The Biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: Estimates, Patterns, and Threats



Yüklə 11,8 Mb.
səhifə55/70
tarix24.08.2017
ölçüsü11,8 Mb.
1   ...   51   52   53   54   55   56   57   58   ...   70

Notes:
This appendix gives information on the 102 mysidacean species (orders Lophogastrida and Mysida) hitherto reported from the Mediterranean Sea.
The classification of the mysidaceans in the present chapter is that drawn up by Nouvel et al. (1999), with the separation of the orders Mysida and Lophogastrida accepted by Martin & Davis (2001) and the new taxonomic revision of the subfamilies and tribes of Meland & Willanssen (2007).
The Lophogastrida contains the families Lophogastridae and Eucopiidae. The family Gnathophausiidae has additionally been separated from the Lophogastridae (Udrescu, 1984). The order Stygiomysida is a small group of cavernicoulus mysids without known representation in the Mediterranean marine waters. Between the order Lophogastrida, Eucopiidae is the most specious family (4 species), followed by Lophogastridae (2 species) and Gnathophausiidae (1 species).
The order Mysida includes the families Petalophthalmidae (without Mediterranean Sea representation) and Mysidae. The classification of the family Mysidae, defined by the presence of uropodal statocysts, includes 10 subfamilies. The Mysinae tribes (Erythropini, Heteromysini, Leptomysini, Mysini, etc.) are now considered as subfamilies of the family Mysidae (Meland & Willanssen, 2007) and the genus Mysidetes is transfered from Leptomysinae to the Heteromysinae (Murano, 1999; Meland & Willanssen, 2007).
The Mysidae is the most specious Mediterranean Sea family (95 species). Nine of the ten Mysidae subfamilies are present in the Mediterranean Sea, lacking the subfamily Mancomysinae the species of which are restricted to marine caves from western Pacific and the Caribbean Sea. The Erythropinae is the most specious subfamily (25 species), followed by the subfamilies Mysinae and Leptomysinae (19 and 16 species, respectively). The subfamilies Heteromysinae, Gastrosaccinae and Siriellinae are represented by 11, 10 and 8 species, respectively, while the subfamilies Boreomysinae, Mysidellinae and Rhopalophthalminae include 3, 2 and 1 species, respectively.
There are not endemic species of the order Lophogastrida but the level of endemics is relatively high in the order Mysida (38.9% for the whole Mediterranean Sea, with 37 species).
A list of all species with their geographic occurrence, habitat, depth distribution and references are provided based on current information. A complete bibliography reporting Mediterranean mysidaceans and a table summarizing all the data obtained are also included.


Mediterranean lophogastrids

Order LOPHOGASTRIDA Sars, 1870


Family LOPHOGASTRIDAE Sars, 1870
Lophogaster affinis Colosi, 1930

Distribution: E-Atlantic. Red Sea (Elat, Gulf of Aqaba). Madagascar. Western Mediterranean Sea.

Depth range: 50-1800m.

Habitat: mesopelagic.

References: Colosi (1930); Fage (1942).
Lophogaster typicus Sars, M., 1857

Distribution: Atlantic (Bay of Biscay to W-Africa). Indian Ocean. Western and eastern Mediterranean Sea (Alboran Sea; Iberian Peninsula Mediterranean coasts; Banyuls-sur-Mer, Marseille; Gulf of Naples, Messina, central western coasts of Italy, Adriatic Sea; Bosphorus).

Depth range: 32-500m.

Habitat: appears to be a benthic species.

References: Lo Bianco (1903); Tattersall (1909); Colosi (1922; 1930); Bacescu (1941; 1976); Fage (1942); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Hoenigman (1955, 1963); Bacescu & Mayer (1961); Macquart-Moulin (1965, 1975); Torchio (1968); Casanova (1970); Bacescu & Schiecke (1974); Jukic (1978); MacPherson (1978); Katagan (1985); Caragitsou & Papaconstantinou (1994); Redon et al. (1994); Bozzano et al. (1997); Abelló et al. (2002); Morte et al. (2002); Santic et al. (2003, 2004, 2005); Jardas et al. (2004); Carpentieri et al. (2005); Mallol Martínez (2005); Sobrino et al. (2005); Innocenti (2006); Vassilopoulou (2006).
Family GNATHOPHAUSIIDAE Udrescu, 1984
Gnathophausia zoea Willemoes-Suhm, 1875

Distribution: Known from all the oceans of the world: NE-Atlantic; Bay of Biscay; Mauritania; Tristan da Cunha; Gulf of Mexico; W-America (Lower California); Zanzibar; South Africa; Ascension Is.; Philippines; Indonesia; China Sea; Hawaii. Western Mediterranean Sea (Catalan Sea).

Depth range: 400-6050m.

Habitat: bathypelagic.

References: Alcaraz (1986)
Family EUCOPIIDAE Sars, 1885
Eucopia grimaldii Nouvel, 1942

Distribution: The species is widely distributed in the north and south Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans; also Alaska and Antarctica. Mediterranean Sea.

Depth range: 300-2600m (most commonly in about 2000m).

Habitat: meso- and bathypelagic; over bottom sediments composed of silts and clays.

References: Muller (1993).
Eucopia hanseni Nouvel, 1942

Distribution: Atlantic Ocean: Golfe de Gascogne to Canary Islands, Azores; Gulf of Mexico. Western and eastern Mediterranean Sea (Alboran Sea, Catalan Sea, gulf of Lyon, Adriatic Sea).

Depth range: 200-4829m.

Habitat: meso- and bathypelagic; suprabenthos.

References: Dion & Nouvel (1960); Furnestin (1960); Hoenigman (1955, 1963); Casanova (1970); Stefanescu & Cartes (1992); Cartes (1993); Cartes & Sorbe (1995).
Eucopia major Hansen, 1910

Distribution: Atlantic Ocean: Golfe de Gascogne to Canary Islands and W-africa. Pacific Sea from Bering Sea to Japan and Galápagos Archipiélago. Indian Ocean (Arabia). Nortwestern Mediterranean (gulf of Lyon).

Depth range: 1310-5100m.

Habitat: bathypelagic

References: Furnestin (1960).

Remarks: doubtful record?


Eucopia unguiculata (Willemoes-Suhm, 1875)

Distribution: Widely distributed in the world oceans in tropical and temperate areas. Atlantic, Indo-Pacific, Antarctica, Philippines. Northwestern Mediterranean Sea.

Depth range: 100-6500m.

Habitat: bathypelagic, young specimens live in considerably higher levels than adults.

References: Tattersall (1909); Colosi (1922; 1930); Denis (1929); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Andersen & Sardou (1992); Macquart-Moulin (1993); Macquart-Moulin & Patriti (1996); Andersen et al. (1998).

Mediterranean mysids

ORDER MYSIDA Haworth, 1825


FAMILY MYSIDAE Haworth, 1825
SUBFAMILY RHOPALOPHTHALMINAE Hansen, 1910
Rhopalophthalmus mediterraneus Nouvel, 1960

Distribution: South western Mediterranean Sea (Algeria).

Depth range: coastal (3-6m).

Habitat: Muddy sand bottom with plant detritus.

