the distribution or vegetation associations of 

species in each category.  Exclusion of these poorly recorded species eliminates 48 

records.



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