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KNOW YOUR PLANTS! 
 
CONTENTS 

 
Introduction  

 
What to do for a plant poisoning 
 
 NON-TOXIC 
PLANTS 

 
Non-toxic plant information (including information about using tables to identify 
plants dangerous to pets) 

 
Table 1. Non toxic plant list (alphabetical using common names) 

 
Table 2. Non toxic plant list (alphabetical using Latin or scientific names) 
 
 TOXIC 
PLANTS 

 
Introduction 

 
How to use this toxic plant list 

 
Toxic plant rating guide 

 
What to do for a plant poisoning 

 
Table 3. Toxic plant list (alphabetical using common names) 

 
Table 4. Toxic plant list (alphabetical using Latin or scientific names) 

 
References 
 
Introduction 
Plants are a major cause of poisoning in children under the age of 6 years. Nationally, 
almost 8 out of 10 plant ingestions occur in young children. But children are not the only 
victims of plant poisoning—adults, pets and farm animals can also be exposed to plants. 
To prevent accidents, be aware of the potential dangers of plants. 
 
The common names of plants can refer to several different species. Some may be safe 
and some may be dangerous. It is important to know which species you have and to 
check both the non-toxic plant list as well as the toxic plant list to make sure the plant 
you have is safe.  
 
Each situation is unique. Reactions to plants can depend on factors such as the age and 
size of the patient, health factors such as allergies and the amount of the exposure. 
Always call the poison center for up-to-the-minute treatment advice. 
 
It is essential to know the names of the plants in your house and in your yard. Keep the 
name tags that come with new plants attached for future identification. If your child is 
being cared for at a relative’s house or daycare, it is important to know if they have 
dangerous plants to which your child could be exposed.  
 
However, you must have a name of the plant (either the common name or the Latin 
name) to get the most reliable specific information. Poison center staff cannot identify 
plants over the phone from the description of the plant. There are over 1000,000 species 
of plants. A call to the poison center about an unknown plant described as having big 

shiny green leaves is not enough information to know what the plant is. If you do not 
know the name of the plant, take the plant or a part of the plant with leaves, berries or 
flowers to a reputable plant nursery for a positive identification. Try to get the common 
name and the Latin scientific name. Then call the California Poison Control System at 
1-800-222-1222 for more help.  
 
This is a guide to safe plants but it should not be used as a substitute for calling the 
poison center if a person or an animal has eaten a plant. The California Poison Control 
System is available 24 hours a day by calling 1-800-222-1222. If you are not in 
California, call 1-800-222-1222 to be connected to your nearest poison control center.  
 
WHAT TO DO FOR A PLANT POISONING 

 
Do NOT induce vomiting. 

 
Remove any plant parts from the mouth or hands. 

 
Wash around the mouth and hands and give a few sips of water. 

 
Check for any irritation of the skin, mouth or tongue. 

 
Call the California Poison Control System at 1-800-222-1222 

 
Even if you are not sure, call the poison center for help. It will not be as waste of 
time. 

 
Do not wait for symptoms to appear. Treatment will be more difficult once 
symptoms have developed. 

 
If you are advised to go to the hospital, take the plant or part of the plant with you.  
 
NON-TOXIC PLANTS 
The plants in this list are considered to be safe to humans. This list is in two parts. The 
first list is alphabetical by common name and the second list is alphabetical by Latin or 
scientific name.  
 
Keep in mind that even non-toxic plants can cause vomiting in humans and animals. Also 
children can choke on a plant piece and have gagging or choking.  
 
Some plants that are not a problem to humans can be a problem for animals. The plant 
names that are listed in bold typeface are known to be dangerous to animals (dogs and 
cats). Because dogs, especially, will eat large amounts, it is important to keep pets and 
these plants apart. 
 