References: Nouvel (1960).
SUBFAMILY BOREOMYSINAE Holt & Tattersall, 1905
Boreomysis arctica Krøyer, 1861

Distribution: E- and N-Atlantic (Greenland to Portugal and Azores). N-Indo-Pacific (Bering Sea; California, Okkotsk Sea). Western and eastern Mediterranean Sea (Gulf of Valencia; Catalan Sea; Balearic Islands; France; Italy, off Capri Island; gulf of Naples; Sea of Marmara).

Depth range: 300-1900m.

Habitat: mesopelagic.

References: Lo Bianco (1903); Tattersall (1909); Colosi (1922; 1930); Bacescu (1941); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Bacescu & Mayer (1961); Cartes & Abelló (1992); Cartes & Sorbe (1993, 1995); Katagan & Kocatas (1995); Macquart-Moulin & Patriti (1996); Cartes & Sorbe (1999); Cartes & Maynou (2001); Cartes et al. (2001ab); Carrassón & Cartes (2002); Carrassón & Matallanas (2001, 2002); Morte et al. (2002); Innocenti (2006); Fanelli et al. (2009).
Boreomysis megalops Sars, 1872

Distribution: N-Atlantic (Norway to Bay of Biscay). Western and eastern Mediterranean Sea (Gulf of Valencia; Catalan Sea; Italy, gul of Naples, off Sardinia; Adriatic Sea).

Depth range: 140-450m.

Habitat: mesopelagic, above sandy bottom.

References: Zimmer (1915); Colosi (1922, 1930); Bacescu (1941); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Hoenigman (1955, 1963); MacPherson (1979); Ariani et al. (1993); Cartes & Sorbe (1995); Morte et al. (2002); Innocenti (2006).
Boreomysis semicoeca Hansen, 1905

Distribution: N-Pacific and W-Indian Ocean. Southwestern Mediterraean

Depth range: 200-2800m.

Habitat: bathypelagic.

References: Casanova (1970).
SUBFAMILY GASTROSACCINAE Norman, 1892
Anchialina agilis (Sars, 1877)

Distribution: NW-Atlantic (North Sea to Bay of Biscay) and W-Africa (Cape Verde Islands); off French Guinea. Western and eastern Mediterranean Sea (Southeast Iberian coast; gulf of Valencia; Catalan Sea; France: Banyuls-sur-Mer, Marseille; Cannes, Monaco, Menton; Italy: gulf of Naples, gulf of Salerno, mouth of river Tiber, Tyrrhenian Sea, Sardinia; northern Adriatic Sea; Aegean Sea; Libya; Turkey).

Depth range: 0-420m.

Habitat: coastal; lives usually close to the bottom, over sand; migrates to surface at night.

References: Sars (1877); Czerniavsky (1882ab); Lo Bianco (1903); Tattersall (1909); Colosi (1922); Bacescu (1941, 1976); Furnestin (1960); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Hoenigman (1953, 1963); Macquart-Moulin (1965, 1975); Vives (1966, 1968); Champalbert & Macquart-Moulin (1970); Bacescu & Schiecke (1974); Ariani & Spagnuolo (1975); Wittmann (1977, 2001); Hong (1980); Katagan (1985); Maj & Taramelli (1989); Schlacher et al. (1992); Ariani et al. (1993); Macquart-Moulin & Patriti (1993, 1996); Redon et al. (1994); Cartes & Sorbe (1995); Macquart-Moulin & Ribera (1995); Aguirre (2000); San Vicente & Munilla (2000); Barberá Cebrián et al. (2001); Morte et al. (2001, 2002); Barberá Cebrián (2002); Bakir & Katagan (2005); Innocenti (2006); Cartes et al. (2007, 2009); Ligas et al. (2007); Dogan et al. (2008); Fanelli et al. (2009).
Anchialina oculata Hoenigman, 1960

Distribution: Western and eastern Mediterranean Sea (Italy: gulf of Naples, gulf of Salerno; Turkey).

Depth range: litoral.

Habitat: epipelagic.

References: Hoenigman (1960); Ariani & Spagnuolo (1975); Katagan (1985); Schlacher et al. (1992); Ariani et al. (1993); Wittmann (2001).
Gastrosaccus mediterraneus Bacescu, 1970

Distribution: Western and eastern Mediterranean Sea (Spain; Marseille; Italy: gulf of Naples, gulf of Salerno; Tunisia, Libanon, Yugoslavia, Turkey).

Depth range: littoral (0.2-0.5m).

Habitat: sandy bottoms.

References: Bacescu (1970); Macquart-Moulin (1977); Katagan (1985); Schlacher et al. (1992); Ariani et al. (1993); Wittmann (2001).
Gastrosaccus roscoffensis Bacescu, 1970

Distribution: Western Mediterranean Sea (Catalonia; France).

Depth range: littoral (0.1-0.5m).

Habitat: sandy beaches.

References: Bacescu (1970); San Vicente (1996); San Vicente & Sorbe (1999); San Vicente & Munilla (2000).
Gastrosaccus sanctus (van Beneden, 1861)

Distribution: Atlantic coasts of southern Europe and Great Britain; Black Sea; Sea of Azhov; Suez Canal; Sierra Leone Estuary; Cape Verde Islands; Liberia (off Monrovia); S-Africa. Western and eastern Mediterranean Sea (Catalonia; France: Banyuls, Elne, Argelès, Nice, Monaco, Menton; Italy: Tyrrhenian Sea; gulf of Naples, gul of Salerno, mouth of river Tiber; Turkey; Adriatic Sea; Israel).

Depth range: coastal (0-200m).

Habitat: burrows in muddy or sandy bottoms close to shore.

Remarks: The species is gregarious and is markedly euryhaline and eurythermic.

References: Sars (1877); Czerniavsky (1882ab);Colosi (1922); Bacescu (1941, 1970); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Hoenigman (1961, 1964); Ariani (1967); Fishelson & Loya (1968); Moran & Fishelson (1971); Moran (1972); Katagan (1985); Schlacher et al. (1992); Ariani et al. (1993); Macquart-Moulin & Ribera (1995); San Vicente (1996); Cardinale et al. (1997); San Vicente & Sorbe (1999); San Vicente & Munilla (2000); Wittmann (2001); Innocenti (2006).


Gastrosaccus spinifer (Goes, 1864)

Distribution: Norway to Cameroon, including North Sea; "French West Africa"; Sierra Leone Estuary. Nortestern Mediterranean Sea (gulf of Valencia; Catalan Sea, Marseille).

Depth range: 0-260m.

Habitat: lives close to the bottom and burrows in mud or sand; also among Zostera seagrass.

References: Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Macquart-Moulin (1977); Macquart-Moulin & Ribera (1995); San Vicente (1996); San Vicente & Sorbe (1999); San Vicente & Munilla (2000); Morte et al. (2001, 2002).
Haplostylus bacescui Hatzakis, 1977

Distribution: Western and eastern Mediterranean Sea (Greece; Italy: Gulf of Naples, gulf of Salerno, Tyrrhenian Sea).

Depth range: 30-100m.

Habitat: planktonic at nigth.

