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WESTERN AUSTRALIA'S JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATIC BOTANY
Craven, L.A., Lepschi, B.J. & Cowley, K.J.
Melaleuca (Myrtaceae) of Western Australia:
five new species, three new combinations,
one new name and a new state record.
Nuytsia 20: 27–36(2010).
L.A. Craven, B.J. Lepschi & K.J. Cowley, Melaleuca (Myrtaceae) of Western Australia
Australian National Herbarium, CPBR, CSIRO Plant Industry,
GPO Box 1600, Canberra, ACT 2601
Corresponding author. Email: email@example.com
Craven, L.A., Lepschi, B.J. & Cowley, K.J. Melaleuca (Myrtaceae) of Western Australia: five new
species, three new combinations, one new name and a new state record. Nuytsia 20: 27–36(2010).
Recent work has resulted in the recognition of five new species of Melaleuca from the south-west
of Western Australia: M. genialis Lepschi, M. ochroma Lepschi, M. protrusa Craven & Lepschi,
M. sophisma Lepschi, and M. ulicoides Craven & Lepschi. Reassessment of the taxonomic status of
three previously described taxa shows that specific rank is warranted and the following three new
combinations are made: M. acutifolia (Benth.) Craven & Lepschi, M. calcicola (Barlow ex Craven)
Craven & Lepschi, and M. spectabilis (Barlow ex Craven) Craven & Lepschi. Melaleuca citrina Turcz.
is a later homonym of M. citrina (Curtis) Dum.Cours. and the replacement name M. lutea Craven is
provided. Melaleuca viminalis (Sol. ex Gaertn.) Byrnes, hitherto known only from eastern Australia
has recently been collected from the Kimberley region of northern Western Australia.
Melaleuca L. is one of the larger genera of Myrtaceae and, as it is currently circumscribed, contains
about 280 species. The genus is predominantly Australian with indigenous taxa also occurring in Malesia,
New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island and Tasmania. Recent molecular studies (Brown et al. 2001; Edwards
et al. in press; Ladiges et al. 1999) have indicated that the conventional circumscription of Melaleuca
should be reconsidered; this is presently being addressed by the first author and R.D. Edwards. Since
the publication of an enumeration of Melaleuca in Australia and Tasmania (Craven & Lepschi 1999),
two new species have been described from eastern Australia (Craven & Ford 2004; Craven et al. 2003
[published 2004]), a study of the broombush (M. uncinata R.Br.) complex resulted in description
of a further seven new species of the genus (Craven et al. 2004a), and Callistemon R.Br. has been
included in Melaleuca (Craven 2006, Craven in press). Recent collectors in the southwest of Western
Australia have made collections of several novel species and these are described below. In addition,
new consideration of three described taxa and one previously known, but as yet undescribed, entity
has concluded that the taxonomic status of these plants should be raised, and status should be given,
Nomenclatural studies have shown that the name Melaleuca citrina Turcz. is a later homonym of
(Sol. ex Gaertn.) Byrnes has been collected in two widely separate districts within the Kimberley
region in the north of the state; previously, this species was only known from Queensland.
sufficient for taxonomic recognition at subspecific, rather than varietal, level was warranted and the
necessary taxonomic adjustment was effected in Craven & Lepschi (1999). Following comment by
our colleague M. Hislop and field observations by the first and second authors, the taxonomic position
of this taxon has been re-considered and it is concluded that specific rank is more appropriate. The
differences between the two species are: M. acutifolia: leaves 3.9–8 times as long as wide, the blade
7–25 mm long and lunate, sublunate or transversely narrowly elliptic (approaching transversely linear)
in transverse section, petals distinctly clawed; M. lateriflora: leaves 1.2–3.2 times as long as wide, the
blade 4–12 mm long and transversely linear in transverse section, petals obscurely clawed.
Melaleuca calcicola (Barlow ex Craven) Craven & Lepschi, comb. et stat. nov.
