Gidroturbin turlari



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Betlik Javohir aka, Betlik Javohir aka, 6-mavzu, tarjima, tarjima, ozbekiston osimliklar qoplami (1), don va don mahsulotlarini saqlash texnologiyasi, 3- semestr amaliy mashg\'ulot

Gidroturbin turlari

Gidroturbinalar shaklga qarab har xil. Bundan tashqari ularning o'lchamlari ham sezilarli darajada farq qiladi. Lekin ularning vazifasi bir xil ya’ni suvning mexanik energiyasidan elektr energiya olishdir.

Ularning Frensis, Eksenel, Kaplan, Pelton, Turgo nomli turlari mavjud.

Frensis turbinasi eng keng tarqalgan turi bo'lib, ular sathi 2 m dan 200 m gacha bo'lishi mumkin bo'lgan joylarda qo'llaniladi, ular radial oqim turbinalari, ya'ni suv oqimi ichkariga qarab markazga yo'naltiriladi va 95% gacha samaradorlikka erishishi mumkin.

Yuqoridagilarning barchasi, past bosimlarda (suv sathi besh metrdan past) deyarli ishlamaydi yoki samaradorligi juda past bo’ladi.

Meni ilmiy ishimning maqsadi ham shunda suv sathi past bo’lgan holatda ham yuqori samaradorlikka erishish.

Samaradorlik suvdan olingan energiyaning qancha qismini elektr energiyaga aylantirib berishidir. Demak, qurilmani samaradorligi bilan birgalikda suvdan olayotgan energiyaga ham e’tibor berish kerak.


Types of hydroturbines

Hydroturbines are different depending on the shape. They also vary significantly in size. But their function is the same, to get electricity from the mechanical energy of water.

They have varieties called Francis, Axial, Kaplan, Pelton, Turgo.

Francis turbines are the most common type and are used where the water level can range from 2 m to 200 m.

All of the above, almost do not work at low pressures (water level below five meters) or are very inefficient.

The goal of my research is to achieve high efficiency even when the water level is low.



Efficiency is how much of the energy from water is converted into electricity. This means that in addition to the efficiency of the device, it is necessary to pay attention to the energy it receives from water.
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