Granite featherflower (verticordia staminosa subsp. Cylindracea var. Cylindracea)

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Julie Patten


, Kim Kershaw


, & Bethea Loudon




Project Officer, WA Threatened Species and Communities Unit, CALM, PO Box 51 Wanneroo, 6946. 


Flora Conservation Officer, CALM’s Narrogin District, PO Box 100, Merredin, 6312. 


 Flora Conservation Officer, CALM’s Katanning District, PO Box 811, Katanning, 6317.



Photo A. Brown 

May 2004 


Department of Conservation and Land Management 

Western Australian Threatened Species and Communities Unit (WATSCU) 

PO Box 51, Wanneroo, WA 6946 







Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea 




Interim Recovery Plans (IRPs) are developed within the framework laid down in Department of Conservation 

and Land Management (CALM) Policy Statements Nos. 44 and 50. 


IRPs outline the recovery actions that are required to urgently address those threatening processes most 

affecting the ongoing survival of threatened taxa or ecological communities, and begin the recovery process. 


CALM is committed to ensuring that Vulnerable taxa are conserved through the preparation and implementation 

of Recovery Plans or Interim Recovery Plans and by ensuring that conservation action commences as soon as 

possible and always within one year of endorsement of that rank by the Minister. 


This Interim Recovery Plan will operate from May 2004 to April 2009 but will remain in force until withdrawn 

or replaced. It is intended that, if the taxon is still ranked Critically Endangered, this IRP will be reviewed after 

five years and the need for a full Recovery Plan assessed. 


This IRP was given regional approval on 25 March, 2004 and was approved by the Director of Nature 

Conservation on 15 June, 2004. The allocation of staff time and provision of funds identified in this Interim 

Recovery Plan is dependent on budgetary and other constraints affecting CALM, as well as the need to address 

other priorities. 


Information in this IRP was accurate at May 2004. 






The following people have provided assistance and advice in the preparation of this Interim Recovery Plan: 


Anne Cochrane 

Manager, CALM's Threatened Flora Seed Centre 

Andrew Crawford  

Senior Technical Officer CALM's Threatened Flora Seed Centre 

Dr Colin Yates  

Research Scientist, CALM’s Science Division  

Amanda Shade 

Horticulturalist, Botanic Garden and Parks Authority 

Greg Durell 

District Operations Officer, CALM's Narrogin District 


Thanks also to the staff of the W.A. Herbarium for providing access to Herbarium databases and specimen 

information, and CALM's Wildlife Branch for assistance. 


Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea 




Scientific Name: 

Verticordia staminosa subsp. 

cylindracea var. cylindracea 

Common Name: 

Granite Featherflower 



Flowering Period: 


Dept Region: 


Dept District: 

Katanning and Narrogin 


Kulin and Lake Grace 

Recovery Teams: 

Narrogin District Threatened Flora 

Recovery Team (NDTFRT) and 

Katanning District Threatened Flora 

Recovery Team (NDTFCRT) 


Illustrations and/or further information:  A. Brown, C. Thomson-Dans and N. Marchant (Eds) (1998) Western 

Australia’s Threatened Flora; A.S. George (1991) Verticordia (Myrtaceae: Chamelaucieae)  Nuytsia, 7(3), 231-394; 

George, E.A. (2002) Verticordia, The Turner of Hearts. University of Western Australia Press, Western Australia. 


Current status:  Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea was declared as Rare Flora on 12 March 1982 

and currently meets World Conservation Union (IUCN, 1994) Red List Category ‘VU’ under criteria C2a due to their being 

less than 10,000 mature plants, a continuing decline in the number of mature individuals and no subpopulation containing 

more than 1000 mature individuals.  The species now meets World Conservation Union (IUCN, 2000) Red List Category 

‘VU’ under criteria C2a(i). The species is also listed as Endangered under the Commonwealth Environment Protection and 

Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act). The main threats are grazing by rabbits, drought, weeds, limited habitat, 

recreation, water pipeline maintenance and insecurity of tenure. 


Habitat requirements: Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea is currently known from eight localities 

between Pingaring and east of Newdegate. It grows in seasonally wet shallow soil pockets in crevices and on edges of 

exposed granite outcrops. 


Critical habitat:  The critical habitat for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea comprises the area of 

occupancy of the known populations; similar habitat within 200 metres of known populations; and additional nearby 

occurrences of similar habitat i.e. shallow soil pockets on granite that do not currently contain the taxon but may have done 

so and may be suitable for future translocations.  


Habitat critical to the survival of the species, and important populations: Given that this taxon is listed as Vulnerable it 

is considered that all known habitat for wild and translocated populations is habitat critical, and that all populations, 

including any resulting from translocations, are important


to the survival of the species. 


Benefits to other species/ecological communities: Population 5 of Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var

cylindracea grows in conjunction with the Critically Endangered V. staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta (Population 

2). Recovery actions implemented to improve the quality or security of the habitat of V. staminosa subsp. cylindracea var

cylindracea will also improve the status of V. staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta at this location.  


International Obligations: This plan is fully consistent with the aims and recommendations of the Convention on 

Biological Diversity, ratified by Australia in June 1993, and will assist in implementing Australia’s responsibilities under 

that Convention. Although the taxon is listed under the United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation 

Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) this IRP does not 

affect Australia’s obligations under international agreements. 