References: Hatzakis (1977); Schlacher et al. 1992; Ariani et al. (1993); Wittmann (2001).
Haplostylus lobatus (Nouvel, 1951)

Distribution: NE-Atlantic (Britain; Ireland); Morocco; Sierra Leone Estuary; off Ghana. Western and eastern Mediterranean Sea (Catalan Sea; France: Marseille; Italy: gulf of Neaples, gulf of Salerno, mouth of the river Tiber, northern Adriatic Sea; Aegean Sea; Turkey)

Depth range: 0-420m.

Habitat: coastal; over sand and mud.

References: Furnestin (1960); Hoenigman (1955, 1963); Ariani (1967); Champalbert & Macquart-Moulin (1970); Ariani & Spagnuolo (1975); Macquart-Moulin (1975); Ariani et al. (1993); Macquart-Moulin & Patriti (1993, 1996); Macquart-Moulin & Ribera (1995); Wittmann (2001); Bakir & Katagan (2005); Cartes et al. (2007); Ligas et al. (2007); Dogan et al. (2008).
Haplostylus magnilobatus (Bacescu & Schiecke, 1974)

Distribution: Western and eastern Mediterranean Sea (gulf of Naples; Greece).

Depth range: 120-130m.

Habitat: sandy-muddy bottom with rests of Posidonia.

References: Bascecu (1976); Bacescu & Schiecke (1974); Hatzakis (1977); Ariani et al. (1993); Wittmann (2001).
Haplostylus normani (Sars, 1877)

Distribution: E-Atlantic (Golfe de Gascogne); Black Sea; Sierra Leone Estuary; Red Sea. Western and eastern Mediterranean Sea (gulf of Valencia; Catalan Sea; France: Banyuls-sur-Mer, Marseille, Nice, Monaco, Menton; Italy: gulf of Naples, gulf of Salerno, Tyrrhenian Sea; Lybia; Turkey).

Depth range: coastal and slope (0-406m).

Habitat: on sandy bottoms.

References: Sars (1877); Czerniavsky (1882a); Lo Bianco (1903); Tattersall (1909); Colosi (1922); Fage (1932, 1933); Bacescu (1941, 1976); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Furnestin (1960); Macquart-Moulin (1965, 1975); Champalbert & Macquart-Moulin (1970); Ariani & Spagnuolo (1975); Ariani et al. (1993); Redon et al. (1994); Cartes & Sorbe (1995); Macquart-Moulin & Ribera (1995); Aguirre (2000); Morte et al. (2001, 2002); Wittmann (2001); Innocenti (2006); Cartes et al. (2007, 2009); Fanelli et al.(2009).
SUBFAMILY SIRIELLINAE Czerniavsky, 1882
Siriella adriatica Hoenigman, 1960

Distribution: Eastern Mediterranean Sea (Adriatic Sea).

Depth range: littoral

Habitat: coastal

Reference: Hoenigman (1960)
Siriella armata (Milne-Edwards, 1837)

Distribution: NE-Atlantic. Western and eastern Mediterranean Sea (southeast Iberian coast: Alicante; gulf of Valencia; Catalan Sea; France: Banyuls-sur-Mer, Elne, Marseille, Nice, Monaco, Menton; Italy: gulf of Naples, gulf of Salerno, mouth of the river Tiber, Sardinia, Sicily; Adriatic Sea; Turkey).

Depth range: shallow waters.

Habitat: the species lives near the bottom, among Ulva and Posidonia. In northern waters the species lives in swarms in shallow water and among weeds, and in pools with hard bottoms or under overhanging rocks without mud. During the breeding season the specimens migrate to the surface at darkness.

References: Colosi (1922); Bacescu (1941); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Macquart-Moulin (1965); Ariani (1967); Wittmann (1977, 2001); Katagan (1985); Maj & Taramelli (1989); Ariani et al. (1993); Birmelin et al. (1995); San Vicente (1996); San Vicente & Sorbe (1999); San Vicente & Munilla (2000); Campolmi et al.(2001); Barberá Cebrián (2002); Barberá Cebrián et al. (2001, 2002); Morte et al. (2001); Remerie et al. (2004); Innocenti (2006); Meland & Willassen (2007).
Siriella castellabatensis Ariani & Spagnuolo, 1975

Distribution: Western Mediterranean Sea (Italy: gulf of Naples, gulf of Salerno).

Depth range: littoral.

Habitat: sandy beaches.

References: Ariani & Spagnuolo (1975); Ariani et al. (1993); Wittmann (2001).
Siriella clausi Sars, 1877

Distribution: Atlantic; Black Sea. Western and eastern Mediterranean Sea (Southeast Iberian coast; gulf of Valencia; Catalan Sea; France: Banyuls-sur-Mer, Marseille, Elne, Argelès, Villefranche, Monaco, Baie de Carnolès; Italy: Naples; Salerno; Sardinia, Sicily; Adriatic Sea; Aegen Sea; Turkey).

Depth range: 4-30m.

Habitat: coastal; near the bottom, among Posidonia; pools and among weeds on gravel, rocky and sandy bottoms.

References: Sars (1877); Lo Bianco (1903); Colosi (1922); Fage (1933); Bacescu (1941); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Macquart-Moulin (1965, 1975); Ariani (1967); Champalbert & Macquart-Moulin (1970); Ariani & Spagnuolo (1975); Hong (1980); Katagan (1985); Alcaraz (1986); Maj & Taramelli (1989); Mazzella et al. (1989)Schlacher et al. (1992); Ariani et al. (1993); Macquart-Moulin & Patriti (1993, 1996); San Vicente & Munilla (2000); Barberá Cebrián et al. (2001, 2002); Campolmi et al.(2001); Fossi et al. (2001); Morte et al. (2001, 2002); Wittmann (2001); Barberá Cebrián (2002)Remerie et al. (2004); Innocenti (2006); Meland & Willassen (2007).
Siriella gracilipes (Nouvel, 1942)

Distribution: Western Mediterranean Sea (Italy: gulf of Naples, gulf of Salerno)

Depth range: coastal

Habitat: algae in rocky shore

References: Ariani et al. (1993); Wittmann (2001).
Siriella jaltensis Czerniavsky, 1868

Distribution: Atlantic; Black Sea; Suez Canal (Port Said); West and South Africa. Western and eastern Mediterranean Sea (gulf of Valencia; Catalan Sea; France: Banyuls-sur-Mer à Marseille, Nice, Baie de Roquebrune et Menton; Italy: Naples, Salerno; Adriatic Sea; Aegean Sea; Turkey)

Depth range: coastal (0.5-4m).

Habitat: algae on rocky shore.

References: Colosi (1922); Bacescu (1941); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Hoenigman (1958ac); Macquart-Moulin (1965, 1975); Ariani (1967); Ariani & Spagnuolo (1975); Hong (1980); Wittmann (1977, 1981a); Katagan (1985); Schlacher et al. (1992); San Vicente (1996); San Vicente & Sorbe (1999); Morte et al. (2001, 2002); Remerie et al. (2004); Innocenti (2006); Meland & Willassen (2007); Moscatello & Belmonte (2007); Dogan et al. (2008).
Siriella norvegica Sars, 1869

Distribution: Atlantic (Norway to Morocco); Western and eastern Mediterranean Sea (Gibraltar; Catalan Sea; France: Banyuls-sur-Mer, Marseille, Monaco; Italy: Naples; Salerno, Tyrrhenian Sea; Adriatic Sea, Turkey).

