Five ischnoceran lice (Brueelia cyclothorax, Sturnidoecus bannoo, Neopsittaconirmus elbeli, Columbicola columbae and Anaticola crassicornis) infesting the house sparrow, common myna, Indian parakeet, domestic pigeon and mallard duck, were reared in vitro conditions (35[plus or minus]1[degree]C, 75-82% RH, at a feather diet), to record the incubation period, adult longevity and daily egg rate. The data obtained were used to construct the life table and to determine the intrinsic rate of natural increase (r). The values of r of aforesaid species were 0.032, 0.049, 0.050, 0.053 and 0.074 female per day, respectively. Likewise, the doubling time of the population differed, as follows, 21.35, 14.21, 13.93, 14.2 and 9.01 days, respectively. The results indicate that reproductive potentials of different phthirapteran species exhibit considerable variation.
Copyright 2004 The Thomson Corporation.
Govt Raza Postgrad Coll, Dept Zool, Rampur, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Reproduction. Parasites diseases and disorders. Parasites. Insect parasites. Hosts. Ecology. Population dynamics.
Acridotheres tristis: Mallophagan parasites, Sturnidoecus bannoo, Parasite life tables and population growth; Anaticola crassicornis: Reproductive productivity, Intrinsic rate of natural increase, Avian hosts, Anas platyrhynchos, Population dynamics, Life tables;
Brueelia cyclothorax: Reproductive productivity, Intrinsic rate of natural increase, Avian hosts, Passer domesticus, Population dynamics, Life tables;
Columbicola columbae: Reproductive productivity, Intrinsic rate of natural increase, Avian hosts, Columba livia, Population dynamics, Life tables;
Neopsittaconirmus elbeli: Reproductive productivity, Intrinsic rate of natural increase, Avian hosts, Psittacula eupatria, Population dynamics, Life tables;
Passer domesticus: Mallophagan parasites, Brueelia cyclothorax, Parasite life tables and population growth;
Psittacula eupatria: Mallophagan parasites, Neopsittaconirmus elbeli, Parasite life table and population growth;
Sturnidoecus bannoo: Reproductive productivity, Intrinsic rate of natural increase, Avian hosts, Acridotheres tristis, Population dynamics, Life tables.
This Fauna Iberica monograph is devoted to the Ischnocera and it is the second part of the study of Phthiraptera (Mallophaga), the ectoparasitic insects on birds and mammals found throughout the Iberian and Balearic area. This work includes 179 species of which 164 were collected from birds and 15 from mammals. All these species belong to 52 genera and 12 families and were found in 151 species of birds and 14 species of mammals belonging to 17 and 3 orders respectively from the geographical area studied. This volume is illustrated by 53 slides and begins with the general characteristics of the group that we-re already pointed out in the previous volume of Fauna Iberica (vol. 20, Mallophaga, Amblycera, Martin Mateo, 2003). It continues with the systematic relationships of the Iberian Ischnocera and keys for identifying families, genera and species including the description of the morphological characters of each of the species mentioned. Data on the geographical distribution and biology of the hosts and a complete and updated bibliography is also given. Lastly, in the nomenclatural appendix, the definitions of the different taxa and their variations through time are reviewed, 'including some nomenclatural changes and a new species dedicated to the eminent expert Robert C. Dagleish.
Copyright 2004 The Thomson Corporation.
Book Title and Source
Fauna Iberica. Vol. 32. Phthiraptera, Ischnocera. Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Madrid. 2009: 1-363.
Systematics. Nomenclature. New taxa. Type species. Type material. Synonymy. Available name. Priority. Taxonomy. Key. Documentation. Publications. General morphology. Parasites diseases and disorders. Parasites. Insect parasites. Hosts. Land zones. Palaearctic region. Eurasia. Europe.
Link to the Ovid Full Text or citation: http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&CSC=Y&NEWS=N&PAGE=fulltext&D=zoor15&AN=ZOOR14608052990
Haemoproteus lanii de Mello, 1937 (Apicomplexa: Haemoproteidae) from the long-tailed shrike and two species of chewing lice (Mallophaga) from the Philippine cockatoo (Aves: Laniidae; Cacatuidae).
Eduardo, Salcedo L. Lucas, Samuel F.
Philippine Journal of Veterinary Medicine. 2009 December; 46(2):95-101.