Role and interests of indigenous people: According to the Department of Indigenous Affairs Aboriginal Heritage Sites 

Register, no sites have been discovered near the Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea populations. 

Input and involvement will be sought from any indigenous groups that have an active interest in the areas that are habitat 

for V. staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea, and this is discussed in the recovery actions.  


Social and economic impacts: The implementation of this recovery plan has the potential to have some limited social and 

economic impact. The variety occurs on and around large granite outcrops some of which are on private property. However 

recovery actions refer to continued liaison between stakeholders and negotiations have ensured that the areas that directly 

support the species will be left uncleared. 



Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea 



Evaluation of the Plans Performance: CALM, in conjunction with the Narrogin and Katanning District Threatened Flora 

Recovery Teams (NDTFRT and KDTFRT), will evaluate the performance of this IRP. In addition to annual reporting on 

progress with listed actions and comparison against the criteria for success and failure, the plan is to be reviewed within 

five years of its implementation. 


Existing Recovery Actions: The following recovery actions have been or are currently being implemented – 



All land managers (except in the case of the recently discovered Population 9 on Water Corporation Land) have been 

formally notified of the presence of Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea  



Population 5 has been fenced from stock.  



Seeds were collected from Population 2 in 1995, Population 1 and 3 in 1998, Population 5 in 2002 and Populations 1, 

4, 6, 7, and 9 in 2003. Germination trials have been conducted on seed collected in the 1990’s and germination rates 

vary from 57 to 96 %. The remaining seed is stored in CALM's Threatened Flora Seed Centre at –18

°C. Results from 

later seed collections will not be available until early April (Crawford.


, personal communication). 



A number of searches have been carried out at the Burngup Water Reserve; Glenelg Hills; UCL near Hyden; a Nature 

Reserve north of Hyden; a rock south of Lake Varley townsite; King Rocks; Dragon Rocks, McDonald Rock, Lane 

Rock and a granite rock east of McDonald Rock; granite outcropping a few hundred metres from Newdegate North 

Rd; a Water Reserve west of Varley on Dempster Rd and McGann Rock. No plants of Verticordia staminosa subsp

cylindracea var. cylindracea were found during these searches.  



Seed has been collected for a genetic study comparing Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea and 

the var. erecta. Genetic work will be conducted by CALM’s Science division and is scheduled to begin in April – May 




An information sheet has been produced for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta, which includes a 

description of the plant, its habitat, threats, recovery actions and photos. Although the poster is not specifically for var. 

cylindracea it has still been used to promote awareness of both varieties. A reply paid postal drop of the information 

sheet has been distributed by the CALM's Katanning District office to local farmers and other residents in Shires 

containing possible habitat of the taxon.  These information sheets were posted at the Pingaring local community store 

and Pingaring Golf Club by CALM's Narrogin District whilst conducting survey work in 2003. 



Staff from CALM’s Katanning and Narrogin Districts regularly monitor populations of the taxon. All known 

populations were monitored in 2002 and 2003. 



The Katanning and Narrogin District Threatened Flora Recovery Teams are overseeing the implementation of this IRP 

and will include information on progress in an annual report to CALM’s Corporate Executive and funding bodies. 


IRP Objective:  The objective of this Interim Recovery Plan is to abate identified threats and maintain or enhance in situ 

populations to ensure the long-term preservation of the taxon in the wild. 


Recovery criteria 

Criterion for success: The number of individuals within populations and/or the number of populations have increased by 

10% or more over the period of the plan’s adoption under the EPBC Act. 

Criterion for failure: The number of individuals within populations and/or the number of populations have decreased by 

10% or more over the period of the plan’s adoption under the EPBC Act. 


Recovery actions 



Coordinate recovery actions 



Weed control if required 



Map critical habitat 



Conduct genetic testing 



Formally notify land managers 



Promote awareness 



Conduct further surveys 



Collect seed and cutting material 



Achieve long-term protection of habitat 



Develop a fire management strategy, if required in future 



Monitor populations 



Liaise with land managers 



Rabbit control 



Review the need for further recovery actions or an update to 

this IRP and prepare if necessary 




 Andrew Crawford, Senior Technical Officer, CALM's Threatened Flora Seed Centre 


Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea 







Verticordias, or featherflowers as they are commonly known, are among the most attractive of our native plant 

species. Currently, 101 species are known and these can be found scattered throughout the south-west of 

Western Australia. Some even occur in the arid interior.  


Although many are common and widespread some are confined to very specialized habitats and several of these 

are currently listed as threatened. One of the rarest is Verticordia staminosa, a species that is confined to granite 

outcrops in the Western Australian Wheatbelt. 


Verticordia staminosa has two subspecies and one of these is further divided into two varieties. All are currently 

declared as rare flora with two of them (Verticordia staminosa subsp. staminosa (Wongan featherflower) and 

Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var.  erecta (pine featherflower)) ranked as Critically Endangered 

(CR). The third taxon, Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea (granite featherflower), is 

currently ranked Vulnerable (VU) but like the others is confined to inland granite outcrops. Interestingly, pine 

featherflower grows with granite featherflower at one location and the two do not appear to hybridize 


Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea was first collected near Pingaring by Alex George 

and Elizabeth Berndt on 23 October 1984. The variety is currently known from nine populations and a total of 

approximately 1000 mature plants on granite outcrops between Pingaring and east of Newdegate.  




Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea is a small, much branched shrub with very narrow, 

more or less stalkless leaves to 1.5 cm long. Its solitary yellow flowers have protruding stamens 6-7 mm long 

that are bright red with yellow tips. Below these are yellow, very feathery sepals 5-6 mm long and two bright 

red persistent bracts (Brown et al. 1998; Brown 2002).   


Its distinctive low, spreading habit distinguishes it from Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta 

that has an upright habit and can grow to 1m tall.  Both varieties share floral characters that distinguish them 

from  Verticordia staminosa subsp. staminosa; namely, smaller flowers (sepals 5-6 mm rather than 7 mm), 

shorter stamens (6-7 mm long compared to 9-12 mm long) that are united for half their length instead of 2-3 

mm, and staminode (infertile stamens) insertion between the stamens rather than outside the staminal tube 

(George 1991).   


Distribution and habitat 


Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea is currently known from nine localities between 

Pingaring and east of Newdegate. It grows in very shallow pockets of sandy soils and humus in crevices on and 

fissures in bare rock on exposed granite outcrops. Associated species include Borya sphaerocephala,  B. 

constrictaThryptomene australisDodonaea viscosa, Kunzea pulchellaStypandra glauca subsp. angustifolia

Chamaescilla  sp.,  Melaleuca elliptica,  Spartochloa scirpoidea,  Acacia lasiocalyx,  Allocasuarina campestris

Leptospermum roei,  Platysace sp., Spartochloa  sp.,  Baeckea crispiflora,  Lepidosperma  sp.,  Thelymitra  sp., 

Stackhousia sp., and Diuris sp.  


Populations 1, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 9 occur in CALM’s Katanning District, whilst Populations 2, 7 and 8 occur in 

CALM’s Narrogin District. 


Biology and ecology 


Verticordias are  generally considered to be fire sensitive with post-fire regeneration occurring mainly from 

seed. Hybridisation between some species of Verticordia has been noted after soil disturbance or fire, however 


Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea 



the mechanisms are unknown (George


, personal communication). Verticordias grow relatively rapidly and are 

often at their most floriferous stage within five years (George 2002).  


The floral morphology of Verticordia staminosa differs from most species in the subgenus Chrysoma in that its 

staminal filaments form a tube.  This, combined with the showy red and yellow colouration and the presentation 

of flowers hanging beneath branchlets, suggest that the species is bird pollinated (Yates and Ladd in press).   


Although they did not specifically study Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea Yates and 

Ladd did study the breeding system, pollinator activity, flowering rates, frequency of pollination, seed 

production, seedling demography, mature plant mortality and population structure of the closely related 

Verticordia staminosa subsp. staminosa over a period of three years and it is likely that Verticordia staminosa 

subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea would share many of the same characteristics and that the results of their 

research could be applied to this variety (Yates


, personal communication). 


Yates and Ladd (2004) suggest that feral honeybees (Apis mellifera) have displaced birds as the dominant 

visitors of Verticordia staminosa subsp. staminosa, and although the honeybee doesn’t harvest the oily pollen, it 

does deplete nectar resources, changing bird foraging behavior and, potentially, patterns of pollen dispersal.  V. 

staminosa subsp. staminosa has been found to be hermaphroditic and capable of self-fertilisation.  This means 

that although rates of intra-plant foraging and crossing between near neighbours may have increased, there is no 

reduction in the number of seeds produced (Yates and Ladd 2004). Verticordia species have highly variable 

seed set and viability within population over different years and between populations in the same year 



, personal communication). 


The fruits of Verticordia staminosa subsp. staminosa are passively dispersed each year, and may accumulate in 

organic matter at the base of plants or dispersed across the rock surface by wind and water flow.  Germination 

and growth of seedlings occurred in each year of the study but the highest numbers were associated with the 

wettest years.  Germination and initial growth occurred in moss mats or mineral soils, but recruitment was much 

more likely where individuals were found in rock fissures. Yates and Ladd (2004) noted that recruitment far 

exceeded mature plant mortality in the three year study period. 


Yates and Ladd (2004) concluded that the constraints to population growth in Verticordia staminosa subsp. 

staminosa were climate and suitable establishment crevices rather than the breeding system, pollinator activity 

or vector, or seed production.  They noted that increasingly dry winters and springs in south-western Australia 

(CSIRO 2001, cited in Yates and Ladd, 2004) and competition from annual weeds in the rock crevices are likely 

to be factors affecting the long-term survival of the taxon.  This seems likely to also apply to V. staminosa 

subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea.   


Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea has demonstrated a capacity for some recovery from 

drought stress.  A number of plants observed during monitoring in June 2002 would have been considered dead, 

as they were mostly leafless and sometimes had also collapsed. However, following rain they produced small, 

vigorous tufts of new growth on the tips of old branches.   


Plants have grown well in cultivation in sand and gravelly and loamy soils when given good drainage and plenty 

of sunshine (George 2002). They are prone to foliar fungal attack, but rarely defoliate completely and usually 

recover without treatment. Tip pruning and the removal of dead wood usually keeps plants growing actively 

(George 2002). Propagation from tip cuttings that strike readily from new growth, have sometimes proved slow 

and difficult to grow in the garden (George 2002) 


The response of Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea to fire is unknown, but the species is 

not at risk due to the large areas of exposed granite in its surrounding habitat. 




