State Prohibited Relationships Prohibited Act



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American Prosecutors Research Institute 

1

State Criminal Incest Statutes 



State 

Prohibited Relationships 

Prohibited Act 

(s) 

Age to 

Commit 

Classification, 

Penalty, or 

Jurisdiction 

Evidentiary 

Rules 

Aggravated 

Distinctions 

Alabama (2008) 

Code of Ala. §13A-13-3 

Either legitimately or illegitimately: (1) His 

ancestor or descendant by blood or adoption; or 

(2) His brother or sister of the whole or half-blood 

or by adoption; or (3) His stepchild or stepparent, 

while the marriage creating the relationship exists; 

or (4) His aunt, uncle, nephew or niece of the 

whole or half-blood

.

 (knowingly) 

Marriage or 

Intercourse 

Unspecified 

Class C felony 

No conviction of 

incest or attempt 

to commit incest 

upon the 

uncorroborated 

testimony of the 

person with 

whom the 

offense is alleged 

to have been 

committed. 

NO 


Alaska (2008) 

Alaska Stat. §11.41.450 

Either legitimately or illegitimately: (1) an 

ancestor or descendant of the whole or half blood; 

(2) a brother or sister of the whole or half blood; or 

(3) an uncle, aunt, nephew, or niece by blood. 

Sexual penetration 

18 


Class C Felony 

 

NO 



Arizona (2008) 

A.R.S. §13-3608  

Persons with degrees of consanguinity which 

makes marriage incestuous and void (knowingly) 

Marriage, 

intercourse or 

adultery  

18 Class 

felony 


 

NO 


Arkansas (2008) 

A.C.A. §5-26-202 

A.C.A. § 16-41-101 

Without regard to legitimacy: (1) An ancestor or a 

descendant; (2) A stepchild or adopted child; (3) A 

brother or sister of the whole or half blood; (4) An 

uncle, aunt, nephew, or niece; or (5) A 

stepgrandchild or adopted grandchild (knowingly) 

Marriage, sexual 

intercourse or 

deviate sexual 

activity with 

someone at least 

16 years of age 

16 

Class C felony 



Class A felony if 

victim is under 16 

and the actor is 

over 21 at the time 

of offense 

§ 16-41-101 

(2008), Rule 

803: Hearsay 

Exception for a 

statement by a 

child under 10 

involving incest 

admissible 

(reasonable 

likelihood of 

trustworthiness) 

NO 

California (2008) 

Cal Pen Code §285 

Cal Pen Code § 785

 

Persons within degrees of consanguinity which 

make marriages incestuous and void 

Marriage, sexual 

intercourse or 

adultery 

14 

(intercourse) 



With state prison 

sentence 

§ 785 (2008): 

Jurisdiction 

where offense 

was committed 

or defendant 

apprehended 

NO 


American Prosecutors Research Institute 

2

Colorado (2008) 

C.R.S.§18-6-301 

C.R.S. §18-6-302 

C.R.S. §18-6-303



 

Ancestor or descendant, including a natural child, 

child by adoption, or stepchild twenty-one years of 

age or older, a brother or sister of the whole or half 

blood, or an uncle, aunt, nephew, or niece of the 

whole blood ("descendant" includes a child by 

adoption and a stepchild, but only if the person is 

not legally married to the child by adoption or the 

stepchild) 

Marriage, sexual 

penetration, sexual 

intrusion, sexual 

contact 

Unspecified Class 

felony; 


Report case to 

department of 

education if victim 

under 18 yrs & 

defendant school 

employee; 

Sentence may be 

suspended if 

committed before 

11-1-98 and not 

habitual sex 

offender 

 YES; 

Class 


felony if 

victim under 

10 OR if 

victim under 

21 and child of 

defendant 

Connecticut (2008) 

