Juvenile diabetes is an autoimmune disorder which can be due to environmental trigger or virus, which hampers the function of beta cell. Once the beta cells are destroyed the body is unable to produce insulin. It is also believed that Type 1 diabetes results from an infectious or toxic insult to a child, whose immune system is predisposed to develop an aggressive autoimmune response either against molecules of the B cell or against altered pancreatic B antigens, resembling a viral protein. A child with diabetic siblingsis more prone to develop juvenile diabetes than the child from a totally unaffected family. It is considered to be a more hereditary problem than excess eating or being obese.
Pancreas produces the exact amount of insulin, to breakdown the sugar produced in the body. The juvenile diabetic lack the production of insulin so, sugar builds up high in the blood, overflows into the urine and passes from the body unused.
It is estimated that about 10-15% in United States are suffering with juvenile diabetes. Approximately 35 American children are diagnosed with juvenile diabetes every day.
Message to Parents
The diagnosis will result as a shock to most parents, especially if it is juvenile diabetes, which is often a case in young children. Little ones get terrified with daily insulin injections.
Type 1 diabetes is not a death sentence and parents should not over react in this situation. Encourage the child to continue with normal social activities and stress the similarities rather than the differences between a diabetic and other normal child. A child’s self esteem and self image can be threatened by diabetes. Be aware of it. Consider counseling, not only for your diabetic child, but for the whole family.
Your child must be discouraged politely if he/she is eating something that is not on their diet sheets or if their blood tests results reveal a high blood sugar level. Remember to describe the result as high/low/normal, not as good and bad.
Meet your diabetic child, play with him and simplify his doubts regarding diabetes very patiently, children have an extraordinary capacity to adapt accordingly with the changes.
You need to control their diets and medication, while promoting self-care. Children with juvenile diabetes and their families should learn about different foods especially carbohydrates such as bread, pasta, and rice can affect blood glucose levels. Another message for parents to be supportive of a child with Type 1 diabetes is by regularly engaging in physical activity, which is essential in lowering blood glucose levels, controlling weight, and reducing stress. It’s also a good way for the families to spend time together by going for a walk, shooting hoops for taking a bike ride. Parents may need to talk with their children about how to follow their diabetes management plan in special situations while attending parties.
Parents and children can get help by sharing their concerns with physicians, diabeteseducators, dieticians and other health-care providers. Local peer groups for children and teens with diabetes can provide positive role models, support and group activities.
Type 2 diabetes | NIDDM
Type 2 diabetes is a disease when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or the body cells do not able to use the insulin properly. If you are a type 2 diabetic, glucose builds up in your blood instead of using for energy.
What is type 2 diabetes?
It is the most common form of diabetes; people can develop type 2 diabetes at any age even during childhood. This form of diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which fat, muscle, and liver cells do not respond to the insulin properly. At first, the pancreas keeps up with the added demand by producing more insulin. In time, however, it loses the ability to secrete enough insulin in response to glucose level in blood.
Overweight and inactive lifestyle increases the chances of developing type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes formerly called as adult-onset diabetes (because previously most of the cases are adults. Now, type 2 diabetes is increasingly being diagnosed among children and adolescents), non insulin-dependent diabetes or NIDDM (do not need insulin for treatment), insulin resistance (body resistance to insulin).
People who are obese or overweight are most likely to develop insulin resistance, because many studies confirm that fat interferes with the body's ability to use insulin. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs gradually; it may take many years.
Out of every 100 pregnant women in the United States, 3 to 8 get gestational diabetes. Therefore, it is necessary to diagnose; early diagnosis is always good for both mother and baby.
What is Gestational diabetes?
Pregnant women who have never had diabetes before but who have high blood-glucose levels during pregnancy called gestational diabetes.
Gestational Diabetes Baby
Only after the formation of the baby's body, gestational diabetes affects the mother. Therefore, no birth defects, but babies may develop low blood glucose and breathing difficulty.
Gestational diabetes baby's health problem
Untreated or poorly controlled gestational diabetes can harm your baby. When you have gestational diabetes, your pancreas works over to produce insulin, but the insulin does not able to lower your blood-glucose levels. Although insulin does not enter the placenta, but glucose and other nutrients enter placenta and reach your child. This excess blood glucose gives the baby high blood-glucose levels. This causes the baby's pancreas to make extra insulin to get rid of the blood glucose. Since the baby is getting more energy than what is actually needed, this excess energy is stored as fat.
This can lead to a fatty baby. These babies face health problems of their own, including damage to their shoulders during birth. Because baby in mother’s womb practiced to excess glucose-level and insulin-secretion, but newborns may have low blood-glucose levels after birth and are at higher risk for breathing problems. This babies when become children are at risk for obesity and when they become adults have high chance to get the type 2 diabetes.
Breastfeeding your infant
Your child’s risk for type 2 diabetes may be lower if you are breastfeeding your baby and if your child maintains a healthy weight.