Summary of plant protection regulations

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FL - of 12


Updated June 2016

Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry

Post Office Box 147100 Gainesville, Florida 32614-7100
Dr. Trevor Smith, Director

Phone: (352) 395-4700

Fax: (352) 395-4610


The information, as provided, is for informational purposes only and should not be interpreted as complete, nor should it be considered legally binding. Coordination with both your state and the destination state plant regulatory agency listed above may be necessary to stay up-to-date on revised requirements.

All plants, trees, shrubs, vines, bulbs, cuttings, grafts, scions, or buds, grown or kept for or capable of propagation or distribution, unless specifically excluded by the rules of the department.


House plants which are part of a passenger's baggage or household effects may enter the state provided the plants are accompanied with a certificate of inspection. Should the plants originate from a state that does not offer an inspection and certification service for house plants, the owner must be able to furnish the department a Florida address where the plants will be located. This information will enable the department to conduct a follow-up inspection if deemed necessary. If sufficient information is given, the plants will be allowed entry.


Any person, nurseryman, stock dealer, agent, or plant broker who desires to ship into this state nursery stock from any state, territory, or district of the United States, shall comply with the following regulations:

The nurseryman, stock dealer, agent or plant broker must be listed in the latest directory of registered or certified nurseries, agents, stock dealers, and plant brokers of the state where such nursery stock originated.

A valid certificate of inspection must be attached to each separate package, bundle, box, or shipment of nursery stock shipped into Florida. In club orders, one tag must be attached to each individual order and another to the package containing the individual orders.

All shipments of plants or plant products entering peninsular Florida by road are required to stop at an agricultural inspection station where they will be screened for proper certification and subject to cargo inspection by the department. All shipments of plants or plant products entering Florida through mail and parcel facilities are subject to inspection and screening for proper certification. Each shipment shall be accompanied with a bill of lading, or other valid documentation which contains the following information:

  1. Name and address of shipper or consignor

  2. Name and physical address of receiver or consignee

  3. Description of plants or plant products in the shipment

  4. Place and state/country of origin

  5. Ultimate destination of shipment if other than receiver or consignee

  6. Additional certification requirements for plant pest freedom for regulated commodities are listed below.

  7. All documents shall be in the English Language, or shall have attached an accurate English translation containing adequate information for examination of the product.

Shippers of Phytophthora ramorum host nursery stock from regulated areas should send prenotification information of shipments destined to Florida as required by the USDA Federal Order DA-2012-53effective December 10, 2012. Please refer to the following website for clarification as needed: Shipment prenotification information should be sent to or faxed to 352-395-4618.


Definition: Any living stage, including, but not limited to, seeds and productive parts, of a parasitic or other plant of a kind, or subdivision of a kind, which may be a serious agricultural threat in Florida or have a negative impact on the plant species protected under Statute 581.185.

It is unlawful to introduce, possess, move, or release any plant pest or noxious weed regulated by the department and the USDA except under permit issued by the department or the USDA. No permit shall be issued unless the department has determined that procedures exist to adequately contain the plant pest or noxious weed or that it will not pose a threat to the agricultural industry or the environment.

Noxious Weed List.

Parasitic Weeds.

Aeginetia spp. – aeginetia Alectra spp. alectra

Cuscuta spp. Only the native Florida species are excluded from this list. These include C. americana, C. compacta, C. exaltata, C. gronovii, C. indecora, C. obtusiflora,C. pentagona, C. umbellata Orobanche spp.broomrapes
Terrestrial Weeds.

Ageratina adenophora – crofton weed Alternanthera sessilis – sessile joyweed Abrus precatorius – rosary pea

Ardisia crenata – coral ardisia Ardisia elliptica – shoebutton ardisia Asphodelus fistulosus – onionweed

Avena sterilis – animated oat, wild oat Borreria alata – broadleaf buttonweed Carthamus oxyacantha – wild safflower Casuarina equisetifolia – Australian pine Casuarina glauca – suckering Australian pine Chrysopogon aciculatus – pilipiliula Colubrina asiatica – latherleaf

Commelina benghalensis – Benghal dayflower Crupina vulgaris – common crupina Cupaniopsis anacardioides – carrotwood

