Tests on dermatology with 1 correct answer



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B. papules

C. fever, malaise, headache *

D. blister

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1259. What pustular skin disease found only in newborns:

A. Sycosis

B. carbuncle

C. dermatitis Ritter *

D. boil

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1260. What pustular diseases occur in adults:

A. Sycosis *

B. vezikulopustulez

C. psevdofurunkulez Finger

D. epidemic pemphigus

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1261. If any of these viral diseases affected mucosa of the mouth:

A plantar wart

B. molluscum contagiosum

C. youthful warts

D. shingles *

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1262. Enter the drug used in psoriasis:

A. ethambutol

B. Lorinden *

C. blemaren

D. Cream Unna

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1263. How is a clinical sign is characterized by a rash in true eczema:

A. asymmetry

B. true polymorphism *

C. induratum edema

D. tubercles

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1264. Enter the variety of scleroderma:

A. intertriginoznoy

B. strip *

C. vulgar

D. vulgar

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1265. Enter the drugs used in pemphigus vulgaris:

A. acyclovir

B. dapsone

C. monomitsin

D. prednizalon *

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1266. Lichen planus is characterized by:

A. tubercles

B. urticaria rashes

C. papular rash *

D. polymorphism

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1267. What clinical symptom pathognomonic of lichen planus:

A "honeycomb Celsus"

B. cells Ttsanka

C. Wickham Net *

D. paired elements

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1268. What diseases do not belong to a group of viral dermatoses:

A. warts

B. genital warts

C. wide warts *

D.kontagiozny clam

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1269. Primary morphological elements:

A scar


B. erosion

C. bubble *

D. lehenifikatsiya

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1270. Secondary morphological features:

A. Roseola

B. Lace

C. Ulcer *

D. Bubble

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1271. Clinical signs of psoriasis:

A. bubbles

B. nodes

C. the presence of papules *

D. hemorrhagic spots

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1272. Signs of true polymorphism rash when dermatitis Dühring:

A vegetation

B. The Node

C. lihenifikatsiya

D. Bubbles *

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1273. Typical elements sprinkler planus have the following features, in addition to:

A. papules flat, polygonal, reddish-purple color

B. Wickham grid on the surface of papules

C. preferential localization on the face *

D. preferential localization in the flexor surface of the limbs

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1274. By the frequent complications of atopic dermatitis are all listed, except:

A polyadenylation

B. urethritis *

C. a painful and persistent itching

D. secondary infection in the outbreak of atopic dermatitis

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1275. What are the exogenous factors contribute to the development of pyoderma:

Hypervitaminosis A.

B. worm infestation

C. Microfracture *

D. UVR exposure

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1276. It includes Stafilodermiyam :

A vulgar ecthyma

B. slit impetigo

C. impetigo Bockhart *

Bullous impetigo D.

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1277. Clinical symptoms of discoid lupus erythematosus everything except:

A. atrophy

B. tightly fitting scales

C. Bubbles *

D. symptom Besnier-Meshcherskiy

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1278. For scabies is characterized by:

A pair papules vesicular elements *

B. symptom of "apple jelly"

C. symptom of "ladies' heel"

D. polygonal papules with central retraction

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1279. Diagnosis of acute prostatitis is based on the results of these studies:

cA biopsy

B. blood chemistry

C. Survey of the skin

D. palpation of the prostate gland *

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1280. Which drug is effective for genital herpes:

A. Lamisil

B. Diprospan

C. Ulkaril *

D.Trihopol

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1281. The drugs used in the treatment of fungal infections:

A. penicillin

B. ceftriaxone

C. griseofulvin *

D. linkomitsin

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1282. The main clinical signs of scabies:

A. blisters

B. acantholysis

C. itching in the evening and at night *

D.otsutstvie itching

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1283. The patient on the red border of lips accumulation of small cavity elements containing serous fluid. Specify the nature of the morphological elements:

A. urticaria

B. bulls

C. papules

D. vesicles *

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1284. The patient on the red border of lips accumulation of small cavity elements containing serous fluid. Which diseases of the skin may appear like a rash?

