Foraging Florida Nature Coast (Non-Exhaustive)

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Foraging - Florida Nature Coast (Non-Exhaustive)

Consult a local wild foraging expert before consuming or using any plant material with which you are unfamiliar!!

  1. Acer spp. - Maple - Sap, tender and sweet young leaves, seeds, cambium bark, all raw or cooked.

  1. Albizia julibrissin – (Mimosa) Young shoots are edible when cooked.

  1. Allium vineale – (Field Garlic) Edible bulbs and leaves, raw or cooked

  1. Alternathera philoxeroides - Alligator Weed - A great source of minerals; best prepared raw.

  1. Ambrosia trifida - Giant Ragweed - Seeds are good for you, as they are full of essential oils.

  1. Ampelopsis arborea - Peppervine (Tripinnate) - The berries are ripe when they are black.

  1. Aralia spinosa – Devil’s Walking Stick – Young, new growth is edible when cooked. The greens contain a lot of vitamins.

  1. Arisaema dracontium, atrorubens Green Dragoon, Jack-in-the-Pulpit - Thrice boiled to remove calcium oxalate crystals. Not for beginners.

  1. Arundinaria gigantea - Switchcane - Nutritious new shoots are edible cooked/separate directly from rhizome

  1. Bidens alba, spp. - Spanish Needles - Has as an edible flower. It has a tangy flavor. Bidens’ young leaves — a few at a time — are suitable for the salad. Shoots, tips and young leaves are good potherb

  1. Brassica juncea – Wild Mustard – tastes lake wild radish, to which it is closely related.

  1. Callicarpa americana - Beauty Berry - Eat berries, leaves use for tea

  1. Carex spp. – Sedges – Can eat the whitish leaf base, raw.

  1. Celtis laevigata – Hackberry – pulp, stone, and inner kernel are all edible. Eat raw, cooked, ground into a pulp, spice, milk, etc.

  1. Cercis Canadensis – eastern Redbud – Flowers and young seed pods are edible, raw or cooked.

  1. Chamaecrista fasciculata – Partridge Pea – The root contains stimulant alkaloids – useful as a substitute for caffeine. Moistened, bruised leaves serve as an astringent. Water-soaked seed pods are mucilaginous, and are therefore useful in treating sore throats.

  1. Chenopodium album - Lamb's quarters – Young growth raw, and older growth cooked.

  2. Colocasia esculenta - Coco Yam - Edible only after cooking due to calcium oxalate/corms, stalks and leaves. Not a plant for beginners.

  1. Conyza Canadensis – Canadian Horseweed - young leaves and seedlings edible when boiled. Leaves will deter fleas from wherever the foliage is placed. Leaves for seasoning.

  1. Dactyloctenium aegyptium – Crow’s Foot Grass – Fruit (Seeds) are edible directly off of the stalk. They will “shake-out” when ripe.

  1. Dichondra caroliniensis – Carolina Ponysfoot – use the bland greens to downplay the often-bitter tastes of other raw wild plant greens.

  1. Diospyros virginiana - Persimmon - The berries!

  1. Duchesnea indica – Indian Strawberry – Fruit & Plant Edible, raw or cooked.

  1. Eleagnus pungens - Silverthorn - Berries and respective seeds.

  1. Eupatorium capillifolium – Dog Fennell – Crushed foliage contains anti-insect alkaloids, warding-off mosquitos and the like.

  1. Galium aparine - Stickywilly - The young plants can be cooked and eaten like spinach. The older ones are a bit fibrous.

  1. Geranium carolinianum – Carolina Cranesbill – Leaves are edible raw, but strong and astringent – better suited as a tea for inflammation, febrifuge, etc...

  1. Hydrocotyle umbellata - Marsh Pennywort - leaves can be eaten raw

  1. Hypochoeris radicata – Cats ear - whole plant edible when boiled, young leaves used in salads

  1. Hyptis mutabilis – Tropical Bushmint – aromatic leaves used for flavoring food, tea, etc. Alkaloids in the leaves are a sedative, used for relaxation. It is also known as a febrifuge, stomach relaxer, and can induce sweating as a detoxifier.

  1. Ilex vomitoria - Yaupon Holly – Tea

  1. Lactuca spp. - Wild Lettuce - leaves eaten raw or cooked

  1. Lamium amplexicaule – Deadnettle – Being in the mint family, this African native is edible raw or cooked.

  1. Lepidium virginicum - Peppergrass - The young leaves can be added to salads or soups — they are peppery. The leaves contain protein, vitamin A and are rich in Vitamin C. - Completely non-toxic.

  1. Lonicera japonica - Japanese Honeysuckle - Parboil leaves/eat flowers raw

  1. Malus angustifolia – Crabapple -

  1. Mitchella repens - Partridgeberry - Berries Raw/Leaves leached for tea.

  1. Micromeria officinale – Micromeria – leaves edible.

  1. Morus rubra and spp. - Mulberry - Berries edible. Budding growth and young leaves edible raw or cooked, preferably cooked. Unripe fruit are mildly hallucinogenic.

  1. Myrica cerifera - Wax Myrtle - Allow leaves to dry - then crumble into food.

  1. Nandina domestic - Nandina - Young leaves boiled in two changes of water.

  1. Nephrolepis cordifolia – Sword Fern – Sweet, edible tubers, preferably cooked

  1. Osmunda cinnamomea – Cinnamon Fern – Fiddleheads edible when cooked due to carcinogens

  1. Oxalis spp. - Wood Sorrel - Like spinach it contains oxalic acid/ Leaves and Flowers Raw/Vitamin A and C/ Use as a salad constituent due to strong taste. Fever reducer, appetite increaser, topically astringent for cuts/lesions.