Elizabeth A. George, Honorary Curator, WA Herbarium 


 Dr. Colin Yates, Senior Research Scientist, CALM’s Science Division 


 Anne Cochrane, Manager, CALM's Threatened Flora Seed Centre  


Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea 





Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea was declared as Rare Flora on 12 March 1982 and 

currently meets World Conservation Union (IUCN, 1994) Red List Category ‘VU’ under criteria C2a due to 

their being less than 10,000 mature plants, a continuing decline in the number of mature individuals and no 

subpopulation containing more than 1000 mature individuals.  The species now meets World Conservation 

Union (IUCN, 2000) Red List Category ‘VU’ under criteria C2a(i). The species is also listed as Endangered 

under the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation  Act 1999 (EPBC Act). The 

main threats are grazing by rabbits, drought, weeds, limited habitat, recreation, water pipeline maintenance and 

insecurity of tenure. 


Rabbits and kangaroos are present at Populations 2, 5 and 7 but do not appear to graze or disturb adult 

plants. However, rabbits do graze native plant seedlings, presumably including those of the Verticordia thus 

affecting recruitment. In areas where rabbits are present there appears to be little recruitment suggesting that 

rabbits may be grazing on young seedlings.  


Poor rainfall between 2000-2003has resulted in a number of plants becoming stressed.  However, at least 

some of these plants are likely to recover following seasons of better rainfall.   


Weeds are evident in many of the soil pockets occupied by Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var

cylindracea and may be inhibiting recruitment. Weeds also encourage grazing. 



Limited habitat Yates and Ladd (2004) concluded that the one of the main constraints to population 

expansion in Verticordia staminosa subsp. staminosa was a lack of suitable soil crevices on the granite 

outcrop habitat of the taxon. As V. staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea is also confined to these 

small soil crevices it suffers the same constraints. 



Recreation  at Pingaring rock (Population 2) may be impacting on the population. Many smaller surface 

rocks have been turned over and may indicate a high level of recreational use (probably due to the proximity 

to the golf club). Trampling and soil disturbance may have a negative effect on seedling recruitment and 




Water pipeline maintenance may impact on Population 9 as the plant is located very close to a water 




Insecure tenure of private property populations may result in a change of land ownership and place 

populations at risk from inappropriate future management practices.   



Fire is presumed to kill mature Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea plants but is only 

a potential threat as the large surrounding areas of exposed rock prevent it from reaching most plants. 

However, if there were a rise in quantity of grassy weeds the threat would become more significant.   


Summary of population information and threats 


Pop. No. & Location 

Land Status 

Year/No. plants 



1  Purnta Rock 

Water Reserve 

1988    207 

2000    234 (25) 

2003    206 (37) 

Healthy, dry conditions but plants 

generally healthy 

Some weeds 

2  Eastern side of Pingaring 


Water Reserve 

1984    30+ 

2003    36 

Moderate, many plants appear to be 

dying back 

Some introduced 

weeds, rabbits, 


3 Marchettis Rock. 

Water Reserve 

1985     51 



 88 (7) 



 129 (16) 

Healthy nil 

4  Dingo Rock. 

Water Reserve 


1985    300 

2002    627 (52) 

Moderate Recreational 

activities and 


5a  Carnaby Rock. 

Private Property 

1988    700* 

2002    75* 

Undisturbed. Fenced from stock. 


5b Carnaby Rock. 


Private Property 

1988    700* 

2002    75* 

Good condition. Fenced from stock 

Potential threats: 



Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea 


5c  Carnaby Rock. 

Private Property 

1988    700* 

2002    75* 

Undisturbed. Fenced from stock. 

Potential threats: 


5d  Carnaby Rock. 


1988    700* 

2002    75* 

Good condition. Fenced from stock 


Potential threats: 


6  SW of McGlinn NR. 

Private Property 

1996    25 (12) 

2002    73 (13) 

Healthy nil 

7  East of Pingaring 

Nature Reserve 

1999     100 

2003    205 (1) 

Healthy. Some younger plants seen 

Some weeds and 


8  Western side of 

Pingaring Rock 

Water Reserve 

2003    1 


Water pipeline 


9  Vernon Valley road  

Nature Reserve  

2003     41(2) 



Numbers in brackets = number of seedlings. * = total for both subpopulations combined. 


Critical habitat 


Critical habitat is habitat identified as being critical to the survival of a listed threatened species or listed 

threatened ecological community.  Habitat is defined as the biophysical medium or media occupied 

(continuously, periodically or occasionally) by an organism or group of organisms or once occupied 

(continuously, periodically or occasionally) by an organism, or group of organisms, and into which organisms 

of that kind have the potential to be reintroduced. (Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 

1999 (EPBC Act)).  


The critical habitat for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea comprises: 


the area of occupancy of known populations; 


areas of similar habitat within 200 metres of known populations, i.e. shallow sandy soils on granite outcrops 

with Borya sp. and Dodonaea viscosa (these provide potential habitat for natural range extension); 


additional occurrences of similar habitat on nearby granite outcrops that do not currently contain the taxon 

but may have done so in the past (these represent possible translocation sites).   


