Plant List for Yankauer



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Plant List for Yankauer

Dr Bell, of Shepherd University, put together an initial list of plants at the Preserve in the 1970’s. Kathy

Bilton has compiled his list and has added to it over the years with input from visitors and volunteers.
Below are the plants, broken into categories, emphasizing the distinction between natives and exotics.
Additions and corrections are welcome.

kathy@fred.net


Ferns and Fern Allies – Native

Asplenium platyneuron - Ebony Spleenwort


Botrychium dissectum - Cut Leaf Grape Fern
Botrychium virginianum - Rattlesnake Fern
Camptosorus rhizophyllus - Walking Fern
Dryopteris intermedia - Evergreen Wood Fern
Lycopodium digitatum - Southern Ground Cedar (A Clubmoss)
Polystichum acrostichoides - Christmas Fern
Woodsia??

Trees and Shrubs – Native

Acer negundo - Box Elder


Acer rubrum - Red Maple
Acer sp.
Asimina triloba - Pawpaw
Carpinus caroliniana- American Hornbeam, Blue Beech
Carya cordiformis - Bitternut Hickory
Carya tomentosa - Mockernut hickory
Celtis occidentalis - Hackberry
Celtis tenuifolia - Dwarf Hackberry
Cercis canadensis - Redbud
Cornus florida - Dogwood More info
Crataegus spp. - Hawthorn
Euonymous atropurpureus - Wahoo
Fraxinus americana - Ash
Fraxinus pennsylvanica var.subintegerrima - Green Ash
Gleditsia triacanthos - Honeylocust
Juglans nigra - Walnut
Juniperus virginiana - Eastern Red Cedar
Lindera benzoin - Spicebush
Liriodendron tulipifera - Tulip Poplar, Yellow poplar
Nyssa sylvatica - Black Gum
Ostrya virginiana - Hop Hornbeam
Pinus virginiana - Scrub Pine
Platanus occidentalis - Sycamore
Prunus serotina - Black Cherry
Quercus alba - White Oak
Quercus rubra var. borealis - Northern Red Oak
Quercus ilicifolia - Scrub Oak
Quercus muehlenbergi - Yellow Oak, Chinquapin Oak
Rhus aromatica - Fragrant Sumac
Rhus glabra - Smooth Sumac
Ribes spp. - Gooseberries or Currants
Robinia pseudo-acacia - Black Locust
Rubus allegheniensis - Alleghany Blackberry
Rubus flagellaris - Dewberry
Rubus occidentalis - Black Raspberry Sassafras albidum - Sassafras
Staphylea trifolia - Bladdernut
Tilia americana - Basswood
Ulmus americana - Elm
Ulmus rubra - Slippery Elm
Viburnum prunifolium - Black Haw

Trees and Shrubs – Exotic

Ailanthus altissima -- Tree of Heaven


Berberis thunbergii - Japanese Barberry
Eleagnus umbellata - Autumn Olive
Euonymus alatus – Burning Bush

Lonicera maackii - Bush Honeysuckle


Lonicera tatarica - Tartarian Honeysuckle
Prunus sp.
Rosa multiflora - Multiflora Rose
Rubus phoenicolasius - Wineberry

Vines – Native

Menispermum canadense - Moonseed Also see this page.


Parthenocissus quinquefolia - Virginia Creeper
Smilax hispida - Hispid Greenbrier
Toxicodendron radicans - Poison Ivy
Vitis sp. - Grape

Vines – Exotic

Celeastrus orbiculatus – Oriental bittersweet

Lonicera japonica - Japanese Honeysuckle
Herbaceous Plants -
Grasses and Sedges - Native
Andropogon virginicus - Broomsedge
Carex spp. - Sedge

Grasses and Sedges – Exotic

Bromus inermis - Smooth Bromegrass


Dactylis glomerata - Orchard Grass
Festuca spp.
Microstegium vimineum - Asiatic Stilt Grass
Phleum pratense - Timothy
Poa compressa - Canada Bluegrass
Poa pratensis - Kentucky Bluegrass
NOTE: Despite names of Poas, they are introduced from Europe.

