Kamballup banksia (banksia ionthocarpa subsp. Ionthocarpa) recovery plan



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1. Coordinate recovery actions

The Albany District Threatened Flora Recovery Team (ADTFRT) is coordinating recovery actions for Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. ionthocarpa and will include information on progress in their annual report to DEC’s Corporate Executive and funding bodies.


Action: Coordinate recovery actions.

Responsibility: DEC (Albany District) through the ADTFRT.

Cost: $3,000 per year.

2. Monitor populations

Continue regular (annual) monitoring of all Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. ionthocarpa populations (natural and translocated), with numbers and condition recorded. Continue regular monitoring of seedlings to determine the percentage survival to maturity and time to first flowering and seed set.


Action: Monitor populations.

Responsibility: DEC (Albany District) through the ADTFRT.

Cost: $4,750 per year.

3. Additional seed collection

Further collection will be conducted to obtain as wide a range of genotypes as possible.


Action: Additional seed collection.

Responsibility: DEC (Albany District) through the ADTFRT.

Cost: $3,125 per year.

4. Fire management

For the life of this Plan (5 years) fire will, if possible, be prevented from occurring in the area of the Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. ionthocarpa population.


Action: Conduct fire management through firebreaks and buffer burning.

Responsibility: DEC (Albany District) through the ADTFRT.

Cost: $400++ per year.

5. Disease management

Prevent entrance into the reserve during unfavourable soil conditions through the maintenance of barriers and signs. All management access will be confined to dry soil conditions and all vehicles and boots must be clean on entry.


Action: Disease management.

Responsibility: DEC (Albany District) through the ADTFRT.

Cost: $200 per year.

6. Obtain biological and ecological information

Improved knowledge of the biology and ecology of Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. ionthocarpa will provide a better scientific basis for management of wild population. An understanding of the following is particularly necessary for effective management:





  1. Percentage of seedling survival to maturity and time to first flowering and seed set.

  2. Pollination biology.

  3. Factors limiting seed bank, including post-dispersal predation on soil-stored seed.

  4. The population genetic structure, levels of genetic diversity and minimum viable population size.

  5. Extent and effect of aerial cankers.

  6. The effects of climate change.


Action: Obtain biological and ecological information.

Responsibility: DEC (Science Division and Albany District) through the ADTFRT.

Cost: $24,000 per year for the first three years.

7. Conduct further surveys

Remnant vegetation in and around the Kamballup area will be assessed for suitability and surveyed for Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. ionthocarpa ms.


Action: Conduct further surveys.

Responsibility: DEC (Albany District) through the ADTFRT.

Cost: $4,750 per year.

8. Promote awareness and encourage involvement

The importance of biodiversity conservation and the need for the long-term protection of wild populations of this subspecies will be promoted to the community through poster displays and the local print and electronic media. Formal links with local naturalist groups and interested individuals will also be encouraged. An information sheet on Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. ionthocarpa has been produced and will be distributed further.


Action: Promote awareness and encourage involvement.

Responsibility: DEC (Albany District) through the ADTFRT.

Cost: $900 per year.

9. Liaise with land managers

Staff from DEC’s Albany District will continue to work with the Shire of Plantagenet to minimise impacts on the single known natural population and further investigate the possibility of combining the two Class C reserves into one Nature Reserve. Input and involvement will continue to be sought from Indigenous groups having an active interest in areas that are habitat for Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. ionthocarpa.


Action: Liaise with land managers.

Responsibility: DEC (Albany District) through the ADTFRT.

Cost: $1,200 per year.
10. Map habitat critical to survival
It is a requirement of the EPBC Act that spatial data relating to habitat critical to the survival of Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. ionthocarpa be determined. The area of occupancy of the currently known population has been mapped, however the full area of habitat critical to its survival has not yet been mapped. The process will clearly identify potential habitat which may not currently contain the subspecies but present opportunities for reintroduction or population expansion and which requires protection and/or rehabilitation to ensure the long-term future of the species. If additional populations are located, habitat critical will also be determined and mapped.
Action: Map habitat critical to survival.

Responsibility: DEC (Albany District) through the ADTFRT.

Cost: $400 in the first year.

11. Review the plan and assess the need for further recovery actions

At the end of the five-year term of this plan, it will be reviewed and the need for further recovery actions will be assessed.


Action: Review the plan and assess the need for further recovery actions.

Responsibility: DEC (WATSCU and Albany District) through the ADTFRT.