Conn Gen Stat §53a-191 

Conn Gen Stat §46b-21 

Any person related within degrees specified in 

46b-21; No man may marry his mother, 

grandmother, daughter, granddaughter, sister, aunt, 

niece, stepmother or stepdaughter, and no woman 

may marry her father, grandfather, son, grandson, 

brother, uncle, nephew, stepfather or stepson 

Marriage Unspecified 

Class 



felony 



 

NO 


Delaware (2008) 

11 Del C§766 

Without regard to legitimacy or adoption, male & 

his child, parent, brother, sister, grandchild, niece 

or nephew, father's sister or brother, mother's sister 

or brother, father's wife, wife's child, child of his 

wife's son or daughter; female & her parent, child, 

brother, sister, grandchild, niece or nephew, 

father's sister or brother, mother's sister or brother, 

mother's husband, husband's child, child of her 

husband's son or daughter. 

Sexual intercourse 

Unspecified 

Class A 


misdemeanor; 

Original 

jurisdiction to 

Family Court 

 NO 

District of Columbia 

(2008) 

D.C. Code §22-1901 

D.C. Code §46-401 

Any person related to another person (not 

including the 4

th

 degree of consanguinity); 



marriage void if between man with his 

grandmother, grandfather's wife, wife's 

grandmother, father's sister, mother's sister, 

mother, stepmother, wife's mother, daughter, 

wife's daughter, son's wife, sister, son's daughter, 

daughter's daughter, son's son's wife, daughter's 

son's wife, wife's son's daughter, wife's daughter's 

daughter, brother's daughter, sister's daughter; 

between woman with her grandfather, 

grandmother's husband, husband's grandfather, 

Marriage, 

cohabitation, 

sexual intercourse 

Unspecified Imprisonment 

for 

not more than 12 



years 

 NO 


American Prosecutors Research Institute 

3

father's brother, mother's brother, father, 

stepfather, husband's father, son, husband's son, 

daughter's husband, brother, son's son, daughter's 

son, son's daughter's husband, daughter's 

daughter's husband, husband's son's son, husband's 

daughter's son, brother's son, sister's son 

Florida (2008) 

Fla Stat §826.04



 

Any person related  by lineal consanguinity, or a 

brother, sister, uncle, aunt, nephew, or niece 

Marriage, sexual 

intercourse (define 

as the penetration 

of the female sex 

organ by the male 

sex organ, 

however slight; 

emission of semen 

is not required) 

Unspecified 3

rd

 degree felony 



 

NO 


Georgia (2008) 

O.C.G.A.§16-6-22



 

Person known to be (by blood or marriage): (1) 

Father and daughter or stepdaughter; (2) Mother 

and son or stepson; (3) Brother and sister of the 

whole blood or of the half blood; (4) Grandparent 

and grandchild; (5) Aunt and nephew; or (6) Uncle 

and niece. 

Sexual intercourse 

Unspecified 

Imprisonment for 

not less than 10 nor 

more than 30 years 

 

YES; if victim 



under 14, 

imprisonment 

for not less 

than 25 nor 

more than 50 

years 


Hawaii (2008) 

H.R.S. §707-741



 

Persons within degrees of consanguinity or affinity 

within which marriage is prohibited 

Sexual penetration 

Unspecified 

Class C felony 

 

NO 


Idaho (2008) 

Idaho Code§18-6602



 

Persons within degrees of consanguinity which 

make marriages incestuous and void 

Marriage, sexual 

intercourse, 

adultery 

Unspecified Imprisonment 

not 


to exceed life 

 NO 


Illinois (2008) 

§720 ILCS 5/11-11



 

Person related to other person as a i) Brother or 

sister, either of the whole blood or the half blood

or (ii) Father or mother, when the child, regardless 

of legitimacy and regardless of whether the child 

was of the whole blood or half-blood or was 

adopted, was 18 years of age or over when the act 

was committed; or (iii) Stepfather or stepmother, 

when the stepchild was 18 years of age or over 

when the act was committed 

Sexual penetration 

Unspecified 

Class 3 felony 

 

