(Verticordia fimbrilepis subsp. fimbrilepis)
INTERIM RECOVERY PLAN
Department of Environment and Conservation
Recovery Plan for Verticordia fimbrilepis subsp. fimbrilepis
Recovery plans (RPs) and Interim Recovery Plans (IRPs) are developed within the framework laid down in
Department of CALM formally became the Department of Environment and Conservation (DEC) in July 2006.
DEC will continue to adhere to these Policy Statements until they are revised and reissued.
Plans outline the recovery actions that are required to urgently address those threatening processes most affecting
DEC is committed to ensuring that Threatened taxa are conserved through the preparation and implementation of
Endangered (CR) taxa, always within one year of endorsement of that rank by the Minister.
This plan will operate from December 2010 to November 2015 but will remain in force until withdrawn or replaced.
reviewed after five years and the need for further recovery actions assessed.
This plan was approved by the Director of Nature Conservation on 2 December 2010. The provision of funds
other priorities. Information in this plan was accurate at December 2010.
Note: although the plan was written and endorsed as an IRP in Western Australia it is treated as a Plan under the
This plan was prepared by Robyn Luu
and Andrew Brown
Project Officer, Species and Communities Branch, DEC, Locked Bag 104, Bentley Delivery Centre, WA 6983.
Threatened Flora Coordinator, DEC Species and Communities Branch, Locked Bag 104, Bentley Delivery Centre,
The following people provided assistance and advice in the preparation of this IRP:
Flora Conservation Officer, DEC Great Southern District
Senior Research Scientist, Threatened Flora Seed Centre, DEC Science Division
Technical Officer, DEC Science Division
Principal Technical Officer, Threatened Flora Seed Centre, DEC Science Division
Threatened Flora Database Officer, DEC SCB
District Manager, DEC Great Southern District
Fred and Jean Hort
Program Leader Nature Conservation, DEC Great Southern District
Assistant Curator (Nursery) Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority
Flora Conservation Officer, DEC Perth Hills District
Thanks also to the staff of the W.A. Herbarium for providing access to Herbarium databases and specimen
Cover photograph by Bethea Loudon.
This Recovery plan should be cited as:
Department of Environment and Conservation (2010) Verticordia fimbrilepis subsp. fimbrilepis Interim Recovery
Plan 2010-2015. Interim Recovery Plan No. 304. Department of Environment and Conservation, Western Australia.
Perth Hills, Great Southern
Woodanilling, West Arthur,
Brookton, Kojonup, Narrogin,
Pingelly, Beverley, Wandering,
Avon, South West
Swan Region Threatened Flora and Communities Recovery Team (SRTFCRT); Great
Southern District Threatened Flora Recovery Team (GSDTFRT)
Illustrations and/or further information: Brown, A., Thomson-Dans, C. and Marchant, N. (Eds). (1998) Western
(1991) New taxa, combinations and typifications in Verticordia (Myrtaceae: Chamelaucieae). Nuytsia 7 (3): 231–
394; George, A.S. (2002) Verticordia: the turner of hearts. University of Western Australia Press, Crawley; Western
Australian Herbarium (1998−) FloraBase − The Western Australian Flora. Department of Environment and
Current status: Verticordia fimbrilepis subsp. fimbrilepis was declared as Rare Flora under the Western Australian
World Conservation Union (IUCN 2001) criteria. The subspecies is listed under the Environment Protection and
The main threats to the subspecies are
grazing, trampling, feral pigs, Phytophthora dieback, powerline maintenance, salinity, farming activities and gravel
Description: Verticordia fimbrilepis subsp. fimbrilepis is a small bushy shrub, 30–70 cm tall and 20–70 cm wide. It
has pale-pink or occasionally white flowers on short peduncles. Flowers are in small rounded groups at the tips of
branches. The petals are markedly narrowed towards the tip with margins finely fringed. The staminodes are fringed
across their broad apex, and a single hair in the centre is much longer than the others (George 2002).
Habitat requirements: Verticordia fimbrilepis subsp. fimbrilepis is widely distributed from southeast of Armadale
to Brookton and Kojonup. It grows in low-lying shallow grey sand and yellowish-white sandy loam over gravel,
sometimes with clay, in heath and scrubland and open wandoo woodland (George 2002).
Habitat critical to the survival of the species, and important populations: It is considered that the habitat for
populations 4, 5, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 14 and 16 is critical to the survival of Verticordia fimbrilepis subsp. fimbrilepis
and that these populations are important populations. Habitat critical to the survival of V. fimbrilepis subsp.
fimbrilepis includes the area of occupancy of these populations, areas of similar habitat surrounding these
populations (these providing potential habitat for population expansion and for pollinators), additional occurrences
of similar habitat that may contain undiscovered populations of the subspecies or be suitable for future
translocations, and the local catchment of these populations for the surface and/or groundwater that maintains the
habitat of the subspecies.
Benefits to other species or ecological communities: Recovery actions implemented to improve the quality or
security of the habitat of Verticordia fimbrilepis subsp. fimbrilepis will also improve the status of associated native
vegetation including four Declared Rare Flora, 16 Priority flora and one Priority Ecological Community.
International obligations: This plan is fully consistent with the aims and recommendations of the Convention on
Biological Diversity, ratified by Australia in June 1993, and will assist in implementing Australia’s responsibilities
under that Convention. The subspecies is listed under Appendix II in the United Nations Environment Program
World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species
(CITES), however this plan does not affect Australia’s obligations under any other international agreements.
