Pine featherflower (verticordia staminosa subsp. Cylindracea var. Erecta)



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INTERIM RECOVERY PLAN NO. 126 

 

PINE FEATHERFLOWER 



(VERTICORDIA STAMINOSA SUBSP

CYLINDRACEA VAR. ERECTA

 

INTERIM RECOVERY PLAN 

 

2002-2007 

 

Gillian Stack and Andrew Brown 



 

Photo A. Brown 

November 2002 

 

Department of Conservation and Land Management 



Western Australian Threatened Species and Communities Unit (WATSCU) 

PO Box 51, Wanneroo, WA 6946 

 

 

 



 

 

Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta 

 

 

FOREWORD 



 

Interim Recovery Plans (IRPs) are developed within the framework laid down in Department of Conservation 

and Land Management (the Department) Policy Statements Nos. 44 and 50. 

 

IRPs outline the recovery actions that are required to urgently address those threatening processes most 



affecting the ongoing survival of threatened taxa or ecological communities, and begin the recovery process. 

 

The Department is committed to ensuring that Critically Endangered taxa are conserved through the preparation 



and implementation of Recovery Plans or Interim Recovery Plans and by ensuring that conservation action 

commences as soon as possible and always within one year of endorsement of that rank by the Minister. 

 

This Interim Recovery Plan will operate from November 2002 to October 2007 but will remain in force until 



withdrawn or replaced. It is intended that, if the taxon is still ranked Critically Endangered, this IRP will be 

reviewed after five years and the need for a full Recovery Plan assessed. 

 

This IRP was approved by the Director of Nature Conservation on 20 June, 2002.  The provision of funds 



identified in this Interim Recovery Plan is dependent on budgetary and other constraints affecting the 

Department, as well as the need to address other priorities. 

 

Information in this IRP was accurate at November 2002. 



 

 

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Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta 

 

SUMMARY 

 

Scientific Name: 



Verticordia staminosa subsp

cylindracea var. erecta 

Common Name: 

Pine Featherflower 



Family: 

Myrtaceae 



Flowering Period: 

June-October 



Dept Region: 

Wheatbelt 



Dept District: 

Katanning 



Shire: 

Shire of Lake Grace 



Recovery Team: 

Katanning District Threatened Flora 

Recovery Team 

 

Illustrations and/or further information:  A. Brown, C. Thomson-Dans and N. Marchant (Eds) (1998) Western 



Australia’s Threatened Flora; A.S. George (1991) Verticordia (Myrtaceae: Chamelaucieae)

 

Current status:  Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta was declared as Rare Flora in December 1999.  It 

currently meets World Conservation Union (IUCN, 2000) Red List Category ‘CR’ under criteria B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v) due 

to the severe fragmentation of populations (just two known) and a continuing decline in the quality of habitat and the 

number of mature individuals.  The main threats are the taxon’s narrow distribution, insecurity of tenure, weeds and poor 

rainfall.   

 

Critical habitat:  The critical habitat for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var.  erecta comprises the area of 

occupancy of the known populations; similar habitat within 200 metres of known populations; and additional nearby 

occurrences of similar habitat that do not currently contain the taxon but may have done so and may be suitable for future 

translocations.    

 

Habitat critical to the survival of the species, and important populations: Given that this variety is listed as Critically 

Endangered it is considered that all known habitat for wild and future translocated populations is habitat critical.  

 

Benefits to other species/ecological communities: There are no threatened ecological communities or other threatened 

species in the immediate vicinity of Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta. However, recovery actions 

implemented to improve the quality or security of the habitat of the subspecies, such as weed control and rehabilitation, 

will benefit the remnant bushland habitat in which it occurs. 

 

International Obligations: This plan is fully consistent with the aims and recommendations of the Convention on 

Biological Diversity, ratified by Australia in June 1993, and will assist in implementing Australia’s responsibilities under 

that Convention. However, as Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta is not listed under any international 

agreement, the implementation of other international environmental responsibilities is not affected by this plan. 