NO 



Indiana (2008) 

Ind Cod Ann §35-46-1-3 

Ind Cod Ann §35-37-4-

Person known to be biological parent, child, 

grandparent, grandchild, sibling, aunt, uncle, 

niece, or nephew 

Sexual intercourse, 

deviate sexual 

conduct, marriage 

(unless valid 

18 

Class C felony 



Class B felony if 

victim is under 16 

at the time of 

Evidence of 

defendant’s past 

incestuous acts 

admissible if 

NO 


American Prosecutors Research Institute 

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15 


where entered) 

offense 


relevant to crime 

Iowa (2008) 

Iowa Code §726.2 

Iowa Code §802.2A 

Legitimately or illegitimately: Person knows to be 

ancestor, descendant, brother or sister of whole of 

half blood, aunt, uncle, niece or nephew. 

Sexual act 

Not a child 

Class D felony; 

Indictment within 

10 years of crime, 

unless victim under 

18, then within 10 

years after victim 

reaches 18 

 

 



Kansas (2006) 

K.S.A. §21-3602 

K.S.A. §21-3603 

Person known to be biologically related as parent, 

child, grandparent of any degree, grandchild of any 

degree, grandchild of any degree, brother, sister, 

half-brother, half-sister, uncle aunt, nephew, niece 

Marriage, sexual 

intercourse, 

sodomy 


Unspecified 

Severity level 10 

person felony when 

victim is 18 and 

over 

 YES: 


Severity 

level 5 if 

marriage to 

person under 

18, Severity 

level 7 if 

intercourse, 

sodomy, lewd 

fondling of 

person 16-18 

years 21-3603 

Kentucky (2008) 

K.R.S.  §530.020 

Known ancestor, descendant, brother, or sister 

without regard to legitimacy, adoption, whole or 

half blood, or stepparent and stepchild 

Sexual intercourse 

or deviate sexual 

intercourse 

Unspecified 

Class C felony (if 

by consenting 

adults) 


 

YES; Class B 

felony if (1) 

forcible 

compulsion 

OR (2) victim 

less than 18 or 

physically 

helpless or 

mentally 

incapacitated; 

Class A felony 

if (1) victim 

less than 12 

OR (2) victim 

suffers serious 

physical 

injury. 


Louisiana (2008) 

La R.S. §14:78 

La R.S. §14:78.1 

LA. Code Civ. Proc. 

Ascendant or descendant, brother or sister, uncle 

or niece, aunt or nephew (with knowledge), related 

by consanguinity either whole or half blood  

Marriage (unless 

married legally in 

another state) or 

sexual intercourse 

Unspecified 

Imprisonment up to 

15years when 

between ascendant 

and descendant or 

 YES; 

victim 


under 18 

involving any 

other 


American Prosecutors Research Institute 

5

Ann. art. 571.1 

brother and sister 

Imprisonment up to 

5years, or up to 

$1000 fine (or 

both) if between 

uncle and niece or 

aunt and nephew; 

30 year time 

limitation from the 

time the victim is 

18 yrs 

involvement of 



a child in 

sexual activity 

and related to 

offender 

(biological, 

step, or 

adoptive 

relatives: 

child, 

grandchild of 



any degree, 

brother, sister, 

half-brother, 

half-sister, 

uncle, aunt, 

nephew, or 

niece); fine not 

to exceed 

$50,000 and/or 

imprisonment 

not less than 5, 

no more than 

20 years 

Maine (2008) 

17-A M.R.S.§556 

Persons known to be within the 2

nd

 degree of 



consanguinity (woman and her father, grandfather, 

son, grandson, brother, brother's son, sister's son, 

father's brother or mother's brother; man and his 

mother, grandmother, daughter, granddaughter, 

sister, brother's daughter, sister's daughter, father's 

sister or mother's sister) 

Sexual intercourse 

(any penetration of 

the female sex 

organ by the male 

sex organ) 