Digitaria scalarum African couchgrass, fingergrass Digitaria velutina – velvet fingergrass, annual couchgrass Dioscorea alata – white yam

Dioscorea bulbifera – air potato Drymaria arenarioides – lightning weed Emex australis – three-corner jack

Emex spinosa – devil’s thorn

Euphorbia prunifolia – painted euphorbia

Galega officinalis – goat’s rue

Heracleum mantegazzianum giant hogweed Imperata brasiliensis – Brazilian satintail Imperata cylindrica – cogongrass

Ipomoea triloba – little bell, aiea morning glory Ischaemum rugosum murainograss Leptochloa chinensis – Asian sprangletop Leucaena leucocephala – lead tree

Ligustrum sinense Chinese privet, except the cultivar ‘Variegatum’

Lycium ferocissimum African boxthorn

Lygodium japonicum Japanese climbing fern Lygodium microphyllum small-leaved climbing fern Melaleuca quinquenervia – melaleuca

Melastoma malabathricum Indian rhododendron.

Mikania cordata – mile-a-minute Mikania micrantha – climbing hempweed Mimosa invisa – giant sensitive plant Mimosa pigra – catclaw mimosa

Nassella trichotoma – serrated tussock Neyraudia reynaudiana Burma reed Nymphoides cristata – crested floating heart Nymphoides peltata – yellow floating heart Opuntia aurantiaca – jointed prickly pear Oryza longistaminata – red rice

Oryza punctata – red rice

Oryza rufipogon – wild red rice Paederia cruddasiana – sewer-vine Paederia foetida – skunk-vine Paspalum scrobiculatum Kodomillet

Pennisetum clandestinum Kikuyu grass Pennisetum macrourum African feathergrass Pennisetum pedicellatum Kyasuma grass

Pennisetum polystachyon missiongrass, thin napiergrass

Prosopis spp.

Pueraria montana – kudzu Rhodomyrtus tomentosa – downy myrtle Rottboellia cochinchinensis – itchgrass Rubus fruticosus – bramble blackberry Rubus molluccanus – wild raspberry

Saccharum spontaneum wild sugarcane Salsola vermiculata – wormleaf salsola Sapium sebiferum Chinese tallow tree Scaevola taccada – beach naupaka

Schinus terebinthifolius – Brazilian pepper-tree

Setaria pallidefusca – cattail grass Solanum tampicense wetland nightshade Solanum torvum turkeyberry

Solanum viarum tropical soda apple Tridax procumbens – coat buttons Triadica sebifera – Chinese tallow tree Urochloa panicoides – liverseed grass
Prohibited Aquatic Plants

Alternanthera philoxeroides – alligatorweed, green lead plant

Casuarina spp.Australian Pine Crassula helmsii – awamp stone crop Eichhornia spp. – waterhyacinth

Hydrilla verticillata – hydrilla, Florida elodea, stargrass, oxygen grass

Hygrophila polysperma hygro

Ipomoea aquatica – water spinach

Ipomoea fistulosa

Lagarosiphon spp.African elodea Limnocharis flava – Sawa flowing rush Lymnophila sessiliflora – ambulia Lythrum salicaria – purple loosestrife Melaleuca quinquenervia – melaleuca

Mimosa pigra – giant sensitive plant, cat’s claw

Monochoria hastata Monochoria vaginalis

Myriophyllum spicatum Eurasian watermilfoil

Nechamandra alternifolia

Oryza rufipogon – wild Red rice

Pistia stratiotes – waterlettuce

Pontederia rotundifolia – tropical pickerelweed

Salvinia spp., (excluding S. minima) Schinus terebinthifolius – Brazilian-pepper-tree

Sparganium erectum Exotic bur-reed Stratiotes aloides – water-aloe, soldier plant Trapa spp.water chestnut

Vossia cuspidate – hippo grass


PEST: Plant pest not known to occur in the State of Florida or of limited distribution within the state.

