Rubella rubella is a mild but very contagious viral illness. Other names for rubella are German measles and three-day measles



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RUBELLA

  • Rubella is a mild but very contagious viral illness. Other names for rubella are German measles and three-day measles.

  • Rubella has a worldwide distribution with seasonal peaks during spring and summer.

  • People get rubella by breathing in droplets that get into the air when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks. Rubella can also spread by direct contact with fluids from the nose or throat of an infected person.


RUBELLA cont.

  • Rubella can can also pass through a pregnant woman's bloodstream to infect her unborn child. As this is a generally mild disease in children, the primary medical danger of rubella is the infection of pregnant women, which may cause congenital rubella syndrome in developing babies.

  • In most cases, symptoms appear within 16 to 18 days. Diagnosis is by blood test or virus culture. Anyone can get rubella, but unvaccinated, school-aged children are most at risk.



RUBELLA cont.

  • CAUSATIVE AGENT AND CLASSIFICATION

  • The causative agent of rubella, is the rubella virus, which belongs to the family of Togaviridae.

  • The Togaviridae are a family of viruses, including the following genera: Genus Rubivirus, type species: Rubella virus.

  • Rubella virus is a single-stranded RNA virus and the only member of the genus Rubivirus within the Togavirus family.




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