Human homeostasis means a stable condition of the body. The body carryout many complex interactions to keep a proper normal range (balance or stability). If this homeostasis is disturbed, causes various symptoms.
Why are diabetics, pee often and in large quantities?
When blood sugar levels go up, and the body cells are not able to consume it, because of inadequate insulin or insulin resistance. Therefore, high-sugar level remains, until the kidney, which keeps ion level balance in our body, try to flush out this extra sugar in blood with the urine (pee). That is why people with diabetes urinate in large quantities and often with sugar, and some other minerals (such as sodium, chloride, potassium, and bicarbonate).
Why diabetics are having severe frequent Thirst?
The human body needs water to keep enough blood and other fluids to work properly. Our body excretes large quantities of urine; because of high blood sugar, this causes depletion in liquid volume in the body.
so the saliva production decreases causes dry mouth and throat, this sends signals to the thirst center in the hypothalamus, which impels severe thirst.
dehydration will increase the osmotic pressure of the blood that stimulates the thirst center of hypothalamus causing frequent thirst.
dehydration lowers the blood volume in the body that stimulates renin angiotensin of the kidney, which stimulates the thirst center in the hypothalamus.
Why Lack of Energy & Feeling Tired?
Because of low or no insulin secretion or because of insulin resistance, the body is not able to take up the available glucose in the blood. In addition, the kidney flushes out excess sugar and other minerals from the body. These are important for the body energy, which is gone without a use.
Because of no glucose absorption, as well as removal of needed other minerals from the body, causes dehydration, and lack of energy so you feel tired.
Why diabetics are having dry and itchy skin?
Dehydration and low or no supply of nutrients to the skin makes the skin lose its lust and shine. Furthermore, the dehydrated skin result is dull, flaky, rough, and dry skin. Which in-turn makes the skin itchy?
Why diabetics are having blurred vision?
Some who unknowing have diabetes are often happy to note that they do not need glasses anymore to see distance objects (mostly people with myopia or Shortsightedness). This is because of increased blood-sugar level that in-turn swells the eye lens and (or) corneal tissue swelling. Others can find their vision is blurring, which varies high and low with blood sugar levels.
After having proper treatment and once blood sugar drops, this abnormal swelling slowly starts shrinking back to normal. Because of shrinking of the eye lens, the vision may be varying dramatically. Rising and falling blood sugars cause the lens to swell and shrink, and result in varying vision.
Why diabetics are losing sense or tingling in their feet?
If you sit in a position for extended time or sleeping by placing your head over your arms, you may feel numbness or tingling sensation. This is because of short supply of blood and nutrients to those areas for a longtime.
Similarly high blood sugar lowered the nutrient supplies to the extremities that are why you feel numbness or tingling sensation in your feet.
Why are diabetics, Sores heals slowly?
Healing takes longer for diabetics, because of low circulation of nutrients. In addition, the immune do not work to its efficiency in case of high blood sugar; it is because of the interactions between various hormones and enzymes. Therefore, the sore takes longer to heal.
Why diabetics are having too much hungry?
In almost 40% of people, the thirst mechanism is so weak that it is often mistaken for hunger.
If you feel tired immediately your body will signals for energy that in-turn signals need for food, which causes hunger.
Symptoms of Juvenile Diabetes
Unlike type 2 diabetes the symptoms of juvenile diabetes may occur suddenly and prove to be dangerous, they are
Increased urination:- The glucose cannot reach the cells which results into high blood sugar. The kidneys do this by filtering out the extra sugar, which is the reason of frequent urination
Increased thirst:- Due to frequent urination there is more loss of water from the body which automatically increases the intake of water.
Increased hunger:- The body glucose is not being used due to insufficiency of insulin which results into increased urge of hunger.
Weight loss:- When the body glucose is not used for the production of energy since long time, the body starts using fat deposits and proteins which leads to weight loss. Weight loss is too fast as it is a growth period.
Fatigue:- Due to deficiency of the required energy in the body, we feel exhausted very fast.
Flu like symptoms:- when the body is weak and running out of the calories that it generally requires, there are much chances of falling prey to small infections.
Fruity breath odor:- when body fat starts breaking down for the production of glucose it releases acetone and other ketone bodies, which leads to fruity odor from mouth.
Bedwetting:- particularly, if the child was previously “dry” at night
Diabetes Risk Factors
Diabetes mellitus risk factors are high, if you have family history of diabetes, obese, low physical activity, and bad food habits.