Botany 12: 866 (1999)
campanae, in honour of Barbara and Donald
(Don) Bellairs, of Kalbarri, Western Australia—campanae
is a noun in apposition derived from the Latin campana,
bell, as the family name Bellairs is considered by some to
pertain to bellhouse
0.3–1.5 m tall.
alternate, 12–57 mm
long, 4–9.5 mm wide, 2.5–8 times as long as wide,
shortpetiolate; blade at length glabrescent, sericeous,
narrowly obovate, very narrowly obovate, linearelliptic,
narrowly elliptic or elliptic, in transverse section trans
versely linear, the base attenuate, the apex acuminate,
obtusely shortly acuminate or obtuse to rounded, the
veins longitudinal, 5 or rarely 7,
capitate or shortly spicate, pseudotermi
nal and sometimes also upper axillary, with 5–12 triads,
up to 27 mm wide.
hairy, 1.5–2 mm long.
abaxially hairy, 0.5–1 mm long, scarious in a
marginal band 0.2–0.4 mm wide or scarious throughout.
caducous, 1.8–2.3 mm long.
bundle; filaments pink or mauve (rapidly fading to white),
8.5–13.5 mm long, the bundle claw 1.9–5.7 mm long,
0.2–0.5 times as long as the filaments.
5–15 per locule.
2.5–3 mm long, the calyx lobes weathering away or
replaced by weakly developed sepaline teeth; cotyledons
coastal sand plain, on lateritic soil, limestone, and exposed
Recorded as flowering from August
The leaf oil of this species was
monoterpenoid in nature. The principal monoterpene
was 1,8cineole (34.3%) and this was accompanied by
lesser amounts of apinene (4.2%), bpinene (8.2%),
limonene (1.4%), linalool (2.8%) and aterpineol (4.7%).
The principal sesquiterpenes encountered in the oil were
globulol (6.0%), spathulenol (9.1%), viridiflorol (3.2%) and
7. Species ac
Australian Systematic Botany 3: 199, fig. 14c (1990)
camptoclada, from the Greek kampto, bend,
curve, and klados, branch, stem, in reference to the habit
of this species
1.5–3 m tall.
glabrescent, sparsely puberulous when hairy.
1.5–1.8 mm wide, 2–4 times as long as wide, subsessile;
blade glabrous to glabrescent, sparsely puberulous when
hairy, narrowly elliptic, elliptic or narrowly suboblong
elliptic, in transverse section lunate or transversely linear,
the base cuneate to rounded, the apex acute to rounded,
the veins longitudinal, 3,
spicate or capitate,
lateral on secondary shoots and then pseudoterminal
or interstitial, with 5–15 monads, up to 16 mm wide.
glabrous, 1–1.5 mm long.
band c. 0.1 mm wide.
deciduous, 1.5–2.4 mm long.
9–16 per bundle; filaments mauve, 5.1–6.5 mm
long, the bundle claw 2.2–3.5 mm long, 0.5–0.6 times as
long as the filaments.
c. 8 mm long.
2.5–3.5 mm long, with sepaline teeth; cotyle
Western Australia: from the
Stirling Range south to the Mount Barker district.
land, on clay loam, and gravelly sandy loam.
Recorded as flowering from Septem
ber to November.
This species gave a strongly monoterpe
noid leaf oil. The principal components were 1,8cineole
(59.6%) and apinene (23.5%). Also present were lesser
amounts of bpinene (2.1%), myrcene (1.8%) and limonene
(6.7%). The major sesquiterpenes encountered were glob
ulol (0.9%), viridiflorol (0.4%) and spathulenol (0.3%),
though sesquiterpenes, in total, accounted for less than
5% of the oil.
The oil yield (fresh weight, w/w) was 0.6%.
ety of New South Wales 58: 194 (1924)
capitata, from the Latin, caput, head, in
reference to the shape of the inflorescence
0.8–2.5 m tall.
alternate, 10–25 mm
long, 1–3 mm wide, 6–20 times as long as wide, short
petiolate; blade glabrescent, sericeous to pubescent, very
narrowly elliptic to linearelliptic, in transverse sec
tion transversely linear, the base narrowly cuneate, the
apex narrowly acute to acute, the veins longitudinal, 3,
moderately dense, obscure, scattered or in rows.
capitate or shortly spicate, pseudoterminal,
with 3–15 monads, up to 35 mm wide.
abaxially hairy, 1.4–2.3 mm long,
herbaceous to the margin.
deciduous, 3–3.5 mm
14–33 per bundle; filaments cream or rarely
yellow, 6–10 mm long, the bundle claw 1.2–2(–3) mm long,
0.2–0.3 times as long as the filaments.