 

Role and interests of indigenous people: There are no known indigenous communities interested or involved in the 

management of areas affected by this plan. Therefore no role has been identified for indigenous communities in the 

recovery of this variety.  

 

Social and economic impacts: The implementation of this recovery plan is unlikely to cause significant adverse social and 

economic impacts. The variety occurs on and around large granite outcrops which are partially on private property. 

However, negotiations between relevant parties have ensured that the area directly supporting the species will be left 

uncleared. 

 

Evaluation of the Plans Performance: The Department of Conservation and Land Management, in conjunction with the 

Recovery Team will evaluate the performance of this IRP. In addition to annual reporting on progress with listed actions 

and comparison against the criteria for success and failure, the plan is to be reviewed within five years of its 

implementation. 

 

Habitat requirements: Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta is currently known from just two populations 

north of Buniche. It grows in shallow coarse soils on domed granite outcrops with Borya (George 1991).   

 

Existing Recovery Actions: The following recovery actions have been or are currently being implemented – 

1.  Managers of land on which Population 1a and b occur have been made aware of the location and threatened status of 

the taxon. 

2.  Both populations are fenced from stock.    

3.  Approximately 850 seeds have been collected from Population 1, some in 1995 and more in 1998.  These are stored in 

the Department's Threatened Flora Seed Centre at –18

°C. 


 

3


 

Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta 

 

4. 


The Botanic Garden and Parks Authority currently have 97 plants of Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. 

erecta.  Ten are in the Botanic Gardens, and the remainder are in the Nursery.

 

5.  Staff from the Department's Katanning District regularly monitor populations of the taxon. 



6.  The Katanning District Threatened Flora Recovery Team is overseeing the implementation of this IRP and will include 

information on progress in an annual report to the Department's Corporate Executive and funding bodies. 

 

IRP Objective:  The objective of this Interim Recovery Plan is to abate identified threats and maintain or enhance in situ 

populations to ensure the long-term preservation of the taxon in the wild. 

 

Recovery criteria 

Criterion for success: The number of individuals within populations and/or the number of populations have increased by 

10% or more. 



Criterion for failure: The number of individuals within populations and/or the number of populations have decreased by 

10% or more. 

 

Recovery actions 

1.  Coordinate recovery actions 

7.     Promote awareness 

2.  Formally notify land managers 

8.     Collect biological and ecological information 

3.  Achieve long-term protection of habitat 

9.     Rabbit control, if required in future 

4.  Conduct further surveys 

10.   Weed control, if required in future 

5.  Monitor populations 

11.   Develop a fire management strategy, if required  

6.  Collect seed and cutting material 

12.   Review the need for a full Recovery Plan 

 

4



 

Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta 

 

• 

1.  



BACKGROUND 

 

History 

 

E. Bishop first collected Verticordia  staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta from private property north of 



Buniche in September 1980.  Subpopulation 1B was discovered on adjacent private property a short time later.   

 

In August and October 1981, Elizabeth Berndt collected cutting material for propagation from both 



subpopulations.  This material was distributed to members of the W.A. Wildflower Society’s Verticordia Study 

Group.   

 

Population 2 was discovered in June 2002. Interestingly, at this location the variety erecta grows with the 



variety cylindracea (Population 5).   

 

 



Description 

 

Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta is a small, erect, pine-like shrub to 1 m tall.  Its distinctive 

upright habit distinguishes it from the variety cylindracea which has spreading branches.  Both varieties share 

floral characters that distinguish subspecies cylindracea from subspecies staminosa; namely, smaller flowers 

(sepals 5-6 mm rather than 7 mm), shorter stamens (6-7 mm long compared to 9-12 mm long) that are united for 

half their length instead of 2-3 mm, and staminode (infertile stamens) insertion between the stamens rather than 

outside the staminal tube (George 1991).  The solitary flowers have yellow very feathery sepals, with protruding 

red stamens which have yellow tips.  Below these are two shiny red persistent bracts (Brown et al. 1998).  The 

flowers fade to brown-white with age.   