Melaleuca apodocephala subsp. calcicola Barlow ex Craven, Austral. Syst. Bot. 12: 860 (1999). Type:
Western Australia: 5 km SW of Clyde Hill, 18 Oct. 1970, Aplin 4274 (holo: CANB; iso: PERTH).
and subsp. calcicola, have been reassessed and it is now concluded that specific rank is warranted
for subsp. calcicola. The differences between the two species are: M. apodocephala: stamens 6–13
per bundle, 1.5–3.5 mm long, the bundle claw 0.2–0.3 mm long; fruit 3.5–5 mm wide; cotyledons
subobvolute (almost planoconvex); M. calcicola: stamens 12–23 per bundle, 5–5.5 mm long, the
bundle claw 1–1.5 mm long; fruit 4.5–7.5 mm wide; cotyledons obvolute.
A Melaleuca tinkeri Craven foliis trichomatibus, sectione transversali transverse oblongis usque
transverse late ellipticis, lobis calycis transverse semiellipticis, petalis trichomatibus, et cotyledonibus
2001, N. Gibson, K. Brown & A. Webb 3848 (holo: PERTH; iso: CANB, distribuendi).
Shrub to 1.2 m tall. Branchlets glabrescent, puberulous to lanuginulose-puberulous. Leaves alternate,
6.7–10 mm long, 0.8–1.1 mm wide, 6.8–14.4 times as long as wide, subsessile to shortly petiolate,
blade hairy, puberulous to sericeous-lanuginulose, linear to linear-obovate, in transverse section
transversely broadly elliptic or transversely oblong, the base truncate, the apex acute but not pungent,
midrib present, lateral veins absent, the oil glands moderately densely to densely distributed, distinct,
scattered. Inflorescences capitate, pseudoterminal, with 5–7 triads, 11–14 mm wide, bracteoles absent.
Hypanthium pubescent, 1.5–1.7 mm long. Calyx lobes abaxially hairy, pubescent to puberulous, not
costate, transversely semi-elliptic, 0.5 mm long, with a scarious marginal band 0.1 mm wide otherwise
herbaceous. Petals deciduous, 0.8–1.1 mm long. Staminal ring absent. Stamens 2–5 per bundle, filaments
pink to mauve to purple, 4–5 mm long, the bundle claw 0.8–1.5 mm long, 0.2–0.4 times as long as
the filaments. Style 6–7.5 mm long. Ovules 6–7 per locule. Fruit 2.5–3.3 mm long, with the distal rim
having obtuse sepaline teeth. Seeds brown with membranous testa, cotyledons planoconvex.
Other specimens examined. WESTERN AUSTRALIA: [localities withheld for conservation reasons]
13 Oct. 1999, G.J. Keighery & N. Gibson 2896 (CANB, PERTH n.v.).
Dongolocking Nature Reserve, near Wagin in south-western Western Australia (Figure 1). It grows
in open woodland over shrubland on brown clay or grey gravelly clay.
Conservation status. Recently listed as Priority Two under the the Department of Environment and
Conservation (DEC) Conservation Codes for Western Australian Flora. The IUCN Red List category
Vulnerable (IUCN, 2001) is applicable as the populations of the species are thought to be few; perhaps
there is only a single population as the species presently is known only from Dongolocking Nature
Figure 1. Distribution of Melaleuca genialis (■), M. ochroma (□), M. protrusa (
Australian Herbarium Database Team of the mid–late 1990s: Sue Carroll, Meriel Falconer and Kaye
Veryard, all of whom possess these qualities in abundance.
Notes. Melaleuca genialis may be related to M. tinkeri Craven from which it can be distinguished
as follows: M. genialis: leaves hairy, the blade transversely oblong to transversely broadly elliptic
in transverse section, calyx lobes transversely semi-elliptic, petals hairy, cotyledons planoconvex;
M. tinkeri: leaves glabrescent, the blade transversely elliptic to transversely narrowly elliptic in
transverse section, calyx lobes broadly ovate or triangular, petals glabrous, cotyledons obvolute.
In herbarium annotations, on labels, etc., this species has been variously called Melaleuca sp.
Wagin or Melaleuca sp. Dongolocking (G.J.Keighery & N.Gibson 2896).
