Melaleuca deanei F. Muell. ( National Recovery Plan Deane’s Paperbark)

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Melaleuca deanei F. Muell.


Recovery Plan

Deane’s Paperbark)

Authors: Martin Bremner and Ann Goeth

April 2010

© Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW), 2010

This work is copyright. However, material presented in this plan may be copied for personal use or published for educational purposes, providing that any extracts are fully acknowledged. Apart from this and any other use as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, no part may be reproduced without prior written permission from the Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW).
Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW)

59-61 Goulburn Street

(PO Box A290)

Sydney South NSW 1232

Phone: (02) 9995 5000 (switchboard)

Phone: 131 555 (information & publications requests)

TTY: (02) 9211 4723

Fax: (02) 9995 5999



Note: This recovery plan sets out the actions necessary to stop the decline of, and support the recovery of, the listed threatened species.
The plan has been developed with the involvement and cooperation of a broad range of stakeholders, but individual stakeholders have not necessarily committed to undertaking specific actions. The attainment of objectives and the provision of funds may be subject to budgetary and other constraints affecting the parties involved. Proposed actions may be subject to modification over the life of the plan due to changes in knowledge.

Requests for information or comments regarding the recovery program for Melaleuca deanei are best directed to:

The Melaleuca deanei Recovery Plan Coordinator

Biodiversity Conservation Section, Metro Branch

Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW)

PO Box 1967

Hurstville NSW 2220

Phone: 02 9585 6952

Cover photograph: Martin Bremner
This plan should be cited as follows:

Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW) (2010), Recovery Plan for Melaleuca deanei, Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW), Sydney.

ISBN 1 920887 60 1

DECCW 2006/515

Printed on recycled paper
Recovery Plan for Deane’s Paperbark (Melaleuca deanei)


This document constitutes the formal National and NSW State Recovery Plan for Melaleuca deanei (Deane’s Paperbark) (family Myrtaceae). It considers the conservation requirements of the species across its known range, and identifies the actions to be taken to ensure the long-term viability of Melaleuca deanei in nature and the parties who will undertake these actions.

Melaleuca deanei is listed as vulnerable under the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 and the NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995. It is a single or multi-stemmed shrub to 5 metres high that occupies broad flat ridgetops, dry ridges and slopes in the Sydney Basin Bioregion. It is known from 94 populations between St. Albans to the north of Sydney, and Nowra to the south.
The overall objective of this recovery plan is to ensure the long-term survival of Melaleuca deanei in the wild by promoting in situ conservation. The recovery actions detailed in this plan include:

  • to protect a representative sample of populations on public and private lands;

  • to identify and manage the threats operating at sites that contain the species;

  • to conduct surveys and research that will assist with the management of the species; and

  • to raise awareness about the threats to the species and involve the community in the recovery program.

It is intended that the recovery plan will be implemented over a five-year period. The actions in this plan will primarily be undertaken by the Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water.




The Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water wishes to acknowledge the following individuals, and their respective organisations for their contributions to the development of this recovery plan:

  • Ian Drinnan, Sutherland Shire Council

  • Jamie Slaven, Hornsby Shire Council

  • Andrew Orme and Richard Johnstone, Mount Annan Botanic Gardens

  • Marina Petersen, Department of Defence

  • Nick Corkish, DECCW

  • Ross Doig, Australian Plant Society

  • Salli Felton, Sydney Water

  • Steve Douglas, Consultant

Table of Contents

Foreword i

Acknowledgments ii

Introduction 1

1Legislative Context 1

1.1Legal status 1

1.2Responsibilities under the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 1

1.3Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 2

1.4Other legislation 2

2Description and Taxonomy 2

2.1Description 2

2.2Taxonomy 2

3Distribution and Habitat 2

3.1Current distribution 2

3.2Historical distribution 5

3.3Population size 5

3.4Land tenure and zoning 5

3.5Habitat 6

4.5.1 Landform, Climate, Geology and Soils 6

4.5.2 Associated Vegetation 6

4.5.3 Habitat Critical to Survival 6

4Biology and Ecology 6

4.1Habit and life cycle 6

4.2Pollination, flowering and seed production 6

4.3Seed dispersal and seed bank dynamics 7

4.4Disturbance ecology 7

5Threats and Management Issues 8

5.1Threatening processes 8

6.1.1 Low fecundity and viability 8

6.1.2 Habitat loss and fragmentation 8

6.1.3 Inappropriate fire regimes 9

6.1.4 Mechanical methods of bushfire fuel hazard reduction 9

6.1.5 Construction and maintenance of tracks and easements 9

6.1.6 Unrestricted access and rubbish dumping 10

6.1.7 Weed invasion 10

6.1.8 Hybridisation 10

5.2Limits to current knowledge 11

5.3Translocation and ex situ conservation 11

6Previous Recovery Actions 11

6.1Surveys and research 11

6.2Threatened species data collection and audit 11

6.3Profile and environmental impact assessment guidelines 11

6.4Establishment of a recovery team 11

6.5In-situ protection 11

7Proposed Recovery Objectives, Actions and Performance Criteria 12

Implementation 17

8Social and Economic Consequences 17

8.1Social consequences 17

8.2Economic consequences 17

9Biodiversity Benefits 17

10Preparation Details 17

11Review Date 18

12References 18

13Abbreviations Used in this Document 19

Appendix 1: Public Authority responsibilities under NSW legislation 21

Appendix 2: Additional legislation relevant for the conservation and recovery of M. deanei 22

Appendix 3: Melaleuca deanei general location details and population specific information 24

Appendix 4: Species profile and environmental impact assessment guidelines 31

Appendix 5: Site Management Statement Proforma 38

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