MATERIALS REGULATED: All plants and plant products
RESTRICTIONS: Plant and plant products found to be infested or infected with, or exposed to a plant pest not known to be established or of limited distribution in the state of Florida and the pest is determined to be potentially damaging to Florida agriculture shall not be allowed to enter Florida.
The following are examples of plant pests that would require immediate quarantine:


Aceria litchii (currently in Hawaii (Litchi mite)) Aleurodicus rugioperculatus (gumbo limbo whitefly) Anoplophora spp. (Asian longhorned beetles) Aulacaspis yasumatsui (Asian cycad scale)

Biprorulus bibax (spined orange bug)

Bostrichidae (Bostrichid beetles)

Brevipalpus chilensis (Chilean false red mite) Ceratovacuna lanigera (sugarcane woolly aphid) Diaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)

Diaprepes abbreviatus (diaprepes root weevil)

Duponchelia fovealis (European pepper moth) Eutetranychus orientalis (Oriental red mite) Exophthalmus spp. (Caribbean citrus weevils) Liriomyza huidobrensis (pea leaf miner) Liriomyza langei (pea leaf miner) Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink mealybug) Metamasius callizona (bromeliad weevil)

Metamasius spp. (Neotropical palm and bromeliad weevils) Metamasuis hemipterus (palm and sugarcane weevil) Morganella longispina (scale insect) (plumose scale) Musgraveia sulciventris (bronze orange bug)

Myllocerus spp. (Asian weevils)

Myllocerus undecimpustulatus (weevil)

Nasonovia ribisnigri (currant-lettuce aphid)

Nephotettix spp. (Green leafhoppers on rice) Nilaparvata lugens (brown plant hopper) Noctua pronuba (large yellow underwing) Oligonychus persae (avocado mite) Opuntiaspis spp. (scale insect)

Oxycarenus hyalinipennis (dusky cottonseed bug)

Paratachardina pseudolobata (lobate lac scale) Parlatoria ziziphi (black parlatoria scale insect) Phalacrococcus howertoni (Howerton’s scale) Philephedra spp. (scale insect)

Phoenicococcus marlatti (red date scale) Prymnotrypes spp. (Andean potato weevils) Raoiella indica (red palm mite)

Rhagoletis mendax (blueberry maggot fly) Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) Rhynchophorus palmarum (giant palm weevil) Russelliana solanicola (a potato psyllid)

Singhiella simplex (ficus whitefly)

Siphoninus plyillyleae (ash whitefly)

Trioza anceps (avocado psyllid)

Trioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid) Trioza perseae (avocado psyllid)

Tropilaelaps clareae (Tropilaelaps mite)

Vinsonia stellifera (stellate scale)

Xyleborus glabrtus (redbay ambrosia beetle)


Agrobacterium tumefaciens (crown gall) Chilli leaf curl virus

Citrus chlorotic dwarf Citrus leprosis virus Citrus variegated chlorosis Citrus yellow mosaic virus

Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus

Cucurbit leaf crumple begemovirus

Cucurbit yellow stunting discorder crinivirus Guignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Huanglongbing (citrus greening disease) Lethal yellowing of palms

Palm lethal yellowing phytoplasma Pepino mosaic virus

Phomopsis gardeniae (gardenia canker)

Phytophthora alni Phytophthora europea Phytophthora foliorum Phytophthora hedriandra Phytophthora kernoviae Phytophthora nemarosa Phytophthora pseudosyringae

Phytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death / Ramorum blight)

Phytophthora siskyouensis Phytophthora tropicalis Psorosis complex of viruses

Puccina pelargonii – zonalis (geranium rust) Puccinia horiana (chrysanthemum white rust) Septoria citri (Septoria spot of citrus) Sphaceloma poinsettiae (poinsettia scab) Sugarcane bacilliform badnavirus

Sugarcane yellow leaf syndrome phytoplasma

Texas Phoenix palm decline phytoplasma Tomato chlorosis virus

Tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus Tomato marchitez virus

Tomato severe leaf curl virus

Tomato torrado virus

Tomato yellow leaf curl virus

Tomato yellow leaf curl virus-China, Seychelles, & Indonesia strains Tomato yellow vein streak

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri (citrus canker)


Achatina spp. (giant African land snails)

Archachatina marginata (banana rasp snail) Cryptomphalus spp. (brown garden snail and others)

Lissachatina fulica (giant African land snail)

Megalobulimus oblongus (giant South American snail) Otala lactea (milk snail)