18 


Class D crime 

Valid defense is 

the offender was 

legally married 

to the victim 

YES; Class C 

crime if 

offender has 2 

or more prior 

convictions of 

this section or 

substantially 

similar 

conduct  



Maryland (2008) 

Md CRIMINAL LAW 

Code Ann §3-323 

Code Ann §2-202 

Persons who may not marry, within 3 degrees of 

lineal consanguinity or 1 degree of collateral 

consanguinity (man and his grandmother; mother; 

daughter; sister; granddaughter; grandfather's wife; 

wife's grandmother; father's sister; mother's sister; 

stepmother; wife's mother; wife's daughter; son's 

wife; grandson's wife; wife's granddaughter; 

Vaginal 


intercourse 

Unspecified 

Felony; 1 to 10 

years in prison 

 NO 


American Prosecutors Research Institute 

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brother's daughter; sister's daughter. woman and 

her grandfather; father; son; brother; grandson; 

grandmother's husband; husband's grandfather; 

father's brother; mother's brother; stepfather; 

husband's father; husband's son; daughter's 

husband; husband's grandson; brother's son; sister's 

son; granddaughter's husband.) 



Massachusetts 

(2008) 

ALM GL ch 272 §17 

Persons within degrees of consanguinity which 

make marriages incestuous and void 

Marriage, sexual 

intercourse, sexual 

activities 

(including but not 

limited to, oral or 

anal intercourse, 

fellatio, 

cunnilingus, or 

other penetration 

of a part of a 

person's body, or 

insertion of an 

object into the 

genital or anal 

opening of another 

person's body, or 

the manual 

manipulation of 

the genitalia of 

another person's 

body) 

Unspecified 



Imprisonment of 2 

1/2 years to 20 

years 

 NO 


Michigan (2008) 

MCLS §750.520b 

-§750.520c 

-§750.520d 

-§750.520e 

-§750.520g 

Criminal sexual conduct in the 1

st

 and 2



nd

 degrees 

include when the actor is a “member of the same 

household” as the victim and when the actor is 

“related to the victim by blood or affinity to the 4

th

 



degree 

Sexual contact  

Unspecified 

1

st



 degree felony: 

life or any term of 

years  

2

nd



 degree felony: 

Not more than 15 

years 

3

rd



 degree felony: 

imprisonment not 

more than 15 years 

4

th



 degree 

misdemeanor 

(other person 

used authority 

and coerced 

defendant: 

imprisonment 

not more than 2 

years and/or fine 

not more than 

$500) 

YES; lifetime 



electronic 

monitoring if 

offender is 17 

years of age or 

older and 

victim is less 

than 13 

Minnesota (2007) 

Person “nearer of kin to the actor than first 

Sexual intercourse 

Unspecified 

Imprisonment of 

 

NO 



American Prosecutors Research Institute 

7

Minn. Stat §609.365 

cousin…whether of the half or the whole blood, 

with knowledge of the relationship” 

not more than 10 

years 


Mississippi 

Miss. Code §97-29-27 

Miss. Code §97-29-5 

Miss. Code §97-29-29 

Person within degrees of consanguinity which 

make marriages incestuous and void due to blood  

Marriage or 

cohabitation, 

adultery or sexual 

intercourse 

Unspecified Imprisonment 

of 


not more than 10 

years and/or $500 

fine 

 NO 


Missouri (2008) 

§568.020 R.S.Mo. 

Persons known to be ancestor or descendant by 

blood or adoption; stepchild while the marriage 

creating the relationship exists; brother or sister of 

whole or half blood; or uncle, aunt, nephew, or 

niece if the whole blood. 

