OANRP and Kualoa
Ranch engage in native
forest habitat restoration
and land stewardship
practices for watershed
Page 2 - 4
Coca-Cola Press Release
The Waiawa fence project
gets a boost from the
A new boardwalk on a
section of the Poamoho
Trail helps prevent the
spread of invasive weeds
Join us for upcoming
volunteer workdays and
The Koʻolau Mountains Watershed Partnership (KMWP) was established in 1999
Koʻolau. Today KMWP includes 16 public and private landowners and 8 associate
partners who continue to work collaboratively to help protect our mauka forests.
This issue will showcase the work that some of our partners are doing independent-
ly to support watershed protection on their lands, as well as highlight our coopera-
tive work in priority management areas.
The Partnership Issue
gram Bulletin at
Through this restoration work, techniques are being developed for
of common native plant taxa. OANRP is happy to share lessons
learned with other managers.
What goals does OANRP have for managing the land?
OANRP’s focus is in managing habitat to support our stabilization
efforts for federally listed species identified in Biological Opinions
from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The Program has had great
success increasing numbers of individual rare plants and animals
via threat control and outplanting.
What challenges does OANRP experience in doing watershed pro-
New invasive species are an incredible challenge! One endan-
gered plant that we are trying to stabilize is Eugenia koolauensis
or nioi. All of the populations that OANRP monitors and manages
have declined by ~70% since the introduction of Puccinia psidii
rust. More stringent biosecurity measures are necessary to pre-
serve the natural resources and watersheds of Hawaiʻi.
OANRP conducts annual roadside and landing zone surveys and
one year ago discovered a new state record of Chelonanthes
acutangulus that was likely introduced via road stabilization seed-
ing. There are so many pathways for invasive species and our work
just becomes more challenging with each additional invasion.
Do you have any volunteer opportunities? Where can interested
volunteers find more information?
OANRP offers monthly volunteer service trips throughout the
Waiʻanae Mountain range. Each educational trip incorporates
hiking and a hands-on opportunity to care for Oʻahu’s natural
resources through invasive weed control in native habitat and
occasional planting activities. Visit the volunteer page at
for more info on how to get involved.
At right: Photopoints of dramatic vegetation recovery
in OANRP’s ʻŌpaeula Management Unit
The Oʻahu Army Natural Resources Program (OANRP) is one of KMWP’s original partners
dating back to 1999. OANRP works at sites in both the Koʻolau and Waiʻanae Mountain ranges.
We asked Natural Resource Manager Kapua Kawelo to highlight the current activities, success-
es, and challenges of OANRP’s work in watershed protection.
What are some of the current watershed protection activities OANRP is working on?
The Oʻahu Army Natural Resources Program continues to manage our existing habitat protec-
tion fences in the Waiʻanae and Koʻolau Mountains related to offsetting Army training impacts
to endangered species. In the Koʻolau Mountains, OANRP conducts quarterly camping trips to
the ʻŌpaeʻula-Helemano, ʻŌpaeʻula Lower and the Koloa Management Units (MU). The oldest
OANRP fence in the Koʻolau Mountains is the ʻŌpaeʻula-Helemano MU which was completed
in 2003. At right are some photopoints showing the dramatic vegetation recovery that occurred
in the ʻŌpaeʻula portion of this MU.
Are there any innovations in management techniques you would like to share?
OANRP has embarked on more aggressive habitat conversion and active restoration over the
last three years. This work mainly focuses on the Waiʻanae Mountain MUs because of the de-
graded nature of the habitat here as compared to the intact state of the Koʻolau MUs in gener-
al. Intensive strawberry guava and Christmas berry removal and active restoration is being con-
ducted with great success. To see more info on the OANRP Ecosystem Restoration Crew’s
KMWP Spring/Summer 2017
Below, Natural Resource Manager, Taylor
Kellerman, shares an update on the watershed
management work taking place on the wind-
ward side of the Koʻolau.
