Name the tributaries of river Indus, where the Civilization flourished?
A: Ravi, Jhelum, Sutlej, Beas, Chenab and Saraswathi.
Name the crops produced by Indus Civilization?
A: Wheat, barely, peas, mustard, rice and cotton.
Name the sources of study of Indus Civilization?
A: Sites, seeds, Terracotte and Skeletons of the people of the period.
What is a Seal?
A: It is an art of Indus period, made out of steatite or terracotta. It is square or rectangular in shape on which we find figures of humans, animals, birds or plants. They were used as objects of worship. For Ex: The seal Pashupati Mahadeva seals were also used for the purpose of trade and commerce. More than 2000 seals have been found.
Name the sources for studying the religions life in Indus period?
A: Seals and Terracotte figures.
Write a note on Indus Script?
A: Indus script is pictographic. Each symbol stood for some sound, idea or object. Altogether some 450 pictographs have been found, on seals and pottery. The Indus script is the only script in the world undesiphered.
Write a note on Indus pottery?
A: Indus pottery is called as painted red ware with black designs, on the pottery we find drawings of plants, trees, birds, etc.
Name the causes of decline of Indus Civilization?
A: a. Natural calamities like floods, drought and epidemics.
b. Invention of Aryans
Name the monuments of Indus Civilization?
The Great Bath remains of a palace in Mohenjodaro and the Dockyard in Lothal.
Rig Vedic Age and Later Vedic Age
One Mark Questions:
Name the word from which Veda is derived?
A: The Sanskrit word Vid
Name the word from which Upanishad is derived?
A: The Sanskrit word Upnish.
What are the forest texts called as?
What is Rajasuya?
A: Coronation Ceremony
Who wrote Asthtadyayi?
Name the Popular assemblies of Rig Vedic age?
A: Sabha and Samiti
Where was the battle of ten kings fought?
A: On the banks of river Ravi
Name the most powerful Rig Vedic tube?
What is the Rig Vedic king called as?
Which is the original homeland of the Aryans?
A: Steppes of South Central Asia.
Name the tribals who invaded India in the beginning of 2000 B.C.?
Which is the homeland of the Aryans in India?
A: Sapta Sindavah
Name the oldest Veda?
A: Rig Veda
Name the caste of warriors of Vedic age?
What is the Vedic pottery called as?
A: Painted Grey Ware
Name the water god of Rig Vedic age?
What is the total number of Upanishads?
Which Veda is called as the book of music?
A: Sama Veda
Which Veda mentions about the origin of the caste system?
A: The Rig Veda
What is the voluntary offering collected by Rig Vedic king called as?
Two Marks Questions:
Name the powerful Rig Vedic tribes?
A: Bharatas and Purus
Name some tribes of Rig Vedic Age?
A: Bharatas, Tritsus, Turvasas, Yadus and Anus.
What is Sapta Sindavah?
A: Sapta Sindavah means the land of seven rivers i,e,. Indus, Ravi, Jhelum, Sultej, Chenab, Beas and Saraswathi. It was the homeland of the Aryans in India.
Name the Vedas?
A: Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda and Atharva Veda.
Name some Upanishads?
A: Brihadaranayaka, Chandogya, Taittiriya, Aitareya and Kaushitaki Upanishads.
Write a note on Upanishads?
A: The Upanishads are Vedic texts, numbering 108. They condemn sacrifies and lay stress on meditation and penance. The main doctrine of the Upanishads is the universe is Brahman (god) and Brahman is Atman (soul). The major Upanishads are Brihadaranayaka, Chandogya, etc.
Which Veda contains the Purusha Sukta hymn and what is it?
A: Rig Veda. The Purusha sukta hymn throws light on the origin of the caste system. Accordingly from the head of a primeval being emerged the Brahmins, from his hands the Kshatriyas, from his thighs the Vaishyas and from his feet the Sudras.
What are Brahmanas?
A: Brahamanas are later vedic texts. They explain the meaning of scarifies and the performance of sacrifies. For ex: the kaushitaki and Satapatha Brahmanas.
Write a note on Rig Veda?
A: The Rig Veda is a book of hymns. It contains 1026 hymns, written in honor of gods, goddesses, etc. The hymns throw light on political, social, economic and religious life of Rig Vedic Aryans
Mention the functionaries who assisted the Rajan in the Rig Vedic age?
A: Senani, Gramani and Purohit.
Name the three important gods of Rig Vedic age?
A; Indra, Agni and Varuna
What do the gods Soma and Maruts stand for?
A: Soma – the god of Plants
Maruts – the storm God
Which Rig Vedic god is called as Purandara and what does it mean?
A: Lord Indra. It means breaker of forts, because he broke the houses of Indus civilization.
Name the goddess of Rig vedic age?
A: Ushas, Ashwins and Aditi
What do goddesses Ushas and Ashwins stand for?
A: Ushas – Goddess of dawn
Ashwins – aeans or goddness of dark
Name some kingdoms of later vedic age?
A: Kuru – Panchala, Kousambi, Videha, Kosala, etc.
Name some well-known Later Vedic kings?
A: Parikshit, Janamejaya, Janaka, etc.
Name the different stages of Varna Ashrama dharma?
A: 1. Brahmacharya
3. Vanaprastha and
Name the four castes of vedic period?
A: 1. Brahmins
3. Vaishyas and
Name the administrative officials of Later Vedic age?
A: a. Samghitri - Treasurer
b. Bhagaduga – Tax Collector
c. Suta – Charioteer
d. Senani – who raised a militia
Name the coins used for circulation in Later Vedic Age?
A; Nishka, Krishnala and Satamana
Name the three important gods of Later Vedic Age?
A: a. Prajapati (Brahma)
What do the gods Agni and Vayu stand for?
A: Agni – Fire
Vayu – Wind
Mention any two Social Changes that took place in Later Vedic Age?
A: 1. The caste system came into existence.
2. Women lost their privileges, as they did not attend the Sabha and Samiti and did not take part in sacrifices
3. Sacrifices become complex, elaborate and expensive