Replaced name: Melaleuca citrina Turcz., Bull. Cl. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg
10: 341 (1852), nom. illeg., non Dum.Cours. (1802). Type: Western Australia: Drummond 5th coll.
148 (holo: KW; iso: BM, G, K, MEL, W).
before the publication of M. citrina Turcz. (Turczaninow 1852) and, under the ICBN (McNeill et al.
2006), the latter name must be replaced.
Etymology. From the Latin luteus, yellow, in reference to the flower colour of this species.
Melaleuca ochroma Lepschi, sp. nov.
A Melaleuca subfalcata Turcz. foliis trichomatibus strictis, sectione transversali vade lunata;
hypanthio trichomatibus strictis; staminibus 4.3–7.2 mm longis; et stylo 6.5–7.2 mm longo differt.
Typus: E of Hyden, Western Australia [precise locality withheld for conservation reasons], 31 October
2000, B.J. Lepschi & L.A. Craven 4469 (holo: CANB; iso: PERTH).
Shrub 0.7–2.5 m tall; bark hard, fibrous. Branchlets glabrescent, densely to very densely lanuginulose
to lanuginose-pubescent. Leaves alternate, 13.5–19 mm long, 1–1.3 mm wide, 11–17 times as long as
wide, shortly petiolate, blade glabrescent, densely to very densely lanuginulose to lanuginose-pubescent,
linear, though narrowly obovate when young, in transverse section shallowly lunate, the base truncate,
the apex acute and pungent, the veins obscure, the oil glands densely distributed, distinct, scattered.
Inflorescence spicate, axillary, with 17–35 monads, 13–19 mm wide, bracteoles absent. Hypanthium
puberulous, 1.2–2.2 mm long. Calyx lobes abaxially hairy, pubescent to sericeous-pubescent, not costate,
triangular or broadly ovate, 1.4–1.6 mm long, with a scarious marginal band 1–3 mm wide otherwise
herbaceous. Petals deciduous, 2.4–3.5 mm long. Staminal ring absent. Stamens 13–24 per bundle,
2-seriate, filaments pink to mauve, 4.3–7.2 mm long, the bundle claw 4.1–4.6 mm long, 0.9–1.7 times
as long as the filaments. Style 6.5–7.2 mm long. Ovules 66–79 per locule. Fruit 3–4.4 mm long, with
the distal rim flat or more or less so. Seeds brown with coriaceous testa, cotyledons planoconvex.
withheld] 12 Nov. 2001, M. Hislop 2476 (CANB, PERTH); 13 Nov. 1989, B.H. Smith 1251 (CANB,
MEL n.v., PERTH n.v.).
Holland, south of Southern Cross in Frank Hann National Park, and east of Hyden towards Norseman
(Figure 1). It grows in Melaleuca shrubland (at the type locality, with nine other species of this genus)
with emergent mallee eucalypts, in very open mallee over dense shrubs of Melaleuca lateriflora,
sandy-clay, brown clay loam, and sandy loam.
Australian Flora. The IUCN Red List category Vulnerable (IUCN, 2001) is applicable as the populations
of the species are thought to be few, although at least several of them occur in protected areas and all
occur in areas that are not suitable for agricultural use.
of the staminal filaments.
in the following features: M. ochroma: leaves with straight hairs, in transverse section shallowly
lunate; hypanthium hairs straight; stamens 4.3–7.2 mm long; style 6.5–7.2 mm long; M. subfalcata:
leaves with crisped or flexuous-crisped hairs, in transverse section depressed obovate or transversely
semielliptic; hypanthium hairs flexuous or crisped; stamens 8–13 mm long; style 7.5–14 mm long.
Melaleuca protrusa Craven & Lepschi, sp. nov.
A Melaleuca hamata Fielding & Gardner hypanthio sericeo vel sericeipubescenti, stylo 4.7–5.5 mm
longo, et fructibus apice protrusis differt.
Typus: 119.1 km NE of Paynes Find on the Sandstone road (22.8 km SW of the Diemal-Youanmi road),
Western Australia, 24 October 2000, W. O’Sullivan 1122 (holo: CANB; iso: L, PERTH n.v.).