“Good land stewardship and conservation
practice continues to be a core value of Kualoa
Ranch. Our management area includes the
ahupuaʻa of Hakipuʻu, Kualoa, and Kaʻaʻawa
totaling just under 4,000 acres. We employ 5
full-time staff that are dedicated to this prac-
tice, and activities include general watershed
management, invasive species eradication,
pasture management, and native outplanting.
The most predominant invasives we have been
targeting in the past year include albizia, ardi-
sia, and fiddlewood. While this is an ongoing
task we have found that success can be made
by using a consistent and diligent “slow and
steady” approach. One of the most recent
projects we have undertaken is the restoration
of a 15 acre loʻi system in Hakipuʻu Makai.
Our goal is to produce both food and edu-
cational opportunities, as well as continuing
the practice of utilizing makai loʻi as a rain
shed management tool. Earlier in the year we
also outplanted approximately 50 koa trees
obtained from Hawaiʻi Agriculture Research
Center (HARC) Maunawili in both Hakipuʻu
and Kaʻaʻawa Valleys.”
Kualoa is currently looking for dedicated indi-
viduals who have a passion for land steward-
ship, and encourage all who are interested to
please contact Taylor Kellerman
. They also welcome groups that
would like to participate in their loʻi resto-
ration project, inquires can be sent to Taylor
i ka hana
Let everybody pitch in
and work together
Hakipuʻu and Kaʻaʻawa valleys
Department of Land and Natural Resources
(DLNR), the Coca-Cola Co., and KMWP gathered
on the mountain to announce plans for a new
replenishment project in Waiawa- a priority water-
shed and major source of drinking water on Oʻahu.
Coca-Cola’s $200,000 contribution will help to
fund the construction of a 6.6 mile-long protective
fence near the summit area. This fencing project
is among more than 100 community watershed
projects Coca-Cola supports throughout the coun-
try through their Environmental Initiatives program.
The goal of the program centers around replenish-
ing 100% of the water used in their beverages by
returning the resource to communities and nature.
This grant will be matched with $100,000 from
the Honolulu Board of Water Supply (HBWS) and
$100,000 from the State watershed Capital Im-
provement Projects (CIP) funding. Fundraising for
an additional $800,000 needed to complete the
fence is ongoing.
Above: Sam ʻOhu Gon III blesses the project
Below: Bruce Karas, VP of Coca-Cola’s Environmental
& Sustainability Programs, speaks about the
company’s role in the project.
The forests in the mauka regions of Waiawa in the central Koʻolaus comprise some of the
most important watersheds on the island. The Waiawa watershed is the principle recharge
area for the Pearl Harbor Aquifer, supplying residents with over 364 million gallons of water
Protection and management of this area is a priority for the State of Hawaiʻi and the HBWS.
This partnership project will lead to the protection of 1,400 acres of priority watershed which
is comprised of 1,000 acres of Kamehameha Schools land to the north and 400 acres of state
land in the ʻEwa Forest Reserve to the south. The fence will help protect the watershed by
preventing invasive plants and animals from degrading the forest surrounding the watershed.
Invasive species limit the ability of the watershed to recharge. The fence also helps to preserve
the native flora and fauna found in the Waiawa watershed.
Above: Members of the project’s partnering organizations gather for a picture after the press release
Water Supply in 2012 because of its high contribution to groundwater recharge.
Photo: Hawaii DLNR
Acres of weed
Division of Forestry and Wildlife (DOFAW)
to eradicate this species and control efforts
In 2016, KMWP received permission from
the landowner, Kamehameha Schools Bish-
op Estate, to build a boardwalk along a 300
foot section of the Koʻolau Summit Ridge
Trail that passes through the core infestation
area. “The overall goal was to help prevent
the spread of Tibouchina herbacea seeds via
hikers,” said Amanda Hardman, Non-Native
Plant Management Specialist with DLNR -
DOFAW, “The seeds are very tiny and the
population started along the trail so we be-
lieve there are still residual seeds in bank.”
The boardwalk was constructed in partner-
ship with DLNR-DOFAW and the Nā Ala
Hele Trails & Access Program. “This is one
of the better projects we’ve done.“ says
Josiah Jury, KMWP Ungulate Manager, who
took the lead on building the boardwalk.
