Journal of Stored Products Research manuscript rev0701 Plant products as fumigants for stored-product insect control



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Eucalyptus globulus oil,

E. camaldulensis oil,

1,8-cineole,

R- (+)-limonene


31.5 mg/l


1


98

100


100

97


Prates et al. (1999)




1,8-cineole

R-(+)-limonene



29.5 mg/l

31.5 mg/l



1


100

97


Prates et al. (1998)




Naturally occurring cyanohydrins

Synthetic cyanohydrins



0.4 mg/l

0.3-0.9 mg/l



1


50


Park et al. (2004)





Components of -SEM76 oil*,

-ZP51 oil*



0.5  l/l


1



100


Kostyukovsky et al. (2002)




Aldehyde cyanohydrins

Ketone cyanohydrins

Cyclic cyanohydrins

Cyanohydrin esters



0.4->20 mg/l

0.2-0.9 mg/l

>20 mg/l

0.4->20 mg/l



1

50

Peterson et al. (2000)




Allyl cyanide, allyl isocyanate,

allyl isothiocyanate, allyl thiocyanate, allyl marcaptan, allyl alcohol, benzyl cyanide, benzyl thiocyanate

Benzyl isocyanide

Allyl amine, benzyl isothiocyanate,

benzyl marcaptan, benzyl alcohol

Benzyl amine, (S)-1-cyano-2-hydroxy-3-butene



<10 mg/l

13.8 mg/l

>20 mg/l



1


50


Peterson et al. (1998)




Artemisia tridentata

29 g/l#

0.4-0.8

50

Dunkel and Sears (1998)




1,8-cineole

8.1  l/l

1

50

Lee et al. (2003b)




1-carvone

d-carvone

dihydrocarvone


3.4 mg/l

4.8 mg/l


6.1 mg/l

1

95

Tripathi et al.

(2003b)





Glucosinolate breakdown products

0.5 - > 20 mg/l

1

50

Tsao et al. (2002)




d-limonene

7.0 mg/l


1


95

Tripathi et al.

(2003a)





Methyl salicylate

60.0  l/l

1

100

Jayasekara et al. (2005)




Isothiocyanates from

-Diplotaxis tenuifolia



-Eruca sativa

Allyl isothiocyanate from Eruca sativa


2.0  l/l

2 .0 l/l

1.0  l/l


0.1


100


Shaaya et al. (2003)


Sitophilus granarius (L.)

Adults

Acorus calamus oil

125  l/l

5

95

El- Nahal et al. (1989)




Carum carvi oil

25  l/l

3

68

Pascual-Villalobos (2003)




Chenopodium ambrosioides oil

8  l/l

1

100

Tapondjou et al. (2002)




Methylthiosulfinate

0.1 mg/l

1

50

Auger et al. (1999)

Eggs

Larvae, pupae



Acorus calamus oil

125  l/l

125  l/l



30

21


40-58

0


Risha et.al. (1990)

Sitophilus oryzae (L.)

Adults

Acorus calamus oil


25.0  l/l


10



95



El- Nahal et.al. (1989)




Artemisia sieberi oil

15.5  l/l

1

95

Negahban et al. (2006)




Curcuma longa oil

51.1 mg/l

1

95

Tripathi et al. (2002)


Oils of Callistemon sieberi, Eucalyptus nicholii, E. blakelyi, E. codonocarpa, Melaleuca armillaris, M. fulgens

1,8-cineole



19-31  l/l

22.8  l/l



1

1


50

50


Lee et al. (2004a)





Eucalyptus globulus oil

E. camaldulensis oil


1,8- cineole

R- (+)-limonene



31.5 mg/l



1



88

78.7


53.3

5


Prates et al. (1999)




ZP51 oil*

-without load

-with 70% wheat load

1.4  l/l

50.0  l/l

1

5



90

100




Shaaya et al. (1997)



Bornylacetate, terpinolene isolated from Chamaecyparis obtusa oil

77 mg/l


4


100


Park et al. (2003b)





Oils of Brassica juncia, Cinnamomum verum, Cocholeria aroraci

120 mg/l


1


100


Kim et al. (2003b)





Mentha arvensis oil

Pimpinella(+ Capsella) bursa-pastoria oil

Compounds from Mentha arvensis oil (menthone, cineole, p-cymene, isosafrole, terpinen-4-ol)