Shrub 1.8–4 m tall; basal bark papery. Branchlets glabrous. Leaves alternate, 40–90 mm long,
0.9–1.5 mm wide, 26–100 times as long as wide, subsessile to short-petiolate, blade glabrescent,
sericeous to (rarely) sericeous-pubescent, linear, in transverse section transversely broadly elliptic,
the base parallel, the apex acuminate with a recurved mucro, midrib present, lateral veins absent, the
oil glands not visible. Inflorescences capitate, pseudoterminal or lateral, with 10–16 triads, 7–11 mm
wide, bracteoles absent. Hypanthium sericeous, or sericeous-pubescent, 1.3–1.8 mm long. Calyx lobes
abaxially glabrous, not costate, broadly elliptic, 0.5–0.8 mm long, scarious throughout. Petals caducous,
0.8–1.8 mm long. Staminal ring absent. Stamens 3–5 per bundle, filaments cream to yellow, 3–4 mm
long, the bundle claw 1.8–2.6 mm long, 0.5–0.6 times as long as the filaments. Style 4.7–5.5 mm
long. Ovules 14–28 per locule. Infructescence appearing rough or cobbled due to the protrusive fruit
apices; fruit 2–3 mm long, with the distal rim flat or more or less so. Seeds brown with membranous
testa, cotyledons planoconvex.
Youanmi towards Sandstone, 21 Jul. 1999, J.R. Connors & D. Nicolle 1041 (CANB); Peroe Farm, W
of Mullewa, 30 Sep. 1999, R. Davis 9042 (CANB, PERTH n.v.); Petrudor Rock, SE of Dalwallinu
on main track through reserve, 17 Sep. 1999, M. Hislop 1671 (CANB, PERTH n.v.); c. 1 km E of
Burakin East Road on Booralaming–Kulja road, c. 10.5 km E of Burakin, 6 Sep. 1997, B.J. Lepschi
Mount Magnet Road, 24 Oct. 2000, W. O’Sullivan 1125 (A, CANB, MEL, PERTH n.v.); on the Paynes
Find-Sandstone road, 7.8 km NE of the Mount Magnet Road, 24 Oct. 2000, W. O’Sullivan 1126 (BRI,
CANB, P, PERTH n.v.); E of Snake Soak Tank (off Welbungin-Wialki road, SW of Wialki, 1 Nov. 2000,
road, at junction of track to Lake Monger lookout, 29 Apr. 2001, W. O’Sullivan & D. Huxtable 1367
(CANB, PERTH n.v.); W of Wattoning North Road (NW of Mukinbudin), 19 Apr. 2002, W. O’Sullivan
1639 (CANB, PERTH n.v.); on Corinthia East road, 1.5 km East of Bullfinch road (between Bullfinch
and Southern Cross), 1 Oct. 2002, W. O’Sullivan 1901 (AD, CANB, L, PERTH n.v.); Morrison road,
9.2 km E of Mukinbudin-Bullfinch road, 3 Dec. 2003, W. O’Sullivan 2111 (CANB, PERTH n.v.).
specimens collected in April, July and from September to December.
bounded by Mullewa and Dallwallinu, east to Sandstone and Southern Cross (Figure 1). It grows in
open tree-mallee over shrub thicket, on either brown sandy loam, sandy clay-loam, clay, gravelly sand
or gravelly loam over granite.
Red List category Least Concern (IUCN 2001) is applicable as the populations of the species are
numerous and widely spread.
Etymology. From the Latin, pro-, forward and trusus, thrust, in reference to the apices of the fruiting
hypanthia that protrude from the closely packed, more or less spheroidal fruit clusters, a diagnostic
feature of the species.