Table 1. – Nontoxic Plants by Common Name
 

 
Common name 
Latin or scientific name 
Abelia 
Abelia spp 
Abutilon hemp 
Abutilon theophrasti 
Acacia 
Albizia julibrisson 
Acanthus 
Acanthus spp 

African daisy 
Dimorphotheca pluvialis 
African daisy 
Gerbera jamesonii 
African iris 
Dietes spp 
African violet 
Saintpaulia ionantha 
Aglaonema 
Aglaonema spp 
Air plant 
Kalanchoe pinnata 
Ajuga 
Ajuga remota or Ajuga reptans  
Albizia 
Albizia 
Alder, black 
Viburnum spp 
Alpine goldflower or Alpine 
sunflower 
Hymenoxys grandiflora 
Althea 
Hibiscus spp 
Aluminum plant 
Pilea cadierei 
Alumroot 
Heuchera sanguinea 
Alyssum 
Alyssum spp 
Alyssum, sweet 
Lobularia maritima 
American chestnut 
Castanea spp 
American olive 
Osmanthus americanus 
American sweet gum 
Liquidambar styraciflua 
Amylum 
Maranta spp 
Angel wing begonia 
Begonia coccinea 
Angel’s tears 
Soleirolia soleirolii 
Anise 
Myrrhis odorata 
Anise root 
Osmorhiza longistylis 
Aphelandra 
Aphelandra spp 
Aralia 
Dizygotheca elegantissima 
Arbutus 
Arbutus unedo 
Areca palm 
Chrysalidocarpus lutescens 
Aregelia 
Neoragelia spp 
Arrowroot 
Maranta spp 
Artillery plant 
Pilea  spp 
Artist's acanthus 
Acanthus spp 
Ash, mountain 
Sorbus spp 
Asparagus fern 
Asparagus densiflorus cv sprengeri 
Asparagus fern 
Asparagus setaceus 
Aspen 
Populus spp 
Aspidistra 
Aspidistra spp 

Aster, annual 
Callistephus chinensis 
Aster, giant 
Townsendia sericea 
Astilbe 
Astilbe japonica 
Australian laurel 
Pittosporum tobira 
Australian nut 
Macadamia spp 
Australian umbrella tree 
Brassaia actinophylla 
Australian umbrella tree 
Schefflera actinophylla 

 
Common name 
Latin or scientific name 
Baby jade 
Crassula argentea 
Baby sun rose 
Aptenia cordifolia  
Baby sun rose 
Mesembryanthemum cordifolium 
Baby’s breath 
Gypsophila paniculata 
Baby’s tears 
Hypoestes phyllostachya 
Baby’s tears 
Soleirolia soleirolii 
Baby's toes 
Fenestraria rhapalophylla 
Bachelor buttons 
Centaurea cyanus 
Balloon flower 
Platycodon grandiflorus 
Balloon vine 
Cardiospermum halicacabum 
Balm 
Molucella spp 
Balsam 
Impatients spp 
Balsam tree 
Abies balsamea  
Bamboo bush 
Nandina domestica 
Bamboo palm 
Chamaedorea spp 
Bamboo, common 
Phyllostachys aurea 
Basket lily 
Hermocallis spp 
Basket plant or vine 
Aeschynanthus spp 
Bayberry 
Aeschynanthus spp 
Bayberry 
Myrica pensylvanica 
Bead vine 
Crassula rupestris 
Bear’s breech 
Acanthus spp 
Beauty berry 
Callicarpa spp 
Beauty bush 
Kolkwitzia amabilis  
Beech, American 
Fagus spp 
Begonia cissus 
Cissus spp 
Begonia, iron cross 
Begonia goegoensis 

