International Plant Protection Convention 2009 tppt 36



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International Plant Protection Convention 2009_TPPT_36

Submission Form: Generic treatment for insects (Arthropoda:Insecta) Agenda: 17.3.1

except lepidopteran pupae and adults (Insecta:Lepidoptera)

in any host commodity.

Submission form – revised in 2008

Submission Number: 2007-TPPT-105


SUBMISSION FORM FOR PHYTOSANITARY TREATMENTS

Complete the following form, preferably in electronic format, and submit by e-mail to the IPPC Secretariat (ippc@fao.org) no later than 15 September 2007. Please use one form per phytosanitary treatment. An electronic version of this form is available at: https://www.ippc.int/id/137399?language=en. Incomplete submissions will be returned.

(Text in brackets given for explanatory purposes)


Submitted by: (Name of national or regional plant protection organization)

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS); Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ)



Contact: (Contact information of an individual able to clarify issues relating to this submission, including sources of efficacy data)

Name: Dr. Larry Zettler

Position and organization: National Science Program Leader—AQI & PT, Center for Plant Health Science and Technology

Mailing address: USDA—APHIS—PPQ—CPHST

1730 Varsity Drive, Suite 400

Raleigh, NC 27606

Phone: 919-855-7424 Fax: 919-855-7480

E-mail: larry.zettler@aphis.usda.gov





Treatment description

Name of treatment

(Provide enough detail to identify the treatment; for example, cold treatment of citrus for Mediterranean fruit fly)
Generic irradiation treatment for all insects except lepidopteran pupae and adults in any host commodity

Active ingredient

Ionizing radiation from isotope disintegration, x-ray, or e-beam


Treatment type

(For example, chemical, irradiation, heat, cold)

Irradiation



Target pest

(Scientific name)

All insects (Arthropoda: Insecta) except lepidopteran pupae and adults (Insecta: Lepidoptera)



Target regulated articles

Various fruits, vegetables, nuts, cut flowers, and foliage


Treatment schedule

(Include a brief description such as active ingredient, dose, time and temperature and the efficacy of the treatment (effective dose and confidence limits))
Minimum absorbed dose of 400 Gy (This treatment may act at various levels of development and reproduction up to and including the prevention of F1 adults with eggs. Additional information on treatment efficacy is provided in Table 1.)
Treatment should be applied in accordance with the requirements of ISPM No. 18 (Guidelines for the use of irradiation as a phytosanitary measure) (International Plant Protection Convention 2003).
This irradiation treatment should not be applied to commodities stored in modified atmospheres.

Other relevant information

(This should include any assumptions or extrapolations and the supporting evidence for these)
Results obtained from dose mapping, which documents the absorbed irradiation dose distribution throughout the process load, are used to determine the Dmin and Dmax. Packaging, load configuration, and load density must conform to that utilized during dose mapping. Moreover, treated and non-treated commodities must be physically separated. Quarantine security must be maintained at treatment facilities to prevent re-infestation and infestation by hitchhikers.
Since irradiation may not result in outright mortality, inspectors may encounter live, but non-viable insects during the inspection process. This does not imply a failure of the treatment.

References

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Arthur, V. and F. M. Wiendl. 1996. Irradiacao de Planococcus citri (Risso) (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) com radiacoes gama do cobalto-60 para determinar a dose de desinfestacao. Anais-da-Sociedade-Entomologica-do-Brasil 25: 345-346.
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Follett, P. A. 2006a. Irradiation as a methyl bromide alternative for postharvest control of Omphisa anastomosalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and Euscepes postfasciatus and Cylas formicarius elegantulus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in sweet potatoes. Journal of Economic Entomology 99: 32-37.
Follett, P. A. 2006b. Irradiation as a phytosanitary treatment for Aspidiotus destructor (Homoptera: Diaspididae). Journal of Economic Entomology 99: 1138-1142.
Follett, P. A. 2006c. Irradiation as a phytosanitary treatment for white peach scale (Homoptera: Diaspididae). Journal of Economic Entomology 99: 1974-1978.
Follett, P. A. 2001. Irradiation as a quarantine treatment for mango seed weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Proc. Hawaiian Entomol. Soc. 35: 95-100.

Follett, P. A. and J. W. Armstrong. 2004. Revised irradiation doses to control melon fly, Mediterranean fruit fly, and Oriental fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) and a generic dose for tephritid fruit flies. Journal of Economic Entomology 97: 1254-1262.


Follett, P. A., J. W. Armstrong, A. H. Hara, and J. Yalemar. 1999. Irradiation treatments for quarantine pests in Hawaii other than fruit flies. The use of irradiation as a quarantine treatment of food and agricultural commodities. Proceedings of a 10 – 12 Nov. 1997 workshop in Honolulu, HI. p. 19-25.
Follett, P. A. and R. A. Lower. 2000. Irradiation to ensure quarantine security for Cryptophlebia spp. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in sapindaceous fruits from Hawaii. Journal of Economic Entomology 93: 1848-1854.
Gao, M., C. Wang, S. Li, S. Zhang. 2004. Irradiation as a phytosanitary treatment for Trogoderma granarium Everts and Callosobruchus chinensis L. in food and agricultural products. In Irradiation as a phytosanitary treatment of food and agricultural commodities. p. 75-85.
Gould, W. P. and G. J. Hallman. 2004. Irradiation disinfestation of Diaprepes root weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and papaya fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae). Florida Entomologist 87: 391-392.
Gould, W. P. and D. L. von Windeguth. 1991. Gamma irradiation as a quarantine treatment for carambolas infested with Caribbean fruit flies. Florida Entomologist 74: 297-300.
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Hallman, G. J. 2007. Direct and indirect biological effects of ionizing irradiation. Presentation given at the USDA, APHIS sponsored workshop “Irradiation as a Phytosanitary Treatment.” January 23 – 26, 2007. Raleigh, NC. http://cphst.aphis.usda.gov/irradiation/
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Torres-Rivera, Z. and G. J. Hallman. 2007. Low-dose irradiation phytosanitary treatment against Mediterranean fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae). Florida Entomologist 90: 343-346.


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