Notes. Melaleuca protrusa is a member of the M. uncinata R.Br. group, the broombush species group,
that was recently revised by Craven et al. (2004a). Within this group it appears to be most closely
related to M. hamata Fielding & Gardner from which it may be distinguished by the following suite
of character states: M. protrusa: hypanthium sericeous or sericeous-pubescent; style 4.7–5.5 mm
long; fruit apex protrusive, the infructescence appearing rough or cobbled; M. hamata: hypanthium
puberulous or pubescent, or lanuginose- to lanuginulose-pubescent; style 6.5–11.5 mm long; fruit
apex not protrusive, the infructescence appearing smoothish.
In herbarium annotations, on labels, etc., this species has been variously called Melaleuca WOS
‘minefruit’, Melaleuca sp. Mine fruit (W. O’Sullivan 1629), or has been identified as Melaleuca
uncinata R.Br. or Melaleuca hamata Fielding & Gardner.
Melaleuca sophisma Lepschi, sp. nov.
A Melaleuca cliffortioides Diels ramulis glabris, foliis reflexis 3–5-venatis, floribus triadis, hypanthio
glabro, stylo 6.8–10.6 mm longo; et fructibus 1.7–3 mm longis differt.
Typus: Kundip, Western Australia [precise locality withheld for conservation reasons], 5 November
2004, G.F. Craig 6146 (holo: PERTH; iso: CANB, gfc
G.F. Craig personal herbarium.
dec.wa.gov.au [accessed June 2010].
Shrub to 1–2 m tall; bark rough, deeply fissured towards base, grey. Branchlets glabrous. Leaves
alternate, reflexed, 3.1–6.3 mm long, 1.1–2.1 mm wide, 1.7–5 times as long as wide, sessile, blade
early glabrescent, ciliate on youngest growth only, ovate, in transverse section lunate, the base truncate,
the apex acute, recurved to incurved, not pungent, the veins 3–5, the oil glands densely distributed,
distinct, more or less in rows. Inflorescences capitate, axillary, with 3–5 triads, 13–18 mm wide,
bracteoles present on each flower. Hypanthium glabrous, 1.3–2.2 mm long. Calyx lobes abaxially
glabrous, costate, triangular or broadly ovate, 1.2–1.4 mm long, with a scarious marginal band 1 mm
wide otherwise herbaceous. Petals deciduous, 2–2.3 mm long. Staminal ring absent. Stamens 12–15
per bundle, filaments white at anthesis but darkening to cream or yellow with age, 6.9–9 mm long,
the bundle claw 3.7–4.7 mm long, 0.5–0.6 times as long as the filaments. Style 6.8–10.6 mm long.
Ovules 17–21 per locule. Fruit 1.7–3 mm long, with the distal rim having obtuse sepaline teeth. Seeds
white with coriaceous testa, cotyledons planoconvex.
21 Sep. 2005, S. Barrett 1402 (PERTH); 17 Dec. 2003, G.F. Craig 6020 (PERTH); 5 Nov. 2004,
in September, November and December.
in southwestern Western Australia (Figure 1). It grows in mallee to mallet shrubland over heath on
brown sandy loam or grey clay loam with stony schist and quartz.
Conservation status. Listed as Priority One under DEC Conservation Codes for Western Australian
Flora as Melaleuca sp. Kundip (G.F. Craig 6020) by Smith (2010). The IUCN Red List category
Vulnerable (IUCN 2001) is applicable as there are few known populations of the species.
Etymology. From the Greek sophisma, false conclusion, fallacy, in reference to the similarity of the
species to M. cliffortioides Diels with which the plant at first was associated.
this species in the following features: M. sophisma: branchlets glabrous; leaves reflexed, veins 3–5;
flowers in triads; hypanthium glabrous; style 6.8–10.6 mm long; fruit 1.7–3 mm long; M. cliffortioides:
branchlets hairy; leaves spreading, veins 9–11; flowers in monads; hypanthium hairy; style c. 13 mm
long; fruit 4–5 mm long.
Melaleuca spectabilis (Barlow ex Craven) Craven & Lepschi, comb. et stat. nov.
Melaleuca longistaminea subsp. spectabilis Barlow ex Craven, Austral. Syst. Bot. 12: 889 (1999).
Type: Western Australia: 17 km N of outskirts of Geraldton on the North West Coastal Highway, 2 Oct.