Depth range: 20-400m.

Habitat: diurnal benthic habitat.

References: Colosi (1922); Bacescu (1941); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Furnestin (1960); Hoenigman (1955, 1958ac, 1963); Macquart-Moulin (1965, 1975); Champalbert & Macquart-Moulin (1970); Ariani & Spagnuolo (1975); Katagan (1985); Ariani et al. (1993); Macquart-Moulin & Patriti (1996); Aguirre (2000); Wittmann (2001); Innocenti (2006); Cartes et al. (2007); Fanelli et al. (2009).
Siriella thompsonii (Milne-Edwards, 1837)

Distribution: Widely distributed in tropical and temperate waters of the world. Gulf of Mexico; Straits of Florida; off Mississippi; Bahamas; off Bermuda; Brazil (Pernambuco; Rio de Janeiro); Red Sea; Gulf of Aden; Philippines; Sulu Archipelago; Galapagos; Hawaii; W- and SE-Africa; Antarctica. Western and eastern Mediterranean Sea (Alboran Sea, France; Adriatic Sea; Ionian Sea)

Depth range: 0-550m.

Habitat: surface plankton in offshore waters; polyhaline

References: Dion & Nouvel (1960; Hoenigman (1960; 1963); Bacescu & Mayer (1961); Innocenti (2006); Macquart-Moulin & Patriti (1996).
SUBFAMILY ERYTHROPINAE Hansen, 1910
Arachnomysis leuckarti Chun, 1887

Distribution: Indo-Pacific, Atlantic, Western an eastern Mediterranean Sea (Italy: off Capri Is., gulf of Naples; Adriatic Sea).

Depth range: 58-770m.

Habitat: meso-and bathypelagic.

References: Lo Bianco (1903); Tattersall (1909); Colosi (1922); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Hoenigman (1955, 1963); Innocenti (2006).
Calyptomma puritani W. Tattersall, 1909

Distribution: Western and eastern Mediterranean Sea (Catalan Sea, Italy, Ionian Sea).

Habitat: mesopelagic.

Depth range: 600-1860m.

References: Tattersall (1909); Colosi (1929) Cartes & Sorbe (1995); Madurell & Cartes (2003).
Erythrops africana Tattersall, 1955

Distribution: W-Africa (off Cape Lopez). Western Mediterranean Sea (Alboran Sea)

Depth range: 63-250m.

Habitat: Detritic bottom.

References: Bacescu (1989).
Erythrops alborana Bacescu, 1989

Distribution: Western Mediterranean Sea (Alboran Sea).

Depth range: 3000m.

Habitat: Detritic bottom.

References: Bacescu (1989).
Erythrops elegans (Sars, 1863)

Distribution: N-Atlantic. Western and eastern Mediterranean Sea (Alboran Sea; gulf of Valencia; Catalonia; Monaco; Marseille; Italy: Messina, gulf of Naples, gulf of Salerno, Tyrrhenian Sea; northern Adriatic Sea).

Depth range: 0-50m.

Habitat: a bottom-living species, on mud, sand or shall gravel.

References: Sars (1877); Czerniavsky (1882a);Tattersall (1909); Zimmer (1915);Colosi (1922); Bacescu (1941, 1989); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Hoenigman (1955); Macquart-Moulin (1965, 1975); Champalbert & Macquart-Moulin (1970); Schlacher et al. (1992); Ariani et al. (1993); San Vicente & Munilla (2000); Morte et al. (2001, 2002); Wittman (2001); Innocenti (2006); Cartes et al. (2007, 2009); Ligas et al. (2007); Fanelli et al. (2009).
Erythrops erythrophthalma (Goës, 1864)

Distribution: N-Atlantic; Spitzbergen; Greenland. Western and eastern Mediterranean Sea (gulf of Valencia; France: Banyuls-sur-Mer; Marseille, Nice, Monaco, Menton; Thyrrenian Sea; Turkey).

Depth range: 12-275m.

Habitat: an offshore species, that lives near the bottom; above mud and silt.

References: Lo Bianco (1903); Bacescu (1941); Macquart-Moulin (1965); Katagan (1985); Morte et al. (2002).
Erythrops neapolitana Colosi, 1929

Distribution: Western and eastern Mediterranean Sea (France; Italy: Gulf of Naples; Catalan Sea; Ionian Sea).

Depth range: 120-1355m.

Habitat: coastal and slope, suprabenthos.

References: Zimmer (1915); Colosi (1929); Bacescu (1941); MacPherson (1978); Ariani et al. (1993); Cartes & Sorbe (1995); Madurell & Cartes (2003); Innocenti (2006).
Erythrops peterdohrni Bacescu & Schiecke, 1974

Distribution: Western Mediterranean (north of Capri, gulf of Naples).

Depth range: 120-130m.

Habitat: sandy-muddy bottoms with rests of Posidonia.

References: Bacescu & Schiecke (1974); Wittmann (2001).
Erythrops serrata (G.O. Sars, 1863)

Distribution: NE-Atlantic. Western Mediterranean (eastern coast of Spain; Tyrrhenian Sea)

Depth range: 100-500m.

Habitat: bottom-living.

References: Redon et al. (1994); Fanelli et al. (2009).
Euchaetomera glyphidophthalmica Illig, 1906

Distribution: Tropical and temperate regions. E-Atlantic and Indo-Pacific; Gulf of Aden; India. Western Mediterranean (Italy).

Depth range: 0-370m.

Habitat: mesopelagic.

References: Colosi (1922).
Euchaetomera intermedia Nouvel, 1942

Distribution: E- and W-Africa; Canary Islands; Cape Verde Islands; Falkland Islands; Uruguay; South Africa; Madagascar. Mediterranean Sea.

Depth range:

Habitat: mesopelagic?

References: Muller (1993).
Euchaetomera richardi Nouvel, 1945

Distribution: Western Mediterranean (Monaco).

Depth range: 1500-1800m.

Habitat: bathypelagic

References: Nouvel (1945).
Euchaetomera tenuis Sars, 1884

Distribution: Bermuda; Straits of Florida; North of Bahama Bank; Galápagos; E- and SAtlantic; South Pacific; south of 40ºN in the North Pacific. Western Mediterranean (Italy: off Capri Is., gulf of Naples).

Depth range: 50-5000m.

Habitat: in offshore plankton.

References: Lo Bianco (1903); Tattersall (1909); Colosi (1922); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Innocenti (2006).
Euchaetomera typica Sars, 1884

Distribution: widely distributed in tropical and temperate regions of the Indo-Pacific, Atlantic; Bermuda; E-Atlantic; N of New Zealand; Panamá Pacific; Galápagos. Mediterranean.

Depth range: surface-300m.

Habitat: oceanic.

References: Colosi (1920).
Euchaetomeropsis merolepis (Illig, 1908)

Distribution: almost cosmopolitan; tropical and temperate regions of the world oceans; E-Atlantic; Indo-Pacific. Western and eastern Mediterranean (Italy: off Capri Is., gulf of Naples; Ionian Sea).

Depth range: 0-800m.