Habitat critical to the survival of the species, and important populations 


Given that this taxon is listed as Vulnerable it is considered that all known habitat for wild and translocated 

populations is habitat critical, and that all populations, including any resulting from translocations, are important 

to the survival of the species. 


Benefits to other species/ecological communities 


Two other Declared Rare Flora (DRF) species - Verticordia  staminosa  subsp. cylindracea var. erecta (Pine 

Featherflower) and Tribonanthes purpurea (Granite Pink) occur in the habitat of Verticordia staminosa subsp

cylindracea  var. cylindracea. The variety erecta is ranked as Critically Endangered (CR) and Tribonanthes 

purpurea  is ranked as Vulnerable (VU). Both taxa are ranked as Endangered under the EPBC Act. Daviesia 

lineata also occurs in this general area, and is listed as Priority 2 on CALM’s Priority Flora list (Atkins 2003). 

Recovery actions implemented to improve the quality or security of the habitat of Verticordia staminosa subsp

cylindracea  var. cylindracea such as weed control and habitat rehabilitation will benefit these taxa and the 

remnant bushland habitat in which they occur.  


International Obligations 


This plan is fully consistent with the aims and recommendations of the Convention on Biological Diversity, 

ratified by Australia in June 1993, and will assist in implementing Australia’s responsibilities under that 



Although the taxon is listed under the United Nations Environment Programme World 

Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species 

(CITES) this IRP does not affect Australia’s obligations under international agreements. 



Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea 


Role and interests of indigenous people 


According to the Department of Indigenous Affairs Aboriginal Heritage Sites Register, no sites have been 

discovered near the Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea populations. Input and 

involvement will be sought from any indigenous groups that have an active interest in the areas that are habitat 

for V. staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea, and this is discussed in the recovery actions.  


Social and economic impacts 


The implementation of this recovery plan has the potential to have some limited social and economic impact. 

The variety occurs on and around large granite outcrops some of which are on private property. However 

recovery actions refer to continued liaison between stakeholders and negotiations have ensured that the areas 

that directly support the species will be left uncleared. 


Guide for decision-makers 


Section 1 provides details of current and possible future threats. Developments in the immediate vicinity of 

populations or within the defined critical habitat of Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea 

require assessment. No developments should be approved unless the proponents can demonstrate that they will 

not have a deleterious impact on the species, or its habitat or potential habitat, or the local surface and ground 

water hydrology. 


Evaluation of the Plans Performance 


CALM in conjunction with the Narrogin and Katanning District Threatened Flora Recovery teams (NDTFRT 

and KDTFRT) will evaluate the performance of this IRP. In addition to annual reporting on progress and 

evaluation against the criteria for success and failure, the plan will be reviewed following five years of 








The objective of this Interim Recovery Plan is to abate identified threats and maintain or enhance in situ 

populations to ensure the long-term preservation of the taxon in the wild. 


Criteria for success: The number of individuals within populations and/or the number of populations have 

increased by 10% or more over the period of the plan’s adoption under the EPBC Act. 


Criteria for failure: The number of individuals within populations and/or the number of populations have 

decreased by 10% or more over the period of the plan’s adoption under the EPBC Act. 





Existing recovery actions 


The owners and managers of land containing all but the newly discovered Population 9 have been formally 

notified of the presence of Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea.  This notification details 

the Declared Rare status of the taxon and the associated legal responsibilities.  


Populations 5 and 6 have been fenced to prevent grazing by stock.  


Seed has been collected from populations 1, 2 and 3 by Threatened Flora Seed Centre (TFSC) staff with initial 

germination rates varying from 57-97%. After one year in storage the germination rate was 100% (Crawford, 


Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea 



unpublished data).  Seed has also been collected from populations 4, 5, 6, 7 and 9 however results from these 

seed collections will not be available until early April (Crawford, unpublished data). 


Propagation protocols and germplasm storage techniques that have been successfully developed for Verticordia 

staminosa subsp. staminosa could also be applied to Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea 

for ex situ conservation of the species (Yates et al, 2000). No propagation records of this species could be found 

at the Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority (BGPA) (Shade


, personal communication). 


Seed has been collected to enable a genetic study between Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var

cylindracea and var. erecta. Genetic work by staff from CALM’s Science division is scheduled to begin in April 

– May 2004. 


An information sheet has been produced for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta, which 

includes a description of the plant, its habitat, threats, recovery actions and photos. Although the poster is not 

specifically for var. cylindracea it has still been used to promote awareness of both varieties. A reply paid postal 

drop of the information sheet has been distributed by the CALM's Katanning District office to local farmers and 

other residents in Shires containing possible habitat of the taxon.  These information sheets were posted at the 

Pingaring local community store and Pingaring Golf Club by CALM's Narrogin District whilst conducting 

survey work in 2003. 


Five volunteers from the Newdegate Rare Flora Volunteer Group have assisted in the survey and monitoring of 

three populations of Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea.  


CALM Staff searched for the taxon on an unnamed rock south of Lake Varley in 1986, the Glenelg Hills in 

September 1999, Nature Reserve 28715 in August 2000, King Rocks in December 2001, Burngup Water 

Reserve in June 2002 and UCL 301 near Hyden, Dragon Rocks, McGann Rock, McDonald Rock and Lane 

Rock in October 2003 but no plants of Verticordia  staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea were found. 