Spring Wildflowers – Native

Anemonella thalictroides - Rue Anemone


Antennaria plantaginifolia - Plantain Leaf Pussytoes
Antennaria sp. - Pussytoes (small leaf?)
Aquilegia canadensis - Columbine
Arabis laevigata - Smooth Rockcress
Arisaema triphyllum - Jack-in-the-Pulpit
Caulophyllum thalictroides (L.) Michx. Blue Cohosh
Chrysogonum virginianum - Golden knees
Claytonia virginica - Spring Beauty
Corydalis flavula - Pale Corydalis
Dentaria laciniata - Cut-Leaved toothwort
Dicentra canadensis - Squirrelcorn Dicentra cucullaria - Dutchmen's Breeches
Erigeron philadelphicus - Common Fleabane
Eupatorium rugosum - White Snakeroot
Floerkea proserpinacoides - False Mermaid
Galium aparine - Bedstraw, Cleavers
Galium sp.
Geum vernum - Spring Avens
Hepatica americana - Hepatica
Heuchera sp. - Heuchera
Hybanthus concolor - Green Violet
Hydrophyllum virginianum - Virginia Waterleaf
Jeffersonia diphylla - Twinleaf
Mertensia virginica - Virginia Bluebells
Orchis spectabilis - Showy Orchis
Ozmorhiza sp. - Sweet Cicely
Phacelia purshii - Miami Mist
Phlox divaricata - Wild Blue Phlox
Podophyllum peltatum - Mayapple
Polygonatum biflorum - Common Solomon's Seal
Polygonatum canaliculatum - Giant Solomon's Seal
Ranunculus abortivus - Aborted Buttercup
Ranunculus recurvatus - Recurved Buttercup
Sanguinaria canadensis - Bloodroot
Saxifraga virginiensis - Early Saxifrage
Sedum ternatum - Wild Stonecrop
Senecio aureus - Golden Ragwort
Smilacina racemosa - False Solomon's Seal
Stellaria pubera - Star Chickweed
Thalictrum dioicum - Early Meadow Rue
Uvularia perfoliata - Perfoliated Bellwort
Viola sororia - Violet (incudes V. papilionacea)
Viola striata - Striped Violet
Viola pubescens - Downy Yellow Violet (includes V. pensylvanica - Smooth Yellow Violet)
Viola rafinesquii - Field Pansy (?? or tricolor or arvensis)
Viola triloba - Three Lobed Blue Violet
Zizia aptera (?) - Golden Alexanders

Other Herbaceous Plants – Native

Agastache sp. - Giant Hyssop


Agrimonia sp. - Agrimony
Ambrosia artemisiifolia - Ragweed
Anemone virginiana - Thimbleweed
Asclepias quaternata ?? (quadrifolia??)
Asclepias syriaca - Milkweed
Aster sp. - Aster (cordate)
Aster sp. - Aster (sagitate)
Cimicifuga racemosa - Black Cohosh (1 in bloom 6-23-07)
Circaea quadrisulcata var. canadensis - Enchanter's Nightshade (blooming 6-23-07)
Cirsium discolor - Field Thistle
Dioscorea sp. - Wild Yam
Geum canadense - White Avens
Goodyera pubescens - Rattlesnake Orchid
Liparis lilifolia - Large twayblade
Liparis loeselii - Bog Twayblade
Lobelia inflata - Indian Tobacco
Lobelia syphilitica - Great LobeliaMonarda sp. -
Monotropa uniflora - Indian Pipe
Oenothera perennis - Sundrops
Oxalis violacea - Violet Wood Sorrel
Polygonum (Tovara) virginianum - Jumpseed, Virginia Knotweed
Polymnia uvedalia - Yellow Leafcup
Phytolacca americana - Pokeweed
Sanicula gregaria - Clustered Snakeroot
Silene stellata - Starry Campion
Solanum carolinense - Horse-nettle
Solidago spp. - Goldenrod
Uvularia perfoliata - Perfoliate Bellwort
Verbesina alternifolia - Wingstem

Other Herbaceous Plants – Exotic

Achillea millefolium - Yarrow


Alliaria petiolata - Garlic Mustard
Allium vineale - Wild Onion
Arctium minus - Burdock
Barbarea vulgaris - Cress
Bidens tripartita ?? (native?) - Beggar Ticks
Carduus sp. - Thistle
Cerastium vulgatum - Mouse-Ear Chickweed
Chenopodium album - Lamb's Quarters
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum - Ox Eye Daisy
Cirsium sp. - Thistle
Duchesnea indica - Indian Strawberry
Echium vulgare - Viper's Bugloss
Glechoma hederacea - Ground Ivy
Hieracium pratense - King Devil
Lamium purpureum - Purple Dead Nettle
Lepidium campestre - Field Cress
Lespedeza sp. - Bush Clover (Annual)
Linaria vulgaris - Toadflax
Muscari spp. - Grape Hyacinth
Nepeta cataria - Catnip
Ornithogalum umbellatum - Star of Bethlehem
Oxalis sp. - Yellow Sorrel
Plantago lanceolata - Plantain
Polygonum persicaria - Lady's thumb
Polygonum cespitosum var. longisetum - Long Bristled Smartweed
Potentilla recta - Upright Cinquefoil
Prunella vulgaris - Heal-all
Ranunculus bulbosus - Bulbous Buttercup
Rumex acetosella - Sheep Sorrel
Rumex crispus - Curly Dock
Rumex obtusifolius - Bitter Dock
Stellaria media - Chickweed
Stellaria graminea - Lesser Stitchwort
Taraxacum officinale - Dandelion
Thlaspi arvense - Pennycress
Verbascum thapsus - Mullein
Veronica officinalis - Speedwell

Compiled 3/97 by Kathy Bilton, updated 4-18-99, 4-12-00, 4-15-00, 5-11-01, 4-21-03, 5-21-03, 11-20-14

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