Recovery Plan for the Endangered Jumping-Jack Wattle Acacia enterocarpa (2011)

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Recovery Plan for the Endangered Jumping-Jack Wattle

Acacia enterocarpa

A Recovery Plan prepared under the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC, 1999).

Cite as:

Moritz, K.N. and Bickerton, D.C. (2011). Recovery Plan for the Nationally Endangered Jumping-Jack Wattle Acacia enterocarpa. Report to the Recovery Planning and Implementation Section, Australian Government Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, Canberra. Department for Environment and Natural Resources, South Australia.

ISBN 978-0-9806503-8-9
© Department for Environment and Natural Resources. SA

This publication is copyright. Apart from any use permitted under the copyright Act 1968, no part may be reproduced by any process without prior written permission from the Government of South Australia. Requests and inquiries regarding reproduction should be addressed to:

Department for Environment and Natural Resources

GPO Box 1047

Note: This recovery plan sets out the actions necessary to stop the decline of, and support the recovery of, the listed threatened species or ecological community. The Australian Government is committed to acting in accordance with the plan and to implementing the plan as it applies to Commonwealth areas.
The plan has been developed with the involvement and cooperation of a broad range of stakeholders, but individual stakeholders have not necessarily committed to undertaking specific actions. The attainment of objectives and the provision of funds may be subject to budgetary and other constraints affecting the parties involved. Proposed actions may be subject to modification over the life of the plan due to changes in knowledge.
Copies of this Recovery Plan are available at:

and from:

Senior Ecologist, Threatened Species and Ecological Communities

Nature Conservation Branch

Department for Environment and Natural Resources

PO Box 1047

Adelaide SA 5000

Cover photograph: Acacia enterocarpa in flower at Aberdour Conservation Park.

By Tim Croft (Department for Environment and Natural Resources, SA).

Table of Contents

Part 1. Species Information and General Requirements 1

1.1 Species Conservation Status and Taxonomy 1

1.1.1 Current Conservation Status: 1

1.1.2 Taxonomy: 1

1.2. Objects of the EPBC Act 1

1.3. International Obligations 2

1.4. Affected Interests 2

1.5. Roles and Interests of Indigenous People 2

1.6. Benefits to other Species/Ecological Communities 2

1.7. Social and Economic Impacts 3

Part 2. Distribution and Location 4

1.1. Current Distribution and Important Sub-populations 4

2.1.1 Current Distribution 4


2.1.2 Important Sub-populations 6

Past Distribution 10

1.2. Habitat Critical to the Survival of the Species 10

Part 3. Threats and Impediments to Recovery 11

3.1 Biology and Ecology Relevant to Threatening Processes 11

3.2 Identification of Threats 11

3.2.1 Poor recruitment 12

3.2.2 Small population size 12

3.2.3 Disease by fungal gall 12

3.2.4 Road and rail maintenance activities 13

3.2.5 Environmental weeds 13

3.2.6 Herbivore grazing 13

3.2.7 Disease by Phytophthora and Mundulla Yellows 13

3.2.8 Inappropriate disturbance regimes 13

3.2.9Mining 14

3.3 Areas under Threat 14

Part 4. Objectives, Recovery Actions and Performance Criteria 16

4.1 Previous Recovery Actions 16

4.2 Objectives 17

4.3 Actions Required 17

4.4 Evaluation of Success or Failure 22

4.5 Performance Criteria 23

Part 5: Management Practices 26

Part 6: Duration of Recovery Plan and Estimated Costs 27

Table 4 Duration and Indicative Costs 27

References 28

Appendices 30

Appendix I List of current and potential Regional, State and National stakeholders in the management of Acacia enterocarpa. 30

Appendix II Plant associations in which Acacia enterocarpa has been recorded in Australia 31


ARC Agricultural Research Council, South Africa

CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species

CP Conservation Park

DEH Department for Environment and Heritage, South Australia (now DENR)

DENR Department for Environment and Natural Resources, South Australia (previously DEH)

DSE Department of Sustainability and Environment, Victoria

DSEWPaC Australian Government Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities

DTEI Department for Transport, Energy and Infrastructure, South Australia

EP Eyre Peninsula

EPBC Act Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999

F&FG Act Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988

IUCN International Union for the Conservation of Nature

NPW Act National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972

NRM Natural Resource Management

RT Recovery Team for Acacia enterocarpa**

SA South Australia

SE South East of South Australia

SENRM South East Natural Resource Management Board

spp species (plural)

ssp subspecies

syn synonym

TFO Threatened Flora Officer

TPAG Threatened Plant Action Group

Vic Victoria
** An Acacia enterocarpa Recovery Team will be established through this recovery planning process.


The authors would like to thank the following people who greatly assisted in the development of this National Recovery Plan: Peter Copley, Jody Gates, David Hinchliffe, Randall Johnson, Philip Keane, Glenn Rudolph, Yvonne Steed, Wendy Stubbs, David Thompson, Dale Tonkinson and Roman Urban. Funding for the preparation of this plan was provided by the Australian Government.

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