Cost: $4,000 in the fifth year (if required).
Summary of Recovery action costs

Total Department: $126,400

Total Other: $26,000

Total External Funding: $15,625

TOTAL COSTS: $168,025




4. TERM OF PLAN
Western Australia

This Recovery plan will operate from September 2008 to August 2013 but will operate until withdrawn or replaced. If Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. ionthocarpa is still ranked by the Western Australian Government as CR (IUCN 2001) and as Endangered under the EPBC Act after five years, the need for further recovery actions and an update of the plan will be assessed. The plan was updated in March 2010.


Commonwealth

In accordance with the provisions of the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) this adopted recovery plan will remain in force until revoked.


The recovery plan must be reviewed at intervals of not longer than 5 years.

5. REFERENCES
Atkins, K. (2008). Declared Rare and Priority Flora List for Western Australia. Department of Conservation

and Land Management, Perth, Western Australia

Brown, A., Thomson-Dans, C. and Marchant, N. (Eds). (1998) Western Australia’s Threatened Flora. Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia;

CALM (1992) Policy Statement No. 44 Wildlife Management Programs. Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia.

CALM (1994). Policy Statement No. 50 Setting Priorities for the Conservation of Western Australia’s Threatened Flora and Fauna. Department of Conservation and Land Management, Perth, Western Australia.

Barrett, S. and Cochrane, A. (2004) Seedling survival, soil seed bank status and disturbance response of the endangered Dryandra ionthocarpa A.S George ssp. ionthocarpa (Proteaceae): Final Report to Bankwest Landscope Visa Conservation Card Trust Fund, July 2004. Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia.

Department of Environment and Conservation (1998) Western Australian Herbarium FloraBase 2 – Information on the Western Australian Flora (Accessed 2010) Department of Environment and Conservation, Western Australia. http://www.calm.wa.gov.au/science/

George, A.S. (1996). New taxa and a new infrageneric classification in Dryandra R. Br. (Proteaceae: Grevilleooideae). Nuytsia 10 (3): 313-408.

Gill, A.M and Nichols, A.O. (1989) Monitoring fire prone flora in reserves for nature conservation. In: "Fire Management on Nature Conservation Lands". Occasional Paper 1/89. Department of Conservation and Land Management, Perth, Western Australia.

Kershaw, K., Holland, E. and Brown, A. (1997) Kamballup Dryandra (Dryandra ionthocarpa) Interim Recovery Plan 1996-1999. Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia.



Monks, L. (1999) Conservation biology of the rare and threatened Dryandra ionthocarpa, D. mimica and D. serra. Masters Thesis. Curtin University of Technology, Western Australia.

Panetta, F.D. and Hopkins, A.J.M. (1991) Weeds in corridors: invasion and management. In Nature Conservation. 2, the Role of Corridors (eds D.A. Saunders & R.J. Hobbs). Surrey Beatty, Sydney. pp. 341-351



World Conservation Union (2001) IUCN Red List Categories: Version 3.1. Prepared by the IUCN Species Survival Commission. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
6. TAXONOMIC DESCRIPTION
George, A.S. (1996) New taxa and a new infrageneric classification in Dryandra R. Br. (Proteaceae: Grevilleodieae) Nuytsia 10 (3) 313-408.
Shrub to 60 cm wide. Stems prostrate, short, ± underground, villous; prophylls many, linear, tomentose. Leaves pinnatifid, 8-25 cm long, 5-20 mm wide; margins flat; lobes 15-35 each side, triangular, obtuse, ± flat, rusty-villous when young, later glabrous except pits; petriole 4-6 cm long, ± glabrous. Inflorescence terminal, subtended by leaves, closely successive; involucral bracts linear-subulate, the inner ones narrowly lanceolate, to 2 cm long, dark rusty-tomentose; flowers 40-60. Perianth 39-43 m long, curled-tomentose in lower third, pubescent above, pink-mauve with yellow limb; limb 7-8 mm long, keeled, appressed-puberlous. Pistil 43-44(57) mm long, curved, pilose in lower half, cream; pollen presenter 3.5-4.8 mm long, ribbed, green. Follicles ± obovate, 5-6 mm long, with an apical tuft of long rusty hairs, glabrous below.


1 Daniel Coffey Environmental Officer, DEC Environmental Protection Section

2 Peter Collins DEC, Albany District

3 Andrew Crawford Senior Technical Officer, DEC Threatened Flora Seed Centre

4 Amanda Shade Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority

5 Greg Broomhall Regional Leader Operations, DEC Albany District

6 Anne Cochrane Manager, DEC Threatened Flora Seed Centre



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