F: Mortality, habitat loss and degradation caused by pathogens A number of national and state-based initiatives are in place to address invasive pathogens that have been introduced into Australia and to prevent further potentially invasive pathogens entering the country. These initiatives are listed below and are instructive when considering the need for a national Threat Abatement Plan.
National and state threat abatement actions
Threat abatement plan for beak and feather disease affecting endangered psittacine species (2005)
Threat abatement plan for dieback caused by the root-rot fungus Phytophthora cinnamomi (2001)
Threat abatement plan for infection of amphibians with chytrid fungus resulting in chytridiomycosis (2006)
National Myrtle Rust Coordination group is coordinating ongoing actions to respond to myrtle rust focusing on mitigating its impact on the natural environment, including threatened and endangered species, and on industries that rely on myrtaceous species.
Victoria’s Public Land Phytophthora cinnamomi Management Strategy (2005)
Conservation of Tasmanian Plant Species & Communities Threatened by Phytophthora cinnamomi. Strategic Regional Plan for Tasmania (2003)
Integration Framework for Phytophthora Dieback Management Plans for the Northern Agricultural, Perth/Avon, South Coast and South West NRM regions 2010–2017.
CONCLUSION: The existing measures in place at national, state and territory level provide a framework for a broad range of actions for border protection and invasive species management and control. They also provide for coordination and leadership in the event of new incursions. Given these measures, the development of a national Threat Abatement Plan is not considered to be the most efficient and effective way to address this threatening process. The Committee has prepared Threat Abatement Guidelines which provides a summary of the KTP along with advice on what additional threat abatement actions could be undertaken.
In the event that the Minister agrees with the Committee’s advice and in accordance with the legislative requirement for the review of a no-Threat Abatement Plan decision, the Committee will examine the effectiveness of this approach in five years.
The Committee recommends that the list referred to in section 183 of the EPBC Act be amended by including in the list of Key Threatening Processes: Novel biota and their impact on biodiversity.
The Committee recommends that a Threat Abatement Plan is not considered a feasible, efficient or effective way to abate the process at this time.
The Committee’s Threat Abatement Guidelines are considered when undertaking actions in relation to this Key Threatening Process.
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