Habitat: mesopelagic

References: Tattersall (1909); Colosi (1922); Casanova (1970); Madurell & Cartes (2003); Innocenti (2006).
Hypererythrops richardi Bacescu, 1941

Distribution: Western Mediterranean (Nice; Italy: gulf of Naples).

Depth range: 40-130m.

Habitat: sandy-muddy bottom with rests of Posidonia.

References: Bacescu (1941); Bacescu & Schiecke (1974).
Hypererythrops zimmeri Ii, 1937

Distribution: Japan. Western Mediterranean Sea (Italy);

Depth range: 30-80m.

Habitat: muddy sand; sandy mud.

References:Murano (1970).
Paramblyops rostrata Holt & Tattersall, 1905

Distribution: N-Atlantic (Island to Maroc; E-coast of U.S.A.). Western Mediterranean (Catalan Sea, Italy).

Depth range: 280-2650m.

Habitat: bottom-living form

References: Colosi (1922, 1929, 930); Tattersall (1909); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Cartes & Sorbe (1995).
Parapseudomma calloplura (Holt & Tattersall, 1905)

Distribution: Atlantic; Indo-Pacific; Japan. Western Mediterranean (Alboran Sea; gulf of Valencia; Catalan Sea; Monaco; France: Golfe de Lion; Italy: Naples).

Depth range: 94-1200m.

Habitat: usually bathypelagic.

References: Tattersall (1909); Colosi (1922; , 1929, 1930); Bacescu (1941, 1989); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Reys (1960); Cartes & Sorbe (1995); Cartes et al. (2001b); Morte et al. (2001, 2002).
Parerythrops lobiancoi W. Tattersall, 1909

Distribution: Western Mediterranean (Italy: south of Capri).

Depth range: bathy-mesopelagic (950-1200m).

Habitat: deep water form

References: Tattersall (1909); Colosi (1922).
Parerythrops obesa (Sars, 1864)

Distribution: NE-Atlantic (Norway south to Canary Islands); Indian Ocean. Western Mediterranean (Alboran Sea, Thyrrenian Sea)

Depth range: 80-3000m.

Habitat: found in large swarms on or near the sea bottom.

References: Lo Bianco (1903); Bacescu (1941, 1989); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951).
Pseudomma affine Sars, 1870

Distribution: N-Atlantic, from north of Norway to Bay of Biscay, also Iceland, Greenland and eastcoast of NAmerica. Western Mediterranean (Catalan Sea, Thyrrenian Sea)

Depth range: 70-1300m.

Habitat: on bottoms with large amount of fine particles (silts, clays fine sands); sometimes on coarse sand bottom.

References: Lo Bianco (1903); Cartes & Sorbe (1995).
Pseudomma chattoni Bacescu, 1941

Distribution: Western Mediterranean Sea (Monaco).

Depth range: 220-300m.

Habitat: muddy bottoms.

References: Bacescu (1941).
Pseudomma kruppi Tattersall, 1909

Distribution: N-Atlantic. Western Mediterranean (Catalan Sea; Italy: Naples).

Depth range: 300-1250m.

Habitat: suprabenthic species.

References: Tattersall (1909); Colosi (1922, 1930); Cartes & Sorbe (1995).
Pseudomma nanum Holt & Tattersall, 1906

Distribution: W-Ireland; Faroe Channel; Golfe de Gascogne. Eastern Mediterranean (Ionian Sea)

Depth range: 360-1500m.

Habitat: bathypelagic

References: Madurell & Cartes (2003).
SUBFAMILY HETEROMYSINAE Norman, 1892
Burrimysis palmeri Jaume & Garcia, 1993

Distribution: Western Mediterranean Sea (Cabrera, Balearic Islands).

Depth range: 20m.

Habitat: anchialine cave lake.

References: Jaume & Garcia (1993).
Harmelinella mariannae Ledoyer, 1989

Distribution: Western Mediterranean Sea (Marseille).

Depth range: littoral

Habitat: marine caves.

References: Ledoyer (1989).
Heteromysis (Heteromysis) arianii Wittmann, 2000

Distribution: Western Mediterranean Sea (gulf of Naples).

Depth range: 11-22 m.

Habitat: coralloid habitats with rocks, coarse sediments, bryozoans and gorgonians,

References: Wittmann (2000, 2001).
Heteromysis (Heteromysis) eideri Bacescu, 1941

Distribution: Mediterranean Sea (France: Monaco; Turkey).

Depth range: 30-100m.

Habitat: on muddy bottoms with shells and debris; several records.

References: Bacescu (1941); Katagan (1985).
Heteromysis (Heteromysis) lybiana Bacescu, 1976

Distribution: Eastern Mediterranean Sea (Libya).

Depth range: 70m.

Habitat: corraloid bottoms

References: Bacescu (1976).

.

Heteromysis (Heteromysis) microps (Sars, 1877)

Distribution: NE-Atlantic; Mediterranean (Italy: gulf of Naples; Tunisia).

Depth range: 11m.

Habitat: coastal.

References: Sars (1877); Wittmann (2001).


Heteromysis (Heteromysis) norvegica Sars, 1883

Distribution: Coasts of eastern United States from New England to Gulf of Mexico; west coast of Norway; British Isles; English Channel; north and west coasts of France. Mediterranean (off Monaco).

Depth range: 0-400m.

Habitat: hypoplanktonic and polyhaline; on bottoms of shell gravel and coarse shell sand, among seaweeds, large shells, stones, and debris. During daylight sheltering in shells or vegetation, at night becoming pelagic.

References: Bacescu (1941).
Heteromysis (Heteromysis) riedli Wittmann, 2001

Distribution: Mediterranean Sea (Gulf of Naples).

Depth range: 11-25 m

Habitat: meadows of Posidonia oceanica

References: Wittmann (2001).
Heteromysis (Neoheteromysis) muelleri Bacescu, 1976

Distribution: Eastern Mediterranen Sea (Libya).

Depth range: 75m.

Habitat: "commensal de la grande éponge Cacospongia scalaris".

References: Bacescu (1976)
Mysidetes farrani (Holt & Tattersall, 1905)

Distribution: NE-Atlantic (Ireland to Morocco). Western Mediterranean Sea (Italy: Naples).

Depth range: 235-1105m.

Habitat: bottom-living.

References: Tattersall (1909); Colosi (1922).
Retromysis nura Wittmann, 2004

Distribution: Western Mediterranean (Balearic Islands; Italy: Naples).

Depth range: 2-5m.

Habitat: marine caves.

References: Wittmann (2004).
SUB-FAMILY MYSIDELLINAE Czerniavsky, 1882
Mysidella typica Sars, 1872

Distribution: NE-Atlantic (Norway to Golfe de Gascogne). Western Mediterranean Sea (Catalan Sea; Monaco; Italy: Naples; Capri).

Depth range: 90-540m.

Habitat: near the bottom.

References: Tattersall (1909); Zimmer (1915); Colosi (1922); Bacescu (1941); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Aguirre (2000).
Mysidella biscayensis Lagardère & Nouvel, 1980

Distribution: NE-Atlantic (Golfe de Gascogne). Western Mediterranean Sea (Catalan Sea)

Depth range: 190-400m.

Habitat: near the bottom.