A leprosy

B. lichen planus

C. microsporia

D. simple herpes *

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1285. Histological examination of the preparation of the skin revealed a significant thickening of the granular layer of the epidermis. Specify the nature of the disease process:

A. acantholysis

B. vacuolar degeneration

C. spongiosa

D. granulёz *

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1286. If the skin biopsy revealed fusion of epithelial intercellular bridges in the spinous layer epidermisa, found Ttsanka cells. Specify the nature of the disease process:

A. parakeratosis

B. acantholysis *

C. papillomatosis

D. acanthosis

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1287. The skin biopsy revealed a violation of keratinization epidermotsitov, thickening of the horny layer without structural changes in the cells. Specify the kind of pathological process:

A. parakeratosis

B. hyperkeratosis *

C. gipergranuyaez

D.akantoz

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1288. The biopsy of the skin marked intracellular edema in the Malpighian layer with signs of pyknosis of nuclei. Specify the nature of pathological changes:

A. akantolizis

B. spongiosa

C. vacuolar degeneration *

D. ballooning degeneration

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1289. The patient urticaria rashes on the body, accompanied by itching. Specify the kind of morphological elements:

A spot


B. papule

C. blister *

D.puzyr

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1290. The child of 1.5 years in the face of multiple microvesicles on congested skin notes Moisture, worried about severe itching. Select the method of external treatment:

A. 2% tincture of iodine

B. 2% solution of methylene blue *

C. 2% solution of brilliant green

D. alcoholic solution of calendula

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1291. The patient neurodermatitis by mechanical stimulation of the skin with a blunt object appears neuro-vascular reaction in the form of a white strip. What do you call such a reaction?

A. dermographism *

B. marble skin

C. «Goosebumps"

D. erythema "embarrassment"

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1292. The patient in the skin of the trunk, limbs, multiple milliarnye, lenticular, numullyarnys papules, plaques, covered by silvery scales. Determine the nature of the rash:

A monomorphic, urticaria

B.monomorfnaya, exudative

C. monomorphic, proliferative *

D. polymorphic, exudative

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1293. The patient has lichen planus rash appeared after severe stress, fear. What kind of treatment it is advisable to appoint a general?

A suggestive therapy *

B. corticosteroids

C. cytostatics

D. fuzhitsidnye funds

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1294. At the 2-year-old child on the face with a loose tire phlyctenas, sero-purulent exudate, erosion, crusts. Diagnosis:

A strep impetigo *

B. epidemic pemphigus

C. vulgar sycosis

D. hydradenitis

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1295. The patient 22 is not on the forearm painful knot the size of a hazelnut cone-shaped with a necrotic core. A presumptive diagnosis:

A. Gunma

B. carbuncle

C. boil *

D.turniol

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1296. The child in the skin of the cheeks, legs whitish spots, rounded, with abundant melkoplastinchatym desquamation. The scraping the surface of foci of fungi were found. Sample Balzer negative. Your presumptive diagnosis:

A. microsporia

B. surface trichophytosis

C. lichen simplex *

D.raznotsvetny zoster

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1297. A newborn in a week after birth appeared on the skin of the chest bubbles with serous-purulent exudate, located on a slightly erythematous background, erosion, crusts. A presumptive diagnosis:

A. vezikulopustulez

B. syphilitic pemphigus

S. acantholytic pemphigus

D. epidemic pemphigus *

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1298. A newborn skin on the neck, back multiple nodes reddish-bluish color, the size of a pea, palpation determined fluctuation. From penetrated nodes semi-liquid purulent-hemorrhagic content. Diagnosis:

A. vezikulopustulez

B. hydradenitis

C. psevdofurunkulez Finger *

D. Child Eczema

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1299. The patient in the left axilla painful, tight, welded assemblies undulating skin, reddish-bluish color, with a fluctuation. Necrotic core is missing. A presumptive diagnosis:

A. erythrasma

B. syphilitic lymphadenitis

C. kollekvativny tuberculosis

D. hydradenitis *

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1300. The patient on the skin of the penis size of the ulcer 2x2 cm, round shape, with dense valikoobraznymi edges, purulent discharge, painful infiltrate from osnovaniya.Reaktsiya Wasserman negative. A presumptive diagnosis:

A. chancroid

B. genital herpes

C. shankrformnaya pyoderma *

D. itch ecthyma

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1301. A woman of 40 years on the skin of the chin, nasolabial folds against the backdrop of reddened skin are infiltrated pustules, TV angiectasis. Hypoacid suffers from gastritis. The expected diagnosis:

A. photodermatitis

B. vulgaris

C. shankriformnaya pyoderma

D. rosacea *

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1302. The patient 30 years on the skin of the chin, cheeks multiple folliculitis, sycosis, clusters of off-yellow purulent crusts. The process recurs. A presumptive diagnosis:

A. demodekoz

B. vulgar sycosis *

C. acne vulgaris

D. chronic ulcerative pyoderma

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1303. The woman on the skin of the chest, abdomen, multiple excoriations, nodules, abscesses, linear shtrihoobraznye scratching, intense itching, worse at night. The expected diagnosis:

A. Eczema

B. scabies *

C. nodular pruritus

D. strofulyus

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1304. A man 23 years in the pubic area, the penis, the inner thighs papules, pustules, purulent crust erosion. Worried itching noted symptom Gorchakov-Hardy. A presumptive diagnosis:

A. chancroid

B. scabies *

C. vulgar sycosis

D. Lipschutz's disease

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1305. The patient was 25 years old Single The diagnosis of scabies. What laboratory studies

should be included in the plan of the survey?