Bell flower 
Platycodon grandiflorus 
Bellflower 
Campanula spp 
Bells of Ireland 
Moluccella spp 
Bigleaf palm 
Fatsia japonica 
Billbergia 
Aechmea marmorata 
Billbergia 
Quesnelia spp 
Birch tree 
Betula spp 
Bird’s nest fern 
Asplenium nidus 
Bishop’s cap or Bishop's hood 
Astrophytum spp 
Bishop's elder or Bishop's weed 
Aegopodium podagraria 
Bitter pecan 
Carya spp 
Bitternut 
Carya spp 
Black beech 
Nothofagus spp 
Black-eyed Susan vine 
Thunbergia alata 
Blazing star 
Liatris spp 
Bleeding heart 
Clerodendrum spp 
Bleeding heart vine 
Clerodendrum spp 
Bloodleaf plant 
Iresine spp 
Blue bottle 
Centaurea cyanus 
Blushing bromeliad 
Aregelia spp 
Blushing bromeliad 
Neoregelia spp 
Border grass 
Liriope muscari 
Boston fern 
Nephrolepis spp 
Bottle gourd 
Lagenaria siceraria 
Bottle palm 
Beaucarnea recurvata  
Bottle tree 
Brachychiton spp 
Bottlebrush 
Callistemon spp 
Brain plant 
Calathea makoyana 
Brassaia 
Brassaia actionophylla 
Breath of spring 
Lonicera fragrantissima 
Breath-of-heaven 
Coleonema ericoides 
Breath-of-heaven 
Diosma ericoides 
Bride’s flower 
Stephanotis floribunda 
Bride's bonnet 
Clintonia uniflora 
Bright eyes 
Sinningia speciosa 
Brodiaea 
Dichelostemma pulchellum 
Bromeliad king 
Vriesea hieroglyphica 

Broom palm 
Coccothrinax argentea 
Buddleia 
Buddleia davidii  
Bunchberry 
Cornus canadensis 
Burro’s tail 
Sedum morganianum 
Busy Lizzy 
Impatients spp 
Butterfly bush 
Buddleia davidii 
Butterfly flower 
Schizanthus spp 
Butterfly ginger 
Hedychium coronarium 
Butterfly iris 
Spuria spp 
Butterfly lily 
Hedychium coronarium 
Butterfly palm 
Chrysalidocarpus lutescens 
Butterfly pea 
Centrosema virginianum 
Button fern 
Pellaea rotundifolia 
Buttons on a string 
Crassula rupestris 
Buzy Lizzie 
Impatiens spp 

 
Common name 
Latin or scientific name 
Cabbage kale 
Brassica oleracea 
Cabbage tree 
Cordyline australis 
Cactus (except for thorns) 
Cactaceae 
Calathea 
Calathea spp 
Calendula 
Calendula officinalis 
California bayberry 
Myrica californica 
California bluebell 
Phacelia sericea 
California poppy 
Eschscholzia californica 
California wax myrtle 
Myrica californica 
Callistemon  
Callistemon spp 
Camellia 
Camellia japonica 
Camellia 
Thea japonica 
Campanula 
Campanula spp 
Campion 
Silene acaulis 
Campion, moss or mossy 
Silene acualis 
Canary date palm 
Phoenix canariensis 
Candle plant 
Plectranthus oetendahlii 
Candleberry 
Myrica pensylvanica 
Cane apple 
Arbutus unedo 

Cane palm 
Chrysalidocarpus lutescens 
Canna lily 
Canna generalis 
Canterbury bell 
Campanula spp 
Canterbury-bell gloxinia 
Gloxinia perennis 
Cape honeysuckle 
Tecomaria capensis 
Cape jasmine 
Gardenia jasminoides 
Cape marigold 
Dimorphotheca pluvialis 
Cape primrose 
Streptocarpus spp 
Cardinal flower 
Gesneria spp 
Cardinal flower 
Rechsteineria cardinalis 
Cardinal flower 
Sinningia cardinalis 
Carob 
Ceratonia siliqua 
Carob tree 
Ceratonia siliqua 
Carob tree 
Jacaranda procera 
Carpet bugle 
Ajuga spp 
Casa blanca lily 
Lilium spp 
Cast iron plant 
Aspidistra elatior 
Cat tail 
Typha latifolia 
Catalpa 
Catalpa spp 
Cathedral bells 
Cobaeae scandens 
Cathedral windows 
Calathea makoyana 
Cedar pine 
Pinus glabra 
Celosia 
Celosia spp 
Chain of love 
Antigonon leptopus 
Chain plant 
Tradescantia navicularis 
Checker lily 
Fritillaria spp 
Chenille plant, maroon 
Echeveria spp 
Chestnut, sweet 
Castanea spp 
Chia 
Salvia columbariae 
Chickens and hens or Chicks and hens 
Echeveria spp 
Chicks and hens 
Sempervivum tectorum 
China doll 
Leea spp 
China doll 
Radermachera sinica 
China rose 
Hibiscus spp 
Chinese evergreen 
Aglaonema modestum  
Chinese hackberry 
Celtis sinensis  
Chinese hibiscus 
Hibiscus spp 