 

Distribution and habitat 

 

Verticordia  staminosa  subsp. cylindracea var. erecta is currently known from just two populations north of 

Buniche. At both locations it grows with Borya and Kunzea pulchella in shallow coarse loamy soils in crevices 

on and at the base of large granite outcrops.   

 

Critical habitat 

 

Critical habitat is habitat identified as being critical to the survival of a listed threatened species or listed 



threatened ecological community.  Habitat is defined as the biophysical medium or media occupied 

(continuously, periodically or occasionally) by an organism or group of organisms or once occupied 

(continuously, periodically or occasionally) by an organism, or group of organisms, and into which organisms 

of that kind have the potential to be reintroduced. (Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 



1999 (EPBC Act)).  

 

The critical habitat for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta comprises: 



the area of occupancy of known populations; 

•  areas of similar habitat within 200 metres of known populations, i.e. coarse loamy soils on domed granite 

outcrops with Borya and Kunzea pulchella (these provide potential habitat for natural range extension); 

•  additional occurrences of similar habitat on nearby granite outcrops that do not currently contain the taxon 

but may have done so in the past (these represent possible translocation sites).   

 

Habitat critical to the survival of the species, and important populations 

 

Given that this variety is listed as Critically Endangered it is considered that all known habitat for wild and any 



future translocated populations is habitat critical.  

 

 



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Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta 

 

                                                     



Benefits to other species/ecological communities 

 

There are no threatened ecological communities in the immediate vicinity of Verticordia  staminosa  subsp. 



cylindracea var. erecta. One other threatened plant (Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea

occurs in the area of one population and recovery actions implemented to improve the quality or security of the 

habitat of Verticordia  staminosa  subsp. cylindracea var. erecta, such as weed control and rehabilitation, will 

benefit it and the remnant bushland habitat in which it occurs.  

 

International Obligations 

 

This plan is fully consistent with the aims and recommendations of the Convention on Biological Diversity, 



ratified by Australia in June 1993, and will assist in implementing Australia’s responsibilities under that 

Convention. However, as Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta is not listed under any 

international agreement, the implementation of other international environmental responsibilities is not affected 

by this plan. 

 

Role and interests of indigenous people 

 

There are no known indigenous communities interested or involved in the management of areas affected by this 



plan. Therefore no role has been identified for indigenous communities in the recovery of this variety.  

 

Social and economic impacts 

 

The implementation of this recovery plan is unlikely to cause significant adverse social and economic impacts. 



Both populations of the species occur on nature reserves. 

 

Evaluation of the Plans Performance 

 

The Department of Conservation and Land Management, in conjunction with the Recovery Team will evaluate 



the performance of this IRP. In addition to annual reporting on progress with listed actions and comparison 

against the criteria for success and failure, the plan is to be reviewed within five years of its implementation. 



 

Biology and ecology 

 

Verticordia species have highly variable seed set and viability within population over different years and 

between populations in the same year (personal communication, A. Cochrane

1

).   



 

The floral morphology of Verticordia staminosa differs from most species in the subgenus Chrysoma in that its 

staminal filaments form a tube.  This, combined with the showy red and yellow colouration and the presentation 

of flowers hanging beneath branchlets, suggest that the species is bird pollinated (Yates and Ladd, in press).  

Yates and Ladd studied the breeding system, pollinator activity, flowering rates, frequency of pollination, seed 

production, seedling demography, mature plant mortality and population structure of the closely related 



Verticordia staminosa subsp. staminosa over a period of three years.  It is likely that Verticordia staminosa 

subsp. cylindracea var. erecta would share many of the same characteristics (personal communication C. 

Yates

2

).  



 

Yates and Ladd (in press) suggest that feral honeybees have displaced birds as the dominant pollinators of 



Verticordia staminosa subsp. staminosa, and although the honeybee doesn’t harvest the oily pollen, it does 

deplete nectar resources, changing bird foraging behavior and, potentially, patterns of pollen dispersal.  V. 



staminosa subsp. staminosa has been found to be hermaphroditic and capable of self-fertilisation.  This means 

that although rates of intra-plant foraging and crossing between near neighbours may have increased, there is no 

reduction in the number of seeds produced.  (Yates and Ladd, in press). 