A study on the LE cells

B. Research of blood PB

C. finding scabies *

D. Analysis on acantholytic cells

E. all answer’s are wrong.
1306. Patient itch after application of 33% sulfur ointment on the skin of the trunk appeared diffuse erythema, rash melkopapuleznaya. Diagnosis:

A. atopic dermatitis

B. actinic dermatitis

C. contact allergic dermatitis *

D. toksikodermiya

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1307. The patient skin spots round shape size of 5-6 mm with a slight melkoplastinchatym peeling. When lubricating iodine stains darken. Diagnosis:

A. allergic dermatitis

B. erythema multiforme exudative

C. versicolor colorful *

Dermatitis herpetiformis Duhring D.

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1308. The patient 56 years old skin in the inguinal folds clearly limited noninflammatory spot brick-red color. There sweating. Diagnosis:

A. candidiasis

B. erythrasma *

C. Limitations of atopic dermatitis

D.numullyarnaya eczema

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1309. The patient 23 years in the interdigital gaps feet maceration, fracture fragments of the epidermis around the edges. The nails of the thumbs of both feet are yellow, dim, crumble. Diagnosis:

A. mycosis fungoides

B. athlete's foot, onychomycosis *

C. aktinomikoz

D. mitseloma foot

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1310. The patient suffering from diabetes at the head of the penis itchy erythematous border erosion macerated epidermis. Worried itching, burning. Diagnosis:

A contact dermatitis

B. fagodenichesky chancre

C. candida balanoposthitis *

D. fixed erythema

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1311. The patient 10 years on the scalp rounded center 2x2 cm. The hair broken off at 6-8 mm at the base - Case consists muftoobrazny. Diagnosis:

A. seborrhea

B. surface trichophytosis

C. alopecia baldness

D. microsporia *

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1312. Patient K. 15 years on the scalp is clearly limited erythematous-squamous foci to be broken off hair at the level of 6-8 mm. Under Wood's lamp - green glow. Diagnosis:

A. favus

B. trihofitnya

C. mikrospornya *

D. psoriasis

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1313. 27y.o. The patient diagnosed as athlete's foot, disgidroticheskaya form. What are the clinical signs are characteristic of this disease?

A localization in the arch of the foot *

B. Localization on the fingers and toes

C. Education and multi bubbles bubbles

D. appearance of paired vesicles-papular elements

E. groin lamfadenit

E. all answer’s are wrong.
1314. Enter the diseases which are appointed by the tests for fungi

A. microsporia *

B. mycosis fungoides

C. shingles

D. psoriasis - psoriasis

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1315. Indicate the correct answers which correspond to the route of infection

diagnosis

A. transfusion - shingles

B. transmissible - leishmaniasis *

C. airborne - warty tuberculosis of the skin

D. transmissible - trichophytosis

E. all answer’s are wrong.
1316. Enter the focal forms of skin tuberkuleza

A. lichenoid tuberculosis skin

B. induratum erythema

C. miliary tuberculosis

D. lupus *

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1317. Enter disseminirovannnye TB skin

A. vulgar lupus

B. miliary tuberculosis *

C. infiltrative tuberculosis

D. skrofuloderma

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1318. What are the signs characteristic of cutaneous leishmaniasis

A. finding the virus cells to the lesion

B. symptom of "apple jelly"

C. transmissible transmission *

D. reservoir of infection is cattle

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1319. Under what dermatoses appointed by the local corticosteroid ointment

A. Atopic dermatitis *

B. Leishmaniasis

C. Colorful lichen

D. Shingles

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1320. For what dermatoses uncharacteristically strong subjective feeling of itching

A. Duhring Dermatitis

B. Microbial eczema

C. Hives

D. Shingles *

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1321. Find mismatch harkter rash - diagnosis

A. Typhoid fever - roseolous

B. Colorful lichen - roseolous-papular *

C. Strofulyus- papules, urticaria, vesicular

D. Duhring Dermatitis - polymorphic herpeticum

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1322. Search for a diagnosis - the nature of the rash

A. Microbial eczema - monomorphic pustular

B. Systemic lupus erythematosus - roseolous squamous skin atrophy

C. Skrofuloderma - Bugorkova *

D. Leishmaniasis skin - papular - patchy

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1323. Which of dermatoses characterized by defeat and nail polish