Marriage, sexual 

intercourse, 

deviate sexual 

intercourse 

Unspecified Class 

felony 


 

NO 


Montana (2007) 

Mont. Code §45-5-507 

Person known to an ancestor, a descendant, a 

brother or sister of the whole or half-blood, or a 

stepson or step-daughter, without regard to 

legitimacy, adoption, or step- relationship 

Marriage, 

cohabitation, 

sexual intercourse, 

sexual contact 

Unspecified Life 

imprisonment, 

or not to exceed 

100 yrs, or fine not 

exceeding $50,000 

Defense: 

Consent to incest 

with stepson or 

stepdaughter, but 

ineffective if the 

victim is less 

than 18 yrs old 

YES; Life 

imprisonment 

or 4 to 100 

years if victim 

is under 16 

and offender is 

3+ years older 

and inflicts 

bodily injury; 

imprisonment 

for 100 years 

if victim was 

12 or younger 

and the 


offender was 

18 or older and 

may be fined 

not over 

$50,000 

Nebraska (2008) 

R.R.S. Neb. §28-702 

R.R.S. Neb. §28-703 

Between parents and children, grandparents and 

grandchildren of every degree, between brothers 

and sisters of the half as well as the whole blood, 

and between uncles and nieces, aunts and 

nephews. Extend to children and relations born out 

of wedlock or any person who sexually penetrates 

a minor stepchild. 

Marriage, sexual 

penetration 

Unspecified Class 

felony 



 

NO 


Nevada (2008) 

NRS §201.280 

Persons within degrees of consanguinity which 

make marriages incestuous and void 

Marriage, 

fornication, 

adultery 

Unspecified Class 

felony; 


imprisonment not 

less than 2 yrs and 

 NO 


American Prosecutors Research Institute 

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maximum life with 

the possibility of 

parole & possible a 

fine not more than 

$10,000 


New Hampshire 

(2008) 

RSA §639:2 

Person know to be an ancestor, descendant, 

brother or sister (whole or half blood), and uncle, 

aunt, nephew, or niece without regard to 

legitimacy, stepchildren, and relationships of 

parent and child by adoption 

Marriage, 

cohabitation 

(under the 

representation of 

marriage), sexual 

intercourse 

18 


Class B felony 

victim under 18, 

maximum sentence 

of 20years and 

minimum is ½ of 

maximum 


Defense: if 

person under 18, 

not liable if the 

other party is at 

least 3 yrs older 

at time of the act 

NO 

New Jersey (2008) 

N.J. Stat. §2C:14-2 

When the actor is “related to the victim by blood 

or affinity to the 3

rd

 degree” 



Sexual penetration 

Unspecified 

2

nd

 degree crime 



 

YES; 1


st

 

degree 



aggravated 

sexual assault 

if victim is at 

least 16 but 

less than 18 

years old 



New Mexico (2008) 

N.M. Stat. §30-10-3 

Persons known to be parents and children 

(including grandparents and grandchildren of 

every degree), brothers and sisters of half and 

whole blood, uncles and nieces, aunts and 

nephews  

Marriage or sexual 

intercourse 

Unspecified 3

rd

 degree felony 



 

No 


New York (2008) 

NY CLS Penal §255.25 

NY CLS Penal §255.26 

NY CLS Penal §255.27 

Persons known to be related to him or her, whether 

through marriage or not, as an ancestor, 

descendant, brother or sister of either the whole or 

the half blood, uncle, aunt, nephew or niece 

Marriage, sexual 

intercourse, oral 

sexual conduct, or 

anal sexual 

conduct 

Unspecified 

Class E Felony, 3

rd

 



Degree 

 YES; 


Class 

Felony 2



nd

 

degree if 



commit rape or 

criminal 

sexual act in 

the 2


nd

 degree; 

Class B Felony 

1

st



 degree if 

commit rape or 

criminal 

sexual act in 

1

st

 degree 



North Carolina 

(2008) 