Staff from CALM's Katanning and Narrogin Districts regularly monitor all populations of this taxon. 


The Katanning and Narrogin District Threatened Flora Recovery Teams are overseeing the implementation of 

this IRP and will include information on progress in an annual report to CALM's Corporate Executive and 

funding bodies. 


Future recovery actions 


Where populations occur on lands other than those managed by CALM, permission has been or will be sought 

from the appropriate land owners and managers prior to recovery actions being undertaken. The following 

recovery actions are roughly in order of descending priority; however this should not constrain addressing any 

of the priorities if funding is available for ‘lower’ priorities and other opportunities arise. 



Coordinate recovery actions 


The KDTFRT and NDTFRT will continue to oversee the implementation of recovery actions for Verticordia 

staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea and will include information on progress in its annual report to 

CALM’s Corporate Executive and funding bodies. 



Coordinate recovery actions 


CALM (Katanning and Narrogin Districts) through the KDTFRT and NDTFRT  


$2,200 per year. 



Map critical habitat 


It is a requirement of the EPBC Act that spatial data relating to critical habitat be determined. Although critical 

habitat is described in Section 1, the areas as described have not yet been mapped and will be addressed under 



 Amanda Shade, Horticulturalist, Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority 


Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea 


this action. If any additional populations are located, then critical habitat will also be determined and mapped 

for these locations.  



Map critical habitat 


CALM (Narrogin and Katanning District, WATSCU) through the NDTFRT and 




$2,000 in the first year. 



Formally notify land managers  


The Water Corporation needs to be formally notified of the presence of Verticordia staminosa subsp

cylindracea var. cylindracea on land that contains Population 9.  



Formally notify land owners 


CALM (Wildlife Branch)  


$100 in first year 



Conduct further surveys 


Although extensive surveys have been carried out on many granite outcrops in the species’ range, further 

surveys will be conducted for this taxon during its flowering period (July-October). Granite rocks on private 

property to the south of Population 7 have been suggested as one possible survey area. 



Conduct further surveys 


CALM (Katanning and Narrogin Districts) through the KDTFRT and NDTFRT 


$3,000 per year for first four years 



Achieve long-term protection of habitat 


Staff from the CALM's Katanning and Narrogin Districts will continue liaison with landowners and managers to 

ensure that populations are not accidentally damaged or destroyed.  In addition, ways and means of improving 

the security of populations and their habitat will be investigated.  This may include purchase, conservation 

covenants or the Land for Wildlife scheme.   



Achieve long-term protection of habitat 


CALM (Narrogin and Katanning District) through the NDTFRT and KDTFRT 


$1,000 per year  


6. Monitor 



Annual monitoring of factors such as population stability (expansion or decline), habitat degradation, pollinator 

activity, seed production, recruitment, longevity and predation is essential.  Particular attention should be paid to 

the level of threat posed by weeds and rabbits and if this should increase, appropriate control should be 




Monitor populations 


CALM (Katanning and Narrogin Districts) through the KDTFRT and NDTFRT  


$2,000 per year 


7. Rabbit 



Rabbits do not appear to graze adult plants of Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea, and 

there is no evidence of disturbance near plants through diggings.  However, rabbits are known to preferentially 

graze soft young growth of native species and in areas where rabbits are present there appeared to be little 

recruitment suggesting that rabbits are grazing on young seedlings. Rabbit control will be implemented in 

consultation with the landholders at Populations 2, 5 and 7. 



Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea 



Rabbit control, if required in future 


CALM (Katanning and Narrogin Districts) through the KDTFRT and NDTFRT 


$1,000 per year  



Weed control if required 


With the exception of Population 2 the level of threat from weeds is very low.  However, if weed density 

increases at in the area of other populations there is potential that they will have a negative impact by preventing 

seed germination, competing for resources, exacerbating grazing pressure, and increasing the risk and severity 

of fire.  Weed control should be carried out at Population 2 in consultation with the landholder. If during 

monitoring it is deemed that the threat from weeds has increased at other locations, weed control will be also be 

undertaken in those areas in consultation with the landholders and land managers.  The method used will 

include hand weeding or careful spot spraying to minimise herbicide washing off the rock and into surrounding 



Action: Weed 



CALM (Narrogin District and Katanning District if weeds spread) through the NDTFRT





$700 per year until weeds are no longer a problem 



Conduct genetic testing  


Seed collections for genetic testing were completed for 2003 and genetic work is scheduled to begin in April – 

May 2004. This will determine the relationships/differences between Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea 

var. cylindracea and var. erecta.  


Action: Genetic 



CALM (Science Division)  


$5,000 over years one and two  


10. Promote 



The importance of biodiversity conservation and the need for the long-term protection of the wild population of 

this species will be promoted to the community through poster displays and the local print and electronic media. 

Formal links with local naturalist groups and interested individuals will also be encouraged. In the past the 

promotional material for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta has been used to help promote 

var. cylindracea however it should be promoted as a separate taxon. 


A reply paid postal drop of a pamphlet that illustrates Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea 

and describes its distinctive features and habitat will be developed and will be distributed to residents in Shires 

that contain possible habitat for the species. Postal drops aim to stimulate interest, provide information about 

threatened species and provide a name and number to contact if new populations are located by members of the 

community. An information sheet, which includes a description of the plant, its habitat type, threats, 

management actions and photos will also be produced. 