Theba pisana (white garden snail)

Zachrysia provisoria (Cuban land snail)


Anguina tritici (wheat gall nematode) Bursaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode) Ditylenchus destructor (potato rot nematode) Ditylenchus dispaci (bud and stem nematode)

Globodera rostochiensis (potato cyst nematode)

Globodera pallida (potato cyst nematode)

Hemicycliophora arenaria (citrus sheath nematode) Heterodera carotae (carrot cyst nematode)

Heterodera cruciferae (cabbage cyst nematode)

Heterodera goettingiana (pea cyst nematode)

Heterodera zeae (corn cyst nematode)

Hoplolaimus columbus (Columbia lance nematode)

Longidorus africanus (a needle nematode)

Longidorus belondriodes (a needle nematode)

Meloidogyne chitwoodi (Columbia root-knot nematode) Meloidogyne citri (a citrus root-knot nematode)

Meloidogyne enterolobii (a root-knot nematode)

Meloidogyne fujianenis (citrus root-knot nematode)

Meloidogyne mayaguensis (guava root-knot nematode) Meloidogyne naasi (cereal root-knot nematode)

Nacobbus aberrans (false root-knot nematode)

Pratylenchus convallariae (a lesion nematode) Pratylenchus crenatus (a lesion nematode) Pratylenchus goodeyi (a lesion nematode) Xiphinema brevicolle (a dagger nematode) Xiphinema bricolensis (a dagger nematode) Xiphinema californicum (a dagger nematode) Xiphinema diversicaudatum (a dagger nematode)

Xiphinema index (California dagger nematode) Xiphinema insigne (a dagger nematode) Xiphinema vuittenezi (a dagger nematode) Zygotylenchus spp. (a lesion nematode)


PEST: Boll weevil, Anthonomus grandis

MATERIALS REGULATED: Any article including but not limited to cotton plants, seed cotton, gin trash, and equipment capable of transporting or harboring boll weevil or the insect itself.
RESTRICTIONS: Regulated articles from infested areas may enter Florida provided each shipment is accompanied by a certificate issued by and bearing the signature of an authorized inspector of the state of origin, certifying that such regulated articles were treated as recommended by the department or inspected and found free for the presence of Boll Weevil (Anthomonus grandis).


PESTS: All injurious insects, plant diseases or disorders of citrus. STATES REGULATED: All

MATERIALS REGULATED: Any and all kinds of citrus plants and parts thereof.
RESTRICTIONS: It is unlawful to move into Florida any and all kinds of citrus trees and parts thereof except by a special permit from the Division Director. Permits are not required to move citrus fruits into the state. Federal Domestic Quarantines regulate the interstate movement of fruit from areas known to harbor fruit flies injurious to citrus.


PEST: Dogwood anthracnose

STATES REGULATED: AL, CAL, CT, DE, GA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, MI, MS, MO, NH, NJ, NY, NC, OH, OR, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WA, WA DC, WV and any other state, where dogwood anthracnose is determined to be established.
MATERIALS REGULATED: A dogwood plant (Cornus spp.) or part thereof or any other plant or part thereof which is capable of harboring or transporting dogwood anthracnose in any of its life stages.
RESTRICTIONS: The movement of dogwood plants or part thereof from infested states into Florida is prohibited except by master permit issued by the director.


Commercial shipments of firewood entering the state is prohibited except by master permit issued by the director. Non-Commercial shipments of firewood entering the state must be accompanied by a certificate of inspection from the state of origin. Non-commercial shipments of firewood may be allowed entry if sufficient destination information is given and product is intended for immediate use.


PEST: Fruit flies (Anastrepha spp. (except A. suspensa), Bactocera spp., Dacus spp., Rhagoletis spp., and Ceratitis spp.)

STATES REGULATED: All areas infested
MATERIALS REGULATED: All host fruit which is known to be or found to be a host or articles that may be infested of any fruit flies listed above
RESTRICTIONS: Host fruit is prohibited into the State of Florida unless accompanied by a certificate issued by an authorized representative of the USDA or the state of origin denoting the absence of fruit flies listed above, or having complied with a treatment established by the department or USDA to insure freedom from fruit flies.