Person that is grandparent or grandchild; parent or 

child or stepchild or adopted child; brother or 

sister of whole or half-blood; uncle aunt, nephew 

Carnal intercourse 

Unspecified 

Class F felony 

Defense: no 

liability for 

persons under 16 

YES; Class B1 

felony if 

victim under 


American Prosecutors Research Institute 

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N.C. Gen. Stat. §14-178 

or niece 

if the other 

person is at least 

4 yrs older when 

the incest 

occurred 

13 and actor is 

at least 12 and 

4 yrs older OR 

victim is 13-15 

and actor is 6 

yrs older; 

Class C felony 

if victim is 13-

15 and actor is 

4-6 yrs older 



North Dakota 

(2008) 

N.D. Code §12.1-20-11 

N.D. Cent. Code, §14-

03-03 


Persons known to be within a degree of 

consanguinity which makes marriages void 

between: parents and children, including 

grandparents and grandchildren of every degree; 

brothers and sisters of the half as well as the whole 

blood; uncles and nieces of the half as well as the 

whole blood; aunts and nephews of the half as well 

as the whole blood; first cousins of the half as well 

as the whole blood (illegitimate and legitimate 

children and relatives) 

Marriage, 

cohabitation, 

sexual activity 

Unspecified 

Class C felony 

 

NO 



Ohio (2008) 

ORC §2907.03 

Actor is the victim’s “natural or adoptive parent, 

step-parent guardian, custodian, or person in loco 

parentis of the other person” 

Sexual conduct 

Unspecified 

3

rd



 degree felony 

(sexual battery); if 

imprisoned for 2 

yrs or more, person 

serves a term of 

post-imprisonment 

supervision 

 YES; 


2

nd

 



degree felony  

if the other 

person is less 

than 13 yrs 



Oklahoma (2008) 

21 Okl. St. §885 

persons within degrees of consanguinity which 

make a marriage incestuous and void 

Marriage, 

fornication, 

adultery 

Unspecified Felony 

punishable 

by sentence not to 

exceed 10 years 

 NO 


Oregon (2007) 

ORS §163.525 

Persons known to be related, legitimately or 

otherwise as Ancestors, descendants, or brother or 

sister of whole or half blood 

 

marriage, sexual 



intercourse, 

deviate sexual 

intercourse  

Unspecified 

Class C Felony 

 

NO 



Pennsylvania 

(2008) 

18 Pa.C.S. §4302



 

Ancestor or descendant, a brother or sister of 

whole or half-blood, or an uncle, aunt, nephew, or 

niece of whole blood (blood relationships without 

regard to legitimacy, and relationship of parent and 

child by adoption) 

Marriage, 

cohabitation, 

sexual intercourse 

unspecified 2

nd

 degree felony 



 

NO 


Rhode Island 

No man shall marry his mother, grandmother, 

Marriage 

Unspecified 

 

Exception: Do 



NO 

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(2008) 

R.I.Gen Laws §15-1-1 

R.I.Gen Laws §15-1-2 

R.I.Gen Laws §15-1-3 

R.I.Gen Laws §15-1-4 

daughter, son's daughter, daughter's daughter, 

stepmother, grandfather's wife, son's wife, son's 

son's wife, daughter's son's wife, wife's mother, 

wife's grandmother, wife's daughter, wife's son's 

daughter, wife's daughter's daughter, sister, 

brother's daughter, sister's daughter, father's sister, 

or mother's sister; No woman shall marry her 

father, grandfather, son, son's son, daughter's son, 

stepfather, grandmother's husband, daughter's 

husband, son's daughter's husband, daughter's 

daughter's husband, husband's father, husband's 

grandfather, husband's son, husband's son's son, 

husband's daughter's son, brother, brother's son, 

sister's son, father's brother, or mother's brother. 

not extend to any 

marriage which 

shall be 

solemnized 

among the 

Jewish people, 

within the 

degrees of 

affinity or 

consanguinity 

allowed by their 

religion. 