Action: Promote 



CALM (Narrogin and Katanning District, Strategic Development and Corporate Affairs 

Division) through the KDTFRT and NDTFRT 


$1,300 in first year and $900 in subsequent years. 



Collect seed and cutting material 


Preservation of germplasm is essential to guard against extinction if wild populations are lost.  Such collections 

are also needed to propagate plants for possible future translocations. Seeds have been collected from 

Populations 1-7 and 10, but further collections from the newly discovered Population 9 when more plants are 

discovered would be beneficial to expand the range of genetic material available. At this time cuttings will also 

be obtained to enhance the living collection at the BGPA. 


Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea 




Collect seed and cutting material 


CALM (TFSC, BGPA, Katanning and Narrogin Districts) through the KDTFRT and 




$1,000 (if more individuals establish at Population 9) 



Develop a fire management strategy, if required in future 


Fire is thought to kill adult plants of Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea and is unlikely 

to stimulate germination of soil-stored seed as the taxon occurs in habitat that would rarely if ever experience 

fire naturally. Currently, fire presents a low level of threat to the taxon as the large areas of surrounding exposed 

granite provide a buffer.  However, if vegetation were to become more continuous over the rock through the 

introduction of weeds the fire risk would increase sharply. This may occur if grassy weeds succeed in 

establishing in the small fissures between soil pockets where the Verticordia occurs. If during monitoring it is 

deemed that the fire risk has increased, a fire management strategy will be developed to determine fire control 




Develop a fire management strategy, if required 


CALM (Katanning and Narrogin Districts) through the KDTFRT and NDTFRT  


$2,400 for preparation in year deemed necessary and $1,000 for implementation in 

subsequent years (if required) 



Liaise with land managers 


Staff from CALM’s Narrogin and Katanning Districts will continue to liaise with private landowners and the 

Water Corporation to ensure that populations are not accidentally damaged or destroyed. Input and involvement 

will also be sought from any indigenous groups that have an active interest in areas that are habitat for 

Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea



Liaise with land managers 


CALM (Wildlife Branch, Katanning and Narrogin Districts) through the KDTFRT  




Cost:  $600 





Review the need for further recovery actions or an update to this IRP and prepare if necessary 


If the species is still ranked as Vulnerable at the end of the fourth year of the five-year term of this Interim 

Recovery Plan, the need for further recovery actions or an update to this IRP will be assessed. 



Review the need for a full Recovery Plan 


CALM (WATSCU, Katanning and Narrogin District) through the KDTFRT and 



$20,300 in the fifth year (if required) 


4. TERM 




This Interim Recovery Plan will operate from May 2004 to April 2009 but will remain in force until withdrawn 

or replaced. If the taxon is still ranked Vulnerable after five years, the need to review this IRP will be 





Atkins, K. (2003) Declared Rare and Priority Flora List for Western Australia. Department of Conservation 

and Land Management, Western Australia. 

Brown, A., Thomson-Dans, C. and Marchant, N. (Eds). (1998) Western Australia’s Threatened Flora

Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia. 


Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea 


Buehrig, RM and Durrell G.S (1996) Declared Rare and poorly known Flora in the Narrogin District Wildlife 

Management Program No. 30.  Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia. 

CALM (1992) Policy Statement No. 44 Wildlife Management Programs.  Department of Conservation and 

Land Management, Western Australia. 

CALM (1994) Policy Statement No. 50 Setting Priorities for the Conservation of Western Australia’s 

Threatened Flora and Fauna.  Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia. 

CALM (1995) Policy Statement No. 29 Translocation of Threatened Flora and Fauna.  Department of 

Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia. 

CALM (1998) Western Australian Herbarium FloraBase – Information on the Western Australian Flora.  

Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia.

Gardner, C.A., and George, A.S. (1963) Eight new plants from Western Australia, Journal of the Royal Society 

of Western Australia. - Vol. 46, pt. 4 (1963) 

George, A.S.  (1991)  Verticordia (Myrtaceae: Chamelaucieae).  Nuytsia, 7(3), 231-394.  

George, E.A. (2002) Verticordia, The Turner of Hearts, University of Western Australia Press, Western 


Graham, M and Mitchell, M (1997) Declared Rare Flora in the Katanning District, Wildlife Management 

Program No. 25, Department of Conservation and Land Management 

World Conservation Union  (2000)  IUCN red list categories prepared by the IUCN Species Survival 

Commission, as approved by the 51st meeting of the IUCN Council.  Gland, Switzerland. 

Yates, C.J. and Ladd, P.G.  (2004). Breeding System, Pollination, demography in the rare granite endemic 

shrub Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea in south-west Western Australia.  Austral 

Ecology, in press 

Yates, C., Coates, D., and Cochrane A., (2000) Verticordia (6) Interim Recovery Plans (Implementation) ESU 

00006465- Final Report Submitted to the Commonwealth Threatened Species and communities Section, 

biodiversity Group, Environment Australia.  Western Australian Department of Conservation and Land 






George, A.S. (1991) Verticordia (Myrtaceae: Chamelaucieae).  Nuytsia, 7(3), 231-394. 