125.0  l/l

254.0  l/l

25-78  l/l


1

95

Lee et al. (2001)




Mentha arvensis oil

229.8  l/l

136.8  l/l

118.8  l/l


1

2

3



50


Singh et al. (1995)




ZP51 oil*

SEM76 oil*

SEM76 oil*


50  l/l

70 l/l


50  l/l + 15% CO2

5

7

7



100


Shaaya et al. (1999)




Di-n-propyl disulphide

11.8 mg/l

1

50

Koul (2004)




Synthetic 1,8-cineole

-without load

-with 20% wheat load

-with 50% wheat load

-with 80% wheat load

31  l/l


100  l/l

100  l/l

100  l/l

1

50

88

30



17

Lee et al. (2003b)




(Z)- asarone from Acorus gramineus

50 mg/l

2

100

Park et al. (2003a)



(E)-Anethole, estragole,

(+)-fenchone from Foeniculum vulgare



50 mg/l



1


100


Kim and Ahn (2001)




Components of

SEM76 oil*,

ZP51 oil*

0.5  l/l



1

100


Kostyukovsky et al. (2002)




Methyl thiosulphinate

Methyl disulphide



0.2 mg/l

1.2 mg/l


1


50


Auger et al. (1999)




d-limonene

12.8 mg/l

1

95

Tripathi et al.

(2003a)





1-carvone, d-carvone, dihydrocarvone

4.4 -8.2 mg/l

1


95


Tripathi et al.

(2003b)





Oils of - Anethum graveolens, Eucalyptus globulus, Gaultheria sp, Mentha arvensis, , Pinus spp

4.6 –11.1 mg/l

1

50


Ahmed and Eapen (1986)




Carvacrol

140 mg/l

1

50

Ahn et al. (1998)




Cineole, l-fenchone, pulegone

50 mg/l

0.6

100

Lee et al. (2003a)




Isothiocyanates from Diplotaxis tenuifolia and Eruca sativa

Allyl isothiocyanate (synthetic)



1  l/l
1  l/l

0.1
0.1

100
100

Shaaya et al. (2003)

Larvae, pupae

Eggs


Acorus calamus oil


25  l/l

12.5  l/l



21

7


0

16


Risha et al. (1990)


Adults

Larvae


Pupae

Eggs


Adults

Larvae


Pupae

Eggs


Eucalyptus blakelyi oil, Melaleuca fulgens oil

1, 8- cineole



100  l/l

0.7

0.8-1.7


1.6-3

>7

0.4



0.7

1.6


>7

50

Lee et al. (2004b)

Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky

Adults

Peel oil of Citrus spp.

16-19  l/l

1

95

Don-Pedro (1996b)




Elettaria cardamomum oil

150 mg/l

1

95

Huang et al. (2000b)




Evodia rutaecarpa oil

121  g/L

1

95

Liu and Ho (1999)




Myristica fragrans oil

1216 mg/l

1

95

Huang et al. (1997)




Eucalyptus globulus oil

E. camaldulensis oil

1,8- cineole


R- (+) limonene

31.5 mg/l


1


87

71

100



93

Prates et al. (1999)




Cinnamomum camphora oil,

Illicium verum oil

52.5 mg/l

84.0 mg/l



14

100


Qiantai and Yongcheng (1999)




Methyl salicylate

60  l/l

1

100

Jayasekara et al. (2005)




(+)-Limonene

22.0  l/l

1

95

Don-Pedro (1996a)




Methyl allyl disulphide

Diallyl trisulphide



17.2 mg/l

12.2 mg/l



1


95


Huang et al. (2000a)




Allyl disulphide

39.6 mg/l

1

95

Chiam et al. (1999)




Safrole,

Isosafrole



36.4 mg/l

32.7 mg/l



1


50


Huang et al. (1999)




Anethole from Illicium verum

228 g/L

1

50

Ho et al. (1997)




Cinnamaldehyde from Cinnamomum aromaticum

224 mg/l

1

95

Huang and Ho (1998)




Cyanohydrins

0.7 – 2.7 mg/l

1

50

Park et al. (2004)

Larva, I instar

III instar

Pupa


Brassica rapa oil

10.3  l/l

13.3


15.8


1


95

Da-Costa et al. (2006)


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