South Carolina 

(2008) 

S.C. Code §16-15-20



 

(1) A man with his mother, grandmother, daughter, 

granddaughter, stepmother, sister, grandfather's 

wife, son's wife, grandson's wife, wife's mother, 

wife's grandmother, wife's daughter, wife's 

granddaughter, brother's daughter, sister's 

daughter, father's sister or mother's sister; (2) A 

woman with her father, grandfather, son, grandson, 

stepfather, brother, grandmother's husband, 

daughter's husband, granddaughter's husband, 

husband's father, husband's grandfather, husband's 

son, husband's grandson, brother's son, sister's son, 

father's brother or mother's brother 

Carnal intercourse 

Unspecified 

Imprisonment not 

less than 1 year 

and/or not less than 

$500 fine 

 NO 


South Dakota 

(2008) 

S.D. Codified laws 

§25-1-6 

S.D. Codified laws 

§ 22-22A-2 

S.D. Codified laws 

§ 22-22A-3 

S.D. Codified laws 

§ 22-22A-3.1 

Marriages between parents and children, ancestors 

and descendants of every degree, and between 

brothers and sisters of the half as well as the whole 

blood, and between uncles and nieces, or aunts and 

nephews, and between cousins of the half as well 

as of the whole blood, are null and void from the 

beginning, whether the relationship is legitimate or 

illegitimate and include such relationships that 

arise through adoption 

Mutually 

consensual sexual 

penetration 

18 


Class 5 felony 

 

YES; Class 3 



felony of 

aggravated 

incest: (A) if 

victim is less 

than 18 yrs 

AND child of 

perpetrator or 

the child of a 

spouse or 

former spouse 

of the 

perpetrator OR 



child 

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related to the 

perpetrator 

within degrees 

of 

consanguinity 



within which 

marriages are 

void; (B) if 

victim in foster 

home & the 

perpetrator is: 

licensed foster 

care provider 

or resident of 

the licensed 

foster care 

provider's 

home and 

related to the 

licensed foster 

care provider 

by blood or 

marriage 



Tennessee (2008) 

Tenn. Code §39-15-302 

Any person known to be natural parent, child, 

grandparent, grandchild, uncle, aunt, nephew, 

niece, stepparent, stepchild, adoptive parent, 

adoptive child or brother and sister of the half or 

whole blood 

Sexual penetration 

Unspecified 

Class C felony 

 

NO 


Texas (2008) 

Tex. Penal Cod. §25.02 

Person known to be ancestor or descendant by 

blood or adoption; current or former stepchild or 

stepparent; parent's brother or sister of the whole 

or half blood; brother or sister of the whole or half 

blood or by adoption; children of the actor's 

brother or sister of the whole or half blood or by 

adoption; the son or daughter of the actor's aunt or 

uncle of the whole or half blood or by adoption 

Sexual intercourse 

(any penetration of 

the female sex 

organ by the male 

sex organ), deviate 

sexual intercourse 

(any contact 

between the 

genitals of one 

person and the 

mouth or anus of 

another person 

Unspecified  

3

rd



 degree felony 

 

YES; 2



nd

 

degree felony 



if the victim is 

the son or 

daughter of the 

actor's aunt or 

uncle of the 

whole or half 

blood or by 

adoption 



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with intent to 

arouse or gratify 

the sexual desire 

of any person) 

Utah (2008) 

Utah Code§76-7-102 

Person known to be ancestor, descendant, brother, 

sister, uncle, aunt, nephew, niece, or first cousin, 

without regard to whole or half blood relationship, 

legitimacy, parent and child by adoption, or 

relationship of stepparent and stepchild while the 

marriage creating the relationship of a stepparent 

and stepchild exists 

Sexual intercourse 

(not amounting to 

rape, rape of a 

child or 

aggravated sexual 

assault) 

Unspecified 3

rd

 degree felony 



 

NO 


Vermont (2007) 

13 V.S.A. §205 

Persons for whom marriage are prohibited by  state 

law 


Marriage, 

fornication 

Unspecified Imprisonment 

not 


more than 5 years 

and/or $1000 fine  

 NO 

Virginia (2008) 

