Without limiting the generality of sub-section (1) of the Australian Heritage Commission Act 1975, a place that is a component of the natural or cultural environment of Australia is to be taken to be a place included in the national estate if it has significance or other special value for future generations as well as for the present community because of:
Criterion A: Its importance in the course, or pattern, of Australia’s natural or cultural history.
A.1 Importance in the evolution of Australian flora, fauna, landscapes or climate.
A.2 Importance in maintaining existing processes or natural systems at the regional or national scale.
A.3 Importance in exhibiting unusual richness or diversity of flora, fauna, landscapes or cultural features.
A.4 Importance for association with events, developments or cultural phases which have had a significant role in the human occupation and evolution of the nation, State, region or community.
Criterion B: Its possession of uncommon, rare or endangered aspects of Australia’s natural or cultural history.
B.1 Importance for rare, endangered or uncommon flora, fauna, communities, ecosystems, natural landscapes or phenomena, or as a wilderness.
B.2 Importance in demonstrating a distinctive way of life, custom, process, land-use, function or design no longer practised, in danger of being lost, or of exceptional interest.
Criterion C: Its potential to yield information that will contribute to an understanding of Australia’s natural or cultural history.
C.1 Importance for information contributing to a wider understanding of Australian natural history, by virtue of its use as a research site, teaching site, type locality, reference or benchmark site.
C.2 Importance for information contributing to a wider understanding of the history of human occupation of Australia.
Criterion D: Its importance in demonstrating the principal characteristics of:
(i) a class of Australia’s natural or cultural places; or
(ii) a class of Australia’s natural or cultural environments.
D.1 Importance in demonstrating the principal characteristics of the range of landscapes, environments or ecosystems, the attributes of which identify them as being characteristic of their class.
D.2 Importance in demonstrating the principal characteristics of the range of human activities in the Australian environment (including way of life, custom, process, land-use, function, design or technique).
Criterion E: Its importance in exhibiting particular aesthetic characteristics valued by a community or cultural group.
E.1 Importance for a community for aesthetic characteristics held in high esteem or otherwise valued by the community.
Criterion F: Its importance in demonstrating a high degree of creative or technical achievement at a particular period.
F.1 Importance for its technical, creative, design or artistic excellence, innovation or achievement.
Criterion G: Its strong or special associations with a particular community or cultural group for social, cultural or spiritual reasons.
G.1 Importance as a place highly valued by a community for reasons of religious, spiritual, symbolic, cultural, educational, or social associations.
Criterion H: Its special association with the life or works of a person, or group of persons, of importance in Australia's natural or cultural history.
H.1 Importance for close associations with individuals whose activities have been significant within the history of the nation, State or region.
APPENDIX B – Fauna and Flora Lists used in National Estate Assessments -