Verticordia staminosa  subsp.  staminosa - Shrub with widely spreading branches, to 30cm tall.  Sepals 7mm 

long.  Stamens 9-12mm long, united for 2-3mm; staminodes subulate, inserted on outside of staminal tube, the 

free part c. 1.5mm long.   

Distribution and habitat.  Recorded only near Wongan Hills, W.A.  Grows on exposed granitic slopes. 

Flowering period.  June-October. 


Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea - Differs from Verticordia staminosa subsp. staminosa  in the 

smaller flowers, the longer staminal tube, and the staminodes inserted between the staminal filaments.  Sepals 5-

6mm long.  Stamens 6-7mm long.  Staminodes c. 1mm long, obtuse.   

Distribution and habitat.  Occurs on granitic hills from Pingaring to east of Newdegate, W.A.   

The smaller flowers, shorter stamens but united for half their length, and the staminode insertion between the 

stamens, distinguish this subspecies from subsp. staminosa

Etymology.  From the Latin cylindraceus (cylindrical), in reference to the androecium.  


Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea - Shrub with widely spreading branches. 

Distribution and habitat.  Occurs on several granitic outcrops from Pingaring to east of Newdegate, W.A.   

Flowering period.  July-October.   


Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta - Differs from Vstaminosa var. cylindracea in the erect 

habit (to 1m tall).   

Distribution and habitat.  Recorded only from two localities on private property.  Grows in coarse soil on 

granitic hills with Borya.   

Flowering period.  June-October.   

Etymology.  Named from the Latin erectus, in reference to the habit.   


Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea 


The erect, pine-like growth, consistent in the population, distinguishes this taxon from V. staminosa var

cylindracea, with which it shares the same floral characters that separate the subspecies from subsp. staminosa.   



Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea 








Granite Featherflower (Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea Var. cylindracea) Interim 

Recovery Plan 2004-2009 



In adopting this plan under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 

(EPBC Act), the Minister for the Environment and Heritage has approved the addition of the following 




Critical Habitat 


The plan identifies critical habitat as including areas located a set distance around known populations 

which contain habitat similar to that in which the species occurs, as well as areas that do not currently 

contain the species but may have done so in the past.  These areas identified in the plan do not 

represent areas of critical habitat as defined under section 207A of the EPBC Act. 





Document Outline

  • Habitat critical to the survival of the species, and important populations: Given that this taxon is listed as Vulnerable it is considered that all known habitat for wild and translocated populations is habitat critical, and that all populations, including any resulting from translocations, are important to the survival of the species. 
  • Role and interests of indigenous people: According to the Department of Indigenous Affairs Aboriginal Heritage Sites Register, no sites have been discovered near the Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea populations. Input and involvement will be sought from any indigenous groups that have an active interest in the areas that are habitat for V. staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea, and this is discussed in the recovery actions.  
  • Social and economic impacts: The implementation of this recovery plan has the potential to have some limited social and economic impact. The variety occurs on and around large granite outcrops some of which are on private property. However recovery actions refer to continued liaison between stakeholders and negotiations have ensured that the areas that directly support the species will be left uncleared. 
  • Evaluation of the Plans Performance: CALM, in conjunction with the Narrogin and Katanning District Threatened Flora Recovery Teams (NDTFRT and KDTFRT), will evaluate the performance of this IRP. In addition to annual reporting on progress with listed actions and comparison against the criteria for success and failure, the plan is to be reviewed within five years of its implementation. 
    • History 
      • Description 
        • Distribution and habitat 
          • Biology and ecology 
            • Summary of population information and threats 
        • Pop. No. & Location
    • Condition
    • Habitat critical to the survival of the species, and important populations 
    • International Obligations 
    •  Role and interests of indigenous people 
    • According to the Department of Indigenous Affairs Aboriginal Heritage Sites Register, no sites have been discovered near the Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea populations. Input and involvement will be sought from any indigenous groups that have an active interest in the areas that are habitat for V. staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea, and this is discussed in the recovery actions.  
    • Social and economic impacts 
    • The implementation of this recovery plan has the potential to have some limited social and economic impact. The variety occurs on and around large granite outcrops some of which are on private property. However recovery actions refer to continued liaison between stakeholders and negotiations have ensured that the areas that directly support the species will be left uncleared. 
    • Evaluation of the Plans Performance 
    • CALM in conjunction with the Narrogin and Katanning District Threatened Flora Recovery teams (NDTFRT and KDTFRT) will evaluate the performance of this IRP. In addition to annual reporting on progress and evaluation against the criteria for success and failure, the plan will be reviewed following five years of implementation. 
      • Objectives 
      • Existing recovery actions 
      • Future recovery actions 
      • 1. Coordinate recovery actions 
        • Cost:   $2,000 in the first year. 
          • 3. Formally notify land managers  
        • 4. Conduct further surveys 
        • 5. Achieve long-term protection of habitat 
        • 6. Monitor populations 
        • 7. Rabbit control 
        • 8. Weed control if required 
        • 10. Promote awareness 
        • 11. Collect seed and cutting material 
        • 12. Develop a fire management strategy, if required in future 
        • 13. Liaise with land managers 
        • 14. Review the need for further recovery actions or an update to this IRP and prepare if necessary 
          • Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea - Shrub with widely spreading branches. 
      • Critical Habitat 

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