Chinese holly 
Osmanthus heterophyllus 
Chinese tulip tree 
Liriodendron chinense 
Chocolate soldier 
Episcia cupreata 
Chokeberry 
Aronia spp 
Christmas cactus 
Schlumbergera bridgesii 
Christmas dagger fern 
Polystichum spp 
Christmas flower 
Euphorbia pulcherrima 
Christmas kalanchoe 
Kalanchoe blossfeldiana 
Christmas star 
Euphorbia pulcherrima 
Cinderella slippers 
Sinningia pusilla 
Cinquefoil 
Potentilla spp 
Clarkia 
Clarkia spp 
Cleome 
Cleome spp 
Clianthus 
Clianthus spp 
Climbing begonia 
Cissus discolor 
Cloche 
Campanula spp 
Clustered wax flower 
Stephanotis floribunda 
Cobra lily or Cobra plant 
Darlingtonia californica 
Cockscomb 
Celosia spp 
Coleus 
Coleus spp 
Columbine 
Aquilegia spp 
Column of pearls 
Haworthia chalwinii 
Common balm 
Melissa offinalis 
Common myrtle 
Myrtus communis 
Compass flower 
Hymenoxys grandiflora 
Cone flower, purple 
Rudbeckia purpurea 
Coneflower 
Echinacea spp 
Coral beads 
Sedum stahlii 
Coral bells 
Heuchera sanguinea 
Coral bells 
Kalanchoe uniflora 
Coral berry 
Ardisia spp 
Coral vine 
Antigonon leptopus 
Cordyline 
Cordyline spp 
Coreopsis 
Coreopsis californica 
Corn lily 
Clintonia borealis 
Cornflower 
Centaurea cyanus 
Cornplant 
Dracaena fragrans  

Cornstalk plant 
Dracaena fragrans  
Cosmos 
Cosmos spp 
Cottongum tree 
Nyssa aquatica 
Cottonwood 
Populus spp 
Coxcomb 
Celosia spp 
Crape myrtle or crepe myrtle 
Lagerstroemia indica 
Crassula 
Crassula spp 
Crataegus 
Crataegus spp 
Creeping charlie 
Pilea nummulariifolia  
Creeping charlie 
Plectranthus australis 
Creeping fig 
Ficus spp 
Creeping gloxinia 
Maurandia spp 
Creeping Jenny or Creeping Joan 
Lysimachia nummularia 
Creeping nettle 
Soleirolia soleirolii 
Creeping zinnia 
Sanvitalia spp 
Crimson cup 
Aregelia spp 
Crimson cup 
Neoregelia spp 
Crocus, spring blooming ONLY 
Crocus spp 
Crossandra 
Crossandra spp 
Crotolaria 
Crotolaria ramosissima 
Cruel plant 
Cynanchum spp 
Cup and saucer plant 
Gilia spp 
Cup-and-saucer vine 
Cobaeae scandens 
Curiosity plant 
Tolmiea menziesii 
Cushion pink 
Silene acualis 

 
Common name 
Latin or scientific name 
Dagger plant 
Yucca spp 
Dahlia 
Dahlia spp 
Dandelion 
Taraxacum officinale 
Daphne, October 
Sedum sieboldii 
Day lily 
Hermocallis spp 
Deer's tongue 
Liatris spp 
Dipper gourd 
Lagenaria siceraria 
Dogwood, flowering 
Cornus florida 
Donkey’s-tail 
Sedum morganianum 