PEST: Lettuce mosaic virus STATES REGULATED: ALL

MATERIALS REGULATED: Lettuce seed and plants
RESTRICTIONS: Lettuce seed and or plants moved into, sold or planted in a commercial lettuce production area in Florida shall be certified as having been tested for lettuce mosaic virus by a testing facility approved by the Division of Plant Industry.


PEST: Oak wilt disease

STATES REGULATED: AL, AR, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, NE, NY, NC, OH, OK, PA, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, WV, WI, and any other state, where oak wilt is determined to be established.
MATERIALS REGULATED: Rooted trees and seedling plants of oak (Quercus spp.),

chestnut (Castanea spp.), chinquapin (Castanopsis spp.) and tanbark oak (Lithocarpus densiflora), and any parts of such plants for propagation, except seed.

RESTRICTIONS: The movement of oak wilt disease or host plants into the state from an infested or regulated area is prohibited except by master permit issued by the director. The movement of firewood with bark and unpeeled lumber into the state from an infested or regulated area is prohibited except by a certificate issued by an authorized representative of the state of origin. The certificate shall state that these regulated articles have been treated in a manner approved by the department to minimize risk of inadvertent introduction of oak wilt disease.


PESTS: Seed potatoes offered for sale in Florida must not exceed the tolerances indicated for the following plant pests: nematode and tuber moth injury, 0%; bacterial ring rot, 0%; blackleg, 1%; Fusarium rot (damage by), 1%; soft rot or wet breakdown, 1%; varietal mixture, .25%; late blight, 1%; and any other dangerous pest of potatoes not listed, 0%. Must also meet requirements for external and internal defects as provided by U.S. Standards for Grades of Seed Potatoes (37 F.R. 8667).

RESTRICTIONS: (1) All potatoes to be sold for propagation in Florida must meet U.S. No. 1 seed potato requirements as set forth in the U.S. Standards for Grades of Seed Potatoes (37 F.R. 8667).(2) All potatoes to be sold for seed in Florida must have been grown under a seed potato certification program of the state or country of origin, and each bag must be accompanied by a certificate issued by the agency administering the seed potato certification program. (3) The department shall have the authority to open any shipment of seed potatoes for inspection and to draw a reasonable sample from any bag of seed potatoes for laboratory examination or for planting for field observation.


PESTS: Snails

Achatina spp. (Example: giant African land snails)

Cornus aspersa (brown garden snail)

Helix spp.

Lissachatina fulica (giant African land snail)

Megalobulimus oblongus (giant South American snail)

Theba pisana (white garden snail)

Any other plant-infesting snail which may be determined by department order or rule to

be injurious to Florida agriculture.
MATERIALS REGULATED: Any plant, plant product or other regulated article capable of transporting or harboring plant-feeding snails.

RESTRICTIONS: Regulated articles from infested states may move into Florida provided they have been inspected by authorized officials of the state of origin and each shipment accompanied by an original special certificate stating that the articles have been inspected and meet Florida's requirements.



MATERIALS REGULATED: Propagative parts of sugarcane including all species of the genus Saccharum and all species of its close relatives Imperata, Miscanthidium, Miscanthus, Rapidium, Erianthus, and Sorghum and all hybrids, selections, varieties, or clones.
RESTRICTIONS: The movement of propagative parts of sugarcane into the State of Florida is prohibited unless accompanied by a special permit issued by the department.

Sorghum seed is exempt from this requirement provided it is apparently free from plant pests.


PESTS: American foulbrood, Tropilaelaps clareae, varroa mite, African honeybee, Cape honeybee and any other honeybee race or pest determined by the department to be a threat to the state.

MATERIALS REGULATED: American foulbrood, Tropilaelaps clareae, varroa mite African honeybee, Cape honeybee, any honeybee race or pest determined by the department to be a threat to the state, used beekeeping equipment or fixtures and any other article capable of transporting a regulated pest or an unwanted race of honeybees.
RESTRICTIONS: The movement of all honeybees, beekeeping equipment, or other regulated articles is prohibited entry into the State of Florida unless accompanied by a certificate issued by the state of origin department of agriculture certifying that the regulated articles were inspected and found to meet Florida's entry requirements.

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