90–120 per locule.
5–7 mm long, the
calyx lobes deciduous (sometimes the extreme basal por
tion of the lobes may become woody and persist as a more
or less prominent ring around the aperture); cotyledons
Bundanoon district south to the Braidwood district.
land, heathland, open eucalypt forest, on sandy loam, sand,
and skeletal soil on sandstone.
Recorded as flowering from October
The leaf oil of this species was domi
nated by apinene (77–83%). There were lesser amounts of
the monoterpenes limonene (1–2%), linalool (0.4–2.0%),
aterpineol (2–4%), geranyl acetate (0.6–2.0%) and geran
iol (0.5–2.0%). Sesquiterpenes did not contribute much to
the oil. The principal members were globulol (0.5–1.0%),
spathulenol (1–2%) and a, b and geudesmol (each
This species has potential as an ornamental shrub
in temperate climates in Australia.
and phyllus, leaved, in reference to the shape of the leaf
0.2–3.5 m tall.
glabrous (when present, the hairs puberulous, velutinu
lous or lanuginulose, sometimes also with much longer
lanuginose to pubescent hairs).
(sometimes indistinctly so), 2–8.5 mm long, 1.75–6.5 mm
wide, 1.1–1.8 times as long as wide, sessile; blade hairy to
glabrescent, velutinulous to lanuginulose and sometimes
also with pubescent to lanuginose hairs on the proxi
mal central region, ovate, broadly ovate, subcircular or
broadly elliptic, in transverse section transversely linear
or strongly sublunate, the base cuneate to truncate, the
apex acuminate or acute, the veins longitudinal, c. 12–20,
moderately dense, distinct to obscure, more
or less in rows.
capitate, lateral and rarely
with a distal leafy axis, with 1–5 monads, up to 25 mm
glabrous or hairy, 2.7–3.5 mm long.
abaxially glabrous or hairy; costate, 1.5–
2.2 mm long, scarious in a marginal band 0.3–0.4 mm wide.
deciduous, 3.5–4.4 mm long.
c. 40–80 per
bundle; filaments white or cream, 6.5–8.5 mm long, the
bundle claw 5–6.5 mm long, 0.8–0.9 times as long as the
4.5–5.5 mm long.
40–65 per locule.
5–7 mm long, with sepaline teeth; cotyledons obvolute.
Exmouth district south to the Perth district.
lee–spinifex community, scrubland, on limestone ridges,
sand, clay depression in limestone soil, and salt pans.
The leaf oil of this species was com
posed of a mixture of mono and sesquiterpenes, with
monoterpenes predominating. The major monoterpenes
were apinene (3–9%), bpinene (10–17%), limonene
(2–6%), pcymene (2–3%), Ebocimene (1–4%), myrcene
(1–3%), terpinen4ol (1–2%) and aterpineol (1–2%).
The principal sesquiterpenes were globulol (8–10%),
viridiflorol (4–6%) and spathulenol (3–7%), with lesser
amounts of aromadendrene (0.4–2%), alloaromadendrene
(1–2%), viridiflorene (2–4%), bicyclogermacrene (1–4%),
dcadinene (1–2%), cubeban11ol (3–6%) and acadinol
Brophy and Doran 1996
Botany 12: 867 (1999)
carrii, in honour of Denis John Carr
(1915–2008), a developmental biologist and taxonomist
at the Australian National University, Canberra, who took
a special interest in the anatomy and development of Euca-
lyptus, another genus of Myrtaceae
0.3–2 m tall; bark fissured, fibrous.
glabrescent or glabrous (when present, the
hairs pubescent grading to lanuginosepubescent to, occa
sionally, lanuginose as well).
alternate, 6.5–27 mm
long, (0.5–)0.6–1.1(–1.6) mm wide, 6–30 times as long
as wide, sessile to subsessile; blade glabrescent or gla
brous (when present, the hairs pubescent, occasionally
approaching more or less sericeouspubescent, and often
grading to lanuginosepubescent distally), linear, linear
obovate or very narrowly obovate, in transverse section
subcircular to transversely elliptic, circular or depressed
obovate, the base truncate or parallel (blade width equals
petiole width), the apex acuminate or acute to obtuse,
the veins longitudinal, 3,
dense or moderately
so, obscure to distinct, scattered.
pseudoterminal and sometimes also upper axillary, with
5–12 triads, up to 18 mm wide.
rarely glabrous (including the ovary), 1–1.5 mm long.
abaxially glabrescent or hairy, rarely glabrous,
0.2–0.5 mm long, herbaceous to the margin or scarious
in a marginal band 0–0.2 mm wide.