Va. Code §18.2-361 

Va. Code §18.2-366 

Persons for who marriages are prohibited; relations 

with children and grandchildren 

Adultery or 

fornication 

Unspecified Class 

misdemeanor 



 YES; 

Class 


felony for any 

person who 

performs or 

causes to be 

performed 

cunnilingus, 

fellatio, 

anilingus or 

anal 


intercourse 

upon or by his 

daughter or 

granddaughter, 

son or 

grandson, 



brother or 

sister, or father 

or mother 

(without 

regard to step-

relationships); 

Class 3 felony 

if a parent or 

grandparent 

commits any 



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such act with 

his child or 

grandchild and 

such child or 

grandchild is 

at least 13 but 

less than 18 

yrs 

Washington (2008) 

ARCW §9A.64.020 

Persons known to be related to him or her, either 

legitimately or illegitimately, as an ancestor, 

descendant, brother, or sister of either the whole or 

the half blood 

1

st

 degree incest: 



sexual intercourse 

2

nd



 degree incest: 

Sexual contact 

Unspecified 2

nd

 degree incest  



Class C felony 

 YES; 


1

st

 



degree incest 

Class B felony 

 

West Virginia 

(2008) 

W. Va. Code §61-8-12 

Engaging with his or her father, mother, brother, 

sister, daughter, son, grandfather, grandmother, 

grandson, granddaughter, nephew, niece, uncle or 

aunt 


Sexual intercourse 

(any act between 

persons involving 

penetration, 

however slight, of 

the female sex 

organ by the male 

sex organ or 

involving contact 

between the sex 

organs of one 

person and the 

mouth or anus of 

another person) or 

sexual intrusion 

(any act between 

persons involving 

penetration, 

however slight, of 

the female sex 

organ or of the 

anus of any person 

by an object for 

the purpose of 

degrading or 

humiliating the 

person so 

penetrated or for 

Unspecified Felony: 

imprisonment of 5-

15 years and/or or 

fined not less than 

$500 nor more than 

$5000; Further if 

the victim is a 

minor, court may 

order offender to 

pay all or any 

portion of the cost 

of medical, 

psychological or 

psychiatric 

treatment of the 

victim, the need for 

which results from 

the act or acts for 

which the person is 

convicted 

 NO 


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gratifying the 

sexual desire of 

either party) 



Wisconsin (2008) 

Wis. Stat. §944.06 

Wis. Stat. §948.06 

Persons known to be blood relatives and such 

relative is in fact related in a degree within the 

marriage is prohibited by the law 

Marriage or non-

marital sexual 

intercourse 

Unspecified 

Class F felony 

 

YES; Class C 



felony if 

person marries 

or has sexual 

intercourse or 

sexual contact 

with a child 

known to be 

related, either 

by blood or 

adoption, and 

the child is 

related in a 

degree of 

kinship closer 

than 2

nd

 cousin 



or with a child 

if the actor is 

the child’s 

stepparent; OR 

offender is 

responsible for 

the child’s 

welfare, knows 

the offender 

had or intends 

to have sexual 

intercourse or 

sexual contact 

with the child, 

is physically 

and 


emotionally 

capable of 

taking action 

that will 

prevent the 


American Prosecutors Research Institute 

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intercourse or 

contact from 

occurring or 

being repeated, 

fails to take 

that action; 

and the failure 

to act exposes 

the child to an 

unreasonable 

risk that 

intercourse or 

contact may 

occur 

Wyoming (2008) 

Wyo. Stat. §6-4-402 

Persons known to be an ancestor or descendant or 

a brother or sister of the whole or half blood, 

including relationships of parent and child by 

adoption, blood relationships without regard to 

legitimacy, stepparent and stepchild 

Sexual intrusion, 

sexual contact  

Unspecified Felony: 

imprisonment not 

more than 15 yrs 

and/or fine up to 

$10,000 


May not release 

the name of a 

minor victim 

NO 


 


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