References: Cartes & Sorbe (1995)
SUBFAMILY MYSINAE Haworth, 1825
Acanthomysis longicornis (Milne-Edwards, 1837)

Distribution: Suez Canal; Indo-Pacific (Japan, Korea). Western and eastern Mediterranean Sea (Catalonia; France; Italy: gulf of Naples, gulf of Salerno, Tyrrhenian Sea; Adriatic Sea; Turkey).

Depth range: 2-100m.

Habitat: lives close to the bottom.

References: Sars (1877); Czerniavsky (1882a); Colosi (1922); Bacescu (1941); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Hoenigman (1963); Ariani (1967); Champalbert & Macquart-Moulin (1970); Macquart-Moulin (1975); Katagan (1985); Ariani et al. (1993); San Vicente & Munilla (2000); Wittmann (2001); Fanelli et al. (2009).
Acanthomysis strauchi (Czerniavsky, 1882)

Distribution: Black Sea, Mediterranean .

Depth range: 1.5-10m.

Habitat: coastal, also in brackish water.

References: Muller (1993).
Diamysis bacescui Wittmann & Ariani (1998)

Distribution: Mediterranean (Tyrrhenian, Adriatic, and Aegean seas)

Depth range: shallow water.

Habitat: coastal.

References: Wittmann & Ariani (1998); Wittmann (2001).
Diamysis bahirensis (Sars, 1877)

Distribution: NW Portugal (Ria de Aveiro); Black and Azov Sea; Israel; Suez.Canal. Mediterranean Sea (Catalonia; Banyuls-sur-Mer; Italy, Sicily; Adritic Sea, Egypt, Tunisia,Turkey);

Depth range: shallow water.

Habitat: coastal; occasionally in fresh water and oligohaline rivers.

References: Sars (1877); Tattersall (1927);Bacescu (1941); Hoenigman (1958ac, 1963); Almeida Prado-Port et al. (1981); Katagan (1985); Ariani et al. (1993); Cunha et al. (1999); San Vicente & Munilla (2000); Campolmi et al. (2001); Ariani & Wittmann (2004).
Diamysis lagunaris Ariani & Wittmann (2000)

Distribution: NE Atlantic. W-Mediterranean (Golfe du Lion, Ligurian, Tyrrhenian and Sardinian seas);

Depth range: 0.3-1.5 m

Habitat: poly- to euhaline (rarely metahaline) lagoons, also marine.

References: Ariani & Wittmann (2000).
Diamysis mesohalobia Ariani & Wittmann (2000)

Distribution: E-Mediterranean (Italy: Adriatic Sea)

Depth range: 0-1 m

Habitat: Meso- to euhaline lagoons and estuaries.

References: Ariani & Wittmann (2000); Remerie et al. (2004); Meland & Willassen (2007).

Remarks: Three subspecies: D. mesohalobia gracilipes Ariani & Wittmann, 2000; D. mesohalobia heterandra Ariani & Wittmann, 2000 and D. mesohalobia mesohalobia Ariani & Wittmann, 2000.


Hemimysis abyssicola Sars, 1869

Distribution: Norway to Golfe de Gascogne (44º-70ºN); Black Sea. Mediterranean (Catalan Sea).

Depth range: 100-600.

Habitat: Suprabenthos.

References: Bacescu (1941); Cartes & Sorbe (1995).
Hemimysis anomala Sars, 1907

Distribution: Black Sea and Caspian Sea. Northwestern Mediterranean (Rhône delta)

Depth range: littoral-20m.

Habitat: marine, but occasionally found in freshwater.

References: Wittmann & Ariani (2009).
Hemimysis lamornae lamornae (Couch, 1856)

Distribution: Atlantic, Mediterranean Sea (Marseille, Adriatic) and Black Sea.

Depth range: 0-100m.

Habitat: coastal near the bottom, often in the shade of weeds and rocks, marine caves.

References: Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Hoenigman (1960); Hong (1980).
Hemimysis margalefi Alcaraz, Riera & Gili, 1986

Distribution: Mediterranean (NE-coast of Mallorca Island; continental coast of Europe from Marseilles to Naples, Corsica, Malta and the Croatian coast of the Adriatic Sea).

Depth range: 12m.

Habitat: dark submarine caves.

References: Alcaraz et al. (1986); Wittmann (2001); Chevaldonné & Lejeusne (2003); Lejeusne & Chevaldonné (2005, 2006); Lejeusne et al., ( 2006); Moscatello & Belmonte (2007).
Hemimysis speluncola Ledoyer, 1963

Distribution: Catalonia (Medes Is.); France (Gulf of Marseille); Italy (gulf of Naples).

Depth range: 0-30m.

Habitat: in and near marine caves.

References: Ledoyer (1963); Macquart-Moulin (1979); Macquart-Moulin & Patritti (1966); Wittmann (1968, 1978, 1981a, 2001); Gaudy & Guerin (1979); Gaudy et al. (1980); Bourdillon et al. (1980); Hong (1980); Macquart-Moulin & Passelaigue (1982); Passelaigue & Bourdillon (1985; 1986); Riera et al. (1985, 1991); Carola et al. (1993); Ribes et al. (1996); Coma et al., (1997).
Kainomatomysis foxi Tattersall, 1927

Distribution: Red Sea (Suez Canal; Elat, Gulf of Aqaba). Eastern Mediterranean Sea (Port Said)

Depth range: 22m.

Habitat: coastal; on fine sand.

References: Tattersall (1927).
Mesopodopsis aegyptica Wittmann, 1992

Distribution: "Marine waters in all major parts of the Mediterranean . Brackish to marine waters in the Nile Delta area, but not the Nile itself. In the Suez Canal, it is found in the entrance area at Port Said" ; Italy (Gulf of Salerno).

Depth range: surface to 3m.

Habitat: "Dense and compact schools over sandy bottom in 2-3m depth, in moderately turbid waters near the surf zone. At night planktonic, widely dispersed between bottom and surface" (Wittmann).

References: Wittmann (1992, 2001).

Remarks: Salinity range is 10-39psu.


Mesopodopsis slabberi (van Beneden, 1861)

Distribution: NE-Atlantic, from Scandinavia to W-Africa, including North Sea; Black Sea; Sierra Leone Estuary; Suez Canal; NE- to South Africa. Mediterranean (southeast Iberian coast (El Campello, Alicante, Catalonia: Ebro delta; France: Canal d'Arles à Port-de-Bouc, Marseille, Nice, Côte monégasque, Menton. Italy: Venezia; gulf of Naples, gulf of Salerno, Sicily; Adriatic Sea; Aegean Sea; Turkey).

Depth range: littoral (0-<50m).

Habitat: The species shows a great adaptability of surviving in varying degrees of salinity. It may occur in almost fresh water. Found in in shallow brackish and estuarine waters, sometimes offshore; shows diurnal vertical migrations.