Long-tailed shrikes, Lanilis schach nasutus Scopoli, 1787 and Philippine cockatoos (P.L.S. Muller, 1776), Cacatua haematuropygia were examined for blood and ectoparasites at different periods. Haemoproteus lanii de Mello, 1937 is reported parasitizing the red blood cells (RBC) of the long-tailed shrike in U.P. Los Banos Campus Philippines. Mature gametocytes of this species are of medium size, halteridial in form with entire margins and occupy about 70-75% of the host's red blood cells. There is little hypertrophy or distortion of the infected host red blood cell and the nucleus of the latter is only slightly displaced by the gametocyte. Cytoplasm of gametocytes appeared granular with large, pronounced, rod-like to broadly ovoid-shaped and yellow brown pigment granules numbering 9-14 which are scattered throughout the cytoplasm but have a tendency to concentrate at each pole or at the middle. Nucleus of gametocytes stained very faintly and is not discernible. Chewing lice (Mallophaga) were collected from three of five Philippine cockatoos examined from Palawan and Mindanao. The collections consisted of two species belonging to two genera as follows: Psittoecus hoogstraali Guimaraes, 1974 (Ischnocera) and Franciscoloa thompsoni Price & Beer, 1966. This paper constitutes a new host record for Haemoproteus lanii and the only record for Psittoecus hoogstraali and Franciscoloa thompsoni since their discovery. The three parasite species are briefly described and photographs of them are provided based on the present specimens. The parasites so far reported from the long-tailed shrike and cockatoo in the Philippines are given.
Link to the Ovid Full Text or citation: http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&CSC=Y&NEWS=N&PAGE=fulltext&D=zoor15&AN=ZOOR14608050627
A large, natural infection of sea lice on juvenile Pacific salmon in the Gulf Islands area of British Columbia, Canada.
Beamish, R. Wade, J. Pennell, W. Gordon, E. Jones, S. Neville, C. Lange, K. Sweeting, R.
Aquaculture. 2009 December 1; 297(1-4):31-37.
High levels of sea lice generally exceeding a prevalence of 60% were found on all species of juvenile Pacific salmon and on juvenile Pacific herring in the Gulf Islands area within the Strait of Georgia, British Columbia. Virtually all sea lice were Caligus clemensi and most stages were maturing or mature. There are no active fish farms in this area, indicating that this is a naturally occurring epizootic of sea lice. It is possible that the infection was associated with Pacific herring that spawned in the area in the spring, although the linkage between the spawning Pacific herring and the infection on Pacific salmon was not determined.
Copyright 2004 The Thomson Corporation.
Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Pacific Biological Station, 3190 Hammond Bay Road, Nanaimo, BC, V9T 6N7, Canada.
Parasites diseases and disorders. Parasites. Hosts. Marine zones. Pacific Ocean.
Caligus clemensi: Piscean hosts, Clupea pallasii, Prevalence, Oncorhynchus, North Pacific, Canada, British Columbia, Gulf Islands; Clupea pallasii, Oncorhynchus: Crustacean parasites, Caligus clemensi, Prevalence, North Pacific, Canada, British Columbia, Gulf Islands.
Link to the Ovid Full Text or citation: http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&CSC=Y&NEWS=N&PAGE=fulltext&D=zoor15&AN=ZOOR14606042036
Parasitism on the hare Lepus europaeus Pallas, 1778 by the two hare sucking lice Haemodipsus lyriocephalus (Burmeister, 1839) and Haemodipsus setoni Ewing, 1924 (Anoplura: Polypacidae) in Eichsfeld district (Thuringia). Zur Parasitierung des Feldhasen Lepus europaeus Pallas, 1778 durch die beiden Hasenlausarten Haemodipsus lyriocephalus (Burmeister, 1839) und Haemodipsus setoni Ewing, 1924 (Anoplura: Polypachidae) im Landkreis Eichsfeld (Thueringen).
Beitraege zur Jagd- und Wildforschung. 2009; 34:403-409.
[Article; Meeting paper; Print]
In the context of a study 412 European hares (Lepus europaeus) were examined for the appearance of rabbit lice from the district Eichsfeld (Thuringia) within the years 1985 to 2007. Two types could be stated: Haemodipsus lyriocephalus (Burkmeister, 1839) and Haemodipsus setoni Ewing, 1924. The rabbit louse H. setoni could be locked in Germany for the first time. An attack with rabbit lice was found at 45.4 % of the examined L. europaeus. The most frequent species of louse was H. lyriocephalus and could be locked at 45.4 % of the examined L. europaeus. But H. setoni was found at 10.9 % of the L. europaeus. The highest attack was found at a L. europaeus with 121 H. lyriocephalus. A clear seasonal distribution of the finds could be established. So the L. europaeus from the spring- and summer months were more affected than these from the autumn and winter months. The results from Thuringia are compared with details from the literature