1988, J.M. Fox 88/098 (holo: CANB; iso: K, MEL, PERTH, WELT n.v.).
Barlow ex Craven. Given the differences in their respective phenotypes, their taxonomic status has
been reconsidered and subsp. spectabilis is here raised to species rank. The differences between the
two species are: M. spectabilis: floral bract subtending the monad (i.e., the flower) 5–8 mm long;
bracteoles subtending each flower 5–8 mm long, linear, narrowly obovate, linear-elliptic, or linear-
obovate; petals 4.5–6.5 mm long; cotyledons planoconvex; M. longistaminea: floral bract 1.5–2.7 mm
long; bracteoles 1.5–1.8 mm long, elliptic, narrowly elliptic, or narrowly ovate; petals 3–3.7 mm long;
The name Melaleuca spectabilis Raeusch. (Raueschel 1797), possibly referable to Metrosideros
Banks ex Gaertn., is a nomen nudum and has no nomenclatural standing under the ICBN (McNeill
et al. 2006).
Melaleuca ulicoides Craven & Lepschi, sp. nov.
A Melaleuca coronicarpa D.A.Herb. foliis 5-venatis, vena media pagina abaxiali prominenti;
hypanthio sericeo; staminibus 13–17 mm longis; stylo 15–18 mm longo; in fructu lobis calycis
1 November 1965, A.S. George 7224 (holo: CANB; iso: PERTH).
Shrub to 0.6–1 m tall. Branchlets glabrescent, pubescent. Leaves alternate, 3.9–12 mm long,
1.1–2.7 mm wide, 2.3–7.5 times as long as wide, sessile, blade glabrescent, ciliate and long pubescent
to sericeous-pubescent, narrowly triangular to narrowly ovate, in transverse section lunate, the base
truncate, the apex narrowly acute with a pungent mucro, the veins 5 but mostly obscure except for
the midrib, the oil glands densely distributed, distinct. Inflorescences capitate, terminal, with 1–3
monads, 5–20 mm wide, bracteoles present on each flower. Hypanthium sericeous, 2–3 mm long.
Calyx lobes abaxially glabrescent, sericeous, costate, broadly or transversely ovate, 1.6–2.1 mm long,
with a scarious marginal band 0.2–0.4 mm wide otherwise herbaceous. Petals deciduous, 3–4.5 mm
long. Staminal ring present. Stamens 18–28 per bundle, filaments cream, 13–17 mm long, the bundle
claw 4.2–11.2 mm long, 0.2–0.9 times as long as the filaments. Style 15–18 mm long. Ovules 30–52
per locule. Fruit 2.7–4 mm long, with the distal rim having round sepaline teeth. Seeds brown with
membranous testa, cotyledons planoconvex.
7 Nov. 1969, K.M. Allan 173 (PERTH); 16 Feb. 1998, G.F. Craig 3444 (PERTH); 18 Feb. 1998,
3675B (CANB, gfc, PERTH); Oct. 1969, K. Newbey 2915 (PERTH).
in November and February.
Hopetoun north to the Ravensthorpe area (Figure 1). It grows in open mallee and heath, on brown
loamy clay with small gravel and laterite.
as Priority Two. The IUCN Red List category Vulnerable (IUCN, 2001) is applicable as there are
relatively few populations of the species.
Etymology. The specific epithet is derived from the generic name Ulex, in reference to the similarity
in habit between this plant and gorse, Ulex europaeus L.
related to M. coronicarpa and the two may be distinguished as follows: M. ulicoides: leaves 5-veined,
the midrib prominent on the abaxial surface; hypanthium sericeous; calyx lobes sericeous; stamens
13–17 mm long; style 15–18 mm long; in fruit, the calyx lobes developed into subwoody teeth (i.e.,
into sepaline teeth); M. coronicarpa: leaves 7–17-veined, the midrib plane on the abaxial surface;
hypanthium pubescent or lanuginose-pubescent; calyx lobes pubescent; stamens 6–11.5 mm long;
style 7.2–11.2 mm long; in fruit, the calyx lobes persistent and immersed in the hypanthium wall.