 

1



 Anne Cochrane, Manager, the Department's Threatened Flora Seed Centre  

2

 Dr. Colin Yates, Senior Research Scientist, the Department’s Science Division 



 

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Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta 

 

• 

• 



 

The fruits of Verticordia staminosa subsp. staminosa are passively dispersed each year, and may accumulate in 

organic matter at the base of plants or be dispersed across the rock surface by wind and water flow.  

Germination and growth of seedlings occurred in each year of the study but the highest numbers were associated 

with the wettest years.  Germination and initial growth occurred in moss mats or mineral soils, but recruitment 

was much more likely where individuals were found in rock fissures. Yates and Ladd (in press) noted that 

recruitment far exceeded mature plant mortality in the three year study period. 

 

Yates and Ladd (in press) concluded that the constraints to population growth in V. staminosa subsp. staminosa 



were climate and suitable establishment crevices rather than the breeding system, pollinator activity or vector, or 

seed production.  They noted that increasingly dry winters and springs in south-western Australia (CSIRO 2001, 

cited in Yates and Ladd, in final draft) and competition from annual weeds in the rock crevices are likely to be 

factors in the survival of the taxon.  This seems likely to also apply to V. staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. 



erecta.   

 

Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta has demonstrated a capacity for some recovery from 

drought stress.  A number of plants observed during monitoring in June 2002 would have been considered dead, 

as they were mostly leafless and sometimes had also collapsed. However, following rain they produced small, 

vigorous tufts of new growth on the tips of old branches.   

 

Threats 

 

Verticordia staminosa was declared as Rare Flora in March 1982.  Verticordia  staminosa  subsp. cylindracea 

var. erecta was separated as a distinct taxon and declared as Rare Flora in December 1999.  It currently meets 

World Conservation Union (IUCN, 2000) Red List Category ‘CR’ under criteria B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v) due to 

the severe fragmentation of the two known populations and a continuing decline in the quality of habitat and the 

number of mature individuals.  The main threats are the taxon’s limited geographical range, insecurity of tenure 

and poor rainfall.   

 

Limited geographical range is a threat to the taxon as single catastrophic events have the potential to cause 

extinction.   



Weeds are evident in many of the soil pockets occupied by Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. 

erecta and may be inhibiting recruitment. Weeds also encourage grazing. 

•  Insecure tenure could result in a change of land ownership and may place populations at risk from 

innapropriate future management practices.   

•  Poor rainfall has resulted in a number of plants in both populations becoming stressed.  However, some of 

these plants may recover following seasons of better rainfall.   

•  Rabbits and kangaroos are present in the area of both populations but do not appear to graze or disturb 

adult plants. The soils that Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta occupy are not targeted by 

rabbits for burrowing purposes, as they are too shallow and small in area.  However, rabbits do graze native 

plant seedlings, presumably including those of the Verticordia thus affecting recruitment.  A number of 

semi mature seedlings were seen at both populations in June 2002, so the threat does not seem high at this 

time.  If monitoring detects an increase in the rabbit population or a fall in the proportion of seedlings seen, 

rabbit control should be undertaken.    

•  Fire is presumed to kill mature plants but is only a potential threat as the large surrounding areas of exposed 

rock prevent it from reaching most Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta plants. However, if 

there were a rise in quantity of grassy weeds the threat would become more significant, and a fire 

management plan should be prepared.   



 

 

7



 

Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta 

 

Summary of population information and threats 

 

Pop. No. & Location 



Land Status 

Year/No. plants 

Condition 

Threats 

1a.  W of Newdegate 

Private Property  1981  40 

1990  240* (80)* 

2002  49 (1) 

Moderate 

Drought stress, weeds 

1b.  W of Newdegate  

Private Property  1981  180+ (several) 

1990  see 1a above 

2002  357 (10) 

Moderate 

Drought stress, weeds 

2.  W of Newdegate 

Private Property  2002  615 (ca. 50) 

Moderate 

Drought stress, weeds 

Numbers in brackets = number of seedlings. * = total for both subpopulations combined. 

