The following resources were consulted in drafting the ESMF.
Consultancy Services for Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for The Development of Solid Waste and Septic Sludge Management / Disposal Systems For Zanzibar Municipal Council Zanzibar Urban Services Project (ZUSP) - Terms of Reference (TOR); has already been submitted to ZEMA. Based on the understanding between ZEMA and ZUSP Project Unit, the Scoping Study will be carried out to strengthen the key environmental and social issues that will then be incorporated into the final ToR for ESIA study.
Emmanuel Kasimbazi (2009) Compliance With Safeguard Policies of The World Bank And African Development Bank. At the 'IAIA09 Conference Proceedings', Impact Assessment and Human Well-Being 29th Annual Conference of the International Association for Impact Assessment, 16-22 May 2009, Accra International Conference Center, Accra, Ghana (www.iaia.org).
Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines for Zanzibar, 2009.
International Finance Corporation and World Bank Group (2007) Environmental, Health, and Safety (EHS) Guidelines - General EHS Guidelines: Occupational Health and Safety; World Bank Group; Page 1-17.
International Finance Corporation and World Bank Group (2007) Environmental, Health, and Safety (EHS) Guidelines - General EHS Guidelines: Community Health and Safety; World Bank Group; Page 1-12.
JICA Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines and Format.
Protected Area Spatial Planning for Unguja and Pemba Islands, Zanzibar: A Consultancy to the UNDP- GEF: Extending the Coastal Forest Area Protected Area Subsystem in Tanzania; Final Consultancy Report Submitted to World Wide Fund For Nature (Wwf) From Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS); Prepared by Kirstin S. Siex; Zanzibar Project Director, WCS Africa Program, 2300 Southern Blvd, Bronx, NY 10460, December 2011.
Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar (1995) National Land Use Plan; Analysis of Potentials and Issues; ZILEM Project & FINNIDA.
The United Republic of Tanzania (2003) Zanzibar – The Land Husbandry Improvement Program: Strategy and Action Plan; Report No.03/007 CP-URT; Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment, and Cooperatives; Food and Agriculture Organization; and Investment Center Division – FAO/World Bank Cooperative Program.
Project documents for the current ZUSP; appraisal documents for the ZUSP – Additional Financing Project
Recent studies, appraisal/ performance assessments documents related to ZUSP including those on sanitation and solid waste and septic sludge management systems for ZMC / Unguja Island (listed under Para 1.6 & 1.8 of the ToR),
Previous Scoping and ESIA reports, RAPs, Environmental and Social Audit reports for completed / on-going subproject under ZUSP and related sectors.
Background literature of the environmental and social conditions (i.e. Zanzibar Sanitation and Drainage Programme of 2005); as well as land acquisition and compensation in Zanzibar,conditions at target LGAs, and conditions at representative subproject sites.
Existing environmental and social management frameworks and plans resettlement action plan in use within ZUSP area of influence and Zanzibar in general.
RGoZ policies, legislation and guidelines on environment, social, cultural heritage managementand land acquisition and compensation; National Spatial Development Strategy; specific ZMC Development Strategy and Structure Plan (i.e. ZMC Indicative Diagrammatic Structure Plan); and the World Bank safeguard policies applicable to ZUSP Additional Financing (i.e. OP 4.01 on Environmental Assessment; OP 4.12 on Resettlement; and OP.. on Physical Cultural Resources; OP 4.36 on Forest; and OP 4.11 on Natural Habitats)
Consultation with key stakeholders for the Kibele site thus far have included ZEMA, the Forest Department, the Zanzibar Water Authority, Department of Roads, Central District, and local authorities. Together these institutions developed a Memorandum of Understanding in 2014 for interim site management, including environmental and social management. Additional stakeholder consultations with affected communities are planned during the ESIA.
For the Michenzani corridor, the DoURP has had a continuous process of stakeholder engagement for several years including the ZMC, Stone Town Conservation and Development Authority, shehias, and local NGOs. The design of the corridor upgrading has not yet been undertaken, but the design process will continue this consultation process and engage with the identified stakeholder groups.
The ESMF and RPF have drawn from the mitigation measures under the existing project ESIA and RAP, which underwent extensive consultation during their preparation in 2010, as well as the RAP update which included consultation with PAPs in 2015. Preparation of the ESMF and RPF has benefitted from consultation with the Zanzibar Environmental Management Agency, ZMC, and agencies involved with the Kibele site (see above). Public consultation in Zanzibar will be undertaken during the 120-day disclosure period of the ESMF and RPF.