Indigenous Consultation: A search of the Department of Indigenous Affairs Aboriginal Heritage Sites Register has
identified two sites of Aboriginal significance within Populations 3 and 7. These sites are listed as Measles Bridge
Camp (#19933) a historical camp (open, no restrictions) and Nalya/Brookton (#5718) man-made structure (open, no
Social and economic impacts: As Subpopulation 5b occurs on private property and Population 13 occurs on land
where gravel is extracted, the protection of Verticordia fimbrilepis subsp. fimbrilepis may affect future development
on these sites.
Affected interests: The protection of the subspecies may impact on maintenance operations conducted by local
Shires, Western Power, Main Roads WA, Water Corporation and private landholders.
Evaluation of the Plan’s Performance: The DEC in conjunction with the Swan Region Threatened Flora and
Communities Recovery Team (SRTFCRT) and Great Southern District Threatened Flora Recovery Team
(GSDTFRT) will evaluate the performance of the plan. In addition to annual reporting on progress and evaluation
against the criteria for success and failure, the plan will be reviewed following five years of implementation.
Existing Recovery Actions: The following recovery actions have been or are currently being implemented
have been considered in the preparation of this plan:
All relevant stakeholders have been made aware of the existence of this subspecies and its locations.
Declared Rare Flora (DRF) markers have been installed at Populations 1, 2, 4, 5a, 5b, 6 and 12.
Dashboard stickers and posters describing the significance of DRF markers have been produced and distributed.
In July 1998, 150 plants of Verticordia fimbrilepis subsp. fimbrilepis were planted into a proposed Timber
subsp. fimbrilepis following an uncontrolled fire in 1990.
In 1997, surveys were conducted for new populations of Verticordia fimbrilepis subsp. fimbrilepis by Robert
volunteers Fred and Jean Hort.
A research study on six Acacia and five Verticordia DRF taxa was undertaken by DEC Science Division.
A total of 31,535 Verticordia fimbrilepis subsp. fimbrilepis seeds collected between 1996 and 2004 are stored
C and 4C.
Cutting material from Verticordia fimbrilepis subsp. fimbrilepis was collected from Population 3 in 1994, 1997,
Staff from DEC’s Perth Hills and Great Southern Districts regularly monitor populations.
The SRTFCRT and GSDTFRT are overseeing the implementation of this plan and will include information on
Recovery Plan Objective: The objective of this recovery plan is to abate identified threats and maintain or enhance
increased by ten percent or more over the term of the plan.
decreased by ten percent or more over the term of the plan.
Implement feral pig control where necessary
Develop and implement a fire response strategy
Install Declared Rare Flora (DRF) markers or replace where
Conduct further surveys
Undertake weed control and follow up with additional control
Ensure long-term protection of habitat
Maintain disease hygiene
Map habitat critical to the survival of Verticordia fimbrilepis
Liaise with relevant land managers and Indigenous groups
Collect seed and other material to preserve genetic diversity
Review the recovery plan and assess the need for further
Verticordia fimbrilepis sub
sp. fimbrilepis was first collected by James Drummond in the 1840’s and for
more than a century was known only from that collection. In November 1983 the subspecies was
rediscovered near Woodanilling by Norm Stevens. Due to the low number of plants and threats
associated with growing on narrow, degraded road reserves and small areas of remnant vegetation, a
translocation was undertaken in 1998 by the then Conservation and Land Management (CALM)
In 2000, two large populations were discovered in State Forest near Wandering by DEC volunteer Fred
2003 found that the populations occupied a much greater area than realised when surveyed in 2000. Over
20,000 plants of the subspecies were estimated to be present.
Currently Verticordia fimbrilepis subsp. fimbrilepis is known from 16 populations consisting of
Named from the Latin fimbria (fringe) and lepis (a scale), referring to its staminodes (George 2002),
has pale pink or occasionally white flowers on short peduncles. Flowers are in small rounded groups at
the tips of branches. The petals are markedly narrowed towards the tip with margins finely fringed. The
staminodes are fringed across their broad apex, and a single hair in the centre is much longer than the
Verticordia fimbrilepis subsp. fimbrilepis is distinguished by its flowers which have persistent bracteoles,
fringed staminodes, and a very short style. In particular it differs from subspecies australis in having
flowers borne on shorter peduncles, petals with a broader lamina, a shorter finer fringe and staminodes
bearing one long terminal hair (George 2002).
Distribution and habitat
sp. fimbrilepis is widely distributed from southeast of Armadale to Brookton
and Kojonup, with an extent of occurrence of 7,794 km
. The subspecies grows in low-lying shallow grey
wandoo woodland (George 2002). Associated species include Adenanthos cygnorum subsp. cygnorum,
Table 1. Summary of population land vesting, purpose and manager
1. West of Woodanilling Great
Shire of Woodanilling
2. West of Woodanilling Great
Shire of Woodanilling
3. South of Arthur River Great
West Arthur Conservation Conservation
Flora and Fauna
Shire of Brookton
5a. NE of Kojonup
Shire of Kojonup
5b. NE of Kojonup
Kojonup Freehold Private
6. East of Narrogin
Shire of Narrogin Road Reserve
Shire of Narrogin
Shire of Pingelly
Shire of Pingelly
7b. SE of Aldersyde
Shire of Brookton
8b. West of Aldersyde
8c. West of Aldersyde
8d. West of Aldersyde
Shire of Brookton
8e. West of Aldersyde
9. West of Brookton
Department of Water