Non-toxic plant information (including information about using tables to identify
plants dangerous to pets)
Table 1. Non toxic plant list (alphabetical using common names)
Table 2. Non toxic plant list (alphabetical using Latin or scientific names)
TOXIC PLANTS •
How to use this toxic plant list
Toxic plant rating guide
What to do for a plant poisoning
Table 3. Toxic plant list (alphabetical using common names)
Table 4. Toxic plant list (alphabetical using Latin or scientific names)
Introduction Plants are a major cause of poisoning in children under the age of 6 years. Nationally,
almost 8 out of 10 plant ingestions occur in young children. But children are not the only
victims of plant poisoning—adults, pets and farm animals can also be exposed to plants.
To prevent accidents, be aware of the potential dangers of plants.
The common names of plants can refer to several different species. Some may be safe
and some may be dangerous. It is important to know which species you have and to
check both the non-toxic plant list as well as the toxic plant list to make sure the plant
you have is safe.
Each situation is unique. Reactions to plants can depend on factors such as the age and
size of the patient, health factors such as allergies and the amount of the exposure.
Always call the poison center for up-to-the-minute treatment advice.
It is essential to know the names of the plants in your house and in your yard. Keep the
name tags that come with new plants attached for future identification. If your child is
being cared for at a relative’s house or daycare, it is important to know if they have
dangerous plants to which your child could be exposed.
However, you must have a name of the plant (either the common name or the Latin
name) to get the most reliable specific information. Poison center staff cannot identify
plants over the phone from the description of the plant. There are over 1000,000 species
of plants. A call to the poison center about an unknown plant described as having big
shiny green leaves is not enough information to know what the plant is. If you do not
know the name of the plant, take the plant or a part of the plant with leaves, berries or
flowers to a reputable plant nursery for a positive identification. Try to get the common
name and the Latin scientific name. Then call the California Poison Control System at 1-800-222-1222 for more help.
This is a guide to safe plants but it should not be used as a substitute for calling the
poison center if a person or an animal has eaten a plant. The California Poison Control System is available 24 hours a day by calling 1-800-222-1222. If you are not in
California, call 1-800-222-1222 to be connected to your nearest poison control center.
WHAT TO DO FOR A PLANT POISONING •
Do NOT induce vomiting.
Remove any plant parts from the mouth or hands.
Wash around the mouth and hands and give a few sips of water.
Check for any irritation of the skin, mouth or tongue.
Call the California Poison Control System at 1-800-222-1222 •
Even if you are not sure, call the poison center for help. It will not be as waste of
Do not wait for symptoms to appear. Treatment will be more difficult once
symptoms have developed.
If you are advised to go to the hospital, take the plant or part of the plant with you.
NON-TOXIC PLANTS The plants in this list are considered to be safe to humans. This list is in two parts. The
first list is alphabetical by common name and the second list is alphabetical by Latin or
Keep in mind that even non-toxic plants can cause vomiting in humans and animals. Also
children can choke on a plant piece and have gagging or choking.
Some plants that are not a problem to humans can be a problem for animals. The plant
names that are listed in bold typeface are known to be dangerous to animals (dogs and
cats). Because dogs, especially, will eat large amounts, it is important to keep pets and
these plants apart.
Table 1. – Nontoxic Plants by Common Name
Common name Latin or scientific name Abelia
Abelia spp Abutilon hemp
Abutilon theophrasti Acacia
Albizia julibrisson Acanthus
Callistephus chinensis Aster, giant
Townsendia sericea Astilbe
Astilbe japonica Australian laurel
Pittosporum tobira Australian nut Macadamia spp Australian umbrella tree
Brassaia actinophylla Australian umbrella tree
Schefflera actinophylla B
Common name Latin or scientific name Baby jade
Crassula argentea Baby sun rose
Aptenia cordifolia Baby sun rose
Mesembryanthemum cordifolium Baby’s breath
Gypsophila paniculata Baby’s tears
Hypoestes phyllostachya Baby’s tears
Soleirolia soleirolii Baby's toes
Fenestraria rhapalophylla Bachelor buttons
Centaurea cyanus Balloon flower
Platycodon grandiflorus Balloon vine
Cardiospermum halicacabum Balm
Molucella spp Balsam
Impatients spp Balsam tree
Abies balsamea Bamboo bush
Nandina domestica Bamboo palm
Chamaedorea spp Bamboo, common
Phyllostachys aurea Basket lily Hermocallis spp Basket plant or vine
Aeschynanthus spp Bayberry
Aeschynanthus spp Bayberry
Myrica pensylvanica Bead vine
Crassula rupestris Bear’s breech
Acanthus spp Beauty berry
Callicarpa spp Beauty bush
Kolkwitzia amabilis Beech, American
Fagus spp Begonia cissus
Cissus spp Begonia, iron cross
Platycodon grandiflorus Bellflower
Campanula spp Bells of Ireland
Moluccella spp Bigleaf palm
Fatsia japonica Billbergia
Aechmea marmorata Billbergia
Quesnelia spp Birch tree
Betula spp Bird’s nest fern
Asplenium nidus Bishop’s cap or Bishop's hood
Astrophytum spp Bishop's elder or Bishop's weed
Aegopodium podagraria Bitter pecan
Carya spp Bitternut
Carya spp Black beech
Nothofagus spp Black-eyed Susan vine
Thunbergia alata Blazing star
Liatris spp Bleeding heart
Clerodendrum spp Bleeding heart vine
Clerodendrum spp Bloodleaf plant
Iresine spp Blue bottle
Centaurea cyanus Blushing bromeliad
Aregelia spp Blushing bromeliad
Neoregelia spp Border grass
Liriope muscari Boston fern
Nephrolepis spp Bottle gourd
Lagenaria siceraria Bottle palm
Beaucarnea recurvata Bottle tree
Brachychiton spp Bottlebrush
Callistemon spp Brain plant
Calathea makoyana Brassaia
Brassaia actionophylla Breath of spring
Lonicera fragrantissima Breath-of-heaven
Coleonema ericoides Breath-of-heaven
Diosma ericoides Bride’s flower
Stephanotis floribunda Bride's bonnet
Clintonia uniflora Bright eyes
Sinningia speciosa Brodiaea
Dichelostemma pulchellum Bromeliad king