  1. Phyla nodiflora – Fog Fruit – A handful of leaves puree with 2 tablespoons of water that is added topically can help neutralize gangrene.

  1. Phyllanthus urinaria – Chamber Bitter – A natural detoxifier. The plant is used for liver problems. It can also help to dissolve gall and kidney stones, and mitigate urinary tract infections.

  1. Portulaca amilis - Paraguayan Purslane - delicious and healthy, raw or cooked.

  1. Phytolacca americana - Pokeweed - New growth <8", or before the stems begin to turn pink. Pokeweed is edible (cooked) and medicinal. The young shoots are boiled in two changes of water and taste similar to collard greens.

  1. Pinus spp. - Pine - The seeds of all species are edible. You can collect the young male cones, which grow only in the spring, as a survival food. Boil or bake the young cones. The bark of young twigs is edible. Peel off the bark of thin twigs. You can chew the juicy inner bark; it is rich in sugar and vitamins. Eat the seeds raw or cooked. Green pine needle tea is high in vitamin C.

  2. Plantago major spp. - Plantain - Young leaves and flower stalks raw. Externally, it works well on cuts, abrasions, and insect bites/stings.

  1. Pontederia cordata - Pickerelweed - Entire plant is edible raw or cooked - wonderful salad plant/Starch-Rich seeds can be eaten right off of the stalk for instant energy.

  1. Portulaca amilis - Paraguayan Purslane - delicious and healthy, raw or cooked. Portulaca olecacea - Purslane - Purslane leaves and stems make great additions to salads. You can also sauté them or add them to soups, stews, or other vegetable dishes.

  1. Pteridium aquiline – Bracken Fern – Collect the young growth in spring when under 10 inches, and cook in boiling and salted water for ten minutes.

  1. Pueraria montana - Kudzu – Except for the seeds, the whole plant is edible and nutritious. They can be used in salads or cooked. Old leaves can be fried like potato chips to make a crispy and tasty snack.

  1. Prunus serotina - Black Cherry - The fruit of the Black Cherry has 17 antioxidants. Do not eat the seed.

  1. Raphanus raphanistrum – Wild Radish – The entire plant is edible, raw or cooked – it tastes just like cultivated radish!

  1. Rhus copallina - Winged Sumac - Ripe berries soaked in warm water, filtered then sweetened into an aide. Sometimes the ade will be clear, other times light pink. Peeled shoots, eaten raw or cooked.

  1. Rubus spp. – Blackberry species – The fruit

  1. Rumex crispa and spp. - Curly dock/Sheep Sorrel – Whole plant is edible, raw or cooked.

  1. Sabal palmetto - Cabbage Palm - Fruit, seeds, and meristem heart edible.

  1. Sambucus canadensis - Elderberry - Flowers and Fruit are edible, raw or cooked. Only eat fully-ripened berries.

  1. Salvia lyrata - Lyre Leaf Sage - Medicinal herb for use as a salve or mouth gargle.

  1. Sassafras albidum - Sassafras - Dried leaves for gumbo, fresh leaves for tea, shoots and boiled roots for tea, steep bark in hot water for a diuretic tea, or use twigs for a trailside toothbrush.

  1. Serenoa repens - Saw Palmetto - Berries, seeds, and hearts are edible raw or cooked.

  1. Sida rhombifolia – Wireweed – Leaves are edible, but should not be consumed by individuals sensitive to pseudo-ephedrine, as the plant contains high amounts of it!

  1. Capsella bursa-pastoris - Shepard’s Purse – Grind root as a substitute for horseradish. Young leaves edible raw or cooked. Dried seeds are used for seasoning. Rich in iron, calcium, and Vitamin C.

  1. Smallanthus uvedalia – Bearsfoot – Tonics made from the root and leaves are used to mitigate pattern baldness.

  1. Smilax spp. - Greenbrier - Young new shoots are edible raw, young tubers can be eaten raw or cooked, older tubers used for starch extraction or root beer.

  1. Solidago odora - Goldenrod - Edible Uses: Young leaves and flowering stems for tea.

  1. Sonchus oleraceus - Sow Thistle – Edible raw or cooked, but is slightly bitter raw.

  1. Stachys floridana - Florida Betany - Entire plant including tubers is edible.

  1. Stellaria media – Chickweed – leaves and stems are edible raw.

  1. Symplocos tinctoria – Horse Sugar – Edible raw.

  1. Taraxacum officinale - Dandelion - Bitter young greens in salads, slightly older leaves as a potherb, roots boiled or roasted.

  1. Tillandsia usneoides - Spanish Moss – Used for tea, or to eat young green tips.

  2. Tradescantia virginiana - Spiderwort - Leaves and flowers, raw or cooked.

  1. Trifolium campestre/repens - Field Clover/White Clover – The flowers and leaves. White Dutch Clover leaves are edible raw or cooked and can be used in salads, soups, casseroles, or herbal tea. 

  1. Ulmus spp. - Elm - Green samaras wings and seed, raw or cooked. Young or small leaves raw or cooked, inner bark cooked.

  1. Vaccinium spp. – Blueberry Species – berries edible.

  1. Veronica persica – Speedwell – Leaves raw or cooked.

  1. Viola spp. - Violet - Violets leaves can be used raw in salads or cooked like spinach.

  1. Vitis spp. - Grape - Young new growth is edible, as is the obvious fruit.

  1. Wisteria spp. – Wisteria species – flowers edible, raw or cooked.

  1. Youngia japonica - Hawk's beard - young leaves raw or cooked.

  1. Yucca filamentosa – Beargrass – The flowers, young flower stalks (peeled), and immature fruit are edible raw or cooked, but are much better when cooked due to the saponins in the plant. Soap can be made from the saponins in the roots & leaves.

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