0.7–1.5 mm long.
4–6 per bundle; filaments
mauve to purple, pink or magenta, 4–7.5 mm long, the
bundle claw 0.5–2.5 mm long, 0.1–0.4 times as long as the
5–7 mm long.
c. 8–15 per locule.
2–3 mm long, the calyx
lobes weathering away or replaced by weakly developed
sepaline teeth; cotyledons obvolute.
Eneabba – Three Springs district south to the Jerramun
shrubland, low mallee woodland with heath understorey,
swampy area on edge of open sedgeland, on sand over clay,
lateritic loam, and loamy clay over granite.
Recorded as flowering from April to
The oil from this species was monoter
penoid in character, though within this type it was
variable. The principal components of the oil, from col
lection BJL 1708, were 1,8cineole (11–36%), myrtenol
(2–32%) and apinene (14–68%), with lesser amounts
of aterpineol (1–3%) and bpinene (1–4%). A second
collection, BJL 1701, contained 1,8cineole (59.6%),
apinene (8.9%), bpinene (5.7%), limonene (9.7%) and
aterpineol (3.2%) as main components. Sesquiterpenes,
in both collections, did not contribute much to the oil,
with globulol (1%) being the main component in both
w/w) was 0.7–0.8%.
This species is widespread in southwestern Aus
tralia and was previously often confused with the typically
coastal species, M. pentagona. Melaleuca carrii has decidu
ous petals and ungrooved leaves whereas M. pentagona
has caducous petals and grooved leaves. Because of its
wide geographical range, there is potential for selecting
genotypes that would be successful for use as ornamental
shrubs in areas with a Mediterranean climate.
land 43: 16, t. 2 (1931)
cheelii, in honour of Edwin Cheel (1872–
1951), a botanist at the state herbarium in Sydney, Australia
Tree or shrub
2–10 m tall; bark papery.
glabrescent, lanuginulosepuberulous to
lanuginulose or puberulous.
sionally subopposite), 5–12.5 mm long, 2–6 mm wide,
2–3 times as long as wide, subsessile to shortpetiolate;
blade glabrescent, lanuginulose to sericeouslanuginulose
and usually with some sericeouspubescent to pubes
cent hairs also, elliptic, narrowly elliptic or broadly
elliptic, in transverse section transversely linear, the
base cuneate, the apex acuminate or acute, the veins
dense, distinct to obscure,
spicate, pseudoterminal, with
2–10 monads (rarely in part are dyads present), up to
20 mm wide.
hairy or glabrescent, 2–2.5 mm
abaxially glabrescent, 0.8–1.5 mm long,
herbaceous to the margin or rarely scarious in a marginal
band 0–0.2 mm wide.
deciduous, 2–2.7 mm long.
8–18 per bundle; filaments cream to white,
6.5–8.3 mm long, the bundle claw 1.8–2.3 mm long,
c. 65–150 per locule.
4–4.5 mm long,
the calyx lobes weathering away; cotyledons obvolute.
Queensland: the Bundaberg
swamp, and on sandy soil.
Recorded as flowering in September.
nated by apinene (83%). There were lesser amounts of
isovaleraldehyde (1.2%), limonene (1.4%) and aterpineol
(2.2%). Sesquiterpenes did not contribute much to the oil,
with the principal members being aromadendrene (1.2%),
bicyclogermacrene (1.1%), globulol (1.2%), viridiflorol
(0.7%) and spathulenol (0.5%).
The oil yield (fresh weight, w/w) was 0.5%.
chisholmii, in honour of J.R. Chisholm who
made plant collections in Queensland, Australia, including
the type collection of this species
Callistemon chisholmi Cheel
1.5–3 m tall; bark rough, dark
glabrescent, lanuginosesericeous over
laid with pubescent hairs.
alternate, 25–100 mm
long, 1–7 mm wide, 9–60 times as long as wide, subses
sile or shortpetiolate; blade glabrescent, sericeous to
lanuginosesericeous, narrowly elliptic, narrowly obovate,
linearelliptic or linearobovate, in transverse section
transversely linear to sublunate to broadly subreniform,
the base very narrowly cuneate to parallel (blade width
equals petiole width), the apex acute or very shortly
acuminate, the veins pinnate or longitudinal, when
pinnate with up to 30 veins, 3veined when longitudinal
moderately dense, distinct or
minal or effectively so, with 10–30 monads, 40–50 mm
hairy or glabrous, 2.6–4.4 mm long.
abaxially hairy (sometimes on the margin
only), 1.1–1.7 mm long, scarious in a marginal band
0.3–0.7 mm wide.