References: Sars (1877); Colosi (1922); Bacescu (1941); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Furnestin (1960); Macquart-Moulin (1965, 1975); Vives (1966); Ariani (1967); Katagan (1985); Alcaraz (1986); Wittmann (1977,1992, 2001); Ariani et al. (1993); Munilla & Corrales (1995); San Vicente (1996); Delgado et al. (1997); San Vicente & Sorbe (1999); Kevrekidis et al. (2000); San Vicente & Munilla (2000); Barberá Cebrián et al. (2001, 2002); Campolmi et al. (2001); Barberá Cebrián (2002); Remerie et al. (2005); Innocenti (2006); Cartes et al. (2007); Ponti et al. (2007).
Neomysis integer (Leach, 1815)

Distribution: NE-Atlantic, W- and N-Europe; Mediterranean (France: Canal d'Arles à Port-de-Bouc, entre Marseille et les Bouches-du-Rhône, Rhône delta; Catalonia: Roses beach: juvenile individuals).

Depth range: <0.5m.

Habitat: brackish water; occasionally found in fresh water or in the open sea; also in hypersaline pools.

References: Bacescu (1941); Munilla & Corrales (1995); Wittmann & Ariani (2009).
Paramysis arenosa (Sars, 1877)

Distribution: NE-Atlantic; Black Sea, Sea of Azov, off Roumanian coast to the south of the Danube delta. Mediterranean Sea (Catalonia; Italy: gulf of Naples, gulf of Salerno; Goletta, Syracuse, Spezia, Goletta, Gulf of Trieste, mouth of the river Tiber; France: Banyuls-sur-Mer, Marseille),

Depth range: littoral-20m.

Habitat: a coastal species found in swarms among Zostera weeds close to the shore.

References: Sars (1877); Colosi (1922); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Hoenigman (1961); Macquart-Moulin (1965); Ariani et al. (1993); San Vicente (1996); San Vicente & Sorbe (1999); San Vicente & Munilla (2000); Wittmann (2001); Innocenti (2006).
Paramysis festae Colosi, 1920

Distribution: Eastern Mediterranean Sea (South Sicily; Lybia: Cirenaica).

Depth range: littoral.

Habitat: coastal lagoon.

References: Colosi (1921, 1922); Audzijonyte et al. (2008).
Paramysis helleri (Sars, 1877)

Distribution: Western Europe and Mediterranean Sea (southeast Iberian coast: El Campello, Alicante; Catalonia; Italy; gulf of Naples, gulf of Salaerno, Adriatic Sea (Gulf of Trieste); eastern coast of Greece; Turkey).

Depth range: littoral.

Habitat: Euryhaline and eurythermic. Coastal, occasionally found in freshwater.

References: Sars (1877); Czerniavsky (1883); Graeffe (1902); Fage (1933); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Labat (1953); Ariani (1967); Macquart-Moulin (1975); Wittmann (1977, 1981a, 2001); Katagan (1985); Schlacher et al. (1992); Ariani et al. (1993); Caragitsou & Papaconstantinou (1994); Politou & Papaconstantinou (1994); San Vicente & Sorbe (1999); San Vicente & Munilla (2000); Barberá Cebrián (2002); Barberá Cebrián et al. (2001, 2002); Audzijonyte et al. (2008).
Schistomysis assimilis (Sars, 1877)

Distribution: Mediterranean (Catalonia; France; Italy: gulf of Salerno, Tyrrhenian Sea, gulf of Venice; Port Said, Tunis).

Depth range: littoral.

Habitat: sandy bottom.

References: Sars (1877); Bacescu (1941); Schlacher et al. (1992); Ariani et al. (1993); San Vicente (1996); San Vicente & Sorbe (1999; 2003); San Vicente & Munilla (2000); Wittmann (2001); Wittmann & Ariani (2008).
SUBFAMILY LEPTOMYSINAE Hansen, 1910
Leptomysis buergii Bacescu, 1966

Distribution: throughout the Mediterranean Sea (Southeast Iberian coast; Catalonia: cala Sant Francesc, off Barcelona; France, Banyuls-sur-Mer; Italy: gulf of Naples, gulf of Salerno;Turkey; Ionian Sea: Gulf of Taranto).

Depth range: shallow subtidal-15m.

Habitat: in submarine caves; sand-flats in Posidonia-meadows; sand; Cymodocea seagrass.

References: Bacescu (1966); Wittmann (1978, 1981b, 1986; 2001); Katagan (1985); Schlacher et al. (1992); Ariani et al. (1993); Barberá Cebrián (2002); Barberá Cebrián et al. (2001, 2002); unpublished data.
Leptomysis gracilis (Sars, 1864)

Distribution: NE-Atlantic (Shetlands to Morocco); Mediterranean (Alboran Sea; gulf of Valencia; Catalan Sea; France: Banyuls-sur-Mer, Villefranche, Marseille; Monaco, Baie de Roquebrunne; Italy: gulf of Naples, Tyrrhenian Sea; northern Adriatic Sea).

Depth range: 5-500m.

Habitat: close to the bottom or somewhat pelagic; shows a tendency to migrate away from the shore; also found in estuaries.

References: Colosi (1922); Bacescu (1941); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Hoenigman (1953, 1963); Nouvel & Hoenigman (1955); Furnestin (1960); Macquart-Moulin (1965, 1975); Vives (1966); Champalbert & Macquart-Moulin (1970); Wittmann (1977, 1986b, 2001); Macquart-Moulin & Patriti (1993, 1996); Redon et al. (1994); Cartes & Sorbe (1995); Dauby (1995); Aguirre (2000); San Vicente & Munilla (2000); Morte et al. (2001, 2002); Innocenti (2006); Cartes et al. (2007, 2009); Ligas et al. (2007); Fanelli et al. (2009); Villanueva et al. (2009).
Leptomysis heterophila Wittmann, 1986

Distribution: NE-Atlantic (Ireland) to Mediterranean Sea (gulf of Naples; Adriatic Sea; Korsika)

Depth range: 4-17m.

Habitat: near rocks; rocks and sand.

References: Wittmann (1986); Ariani et al. (1993); Dauby (1995);Wittmann (2001).
Leptomysis lingvura lingvura (Sars, 1866)

Distribution: NE-Atlantic; Mediterranean (Catalonia; Banyuls-sur-Mer, Corsica; Marseille, Nice; Italy: Naples, Sardinia; Adriatic Sea).

Depth range: 0-50m.

Habitat: a common littoral species; inhabits rocky shores and is found among algae and in associations with sea anemones.

References: Colosi (1922); Bacescu (1941); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Hoenigman (1955, 1958b); Macquart-Moulin (1965, 1973, 1979); Wittmann (1977, 1978, 1981ab, 1986); Gaudy et al. (1980, 1991); Dauby (1980, 1981ab, 1983, 1995); Macquart-Moulin & Passelaigue (1982); San Vicente (1996); San Vicente & Sorbe (1999); San Vicente & Munilla (2000); Patzner (2004); Innocenti (2006); Meland & Willassen (2007).
Leptomysis mediterranea Sars, 1877

Distribution: NE-Atlantic; Suez Canal. Mediterranean Sea (gulf of Valencia; Catalonia; France: Banyuls-sur-Mer, Nice, Eze, Baie de Carnolès; Italy: gulf of Naples, gulf of Salerno; Adriatic Sea; Turkey).

Depth range: littoral (2-10m).

Habitat: primarily a benthic species, living close to the bottom; among Cymodocea and Zostera seagrass; also in brackish water, mouths of rivers and lagoons.

