6.1 ZUSP-AF ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL MANAGEMENT PLAN
Project-specific ESMPs will take into account the generic mitigation measures described above and design specific, practical actions that will lead to mitigation of impacts emanating from implementing the planned activities. The ESMPs will indicate costs9, timeframe and assign responsibilities. ZUSP PMT and its Partners (ZMC/PTCs/DoURP) shall be responsible for overall implementation of the ESMPs.
Development and implementation of Subprojects environmental and safeguard instruments (ESIA, ESMP, RAP)
The key activities under ZUSP-AF will include development of single or clusters of subprojects constituting infrastructure covering all elements of the solid waste and septic sludge management systems: collection, primary transportation, material recovery, pre-treatment, transfer, bulk transportation, potential centralized composting as well as developing a sanitary land fill and sludge treatment facility. Urban upgrading infrastructure will cover roads and associated structures drainage, street lighting, etc.In accordance to Zanzibar regulations and World Bank requirements on ESIA (highlighted in this ESMF Chapter 7) in the event that a subproject is categorized for detailed assessment, a full ESIA and ESMP will be required (as determined in the Screening, Annex B); for subprojects with modest impacts a standalone ESMP will be prepared and for sub-projects with minor impacts, environmental measures will suffice.
Ministry of Finance through ZUSP PMT will be responsible for ensuring that these requirements are met. Preparation and approval of environmental and social management reports and/or plans and subsequent implementation of the Plans will include participation of a number of actors highlighted in this ESMF (next Chapters 7 & 8) notably, the necessary appraisals, approvals and implementation supervision which require by the law, involving the responsible government authorities and service providers (Contractors, Consultants), respective Municipal, Regional and District leaders, local authorized environmental, social and land management offices and committees and leaders in affected Wards and Shehias.
Institutional development, training, technical assistance For the environmental and social assessment and management process to be effective the various project implementing institutions and collaborating institutions will require assistance and to become qualified for the tasks, the local officials and other actors will receive training. ZUSP PMT and higher level MDAA of the RGoZ such as the Department of Environment and the Zanzibar Environment Management Authority (ZEMA); the Ministry of Lands, and the likes have the requisite experience and qualified staff.
At the ZMC Division of Sewerage, Drainage and Solid Wasteand Department of Urban and Rural Planning (DoURP), the Engineers and staff from the sector who are responsible for the technical aspects and designs of sub-project might/are not conversant with principles of sound environmental management and the integration of the same and thus require induction / tailor-made training.
ZMC has bestowed responsibility for coordinating environmental and social management under the Departments of Environment and Sanitation. The ZEMA Environmental Officer and Community Development Officers and authorized Land Officers will work with other experts within or outside the ZMC to ensure ESIAs and management plans (ESMPs and RAPs) are implemented. To gain the requisite qualification and experience these require hands-on / on-job training and exposure.
The respective Regional and District Commissioners; LGA Environment and Social Committees; Executive Officers in Project Wards and Shehias; and local management committees for environment/ social / relevant sectors requie continuous awareness and sensitization to ensure their continued support and participation in monitoring environmental and social performance of projects in their jurisdiction and ZUSP overall.
Reviews and evaluation Annual Reviews of the overall ZUSP-AF will be carried out as commissioned by ZUSP PMT. These are to be Third Party audits (by independent Local Consultant, NGO or Service provider) which will review the implementation of environmental and social management./ and performance of overall ZUSP-AF safeguards.
6.2 ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL MONITORING ARRANGEMENTS
A number of indicators would be used in order to determine the status of infrastructure of beneficiary LGAs (ZMC and PTCs), affected people and their environment. Therefore, the ZUSP-AF sets three major socio-economic goals by which to evaluate its success:
Project beneficiary institutions are able to maintain their pre-project capacity to plan, construct, and maintain their infrastructure and even improve on it;
The pre-infrastructure development environmental state of physical and biological natural resources e.g. land, water, bio-diversity has been maintained or improved upon;
The pre-infrastructure development social and economic state (livelihoods, heath status Sub-project) of project affected people (PAP) has been maintained or improved upon.
The following parameters and verifiable indicators will be used to measure the ESMF process, mitigation plans and performance:
Adopted of the specific EIA process by the ZMC / PTCs; evaluate the rate of adoption;
Number of environmental resource persons within the LGAs who have successfully received EIA training in screening methods; evaluate the training content, methodology and trainee response to training through feedback;
General standards of the roads and drainage compared to before, management of waste – solid, waste water, storm water compared to before, general sanitation of the urban area compared to before, and capacity and knowledge of environment and social management issues compared to before, level of participation of other stakeholders in project activities compared to before.
In order to assess whether these goals are met, the infrastructure projects will indicate specific parameters to be monitored, institute monitoring milestones and provide resources necessary to carry out the monitoring activities. From these the cumulative performance of the ZUSP-AF will be measured:
Number of sub projects using the screening form and checklist.
Number of sub projects having a Consultation Plan
Number of Districts applying a Consultation Plan
Number of sub projects with a soil conservation component/aspect
Rating of improvements in the sustainable use of land resources.
Number of sub projects with a large scale or medium scale component/aspect.
Rating of sub projects maintenance and operating program.
Compliance with the Environmental Guidelines for Contractors
Savings in costs for resources and services required to maintain the infrastructure / subproject (water, energy, management of liquid and solid waste etc.)
6.3 ESMF DISCLOSURE
Disclosure of the draft ESMF and RPF is planned for February 9, 2016 in Zanzibar and the World Bank InfoShop. Copies of the draft documents will be available for public review and comment at the following locations for a period of 120 days:
Offices of the Executive Director in respective District;
Offices of the Ward Executive Officer (WEO) and Shehia with a sub project under the ZUSP-AF
Info-Shop of the World Bank where the disclosure will precede appraisal of ZUSP-AF Project.
A public consultation will be held during the consultation period, planned for late February or early March 2016. The draft documents will be shared with invited stakeholders in advance of the consultation event. The views of the public and institutional stakeholders will be taken into account in the finalization of the documents.