 

Guide for decision-makers 

 

Section 1 provides details of current and possible future threats.  Any on-ground works (clearing, firebreaks etc) 



in the immediate vicinity of Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta will require assessment.  On 

ground works should not be approved unless the proponents can demonstrate that they will not have an impact 

on the taxon, its habitat or potential habitat. 

 

 



2. 

RECOVERY OBJECTIVE AND CRITERIA 

 

Objectives 

 

The objective of this Interim Recovery Plan is to abate identified threats and maintain or enhance in situ 



populations to ensure the long-term preservation of the taxon in the wild. 

 

Criteria for success: The number of individuals within populations and/or the number of populations have 

increased by 10% or more. 

Criteria for failure: The number of individuals within populations and/or the number of populations have 

decreased by 10% or more. 

 

 

3. RECOVERY 



ACTIONS 

 

Existing recovery actions 

  

The managers of land containing Population 1A and 1B have been notified of the location and threatened status 



of Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta.  The notification details the Declared Threatened status 

of the taxon and the associated legal responsibilities.   

 

All populations are fenced to prevent grazing by stock.  



 

Approximately 570 seeds were collected from Population 1 in December 1995 and a further 280 seeds in 

December 1998.  These are stored in the Department's TFSC at –18

°C.  Staff of the Threatened Flora seed 

Centre(TFSC) test the viability of seed soon after collection and again after one year in storage.  The initial 

germination rate of Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta



 

seed ranged from 45 to 81%.  After 

one year in storage the germination rate was 88% (unpublished data  A. Cochrane).   

 

The Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority (BGPA) currently have 97 plants of Verticordia staminosa subsp. 



cylindracea  var. erecta.

   

Ten of these have been planted into the Botanic Gardens, with the majority of the 

remainder likely to follow.  Propagation of this taxon by cuttings has generally been very successful, 

particularly from second generation stock, with strike rates of higher than 70% (personal communication  A. 

Shade

3

).   



 

Staff from the Department's Katanning District regularly monitor all populations of this taxon. 

                                                      

3

 Amanda Shade, Horticulturalist, Botanic Garden and Parks Authority 



 

8


 

Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta 

 

 

The Katanning District Threatened Flora Recovery Team (KDTFRT) is overseeing the implementation of this 



IRP and will include information on progress in its annual report to the Department's Corporate Executive and 

funding bodies. 

 

Future recovery actions 

 

As both populations occur on private property, permission has been or will be sought from the land owners prior 



to recovery actions being undertaken. 

 

1. 



Coordinate recovery actions 

 

The KDTFRT will continue to oversee the implementation of recovery actions for Verticordia staminosa subsp. 



cylindracea  var. erecta and will include information on progress in its annual report to the Department's 

Corporate Executive and funding bodies. 

 

Action: 

Coordinate recovery actions 



Responsibility: 

The Department (Katanning District) through the KDTFRT  



Cost:  

$400 per year 

 

2. 

Formally notify land managers  

 

The owners of land containing subpopulations 2A and 2B need to be formally notified of the presence of 



Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta.  They are already aware that the closely related 

Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea occurs on the same granite outcrop.   

 

Action: 

Formally notify land owners 

Responsibility: 

The Department (Wildlife Branch)  



Cost:  

$100 in first year 

 

3. 

Achieve long-term protection of habitat 

 

Staff from the Department's Katanning District will continue liaison with land landowners and managers to 



ensure that populations are not accidentally damaged or destroyed.  In addition, ways and means of improving 

the security of populations and their habitat will be investigated.  This may include purchase, conservation 

covenants or the Land for Wildlife scheme.   

 

Action: 

Achieve long-term protection of habitat 

Responsibility: 

The Department (Katanning District) through the KDTFRT 



Cost:  

$1,000 per year  

 

4. 

Conduct further surveys 

 

Further surveys by Departmental staff and community volunteers will be conducted during the flowering period 



of the taxon (July to October). 

 

Action: 

Conduct further surveys 

Responsibility: 

The Department (Katanning District) through the KDTFRT 



Cost: 

$3,000 per year for first four years 

 

5. Monitor 

populations 

 

Annual monitoring of factors such as population stability (expansion or decline), habitat degradation, pollinator 



activity, seed production, recruitment, longevity and predation is essential.  Particular attention should be paid to 

the level of threat posed by weeds and rabbits.  If this should increase, appropriate control should be undertaken.   



 

 

9



 

Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta 

 

Action: 

Monitor populations 



Responsibility: 

The Department (Katanning District) through the KDTFRT 



Cost:  

$2,000 per year 

 

6. 

Collect seed and cutting material 

 

Preservation of germplasm is essential to guard against extinction if wild populations are lost.  Such collections 



are also needed to propagate plants for possible future translocations.  Some seed has been collected from 

Population 1 but further collections from both populations would be beneficial to expand the range of genetic 

material available.  At this time cuttings will also be obtained to enhance the living collection at the BGPA.   

 

Action: 

Collect seed and cutting material 

Responsibility: 

The Department (TFSC, Katanning District) through the KDTFRT 



Cost:  

$3,000 for the first two years and $1,000 in subsequent years 

 

7. Promote 

awareness 

 

The importance of biodiversity conservation and the need for the long-term protection of wild populations of 



this taxon will be promoted to the community through poster displays and the local print and electronic media.  

Formal links with local naturalist groups and interested individuals will also be encouraged.  An information 

sheet, which includes a description of the plant, its habitat, threats, recovery actions and photos will be 

produced. 

 

A reply paid postal drop illustrating Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta and describing its 



distinctive features and habitat will be produced and distributed by the Department's Katanning District office to 

local farmers and other residents in Shires containing possible habitat of the taxon.  This will apply to both 



Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta and V. staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea. The 

identification of any populations found through this action will be confirmed by staff from Katanning District.  

Postal drops aim to stimulate interest, provide information about threatened species and provide a name and 

number to contact if new populations are found by members of the community.  

 

Action: Promote 

awareness 



Responsibility: 

The Department (Katanning District) through the KDTFRT 



Cost:  

$1,200 in first year and $900 in subsequent years 

 

8. 

Obtain biological and ecological information 

 

Improved knowledge of the biology and ecology of Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta will 



provide a better scientific basis for management of the wild populations.  An understanding of the following is 

particularly necessary for effective management: 

 

1.  The soil seed bank dynamics and the role of disturbance, competition, rainfall and grazing in recruitment 



and seedling survival. 

2.  The pollination biology of the species. 

3.  The reproductive needs, phenology and seasonal growth of the species. 

4.  The population genetic structure, levels of genetic diversity and minimum viable population size. 

 

Action: 

Obtain biological and ecological information 



Responsibility: 

The Department (Science Division, Katanning District) through the KDTFRT 



Cost:  

$7,000 per year  

 

9. 

Rabbit control, if required in future 

 

Rabbits do not appear to graze adult plants of Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta, and there is 



no evidence of disturbance of those plants by diggings.  However, rabbits are known to preferentially graze soft 

young growth of native species and it is likely that they would impact on young seedlings.  A number of large 

 

10


 

Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta 

 

seedlings were seen during the 2002 survey, so it would seem that this threat is currently low.  This will be 



monitored, and if the threat increases, rabbit control will be implemented in consultation with the landholders.   

  

Action: 

Rabbit control, if required in future 

Responsibility: 

The Department (Katanning District) through the KDTFRT 



Cost:  

$200 per year (if required) 

 

10.  Weed control, if required in future 

 

Presently, the level of threat from weeds to both populations is very low.  However, if weed numbers increase 



there is potential that they will impact on Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta by preventing 

seed germination, competing for resources, exacerbating grazing pressure, and increasing the risk and severity 

of fire.  If during monitoring it is deemed that the threat from weeds has increased, weed control will be 

undertaken in consultation with the landholders.  The method used will have to be hand weeding or spot 

spraying to minimise herbicide washing off the rock and into surrounding vegetation.   

  

Action: 

Weed control, if required in future 

Responsibility: 

The Department (Katanning District) through the KDTFRT 



Cost:  

$700 per year (if required) 

 

11.  Develop a fire management strategy, if required in future 

 

Fire is thought to kill adult plants of Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta. It is also unlikely to 



stimulate germination of soil-stored seed as the taxon occurs in habitat that is unlikely to experience fire 

naturally.  Currently, fire presents a low level of threat to the taxon as the large areas of surrounding exposed 

granite provides a buffer.  However, if vegetation were to become more continuous through the introduction of 

weeds the fire risk would increase sharply.  This may occur if grassy weeds succeed in establishing in very 

small fissures between soil pockets.  If during monitoring it is deemed that the fire risk has increased, a fire 

management strategy will be developed to determine fire control measures and fire frequency.    

 

Action: 

Develop a fire management strategy, if required in future 



Responsibility: 

The Department (Katanning District) through the KDTFRT 



Cost:  

$2,400 for preparation in year deemed necessary and $1,000 for implementation in 

subsequent years (if required) 

 

12.  Review the need for a full Recovery Plan 

 

At the end of the fourth year of the five-year term of this Interim Recovery Plan, if the taxon is still ranked as 



Critically Endangered, the need for a full Recovery Plan or a review of this IRP will be assessed and a plan 

prepared if necessary. 

 

Action: 

Review the need for a full Recovery Plan 



Responsibility: 

The Department (WATSCU, Katanning District) through the KDTFRT 



Cost:  

$20,300 in the fifth year (if required) 

 

 

4. 



TERM OF PLAN 

 

This Interim Recovery Plan will operate from November 2002 to October 2007 but will remain in force until 



withdrawn or replaced.  If the taxon is still ranked Critically Endangered after five years, the need to review this 

IRP or to replace it with a full Recovery Plan will be determined. 

 

 

 



11

 

Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta 

 

5. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 

 

The following people have provided assistance and advice in the preparation of this Interim Recovery Plan: 



 

Anne Cochrane 

Manager, the Department's Threatened Flora Seed Centre 

Bethea Loudon 

Conservation Officer, the Department's Katanning District 

Amanda Shade 

Horticulturalist, Botanic Garden and Parks Authority 

 

Thanks also to the staff of the W.A. Herbarium for providing access to Herbarium databases and specimen 



information, and the Department's Wildlife Branch for assistance. 

 

 



6. REFERENCES 

 

Brown, A., Thomson-Dans, C. and Marchant, N. (Eds).  (1998)  Western Australia’s Threatened Flora.  



Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia. 

George, A.S.  (1991)  Verticordia (Myrtaceae: Chamelaucieae).  Nuytsia, 7(3), 231-394.  

The Department  (1992)  Policy Statement No. 44 Wildlife Management Programs.  Department of 

Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia. 

The Department  (1994)  Policy Statement No. 50 Setting Priorities for the Conservation of Western Australia’s 

Threatened Flora and Fauna.  Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia. 

The Department  (1995)  Policy Statement No. 29 Translocation of Threatened Flora and Fauna.  Department 

of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia. 

The Department  (1998)  Western Australian Herbarium FloraBase – Information on the Western Australian 

Flora.  Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia. 

http://www.calm.wa.gov.au/science/ 

World Conservation Union  (2000)  IUCN red list categories prepared by the IUCN Species Survival 

Commission, as approved by the 51st meeting of the IUCN Council.  Gland, Switzerland. 

Yates, C.J. and Ladd, P.G.  (submitted).  Pollination, demography and extinction vulnerability in a rare granite 

endemic shrub in south-west Western Australia.  Journal of Ecology.   

 

 



7. TAXONOMIC 

DESCRIPTION 

 

George, A.S. (1991) Verticordia (Myrtaceae: Chamelaucieae).  Nuytsia, 7(3), 231-394. 



 

Verticordia staminosa subspstaminosa - Shrub with widely spreading branches, to 30cm tall.  Sepals 7mm 

long.  Stamens 9-12mm long, united for 2-3mm; staminodes subulate, inserted on outside of staminal tube, the 

free part c. 1.5mm long.   

Distribution and habitat.  Recorded only near Wongan Hills, W.A.  Grows on exposed granitic slopes. 

Flowering period.  June-October. 

 

Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea - Differs from Verticordia staminosa subsp. staminosa  in the 

smaller flowers, the longer staminal tube, and the staminodes inserted between the staminal filaments.  Sepals 5-

6mm long.  Stamens 6-7mm long.  Staminodes c. 1mm long, obtuse.   



Distribution and habitat.  Occurs on granitic hills from Pingaring to east of Newdegate, W.A.   

The smaller flowers, shorter stamens but united for half their length, and the staminode insertion between the 

stamens, distinguish this subspecies from subsp. staminosa

Etymology.  From the Latin cylindraceus (cylindrical), in reference to the androecium.  

 

Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea - Shrub with widely spreading branches. 



Distribution and habitat.  Occurs on several granitic outcrops from Pingaring to east of Newdegate, W.A.   

Flowering period.  July-October.   

 

Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta - Differs from Vstaminosa var. cylindracea in the erect 

habit (to 1m tall).   

 

12



 

Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. erecta 

 

Distribution and habitat.  Recorded only from two localities on private property.  Grows in coarse soil on 

granitic hills with Borya.   



Flowering period.  June-October.   

Etymology.  Named from the Latin erectus, in reference to the habit.   

The erect, pine-like growth, consistent in the population, distinguishes this taxon from V. staminosa var



cylindracea, with which it shares the same floral characters that separate the subspecies from subsp. staminosa.   

 

 



13

 

Document Outline

  • SUMMARY
  • Habitat critical to the survival of the species, and important populations: Given that this variety is listed as Critically Endangered it is considered that all known habitat for wild and future translocated populations is habitat critical.
  • International Obligations: This plan is fully con
  • Role and interests of indigenous people: There are no known indigenous communities interested or involved in the management of areas affected by this plan. Therefore no role has been identified for indigenous communities in the recovery of this variety.
  • Social and economic impacts: The implementation of this recovery plan is unlikely to cause significant adverse social and economic impacts. The variety occurs on and around large granite outcrops which are partially on private property. However, negotiat
  • Evaluation of the Plans Performance: The Department of Conservation and Land Management, in conjunction with the Recovery Team will evaluate the performance of this IRP. In addition to annual reporting on progress with listed actions and comparison again
                • History
      • Description
            • Distribution and habitat
  • Habitat critical to the survival of the species, and important populations
  • International Obligations
  • Role and interests of indigenous people
  • Social and economic impacts
  • Evaluation of the Plans Performance
              • Biology and ecology
                  • Summary of population information and threats
        • Pop. No. & Location
    • Condition
        • 1a.  W of Newdegate
        • Objectives
        • 3.RECOVERY ACTIONS
        • Existing recovery actions
        • Future recovery actions
        • 1.Coordinate recovery actions
        • 2.Formally notify land managers
      • 3.Achieve long-term protection of habitat
      • 4.Conduct further surveys
      • 5.Monitor populations
      • 6.Collect seed and cutting material
      • 7.Promote awareness
      • 8.Obtain biological and ecological information
      • 9.Rabbit control, if required in future
      • 10.Weed control, if required in future
      • 11.Develop a fire management strategy, if required in future
      • 12.Review the need for a full Recovery Plan
                • Verticordia staminosa subsp. cylindracea var. cylindracea - Shrub with widely spreading branches.


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