References: Sars (1877); Colosi (1922); Bacescu (1941; 1966); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Ariani (1967); Wittmann (1977,1986); Lucu (1977, 1978); Katagan (1985); Ariani et al. (1993); Redon et al. (1994); San Vicente (1996); Lucu et al. (1998); San Vicente & Sorbe (1999); San Vicente & Munilla (2000); Morte et al. (2001, 2002); Wittmann (2001); Innocenti (2006).
Leptomysis megalops Zimmer, 1915

Distribution: E-Atlantic (Golfe de Gascogne to S-Africa). Western and eastern Mediterranean Sea (Alboran Sea; France: Monaco, Baie de Roquebrune; Italy: gulf of Naples; Adriatic Sea).

Depth range: 60-400m.

Habitat: sandy bottoms

References: Zimmer (1915); Colosi (1922); Bacescu (1941, 1989); Hoenigman (1955, 1960, 1963); Wittmann (2001); Innocenti (2006).
Leptomysis posidoniae Wittmann, 1986

Distribution: Mediterranean Sea (Southeast Iberian coast); Ionian Sea (gulf of Taranto); Italy (Gulf of Naples; from Adria to Gulf of Naples and Corsica).

Depth range: 2-35m.

Habitat: over sand-flat in Posidonia-seagrass and in crevices of rocks.

References: Schlacher et al. (1992); Ariani et al. (1993); Dauby (1995); Barberá Cebrián (2002); Barberá Cebrián et al. (2001; 2002); Wittmann (1986a; 2001).
Leptomysis truncata (Heller, 1863)

Distribution: widely distributed in the Mediterranean Sea.

Depth range: shallow subtidal.

Habitat: among vegatation (Cystoseira, Cymodocea-meadows), also associated with Anemonia sulcata.

References: Sars (1877); Hoenigman (1955); Katagan (1985); Wittmann (1978, 1981a, 1986, 2001); Ariani et al. (1993).

Remarks: Three subspecies, L. truncata truncata (Heller, 1863); L. truncata sardica Sars, 1877 and L. truncata pontica Czerniavsky,1882 .


Mysideis parva Zimmer, 1915

Distribution: NE-Atlantic (Golfe de Gascogne). Western Mediterranean Sea (gulf of Valencia; Catalan Sea; France: Banyuls-sur-Mer, Monaco. Italy: gulf of Naples).

Depth range: 50-420m.

Habitat: mesopelagic.

References: Zimmer (1915); Colosi (1922); Bacescu (1941); Bacescu & Schiecke (1974) Cartes & Sorbe (1995); Morte et al. (2001, 2002); Innocenti (2006).
Mysidopsis angusta (Sars, 1864)

Distribution: NE-Atlantic (Norway to Golfe de Gascogne); Western and eastern Mediterranean (gulf of Valencia; Catalan Sea; France: Banyuls-sur-Mer; Monaco; Italy: gulf of Naples, gulf of Salerno, Tyrrhenian Sea; northern Adriatic Sea).

Depth range: 8-50m.

Habitat: lives close to the bottom by day in 4-20m; at night it migrates to higher levels; lives in swarms, mainly over sandy bottoms.

References: Sars (1877); Colosi (1922); Bacescu (1941); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Macquart-Moulin (1965); Ledoyer (1968); Champalbert & Macquart-Moulin (1970); Morte et al. (2001); Wittmann (2001); Cartes et al. (2007); Ligas et al. (2007); Fanelli et al. (2009).
Mysidopsis didelphys (Norman, 1863)

Distribution: common in in off-shore waters of N-Europe (Iceland; Norway; Oresund, Skagerack; North Sea; English Channel; Bay of Biscay; Golfe de Gascogne; Great Britain). Western Mediterranean (Alboran Sea; Catalonia; France; Italy: gulf of Naples).

Depth range: 11-293m, abundant at 60-120m.

Habitat: bottom-living, but apparently performs diurnal vertical migrations; most common somewhat offshore.

References: Bacescu (1941, 1989); Reys (1960); San Vicente & Munilla (2000); Wittmann (2001).
Mysidopsis gibbosa Sars, 1864

Distribution: North Sea from Oslo to west Norway; Denmark; Belgium; southern coasts of Scotland; England; Ireland; Channel Islands; Golfe de Gasogne; Morocco. Mediterranean (Southeast Iberian coast; Catalonia; France: Banyuls-sur-Mer, Cannes, Marseille; Monaco; Goletta; Malta; Sicily; gulf of Naples, gulf of Salerno, Tyrrhenian Sea, Sardinia, Sicily; northern Adriatic Sea, Trieste; Messina; Turkey).

Depth range: 0-100m; most abundant in 1-20m.

Habitat: lives close to the bottom in shallow water; an in-shore species, rarely taken far from shore; shows diurnal vertical migrations.

References: Sars (1877); Walker (1901); Lo Bianco (1903); Colosi (1922); Bacescu (1941); Tattersall & Tattersall (1951); Macquart-Moulin (1965, 1975); Ariani (1967); Champalbert & Macquart-Moulin (1970); Hong (1980); Katagan (1985); Maj & Taranelli (1989); San Vicente & Munilla (2000); Campolmi et al.(2001); Barberá Cebrián (2002); Barberá Cebrián et al. (2001; 2002); Wittmann (2001); Innocenti (2006); Cartes et al. (2007); Ligas et al. (2007); Fanelli et al. (2009).
Paraleptomysis apiops (Sars, 1877)

Distribution: E-Atlantic; Mediterranean (Catalan Sea; France: Banyuls-sur-Mer, Monaco. Italy: gulf of Naples; Adriatic Sea; Turkey).

Depth range: 5-85m.

Habitat: sandy bottoms.

References: Sars (1877); Colosi (1922); Bacescu (1941, 1966); Hoenigman (1958c); Champalbert & Macquart-Moulin (1970); Macquart-Moulin (1975); Katagan (1985); Wittmann (1986, 2001); Innocenti (2006); Cartes et al. (2007).
Paraleptomysis banyulensis (Bacescu, 1966)

Distribution: Mediterranean, from Spain to Turkey; northern Adriatic Sea.

Depth range: 4-34m.

Habitat: mud and between rocks; often associated with biogenic structures such as burrows of Squilla sp. and clumps formed by Porifera and Ascidia (Microcosmus sp.).

References: Bacescu (1966); Wittmann (1986); Schlacher et al. (1992); Wittmann & Ariani (1992); Ariani et al. (1993); Wittmann (2001); Cartes et al. (2007); Ligas et al. (2007).
Pyroleptomysis peresi (Bacescu, 1966)

Distribution: Western Mediterranean (France, Banyuls-sur-Mer; Italy: gulf of Naples).

Depth range: 15m.

Habitat: submarine caves.

References: Bacescu (1966); Wittmann (1985, 2001).
Pyroleptomysis rubra Wittmann, 1985

Distribution: Red Sea. Mediterranean (Gulf of Naples; Adriatic; gulf of Trieste).

Depth range: 4-24m.

Habitat: over rocky susbstrate.



References: Wittmann (1985, 2001); Schlacher et al. (1992); Ariani et al. (1993).


Yüklə 11,8 Mb.

Dostları ilə paylaş:
1   ...   51   52   53   54   55   56   57   58   ...   70




Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©azkurs.org 2020
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə