Source c illustrates Edward’s subjugation of the Scots in 1296 to a certain extent. The source tells us that Edward crossed into Scotland to subjugate the Scots with a vast army of men



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Source C illustrates Edward’s subjugation of the Scots in 1296 to a certain extent. The source tells us that Edward crossed into Scotland to subjugate the Scots with a vast army of men.

  • Source C illustrates Edward’s subjugation of the Scots in 1296 to a certain extent. The source tells us that Edward crossed into Scotland to subjugate the Scots with a vast army of men.

  • Edward began his subjugation of Scotland by besieging and then sacking Berwick and putting thousands of men, women and children to the sword.

  • The source further illustrates Edward’s subjugation of the Scots as it tells us that Edward sought to use land and naval forces to bring the Scots under his command through aggression and violence. This explains how Edward attacked Berwick by land and sea.

  • The source also states how Edward was seeking to subjugate the Scots by “disinheriting” and taking the crown from the King of Scots and making the Scottish nation a part of his lands just as he had done to Wales. Edward intended to bring the Scottish Kingdom fully under his administration.

  • The source fails to explain that Scotland was subjugated easily in 1296 because many of the Scottish nobles failed to support Balliol and chose to remain outside the fight or sided with Edward I. Robert the Bruce the competitor sided with Edward at this time as he had lands in England.

  • The source fails to explain that Edward’s army destroyed the Scots at the Battle of Dunbar and captured many leading nobles. This ensured the success of Edward’s subjugation as the Scots lost the political and psychological will to resist Edward.

  • The source does not mention that the subjugation of the Scots was complete in 1296 with the vast majority of the Scots clergy and nobility stamping their seals on a document declaring their loyalty to Edward I, this became known as the “Ragman Roll”.

  • Furthermore the source fails to mention the humiliation and stripping of the title of the King of Scots from John Balliol. This was one of the final acts of Edward’s subjugation as it ensured Scotland had no king and no succession.

  • Finally the source fails to mention that Edward further subjugated the Scots in 1296 by removing from Scotland artefacts, like the Stone of Destiny, and papers relating to the kingdom to show that he was in full control of the country and government.






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