Roller


A. Skrofuloderma

B. Athlete *

Pink Gibert C. versicolor

D. Duhring Dermatitis

E. all answer’s are wrong.
1324. A sign of some dermatoses may be desquamation, hyperkeratosis,

cracks in the skin of the palms and fingertips

A. Lyell Syndrome

B. Stevens-Zhonsona

C. Disseminated form of lupus erythematosus

Ichthyosis D. *

E. all answer’s are wrong.
1325. What are the most common opportunistic infections in AIDS

A. Leishmania

B. Korinobakterii

C. Pneumocystis infection *

D. Trichomonas

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1326. What forms of Kaposi's sarcoma you know

A. Pozdnoizyazvlyayuschaya

B. AIDS-related *

C. Undifferentiated

D. Paratravmaticheskaya

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1327. What form of AIDS on the prevalence of symptoms in the clinical

picture (according to WHO)

A. Pulmonary *

B. gepatolienalny

C. Gangrenous

D. lymphoproliferative

E. all answer’s are wrong.
1328. Enter the ratio of T-helper / T-suppressor in carriers of HIV

A. within 10 *

B. within 15

C. <1


D. more than 10

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1329 What laboratory methods allow to confirm the diagnosis

Vulgar lupus

A. smears

B. Mantoux *

C. Sample Jadassohn

D. Response Wassermann

E. all answer’s are wrong.
1330. What diseases are at bullous dermatosis

A. Pemphigus *

B. chickenpox

C. shingles

D. streptoderma

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1331. Under what bullous dermatosis observed eruptions

A. Eczema

B. lichen planus

C. streptoderma

D. Lyell's syndrome *

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1332. The classification includes true pemphigus

A. hand-foot

B. vulgar pemphigus *

C. disgidroticheskaya

D. pustular

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1333. What are the symptoms characteristic of true pemphigus

A. Nikolsky *

B. Pospelov

C. "apple jelly"

D. Gorchakov-Hardy

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1334. In what diseases there is a positive sign

Nikolsky

A. Pemphigus *

B. dermatitis Duhring

C. bullous streptoderma

D. nodules doilschits (false cow ospa)

E. all answer’s are wrong.
1335. What are the main rules of the COP in the treatment of hormone-

pemphigus

A. used pulse therapy

B. taking hormones administered on the evening

C. Treatment starts with a loading dose *

D. hormones are prescribed only for external treatment

E. all answer’s are wrong.
1336. What are the complications observed in the treatment of pemphigus

A. oppression of the hematopoietic system

B. cushingoid Syndrome

C. amyloidosis

D. paralysis

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1337. What are the characteristic clinical signs of dermatitis Duhring

A. infiltrative lesions are composed of elements

B. positive symptom Nikolsky

C. hypersensitivity to cereals *

D. losing the oral mucosa

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1338. What are the morphological features are characteristic rash

dermatitis Duhring

A. vesicular *

B. bumps

C. nodes

D. vegetation

E. all answer’s are wrong.
1339. What are the laboratory findings are characteristic of dermatitis Duhring

A. lymphocytosis

B. leykotsitozv cystic fluid

C. eosinophilia in the blood *

D. Histomorphological - acantholysis

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1340. Which dermatosis characterized by the appearance of rashes on

oral mucosa

A. Psoriasis

B. shingles

C. pemphigus *

D. hydradenitis

E. all answer’s are wrong.
1341. What a rash with a clear viral etiology

A. dermatitis Duhring

B. lichen planus

C. pemphigoid

D. herpes *

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1342. What are the characteristics of lesions in the herpes simplex

A. monomorphic bubble elements *

B. subjectively - itching prevails over the soreness and burning

C. grouped cystic lesions

D. polymorphism rash

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1343. What are the distinguishing features of genital herpes from a solid

chancre

A. painless erosions

B. tenderness *

C. Regional bubo

D. the presence of a solid infiltrate the base erosion

E. all answer’s are wrong.
1344. What are the clinical forms of herpes zoster

A. vegetating

B. abortive *

C. intercostal

D. infiltrative-suppurative

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1345. Enter the drug has prtivovirusnym action

A. Sulphur cleared

B. FIBS

C. Rifampicin

Acyclovir D. *

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1346. Assign the drug to patients with a diagnosis of herpes zoster

A. viroleks tablets *

B. ampicillin

C. Aevitum

D. Sodium bromo drops

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1347. Enter the characteristics of molluscum contagiosum

A. scales on the surface of papules

B. symptom of "net Wickham" positive

C. preimuschestveeno common in children *

D. transmission-transmissive

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1348. What forms of lupus are distinguished according to the classification

A. pustular

B. discoid *

C. annular

D. atrophic

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1349. What are the cardinal symptoms of lupus rash

A. pustular infiltration

B. follicular hyperkeratosis *

C. keloid scars

D. lihenifikatsiya

E. all answer’s are wrong.


1350. What are the symptoms observed in discoid lupus erythematosus

A. "mesh" Wickham

B. "honeycomb" Celsus



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