“Our crew works in the area and we proba-
bly cross that path the most out of anyone,
so it seemed fitting that we would put it in.”
Above: Crew of Nā Ala Hele (DLNR) and KMWP
install pre-fabricated pieces of boardwalk on the trail
In 2008, an incipient infestation of cane ti
(Tibouchina herbacea) was discovered near the
summit trail of Poamoho by the Oʻahu Army
Natural Resources Program (OANRP). Cane ti is
a member of the Melastomataceae family, the
same family known for the superweeds miconia
and clidemia. In the absence of effective control,
cane ti could come to dominate and alter the
structure of the forest at Poamoho. This change
could reduce the vegetation’s ability to break the
force of rain received at the summit and lead to
increased runoff as less water percolates into the
been continuously monitored and controlled.
Delimiting surveys indicate that the plants are
concentrated in a core area of 1.3 acres at the
summit, though outliers have been discovered in
spots on the steep windward side of the summit,
in the upper portions of Paukauila Stream, and
as far as 7,000 meters downstream of this cen-
tral area. The Oʻahu Invasive Species Committee
(OISC) has partnered with KMWP and the DLNR
at Pali Lookout
Feral ungulates controlled
had a significant impact on the native plants, animals, keiki of Oʻahu
and the Hawaiian conservation community. His professional career
in conservation spanned over twenty-five years, but his passion for
nature began as a child when he would explore the stream below his
house with neighborhood kids. He discovered at an early age that he
was happiest when he was outdoors. Dan left his mark on his fel-
low conservation professionals as a mentor, resource of knowledge
and subject of inspiration. He wrote a comprehensive mesic forest
restoration guide for Hawaiʻi titled: I Hoʻola I ka Nahele: To Heal a
Forest, which has served as a valuable resource for restoration work
for nearly two decades.
I have had the pleasure of knowing Dan since 2001 and he has been
my inspiration. Dan was always an enthusiastic leader that led by ex-
ample, never asking someone to do something that he himself would
not do and a heartfelt joy and passion for the forest and its native
inhabitants. He was the pinnacle of physical fitness gaining him the
nickname, “The Danimal.” Dan excelled in most outdoor activities
from rock climbing to kayak surfing. Many of us often recount his
infamous sayings to inspire field crews such as, “It’s not going to kill
us,” usually with respect to a seemingly Herculean task. It was true,
we did many things that were very hard but we can make a long list
of things that did not kill us and he always did them alongside us.
Dan always met you with a smile and a warm welcome and acted as
a patient and supportive mentor, always making others his priority.
He had a keen sense of humor but his jokes and quips were often
said quietly so one had to listen closely to keep from missing them.
Ever humble and soft spoken, but an immeasurable positive impact
for so many.
Dan was a conservation warrior, talented artist, loving husband and
father and will forever be in our hearts and with us in the forest.
As one of the original signators from the beginning of KMWP,
from the Queen Emma Land Co. has been with us from
the start. He is also a founding member of our fiscal sponsor ʻOhu
ʻOhu Koʻolau Inc. and has been it’s Treasurer for many years. We
have come to rely on his calm demeanor and wealth of institutional
We would like to acknowledge his contribution to KMWP for the
Stuart for all your support of KMWP and our work in the Koʻolau.
26 Pali Lookout Workday
16 Pali Lookout Workday
30 Mānana Trail Workday
9:00a - 3:30p
15 Pali Lookout Workday
21 Pali Lookout Workday
Please Note: This is a tentaive schedule. All dates subject to change.
KMWP Events Calendar
18 Pali Lookout Workday
25 Mānana Trail Workday
9:00a - 3:30p
By Will Weaver
With Text Adapted From: The Senate Honors
and Recognizes Daniel Sailer For a Lifetime of
Contributions to Conservation
grateful, gratified, thankful
17 Hōkūleʻa Arrival at Magic Island
24 Pali Lookout Workday
Working together to
protect and sustain the
forests, waters and people
of the Koʻolau Mountains.
2551 Waimano Home Rd.
Pearl City, HI 96782
Office: (808) 453-6110
Outreach: (808) 426-8071