In herbarium annotations, on labels, etc., this species variously has been called Melaleuca sp. Gorse
(A.S.George 7224), Melaleuca coronicarpa ‘gorse’, or Melaleuca coronicarpa subsp. rigens extreme
‘gorse-like biotype’ Barlow & Thiele.
(Sol. ex Gaertn.) G.Don, in Loudon, Hort. brit. 197 (1830).
(tributary), 21 Aug. 2001, W. O’Sullivan & D. Dureau 71 (CANB, PERTH n.v.); on unnamed creekline
N of Prince Regent River, 21 Aug. 2001, W. O’Sullivan & D. Dureau 78 (CANB, PERTH n.v.); Revolver
Creek Falls, 52 km and SSW of Kununurra, Feb. 1998, T. Handasyde 99 038 (KNR.)
Distribution and habitat. Melaleuca viminalis occurs in the Kimberley region of Western Australia, in
rapids with sandstone rocks overlying volcanics, in the creekline of sandstone gorges in sand among
rocks, and around a pool below a waterfall. Associated plant species include Celtis L. sp., Albizia lebbeck
(L.) Benth., Lophostemon Schott sp., Timonius timon (Spreng.) Merr., Pandanus aquaticus F.Muell.,
Priority Two. Under the IUCN Red List categories (IUCN 2001), however, the category Least Concern
is applicable as nationally the species is not threatened.
Notes. The cited collections of M. viminalis in Western Australia are of particular interest as the species
was previously known only from Queensland and New South Wales, where the majority of collections
have been made east of the Great Dividing Range. The most westerly indigenous occurrence known
until now is in the Boulia district, Queensland, although there is a record from Lawn Hill Creek,
Queensland which requires verification as the plant may have been cultivated in a homestead garden.
The Western Australian populations occur at localities distant from possible places of cultivation and
cannot be regarded as originating from plants introduced from eastern Australia.
Dept. of Environment and Conservation Regional Herbarium at Kununurra.
At one of the west Kimberley locations (Gungarara Creek), M. viminalis occurred with an undescribed
species of Backhousia Hook. & Harv. (Myrtaceae), the first species of this genus discovered in Western
Australia. The botanical exploration of the Kimberley region is hampered by difficulties in gaining access
due to the rugged nature of the country but its flora is being increasingly enriched by the discovery of
genera and/or species that a few decades ago were considered restricted to northeastern and/or eastern
Australia. Melaleuca viminalis and the undescribed Backhousia sp. are two such species.
The authors sincerely thank those persons who made the collections cited above for our ongoing
studies of Melaleuca. In particular, we acknowledge the efforts of Gill Craig, Rob Davis, Neil Gibson,
Tricia Handasyde, Mike Hislop, Greg Keighery, Wayne O’Sullivan, and Basil & Mary Smith. Mike
Hislop has generously provided us with his perspectives on the taxonomic status of some southwestern
Western Australian taxa. The directors and/or curators of the herbaria BM, CANB, G, K, KW, MEL,
PERTH, W are thanked for the opportunity to study collections in their care.
Brown, G.K., Udovicic, F. & Ladiges, P.Y. (2001). Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of Melaleuca, Callistemon and
related genera (Myrtaceae). Australian Systematic Botany 14: 565–585.
Craven, L.A. (2006). New combinations in Melaleuca for Australian species of Callistemon (Myrtaceae). Novon 16: 468–
Craven, L.A. (in press). Melaleuca (Myrtaceae) from Australia. Novon.
north-eastern Australia. Muelleria 18: 3–5.
Craven, L.A. & Lepschi, B.J. (1999). Enumeration of the species and infraspecific taxa of Melaleuca (Myrtaceae) occurring
in Australia and Tasmania. Australian Systematic Botany 12: 819–927.
Craven, L.A., Lepschi, B.J., Broadhurst, L. & Byrne, M. (2004a). Taxonomic revision of the broombush complex in Western
Australia (Myrtaceae, Melaleuca uncinata s.l.). Australian Systematic Botany 17: 255–271.
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