Double rose of china 
Hibiscus spp 
Dracaena 
Cordyline spp 
Dracaena 
Dracaena spp 
Dracaena queen 
Dracaena goldieana 
Dracaena, blue 
Cordyline spp 
Dracaena, blue 
Dracaena spp 
Dracaena, fountain 
Cordyline spp 
Dracaena, giant 
Cordyline spp 
Dracaena, giant 
Dracaena australis 
Dracaena, lance 
Pleomele thaliodes 
Dracaena, Malaysian 
Pleomele reflexa 
Dracaena, striped 
Dracaena deremensis 
Dragon lily, painted 
Dracaena fragrans  
Dragon tree 
Dracaena draco 
Dusty miller 
Lynchnis coronaria  
Dusty miller 
Senecio cineraria 
Dutch crocus, spring blooming ONLY  Crocus spp 
Dwarf palm 
Chamaedorea elegans 
Dwarf royal palm 
Veitchia merrillii 
Dwarf schefflera 
Schefflera arboricola 

 
Common name 
Latin or scientific name 
Easter flower 
Euphorbia pulcherrima 
Easter lily 
Lilium longiflorum 
Echeveria 
Echeveria spp 
Echinacea 
Echinacea spp 
Elephant’s ear 
Bergenia cordifolia 
Elephant’s ear 
Enterolobium cyclocarpum 
Elephant’s ear fern 
Platycerium angolense 
Elephant’s foot 
Dioscorea elephantipes 
Elephant's ear 
Saxifraga cordifolia 
Elk's horn 
Platycerium spp 
Emerald feather or Emerald fern 
Asparagus densiflorus cv sprengeri 
English bluebell 
Endymion non-scriptus 
English lavender 
Lavandula spp 
Escallonia 
Escallonia spp 

Eugenia 
Eugenia cyanocarpa 
Eugenia 
Syzygium cuminii 
European grape 
Vitus vinifera 
Euryops 
Euryops spp 
Evening primrose 
Oenothera spp 
Evergreen plant 
Radermachera sinica 
Evergreen woodfern 
Dryopteris marginalis 
Exacum 
Exacum affine 

 
Common name 
Latin or scientific name 
Fairwell-to-spring 
Clarkia amoena 
Fairy duster 
Calliandra eriophylla 
False aralia 
Dizygotheca elegantissima 
False heather 
Cuphea hyssopifolia 
False holly 
Osmanthus heterophyllus 
False hop 
Bellaperone gutta 
False lily of the valley 
Maianthemum kamtschaticum 
Fan palm 
Coccothrinax alta 
Fan palm 
Livistonia chinesis 
Farewell to spring 
Clarkia spp 
Fatsia 
Fatsia japonica 
Fern, bird’s nest 
Asplenium nidus 
Fern, deer's foot 
Davallia canariensis 
Fern, hare 
Davallia fejeensis 
Fern, hen and chickens 
Asplenium bulbiferum 
Fern, iron 
Rumohra adiantiformis 
Fern, king and queen 
Asplenium spp 
Fern, leather 
Rumohra adiantiformis 
Fern, leatherleaf 
Rumohra adiantiformis 
Fern, mother 
Asplenium spp 
Fern, rabbit’s foot 
Davallia fejeensis 
Fern, squirrel’s foot 
Davallia fejeensis 
Ficus 
Ficus benjamina 
Fiddle leaf fig 
Ficus spp 
Fiddle leaf rubber plant 
Ficus spp 
Fiery spike 
Aphelandra spp 

Fig 
Ficus carica 
Fig, climbing 
Ficus spp 
Fig, weeping 
Ficus benjamina 
Fingernail plant 
Aregelia spp 
Fingernail plant 
Neoregelia spp 
Fir tree 
Abies spp 
Fir tree 
Pseudotsuga spp 
Fire ball plant 
Kalanchoe spp 
Fire lily 
Cyrtanthus spp 
Firebird 
Heliconia spp 
Firecracker 
Gesneria spp 
Firecracker flower 
Crossandra spp 
Firecracker plant 
Cuphea spp 
Firecracker plant or vine 
Manettia bicolor 
Firethorn (except for thorns) 
Pyracantha spp 
Fireweed 
Epilobium angustifolium 
Fittonia 
Fittonia spp 
Flame violet 
Episcia reptans 
Flaming sword 
Vriesea splendens 
Flamingo plant 
Hypoestes phyllostachya 
Flocks 
Phlox spp 


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