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Appendix 2

Nyungar Seasons

Across Australia, Aboriginal hunting and food-gathering practices were dictated by the cycle of the seasons 

(Berndt & Berndt 1999:11). The way in which the year was divided depended upon the region concerned. 

In south-western Australia the year was generally separated into 6 seasons: Birak, Bunuru, Djerin, Makaru, 

Djilba and Kambarang.

December

to 


January

Birak


At this time of year the weather was dry and hot. During Birak, scrubland was 

burnt to force animals into the open for easier hunting and to encourage new 

plant growth. Banksias were in flower during Birak and the blossoms were 

gathered in Mooro Country for their honey.

February

to

March



Bunuru

Bunuru was the hottest time of the year and during Bunuru, people gathered 

around the lakes, including those in the Yellagonga Regional Park area. At 

this time of year, food was plentiful with frogs and reptiles in abundance. 

Zamia seeds were collected at this time and banksia and wattle flowers were 

gathered for their honey.

April

to

May



Djerin

As Djerin approached, the weather got cooler and people travelled down 

the river. Scrubland was burnt to ensure food would be plentiful for the next 

year. Shelters were built in Djerin and skin cloaks were sewn. At this time of 

year, root vegetables were plentiful and various root tubers and bulbs were 

collected.

June

to

July



Makaru

During these wetter months, the people of the Swan River Plain moved 

up towards the shelter of the hills where they would be protected from the 

south-west winds. At this time of year, rains replenished the inland water 

resources and large animals, such as kangaroos, emus and possums were 

hunted for food. Smouldering banksia cones were kept under cloaks to keep 

warm.

August


to

September

Djilba

During Djilba, the days and nights were clear and cold. During this time, root 



tubers were an important food source. In particular, native yams near the 

Swan River were dug in vast quantities. Large animals, such as kangaroos, 

emus and possums continued to be hunted. Plants, such as milkmaids, 

cottonhead, myrtle and spearwood would begin to flower.

October

to

November



Kambarang

As the weather become warmer in Kambarang, people camped around the 

lakes, including those in the Yellagonga Regional Park area. Wetlands foods, 

including frogs and reptiles were hunted. Birds, such as ducks, swans and 

wild turkeys were also plentiful. Sweet gums and resins would exude from the 

bark of Eucalypts.

APPENDIX 2  

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85

86  

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  APPENDIX 3



Bibulmun Yorga

Appendix 3

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APPENDIX 3  

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87



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88

  



|

  

APPENDIX 3



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APPENDIX 3  

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89



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90

  

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APPENDIX 3



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APPENDIX 3  

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91

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